(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Catalogue of Antiquities, Works of Art and Historical Scottish Relics Exhibited in the Museum of ..."

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



520 .^ 

H.75^; ^5 





/i^-^-^ zif^ 





3022S2BQ5X 



I 



In royal Mvo, clotfif toiUi Tim Huiuhed Illustrations^ iwice 28,s., 

By DANIEL WILSON, 

I'ROKKSHOR OF HISTORY AND ENGLISH LITERATURE IN UNIVERSITY 

COLLEGE, TORONTO. 



" <3ne of tlie most interesting, learned, and elegant works we have seen for a 
long time/' — Westminafer Review, 

" A very able, complete, and well-illustrated work, affording nearly all tlie 
knowledge tlint is requisite for the purpose, not merely ns far as Scotland is 
concerned, but as regards England and Ireland, and even Sweden and Norway. 
The details in the body of the volume are full, while their treatment is compre- 
hensive ; and the introductory portions are written in an enlarged and liberal 
spirit." — Athenceum, 

" A very large and elaborate classification of the earlier antiquities of Scot- 
land. It is a very instructive, interesting, as well as a very handsoae book."— 
Edinburgh Review. 

" This is no ordinary book. If we mistake not, it will form an epoch in the 
study of the earlier Antiquities of Scotland, and of Britain at large. ... A 
work full of original views, bearing everywhere the stamp of independent in- 
vestigation, and of an independent judgment." — British Quarterly Review. 

" The intf^rest connected with this beautiful volume is not limited to that part 
of the Kingdom to which it is chiefly devoted ; it will be consulted with ad- 
vantage and gratification by all who have a regard for National Antiquities and 
for the advancement of scientific Archaeology." — ArchcBological Journal. 

" A valuable work, which must take its place on the shelf of the Historian 
and Antiquary, for reference not merely to the Antiquities of Scotland, but to 
those of the I ' nitixl Kingdom." — Gentleman 8 Magazine, 



SUTHERLAND AND KNOX, EDINBURGH. 
SIMPKIN, Mi\RSHALL, AND CO., LONDON. 



y 



(• ' ' 



V I 



H' ! 



CATALOGUE 



OF 



ANTIQUITIES, WORKS OF ART 



AMI) 



HISTORICAL SCOTTISH RELICS. 



< 



CATALOGUE 



OF 



ANTIQUITIES, WORKS OF ART 



AMI) 



HISTORICAL SCOTTISH RELICS 



EXHIBITED IN THE MUSEUM OF THE 



Jrr^»0l0gttal |nstitntt of §xtid Britain anb |ttlanb 



• DURING THBIR ANNUAL MEETINO. HELD IN EDINBURGH, JULT, 1856. 



UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF H R. H. THE PRINOE OONSORT, K.G. 



COMPRISING NOTICES OP THE PORTRAITS OP MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS, 
COLLECTED ON THAT OCCASION, ETC. ETC. 



EDINBURGH: THOMAS CONSTABLE & CO. 

LONDON: HAMILTON, ADAMS, & CO. 

MDCCCLIX. 




KI>INIIUROII : T. CONSTABLE, I'RINTKK T<1 IIEIt MA.1fU-<TV 



4 

4 



I 



Various cauBes have conspired to retard the appearance of the 
I^resent Vohime, and it may reasonably be expected that its Pub- 
lishers should account for the delay. The work has expanded 
far beyond the original intention of the Editor, and for this its 
readers will be duly grateful ; but much time has also been con- 
sumed in preparing the elaborate Illustrations with which it is 
embellished. The Publishers avail themselves of this opportunity 
to express their very grateful sense of the liberality and kindly 
courtesy of Mr. Albert Way, who has carefully superintended the 
printing of the Catalogue, and who, while conveying their sincere 
and merited thanks to other Patrons of the work, forgets himself, 
to whom the volume owes existence. 



KiuNBURGii, JuJy 18511. 



I 




ANY* unexpected impedi- 
ments have hitherto de- 
ferred the completion of 
the following Catalogue. 
Some apology for ite 
tardy appearance may 
appear due to the friends 
who promoted the un- 
dertaking with liberal 
encouragement ; and not 
less to numerous per- 
sons, and to the kindred 
Institutions throughout 
Scotland, whose 
generous contri- 
butions to the 
collection here described might well seem to claim more prompt 
acknowledgment. It were too much to hope that, in the endeavour 
to classify and describe faithfully a series so extensive and miscella- 
neous, researches, however laborious, should have availed to invest 
each object with its tnie interest as a link in the chain of historical 
or archaeological evidence. The diificulty, moreover, of verifying 
traditional statements has necessarily been increased through the 
ephemeral nature of the Museimi, combined for a special occasion 
and speedily dispersed. The compiler of the following memorials may 
sometimes, in the quest of truth, have intruded somewhat rudely 
within the mysterious circle of family tradition. It has been, how- 
ever, with the constant desire to approach these venerable legends 

* The curioas Initial given above is from the MS. Evangcliary of Lindis- 
farne; see Mr. AVoatwood's observations, Arcfuco!. Journal ^ vol. x, p. 294. 

h 



X PREFACE. 

with courteous consideration ; ever mindful of the liberality so largely 
evinced in confiding, for a puq>ose of public instruction and gratifica- 
tion, such treasured relics of antiquity and art, surpassing in interest 
and extent any similar collections previously formed under the auspices 
of the Institute. 

It has not been thought advisable, in the present imperfect state of 
archaeological classification, to attempt any minute distribution under 
Periods, which have not as yet been satisfactorily established. For 
the purposes of convenience the multifarious relics noticed in the 
following pages have been arranged under the following general 
heads : — 1. Antiquities, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, &c., not connected 
with Britain. 2. Antiquities of the earlier periods found in North 
Britiiin, comprising, with the exception only of such as are of Roman 
character, all that appe^nr not properly to be classed with Mediaeval 
objects. 3. The like, found in England. 4. The like, found in Ire- 
land. 5. Roman and Romano-British antiquities. It should here be 
remarked, that, for the sake of convenience, objects of heterogeneous 
material, such as stone, bronze, fictile urns, &c., have frequently 
been descril)ed together, in recording the objects sent by each con- 
tributor under the several classes in question, without attempting 
any more complete and artificial distribution, which would have 
caused tedious repetition of the exhibitors' names. 6. Mediaeval 
Antiquities, commencing for the most part with those found in 
North Britain ; Highland Relics, and Miscellaneous Objects of Later 
Periods; — Original Documents, Manuscripts, &c. ; — Seals, Coins, 
and Medals ; including the very valuable description of the large 
series of Stuart Medals, for which we are indebted to the kindness 
of Mr. Hawkins ; — Carvings in Ivory, Enamels, and Goldsmiths' 
Work ; — series of Clocks and Watches ; — Paintings, Drawings, 
Fictile Ware, and Casts ; — Embroideries and Tai)estry, Costume, 
Ancient Furniture, &c. Lastly, there wiD be found Portraits and 
Miscellaneous Objects connected with the memory of the Stuarts ; 
Relics and Portraits, more especially of Mary Queen of Scots, com- 
priaing many of the highest interest and authenticity, with Relics 
of the later meml)ers of that royal race, towards whose calamities 
Scottish hearts have ever kindled witTi loyal sympathies, which no 
lapse of time can extinguish. 

I cannot hero refrain from ofi'ering some observations, which may 



PREFACE. XI 

aid in elucidating the difficult question of the tnie portraiture of 
Mary Stuart. I regret greatly that the task has not fallen, as I 
had confidently hoped, into the more able hands of my friend, the 
accomplished Secretary of the National Portrait Commission, Mr. 
(Jeorge Scharf. I have to acknowledge, however, with grateful satis- 
faction, my obligation to his kindness for the tasteful drawing from 
the effigy of Mary at Westminster Abbey, reproduced in illustration of 
these notices. That sculpture must always be regarded as one of the 
most remarkable links of evidence in the perplexing artistic inquiry, 
which pen and i^encil have so often been exerted to elucidate. 

It can scarcely be doubted that the earliest portraits of Mary 
Stuart, from the life, were executed, during her residence at the 
Court of France as the affianced spouse of the Dauphin, by Francois 
Clouet, called Jehannet or Janet, painter in ordinary to Henry ii.^ 
Prince Labanoff, who has so minutely investigated the subject, states 
that he first painted her about 1555, when Mary sent her portrait 
to her mother, Mary of Lorraine, Regent of Scotland, at that time 
in Edinburgh ; and he is disposed to regard the sketch in crayons, 
in the possession of the Earl of Carlisle, as the type of that por- 
traiture. The charming drawing at Castle Howard, of which a notice 
will be found in this Catalogue, p. 204, is attributed to Janet, as is 
likewise the drawing closely resembling it in character, preserved at 
Paris in the Library of St. Genevieve, and engraved in the Portraits 
des Personnages Franqais, by Niel. • It is confidently regarded as a 
most authentic delineation of the features of Mary in early life ; but it 
must be admitted that these drawings present the aspect of maturer 
years than the age of Mary at the period in question.* She was then 

^ I had hoped that these notices might have been accompanied by an account 
of the Clouet family, and especially of Jehannet, from the pen of Prince Labanoff; 
but an untoward accident prevented the realization of bis promise. Jehan Cloct 
or Clouet, a painter at Brussels, about 1475, was father of Jcban, called Jehannet, 
a name which probably indicated only that he was the junior ; he was painter 
in ordinary to Francis i. Franfois Clouet, his son, also called Jehannet, was 
painter in ordinary to that king, after the father's decease, about 1541, and held 
the same office during the reigns of Henry ii., Francis ii., Charles ix., and Henry 
III. — Sec Count de LaWde's lienaiasance des Arts a la Cour de France, tome i. 
pp. 1, 79 ; and M. de Freville's Observations in i\\e Archives de VArt Francis, 
tome V. pp. 97, 287. 

* This pleasing portraiture has been selected by M. Mignct as the type given 
in his Histoire rfe Marie Stuartf frontispiece to vol. i. 



XU PREFACE. 

in her fourteenth year. The beautiful painting at Madrid, in the 
Royal Collection, of which a copy, obtained through Lord Cowley, 
whilst ambassador at the Court of Spain, was communicated to me 
by the late Rev. W. Bradford, formerly chaplain to the British 
embassy at Vienna, may, as I conceive, be recognised as a type 
of earlier date than the crayon drawings above mentioned. It is 
certainly more conformable to the features and expression of the 
lovely girl of thirteen ; and there are other paintings, productions 
apparently of the French school of the period, although by a less 
artistic hand than that of Clouet, and possibly not painted from 
the life, which are not undeserving of consideration,^ more especially 
when compared with the miniature busts upon Mary's early coinage, 
and on the nuptial medal, of which the dies exist at Paris (see 
p. 182 in this Catalogue). In the graceful little portraiture in the 
collection of my friend Charles Sauvageot, now transferred to the 
Louvre under his personal custody, Mary appears in her bridal attire, 
a white dress, richly jeweled ; her long crisp locks fall disheveled 
over her shoulders ; an ornament resembling a crown, not arched, is 
seen upon her head, and all the accessories seem to indicate the youth- 
ful Queen of Scots, as she may have appeared, when in her sixteenth 
year she espoused the Dauphin in N6tre-Dame, on April 24, 1558. 
The development of womanly expression in Mary's features was, 
no doubt, rapidly matured by her subsequent sorrows, — the death 
of her mother in June, 1560, the imtimely end of her youtliful 
husband, Francis ii., on December 5 in the same year, and the total 
reverse of the^court policy in the exclusion of the Guises and the 
regency of Catherine de Medicis. The sudden change which marks 
the second portraiture by Janet, assigned by Prince LabanofiF to 1560, 
and representing Mary ** sous blanc atour en grand deuil et tris- 
tesse," as she is described by Brant6me, appears scarcely credible, 
ungraceful as was the mourning attire which court custom imposed 
on the Reine Blanche imder such a bereavement. There can, how- 
ever, be no doubt, that this is the veritable portraiture of Mary in her 

* I may cite as examples the curious portrait on panel in Mr. Colnaghi's pos- 
session, and another in the collection of Mr. Botfield ; both photographed by 
Caldesi for the Series selected from the portraits exhibited at the apartments of 
th« Institute, in June 1857. A beautiful portrait of the early period, said to be 
of Mary*B seventeenth year, is in tho possession of the Marquis of Salisbury. 



i 



PREFACE. XUl 

first widowhood, a type, of which the crayon drawings at Paris, in the 
Imperial library and the Library of St. Genevieve, the contemporary 
crayon drawing in Dr. Wellesley's collection at Oxford, and the 
painting in oil at Hampton Court, identified as formerly in the pos- 
session of Charles l, and at that period recognised as a portrait of 
Mary by Janet, may be cited as the best authenticated example&^ 

Of the numerous artists of celebrity whose names have been asso- 
ciated with certain portraitures of Mary, Prince Labanoff has shown 
the improbability that any, excepting Janet and Peter Porbus, painted 
her from the life, during her residence in France, namely, from the 
age of six until her eighteenth year. To the last-named painter he 
attributes a painting in his own collection at St. Petersburgh ; it was 
purchased at Paris during the first Bevolution, and represents Mary 
crowned and designated Queen of France.^ No satisfactory conclusion 
has been stated in regard to the highly interesting painting which 
was acquired by the late Mr. Fraser Tytler, described in this Cata- 
logue, p. 209. Our knowledge of the artists of the French School 
under the influence of Italian taste, which prevailed in France at 
the period, is extremely limited. There is, however, a fact on record, 
to which Prince Labanoff and other writers on the subject have not 
adverted, although tending to throw light on the origin and authen- 
ticity of Mary*s early portraitures. In the " Maison de Marie Stuart," 
preserved among the French archives, and printed by M. Teulet, in 
his Collection of Documents relating to Scottish Historyy tome ii. 
pp. 121, 137, there occurs, in a list of the Queen's household drawn 
up at Edinburgh on 13th February, 1666-67, the* Allowing entry, 
among the '< Vallets de Ghamhre: • • • • A Jehan de Court, paintre 
• • . • y^'.xl. livres." Hence it appears that Mary had attached to 
her court in Scotland a painter of the French school, of a family of 
no slight note in the history of the arts in France at the period. 
He may have been the painter signing himself " Jehan Court, dit 
Vigier," about 1556, who produced the exquisite enameled tazza of 
the work of Limoges, bearing the arms of Mary Stuart, in the collec- 
tion of the late Count Pourtal^ at Paris. Jean de Court succeeded 
Franyois Clouet, called Janet, in the office of painter in ordinary to 

' See a detailed notice of these and other portraits of their class in this Cata- 
logue, p. 201 ; Lahanoff, Notice dea Portraita de Marie Stvart^ pp. viii. 147, 155. 
* Ihid. pp. viii. 145. 



XIV PREFACE. 

Charles ix., in 1572 ; it is very probable that he may have pre- 
viously been attached to the household of Mary, and, as Count de 
Laborde remarks, he must have been <* un homme de talent."^ He 
may have produced certain miniatures of Mary, of which mention 
occurs in various documents, and for which hitherto I have made fruit- 
less, search. Queen Elizabeth, it may be remembered, had in her pos- 
session a miniature of Maiy, which she produced from the escritoire 
in her bed-chamber, during the singular interview described by Sir 
James Melvil, ambassador from the Scottish Court in 1564.^ This 
may have been the portrait of which Lord Seton had been the bearer, 
sent by Maiy to Elizabeth about 1560, shortly before the death of 
Francis n. I have sought in vain to identify it with the charming 
miniature in Her Majesty's Collection, thus described by Vander- 
doort in his Catalogue of Limnings belonging to Charles i. at 
Whitehall, about 1639: "Queen Mary of Scotland, upon a blew 
grounded square card, dressed in her hair, in a carnation habit laced 
with small gold lace, and a string of pearls about her neck, in a 
little plain falling band, she putting on her second finger the wedding 
ring. Supposed to be done by Jennet, a French limner."^ Mary 
presented a rich chain and her portrait to Hatton, who came to 
Scotland as one of the embassy at the christening of Prince James, 
December 17, 1566. She retained until her execution a little 
folding tablet of gold, with miniatures of herself and Darnley, with 
their son, thus described in the inventory taken at Chartley in August, 
1586 : " Petit livret d'or ayant les portraicts de la Royne d'Escosse, 
de feu son mary, et de leur fils." Tliis touching little memorial 
was doubtless the same which occurs in the inventory ' taken at 

^ See the Eenaisfance des Arts a la Cour de France, by Count de Laborde, 
tome i. pp. 231» 317 ; and the Notices of the Enamels in the Louvre by the same 
talented author, p. 276. M. de Freville has given some notes of Jean de Court and 
other artists of that name, in the Archives de VArt Fran^ist tome v. p. 380. 

"See MelviVs Memoirs^ edited for the Bannatyne Club, p. 112; Frascr 
Tytlcr's History of Scotland, vol. vi, p. 300. 

^ Catalogue of Pictures, &c., of Charles /., published in 1757 from Vertue^s 
transcript of Vanderdoort's MS. Catalogue in the Ashmolean Collection, p. 43. 
This miniature is probably the ** little limning of Mary Queen of Scots, in a gold 
case," among the pictures of James n.. Catalogue, p. 53. It was exhibited, by 
the Queen^s gracious permission, in the Stuart Series collected by the Institute, 
in June, 1857, and may be seen among the select examples phologi-aphcd for 
Messrs. Colnaghi*s publication on that occasion. 



PREFACE. XV 

Fotheringhay, February 20, 1687. There was found at that time 
in the custody of Elizabeth Curie, " a booke of gold enamelled, con- 
tayninge the pictures of the late Scottishe Q., her husband, and her 
Sonne*' (Labanoff, Recueil, vol. vii. pp. 243, 257). We may pro- 
bably trace it further in the bequest by Elizabeth Curie to the 
Seminary at Douai : " Un joiau d'or, qui renferme un petit portrait 
de la Heine" (ArchceoL Scot, vol. iv. p. 370). 

I have been unable to ascertain the period during which Jean de 
Court may have remained as painter in ordinary in Scotland The 
following curious anecdote is preserved in the Hawthomden MSS., 
regarding a painting sent by Mary to France, about the time when 
his name occurs in her household. '< Queen Marie having sent upon 
ane brode the Portrait of her Husband Henry and her owne, w* the 
portraite of David Ricci in prospective, to the Cardinall of Lorraine 
her Uncle, he praised much the workmanship and cunning of the 
Painter ; but having asked what hee was that was drawen by them, 
and hearing it was her Secretaiye, ' Je voudrois (said hee) qu'on 
oistoit ce petit Vilain de la ! Qu*a il h faire d'estre si pres V 
After the slaughter of Ricci, one told him that the Scots had done 
what he desired, ' Car ils avoyent ost^ le petit Vilain aupres de la 
Royne.' " These portraits, which may have been by the pencil of 
Jean de Court, were probably painted about the time of Mary's 
marriage, July 29, 1565. The murder of Rizzio took place on 
March 9, in the following year. 

The opinion of so experienced a judge of art as Horace Walpole 
is so deserving of consideration, and it has been so distinctly stated 
in his letter on this siibject addressed to Sir Joseph Banks, that, 
although well known doubtless to many readers, I may be permitted 
to give the following extract.^ — " I never could ascertain the authen- 
ticity and originality of any portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, but of 
that which is in the possession of the Earl of Morton, and which 
was painted when she was a prisoner at Lochleven. There are copies 
of it at St. James's, at Hatfield, and Hardwicke. Vertue did not 
think that the fine head in a black hat, by Isaac Oliver, in the 
King's Collection, and which Vertue engraved when it was Dr. 
Mead's, was a portrait of her.^ He also doubted if that at Chis- 

* This letter was given by Chaliners in his Life of Mary, vol. i. p. xv. 

'^ Vertue engraved il on a plate of gold, of the size of the original miniature 



XVI PREFACE. 

wick, which he engraved for Lord Burlington, and said to be painted 
for her by Zucchero, when married to Francis ii -, ^ but it is not 
clear that Zucchero ever saw her, nor is the nose like that in Lord 
Morton's picture, which agrees with the figure on her tomb at West- 
minster ; in both, the nose rises a little towards the top, bends 
rather inwards at the bottom ; but it is true that the profile on her 
medal is rather fidl too.^ Yet, I should think that Lord Morton's 
portrait and the tomb are most to be depended on." 

The Morton Portrait (described in this Catalogue, p. 205) has 
been repeatedly engraved. Chalmers selected it for the frontispiece 
of his Life of Mary, vol. i. ; it was engraved by W. T. Fry for 
Lodgers PartraitSj vol. iii ; and by J. C. Armytage, for Miss Strick- 
land's Lives of the Queens of Scotland, vol. vi. The portraits to which 
Walpole adverts as copies of that remarkable painting, although they 
may bear a strong general resemblance to it, are not precisely of the 
same type, and they vary materially in treatment and costume. The 
first, formerly at St. James's Palace, and now at Hampton Court, 
where it is attributed to Zuccaro, bears an inscription near the lower 
comer, on the right, with the date 1580, and Mary's age, thirty- 
eight. It is a full-length, on canvas ; she appears standing near a 
table on which her left hand rests ; the right hand holds a rich 
rosary, appended to an ornament in form of a Greek cross, at her 
waist. ^ A crucifix hangs on her bosom. This interesting portrait 

now in her Majesty *s Collection. It was introduced in the letterpress of Jebb's 
work, De vita serenistimm principis MaricB Scotorum Megince, London, 1725 ; 
2 vols, folio. It will be found at the head of page 3, vol. ii. It was also 
engraved on a larger scale by J. Houbraken in 1738, for Birch's Heads of 
lUnstrious Persons. 

^ The Carleton portrait, now in possession of the Duke of Devonshire, engraved 
by Vertue in 1725 for Jebb^s work, before cited. See vol. i. frontispiece. 

* This may have been the fine medal by Primavera. See p. 215, infra. 

° In a medallion in the centre of the cross appears Susanna with llie elders, 
and the motto, vvdiqve amovstia. On each limb of the cross is the letter ib> 
This portrait was engraved by Vertue in 1735 for Rapines History^ vol. ii. Tho 
figure is shown rather lower than the waist ; three-quarters to the left in an oval 
frame, behind which appears a skeleton, and beneath are the arms of Scotland, 
with a drapery powdered with the monogram of Francis ii. and Mary ; aloo 
sceptres, a thistle and the fatal axe. On the base is inscribed, '' Anno ^"Etat. 
xzxviii ;" and at the lower margin, '* In the Royal Palace of St. Jameb's, an 
ancient painting, 1580." A duplicate or copy of this painting is in the possession 
of Mrs. Stuart Mackenzie, Brahan Castle, Ross-shin}. 



I 



PREFACE. XVU 

was exhibited by Her Majesty's gracious permission iu the Stuart 
Collection, formed in London by the Institute, in June, 1857. It 
was very successfidly photographed for the select series produced 
in that year by Messrs, Colnaghi. The Hatiield portrait, a full 
length on panel, and noticed by Pennant as resembling that at 
Hardwick, seems to be very similar to that last described. It bears 
the inscription — " Maria D. G. Scotite piissima regina, Francise 
Dotaria, Anno setatis regnique 36, Anglicae captivitatis 10 * S • H • 
1578."^ The portrait at Hardwick I have not seen, but I have a 
tracing from a sketch of it taken by Vertue, and formerly in Walpole's 
CollectioiL It appears to resemble the Welbeck portrait, hereafter 
noticed ; and the inscription, with some immaterial variations, is the 
same ajs that on the Hatfield portrait, above given. On the cloth 
covering the table is the painter's name, p. ovdry pinxit. This 
artist is not mentioned by Walpole.''^ The Hardwick picture is 
said to have been much repaired, especially the forehead and upper 
parts of the dress ; the complexion is pale, but clear and transparent. 
A fine full-length, similar to the last, is preserved in the Duke of 
Portland's gallery at Welbeck Abbey, Notts, and it was exhibited 
among the British Portraits at the Manchester Exhibition in 1857. 
It was there described as " the Cavendish and Harley Picture."^ It 
resembles the portrait at Hampton Court, some details excepted. 
The figure is turned towards the left ; the curtain is over the Queen's 
left -shoiUder instead of the right ; and the featiu*es are more youthful. 
The following inscription appears on the upper comer to the left. 
" An Original of Mary Queen of Scots taken at Hardwick whilst 
she was in custody of George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury. Which 
Queen was committed to the keeping of S' Amias Poulet in 1584, 
27 Eliz^**, two years before her Tryal, after she had been for 17 years 
with the said Earl of Shrewsbury and his Countess Elizabeth, 
Daughter and Heir of John Hardwick of Hardwick, in Com. Derb. 
Esq'', and the Widow of S"^ William Cavendishe." 

I shall not here attempt to substantiate the tradition which has 

* Pennant, Tour from Chester to London, p. 409. Tlie date is inadvertently 
given as 1573, instead of 1578. AValpole had a copy in watercolours by Vertue, 
Description of Strawberry Hilly p. 69. 

' Bryan, in his Dictionary of Painters^ describes some masterly etchings by 
John Baptist Oudry, a painter and engraver born at Paris in 1686. 

' Manchester Catalogue, Portraits, No. 25. By the kindness of the noble pos- 
sessor, I was permitted to have a photograph of this remarkable portrait. This 

C 



XVlll PREFACE. 

iidded Hardwick to the list of places associated with Mary's pro- 
longed captivity.^ It is possible that she may have made some brief 
visit to the Countess of Shrewsbury at that place. Tlie popular tale 
of her imprisonment in the apartments now shown with their em- 
broidered furniture and hangings, pointed out as the work of the 
captive Queen, is imaginary. The Hall built by the heiress of John 
Hardwick, the Countess of Shrewsbury, in her last widowhood, 
appears to have been finished about 1597, and did not exist in the 
time of Mary. There are, however, remains of a more ancient Hall, 
a structure apparently of magnificent character, at a small distance 
from Hardwick HaU, now existing. The furniture may have been 
brought from Chatsworth before the demolition of the old mansion 
at that place, where Mary passed some time in the year 1578. 

According to another tradition, the portrait now to be seen at 
Hardwick was painted during Mary's residence at Sheffield Castle in 
1578. She was there at that period, in the custody of the Earl of 
Shrewsbury, and in the most strict seclusion. The draft of her will, 
written in February, 1578, bears date, — " du manoir de Sheffield."* 
It is, moreover, certain that some painter was engaged at Sheffield 
about that time in executing her portrait. On August 31, 1577, 
Mary's secretary, Nau, wrote thus from that place to the Archbishop 
of Glasgow : — " Je pensois faire accompagner la prdsente d'un por- 
traict de Sa Majesty, mais le peintre ne luy a sceu donner sa perfection 
avant le partement de cette despcsche ; ce sera pour la prochaine." 
In the next letter (November, 1577) Mary requests the Archbishop 
to procure for her " ime demie douzaine de grands chandeliers de 
sale, qui se font k Crotelles," but no further mention occurs of the 
portrait.^ Miss Strickland coi^ectures that the portrait at Hard- 
wick, which she describes as closely resembling that at Dalmahoy,^ 

portrait is to Le found in Vertue's Catalogue of the pictures at Welbeck, 
taken in January, 1742-43. 

* See, in regard to Mary's supposed residence at Hardwick, Lysons' Derby- 
shirCy p. 190; Muckie's Cctstles, Palaces, and Prisons of Mary Stuart ^ p. 453 ; 
Miss Strickland's Queens of Scotland^ vol. vii. p. 272. It may deserve mention, 
that no portrait of Mary occurs among the paintings at Hardwick enumerated 
in the Countess of Shrewsbury's Will. 

* Labanoff, Becueil, tome iv. p. 352. 
^ J bid., tome iv. pp. 300, 403. 

* Uescril)cd hereafter, p. 205. Numerous copies of the full-length portrait, 
of the Hardwick or Hatfield type, wi.-re probably executed at various periods. 
One, in the Hall of the Scottish Corporation, Crane Court, Fleet Street, London, 



PREFACE. XIX 

may have been this identical painting mentioned by Nau ; and that, 
no opportunity occurring for its transmission, it had remained in 
possession of the Shrewsbury family. Surely the accomplished bio- 
grapher had scarcely taken into consideration the improbability that 
the painting in question, a full-length on panel, measuring about 
8 feet by 5, could have been the present destined by Mary for the 
Archbishop, at that time on the Continent, and to be conveyed by 
the bearer of a secret despatch, who must necessarily have used all 
precautions to avoid observation. I have sought in vain for any 
clue to indicate who may have been the painter permitted to approach 
the captive Queen at that period. Three years previously Mary had 
been obliged to have recourse to some painter in France to supply 
certain miniatures, which she wa« desirous to present to her friends. 
On January 9, 1575, she wrote thus to the Archbishop of Glasgow 
and the Cardinal of Lorraine, for a costly present for Elizabeth, and 
four portraits of herself : — " Je vous prye faytez moy faire ung beau 
miroier d'or i)our pendre h, la ceinture avec une cheine k le pendre ; 
et qu'il soit sur le miroier le chitFre de ceste Royne et le myen, ct 
quelque devise k propos, que le Cardinal mon oncle devisera. II y a 
de mes amis en ce pays qui dcmandent de mes peinctures. Je vous 
prye m'en faire faire quatre, dont il fauldra qu'il en soyent quatre 
(dc) enchassez en or ; et me les envoyez secr^tement, et le plus tost 
que pourrez." ^ 

The fact elicited from Nau^s despatch, above cited, appears deserv- 
ing of attention, since it presents the only evidence hitherto adduced 
to show that any painter had access to Mary during her lengthened 
captivity. It is almost needless to remark how devoid of all authority 
is the conventional attribution uf the majority of portraits of Mary 
Stuart to Zuccaro. Prince Labanoff includes him in the list of 

bears the same inscription as the Hatfield painting, of which it is said to be a 
copy, with the features somewhat embellished, according to Paillou's account in 
the Preface to the Life of Mary by Chalmers, vol. i. p. xix. It is similar in all 
details, and was presented to the Corporation, in 1747, by Mr. W, Doughis. 

^ Labanoff, Recueil^ tome iv. p. 256. It is remarkable that, with the excep- 
tion of the miniature in possesbion of Her Majesty, and formerly in the collection 
of Charles i., none appears to have Ix^cn hitherto traced which may be regarded 
as of French urt. Mr. C. Bale is possessed of a very interesting miniature, 
purchased at the sale of the Neville Holt collection, September, 1848. It is 
inscrilied, Anno Domini 1579, with the initials M K combined as a monogram, 
written in gold on an ultramarine ground. The hair light brown ; eyes grey. 



XX PREFACE. 

I)aiiiter8 who may have executed " portrsdts de fantaisie/' or portraitfi 
copied from the best authorities attainable, but who never saw the 
Queen of Scots. ^ It is most improbable that, under the circimfistances. 
of watchful jealousy with which Mary was debarred from all oonununi- 
cation with foreign powers at the time when Zuccaro visited England, 
the distinguished painter, fresh from the influence of the Holy See, 
should have been permitted to have access to the Scottish Queen. It 
must, however, be admitted, that at a period not very distant from 
the date when Nau stated that a certain painter was engaged at 
Sheffield in executing a portrait for transmission to France, Zuccaro 
had visited England. That highly talented painter, having devoted 
himself to great works at Rome and Venice, and been admitted a 
member of the Academy at Florence, commenced, in 1572, at the 
instance of Pope Gregory xiii., the travels of which he has left so 
interesting a narrative. He first proceeded to France, on the 
invitation of the Cardinal de Lorraine, for whom he executed several 
important works; after visiting Flanders and Holland, and giving 
certain designs for tapestry of which record has been preserved, 
Zuccaro passed over, about 1574, into England. His admirable 
crayon portraits of Queen Elizabeth and Leicester are dated at 
London, in May in the following year.^ It is probable that his stay 
in this country was not prolonged ; he was recalled to Italy by the 
Grand Duke Cosimo, desirous to intrust to him the decorations of 
the cui)ola of St. Maria del Fiore at Florence, left unfinished by 
Giorgio Y&sari at his death in 1574, the same year to which the 
arrival of Zuccaro in England has been assigned It does not appear 
that he visited this country a second time : he was invited to Spain 
by Philip n., and subsequently settled at Rome. It is certain that 
Zuccaro never saw Mary in France, and the great improbability of 
his having been permitted to liave any interview with the captive 

* Labanoff, Becueil, Preface, p. x. In this list are to be named Antonio More, 
Daniel Duraonstier, Isaac Oliver, Vignon, Adrian van der Werff, &c. Portraits 
of Mary have been attributed to Holbein, who died in London when Mary was 
in France and was only twelve years old ; to Titian, who never could have seen 
her ; and to Vandyck, bom eleven years after Mary's execution. 

* These full-length portraits were iu Lord Frederick Canipbeirs collection ; 
they have been engraved for Charles Rogers' Series of Facsimiles, in his " Cen- 
tury of Prints from Drawings;" London, 1778. Borghini s()ecially commends 
Zuccaro'8 full-length paintings of Elizabeth and Leicrstor, of life size. 



PREFACE. XXI 

Queen is manifest, when it is considered how severe was the surveil- 
lance exercised over her at that particular time. In August, 1574, 
on the death of Mary's secretary, Raulet, the Earl of Shrewsbury 
took possession of his papers, and certain letters from the Pope and 
other distinguished foreign partisans of the Queen s cause were found. 
The conclusion seems undeniable, that we must not look for any 
portraiture of Mary from the life, executed by Zuccaro, and bearing 
that stamp of high authenticity which the production of such a master 
would have possessed. 

It has been thought desirable to state these particulars thus fully 
in detail, since the most noted portraits of Mary have long been 
attributed to Zuccaro, by a kind of traditional recognition, consistent 
only, as iapprehend, with the great deficiency of precise information 
concerning the arts and artists in England at the period. It may 
be confidently hoped that the researches of my accomplished friend 
Mr. Scharf, under the auspices of the Commission for the formation 
of a Gallery of National Portraits, may effect much towards eluci- 
dating the history of art in that special department. In regard to 
one of the portraits of Mary to which I have adverted, namely, the 
full-length at Hardwick, it may deserve notice that Vertue considered 
that it was probably the work of a Dutch artist of ability, Richard 
Stephens, to whom he attributed also the full-length of Elizabeth, in 
the same collection, representing her in a singular costume em- 
broidered with sea monsters. This supposition was founded on 
accounts in possession of the Duke of Devonshire, showing payments 
to that painter, who is stated to have attained likewise consider- 
able proficiency as a sculptor and a medallist.^ 

An authentic portraiture of Maiy at the latest period of her 
captivity is probably to be found in the full-length painting at 
Windsor Castle, exhibited by Her Majesty's gracious permission in 
the series collected at the apartments of the Archscological Insti- 
tute, in June, 1857. It was most successfully photographed at 
that time, for the interesting selection published by Messrs. Colnaghi. 
The fatal scene in the Hall at Fotheringhay is introduced in the 
background ; above appears an escutcheon of the arms of Scotland, 

* Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting in England, Dalliiwjiy's edition, vol. i. pp. 
3(>9, 311. Tlie tomb of the Earl of Sussex, erected by Stephens in 1583, is 
cited as one of his best works in sculpture. 



XXU PREFACE. 

with supporters and banners ; there are also Latin inscriptions in 
letters of gold, setting forth in strong terms the persecution of 
Elizabeth, the sufterings of Mary, and her devotion to the Catholic 
faith. An interesting notice of this portrait occurs in the Journal 
of the Travels of the Marchese Luca Casimiro degl' Albizzi, in 
1683, written by the Dottore Andrea Forzoni. I am indebted to 
the kindness of Mr. E. A. Bond for an extract from this Biario, 
now preserved in the British Museum.^ The painting is minutely 
described in the account of the visit of the Marchese to Windsor 
Cajstle. The origin and history of this remarkable portrait has not 
been ajscertained. In the Notes to Dallaway's edition of Walpole*s 
Anecdotes^ it is said to be a copy by Mytens, made for Charles i., 
from some old picture. This, however, is merely a supposition, 
possibly founded on the following entry in Vauderdoort's Catalogue 
of the pictures belonging to Charles i., about the year 1639 ; — " In 
the Bear Gallery [in Whitehall], No. 18 ; the picture of Queen 
Mary of Scotland, being King James the vi.th's mother, at length, 
in a wooden gilded frame. Length, 7 ft. 4 j breadth, 4 ft. 6." In 
the margin is the note, — " Done by Dan. Mytens." ^ The dimen- 
sions of the painting at Windsor are, however, 7 feet 4 inches 
by 5 feet 3 inches ; and Mrs. Jameson observes,^ that she had 
not found the Windsor pictures in the Catalogue of the collection 
of Charles i. ; she regards it as the portrait in that of James ii., 
described among " His Majesty's pictures that were not the late 
King's, in Windsor Castle. No. 1101, Mary Queen of Scots, at 
length." This picture was attributed to " Jennet."* If Mrs. 
Jtuneson's suppositicm be correct, this jwrtrait may be a copy ob- 
tained by James ii. from that formerly in the Seminary or Scots 
College at Douai, to which it had been bequeathed in IQ'IO by 

* Addit. MS. 16443, f. 47, b. The following ac<;ount is also givt'n of certain 
embroideries by Mary Stuart at that time at Windsor. *' Sopra un cammiiio 
d'uiia sala e un^ cducazione di fanciulli di finissimo ricamo, dicesi di propria 
mano della Begina Maria Stuarda.'* 

' Catalogue of Pictures, &c., belonging to Charles t., from the MS. in the 
AshraoleanXibrary, transcribed by Vertue, and published in 1757 ; p. 87. 

3 Handbook to the Public Ocdleriea in and near London, Part i. p. 222, edit. 
1842. The portrait at Windsor Castle has been engraved in Mackie*s (Jostles, 
I\Uace3j and Prisons of Mary Queen of Scots, 

* Catalogue of Pictures, &c., belonging to James ii., transcribed by A^ertue 
from a MS. in the Earl of Oxford's collection, signed by Chiffinch ; p. 92. 



PllEFACE. XXlll 

Elizabeth Curie, oue of Mary's attendants at her execution.^ It 
was preserved in the flue of a chimney during the Keign of Terror, 
and removed to the English Convent at Paris, whence it was 
brought to Scotland in 1830 ; it is now preserved at the Roman 
Catholic establishment at Blairs, and has recently been engraved 
for Miss Strickland's Lives of the Queens of Scotland. Another 
full-length portrait, apparently of the same type, according to the 
description given in the Gentleman's Magazine,^ was in the Collec- 
tion of the Earl of Godolphin, sold by Christie about 1805. Of 
the same type, apparently, with the addition of an arched crown 
upon her head, is the very interesting portrait to be seen in the south 
transept of the Church of St. Andrew, at Antwerp. It is the head 
and part of the bust only, of life size, introduced in the upper part of 
an inscribed marble monument commemorating two of Mary's attend- 
ants, Barbara Mowbray and Elizabeth Curie, who were present at 
her execution, and took refuge at Antwerp, when Queen Elizabeth, on 
a remonstrance from King James, permitted the faithful servants of 
the Queen of Scots to leave Fotheringhay.^ There can be little 
doubt that this painting was copied from that before described, 
bequeathed by Elizabeth Curie to the College at Douai. A dupli- 
cate, 01 an old copy of the same crowned portraiture, is in the posses- 
sion of the Earl of Cathcart, and was formerly at his seat in Scotland ; 
it is now at Wood End, near Thirsk, Yorkshire, the residence of 
Lord Greenock, who has most kindly presented to me a photograph 
of this valuable painting.'^ 

The type of the full-length portraitures last described, was doubt- 
less, as I apprehend, coeval with the time of Mary's execution, or 
produced from the best available authorities shortly after that event. 

* Chalmers' Life of Mary ^ Preface, p. xvii. ; Archceologia Scot.^ vol. iv. p. 370. 

* Gent. Mag.f vol. Ixxvii. Part i. p. 635. 

' An account of this monument, with an outline etching, was published by 
M. Semiro, in the Memager des Sciences, Gand, 1835 ; and his Mempir has 
been reproduced by Prince Labanoif in his Portraits de Marie Stuart. The 
inscription had been given in the Antiqvanan HejTertory, vol. iii. p. 388. The 
engraved portrait which accompanies that notice is totally unlike that now exist- 
ing at Antwerp. Gilbert Curie, Mary's secretary, his wife Barbara, Mary their 
daughter, and his sister Elizabeth Curie, quitted this country, and passed the 
remainder of their days at Antwerp. 

* A copy of the Antwerp picture, executed by M. de Trog for Mr. Walter 
Long, is preserved at Preshaw House, Hants ; another, painted by Lady Mary 
Long, is at the Earl of Northesk's seat, Ethie, near Arbroath, Forfarshire. 



XXIV PREFACE. 

In regard to that now presented at Blairs, it is described in the be- 
quest by Elizabeth Curie, in 1620, aa the "grand portrait de sa 
Majesty vetue comme elle etoit k son martyre ;" and it presents a 
feature of no slight interest, as closely corresponding with the minute 
descriptions of Mary's person and apparel as she appeai-ed at her 
execution, given by R. WinkfieW, an eye-witness, in his well-known 
letter to Burleigh from Fotheringhay, February 11, 1586.^ The 
reader of that painful narration will not omit to notice that Mary 
is described as having hazel eyes, the " yeux un peu brunets," as 
described by the poet Ronsard in her early life, a colour assuming, 
probably, in certain aspects, the appearance of being grey rather than 
brown. Winkfield observed also " her borrowed heire aburue," her 
own hair Ijeing " polled verie short," as ajipeared when the severed 
head was held forth by the executioner, denuded of its coverings. 

Mary, it is well known, as was the fashion of her times, wore 
artificial hair. Queen Elizabeth had eighty attires of false hair at 
one period. The perplexities in regard to the identification of 
Mary's portraits have doubtless been much affected by such caprices 
in costimie. Nicholas Whyte, Burleigh's emissary, on the occasion 
of his inquisitive visit at Tutbury in 1569, reported that her hair 
was black, " and yet Mr. Knollys told me that she wears hair of 
sundry colours." Whilst she was a prisoner at Lochleven, Mary 
received " plusieurs perruques et aultres choses y servant," as appears 
by the curious Miscellanea published by the Maitland Club, from 
MSS. originally at the Scots College in Paris ; and " ung paqu^ 
de pemiques de cheveux" was sent to her after her retreat to Car- 
lisle. The skill of Mary Seton, praised by the Queen as " the finest 
busker," alluding to her taste in dressing the hair, is quaintly 
related by Sir F. Knollys, in a letter from Carlisle, shortly after 
Mary came to England. The vice-chamberlain of Elizabeth thus 
writes of her abilities : " Among other devices yesterday and this 
day, she did set such a curled hair upon the Queen, that w^as said 
to be a perwyke, that shewed very delicately, and every other day 
she hath a new device of hair-dressing. "^ These minor details are 

' I am indebted to tlie kindness of the Rev. W. Dyke, of Jesus College, 
Oxford, for transcripts of that interesting document, slightly varying in certain 
passages of the text. These copies are preserved in the Ashmolean MSS., 
No. 731, fol. 26 ; and No. 830, fol. 12. 

' Miss Strickland's Queens of Scotland, vol. vi. p. 127. 



PRKFACE. XXV 

obviously not undeserving of consideration, when occasion may occur 
to test the probable authenticity of any portrait of Mary. 

In a critical examination of the numerous portraitures attributed 
to Mary Stuart, whether paintings or engravings, those more espe- 
cially of which the date may approximate to her period, we must 
make large allowances for the imperfections of art, for injuries and 
restorations ; keeping also in view the fact how few were the artists 
who could have had any opportunity of painting her from the life. 
The eager desire for the possession of such memorials of the ill-fated 
Queen was not limited to her friends and partisans in this country ; 
it caused, even to a comparatively recent time, extensive fabrications 
of portraits by various artists. Some of these must be considered 
purely fictitious, whilst in others may be traced the reproduction of 
such authorities as were available, modified as might best suit the 
caprice of the purchaser.^ 

A portraiture of Mary Stuart, of great interest and authenticity, 
still remains to be noticed, namely, the monumental statue at West- 
minster Abbey. No account of this sculpture will be found in the 
following pages, as I had been unable to obtain a cast from the 
features at the period of the meeting of the Institute in Edinburgh. 
On October 11, 1612, twenty-five years after the corpse of his 
unhappy mother had been deposited in Peterborough Cathedral, 
James i. directed its removal to Westminster, where a sumptuous 
resting-place was provided, which, by a solemn mockery, was almost 
the precise counterpart of the memorial erected by him to Queen 



' It has been asserted that Medina, who came to England from the Nether- 
lands in 1686, made a great traffic in portraits of the Queen of Scots. He 
was persuaded hy the Earl of Leven to go to Scotland, where he painted many 
of the nobility, and died at Edinburgh in 1711. John Alexander, a descendant 
of Jameson, passed several years in Italy, and on his return to Scotland painted 
portraits and historical subjects. It is stated that his favourite subject was 
Queen Mary : a portrait of her, executed about 1710, for Anderson^ author of the 
Diplomataf appears by the painter's correspondence to have been copied from one 
in the Duke of Hamilton's collection. It is probable that Mary's portrait was 
repeatedly produced for the Scottish market by James de Wett, the Dutch painter, 
employed, in 1684, to execute the royal series at Holy rood, from Fergus i. to 
Charles ii. (See the Contract, Bannatyne Miscellany^ vol. iii. p. 329.) The mul- 
tiplication of miniatures by Bernard Lens, during the last century, some of which 
have been handed down as undoubted originals, contemporary with Mary's time, 
has been mentioned in this Catalogue, p. 208, 

d 



XXVI PKEFACE. 

Elizabeth. The tomb of Mary has been figured in Sandford's Genea- 
logical History y and other well-known works. Of the features of 
the effigy a medallion is given by Prince Labanoff, as the frontispiece 
to his work before cited. ^ It was executed from a cast in plaster, 
and it presents the painful aspect of the decapitated head. The 
engraving which accompanies these notices is from a drawing by Mr. 
Scharf, taken from the original, with friendly interest in my researches. 
It has not, I believe, been satisfactorily ascertained who was the 
sculptor or designer employed by James in the production of the 
stately memorial. Vertue appears, according to Walpole's Anecdotes 
of Painting^ to have found in the Earl of Oxford's collections an office- 
book, giving the cost of the tomb of Queen EHi^beth, including the 
following items : — " Paid to Maximilian Powtran, £170. Patrick 
Blacksmith, £95. John de Critz the painter, £100." This, how- 
ever, it is observed, was exclusive of the marble. " The whole cost 
JB965. This monument, and those of the Queen of Scots and of the 
two young Princesses Mary and Sophia, daughters of King James, 
cost £3500."* The design for the tomb of Elizabeth, it is supposed, 
was given by John de Critz, an artist highly commended by Meres, 
in his WUs^ Commontvealth, produced in 1598. He observes that 
England has these, " Billiard, Isaac Oliver, and John de Cretz, very 
famous for their painting." Maximilian Poutraine, it is stated, was 
commonly known as Maximilian Colte, whose name occurs at a later 
period as master-sculptor to Charles i.' It seems highly probable, 
on comparison of the tombs of the rival queens, that they were 
designed by the same hand ; the execution may, however, have 
been intnisted to different sculptors ; and Mr. Peter Cunningham 
gives the following statement in his notice of the Memorial of 
Mary : — " This stately monument, the work of Cornelius Cure, 
was erected in the year 1606, by James i., to the memory of his 

^ Notice 9ur la CoUedion dea Portraits de Marie Stuart^ &c. St. Petersburg, 
1856. A copy of this voUime (privately printed) was presented by Prince Labanoff 
to the Institute. The head of Mary was lithographed by Gillis in 1855, after 
a photograph from the cast of the face of the monumental statae. 

* Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting ^ vol. i. p. 324, Dallaway's edition. Maxi- 
milian Poutraine had a writ of Privy Seal, in 1607, for £140 for a monument in 
Westminster Abbey for Princess Sophia, fourth daughter of James i. — Lodge's 
lUustratioru, vol. iii. p. 319. 

' Walpole, vol. li. p. 54. In an office-book of the Board of Works the entry 
occurs in 1633, — " Maximilian Colte, master-scnlptor, at £8 a year." 



PREFACE. XXVU 

mother. 1 It may be hoped that, through the liberality recently shown 
in giving facilities of access to public documents, some fresh evidence 
may be produced to throw light upon this interesting example of 
momunental art. 

It is with pleasure that I would express, in conclusion, grateful 
acknowledgment of the friendly assistance and liberality with which 
the production of this volume has been encouraged. Among those 
who have contributed with much kindness to its illustration, I must 
here specially mention the late Mr. James Maitland Hog, donor of 
the plate portraying Edward vi. ; Mr. Bruce, who has generously 
presented a representation of one of the choicest relics associated with 
the memory of Queen Mary, preserved at Kennet ; Sir James Home 
Burnett, Bart., to whom we are indebted for a memorial of his 
remarkable ancestral relic, the Crathes Horn ; Mr. Alexander Mori- 
son ; Mr. Alexander Watt ; Mr. James Gibson-Craig ; Mr. Mark 
Napier ; the Hon. Lord Neaves 3 and Mr. Cosmo Innes, whose 
friendship I have proved on so many occasions. To the kindness of 
his Grace the Duke of Northumberland we owe a plate of one of the 
most remarkable relics connected with Roman dominion on the 
northern frontier of Britain. The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 
have most liberally placed at our disposal all the illustrations pre- 
pared for their publications ; and the like facilities, kindly conceded 
in regard to those executed under Dr. Wilson's directions for his 
Prehistoric Annals, have frequently enriched the following pages. 
Deprived, as we unfortunately were, of the personal participation of 
that distinguished archaeologist in the visit to those parts of our 
country whose antiquities he had so successfully laboured to eluci- 
date, it has been with especial gratification that we have profited 
by the permission to reproduce many of the illustrations of a work, 
the value of which has so frequently been appreciated during the 
compilation of this Catalogue. To the Society of Antiquaries of 
London we are indebted for the use of a plate of the golden tore, 
the most sumptuous relic of its age, produced through the gracious 

^ Handbook to Westminster Abbeys 1842. I regret that the authority for 
this account is not given. It would thus appear that the tomb had been 
prepared several years previously to the removal of Mar3''8 remains from Peter- 
borough. 



XXVlll I'UEFACE. 

permission of the Queen. To Messrs. Blackwood acknowledgment 
is due for their obliging contribution of two interesting plates, in 
illustration of the portraits of Mary Stiuirt ; and also for several 
spirited etchings of " the Stirling Heads.'* Other illustrations have 
been supplied by the Maitland Club, by Dr. CoUingwood Bruce, Mr. 
Joseph Mayer, F.8.A., and Mr. J. Yonge Akerman. 

To Mr. Joseph Robertson my best thanks are due for accurate 
notices of the documents, manuscripts, and printed books, forming a 
very interesting section in the collections here described ; to Mr. 
Hawkins also, for the detailed account of the remarkable assemblage 
of Stuart medals in his possession, a series unique probably in extent, 
and in the fine condition of so large a number of rare pieces. No 
complete description of this interesting medallic series has hitherto 
been given, and the kindness of that accomplished numismatist in 
preparing so full an inventoiy of a collection, which was viewed with 
special interest in North Britain, cannot fail to be warmly appre- 
ciated. To Mr. David Laing, whose intimate knowledge of Scottish 
history and literature, and of numerous recondite matters which throw 
light on the arts and manners of North Britain, has constantly 
aided my inquiries with the most obliging courtesy, my very hearty 
acknowledgments are tendered. Without such auxiliary encourage- 
ment, and the friendship of several other valued coadjutors, Mr. 
Charles Tucker, Mr. Rliind, and Mr. Franks, I must liave abandoned 
the endeavour which I have had in view in the following notices, 
namely, to suggest the value of such miscellaneous gatherings of 
national antiquities and relics of every period, in their instnictive 

bearing on the elucidation of historic truths. 

ALBERT WAY. 



FRONTISPIECE. 

It has been observed in the Preface that cousiderable uncertainty 
exists in regard to the sculptor or designer employed by James i. in 
the production of the monument and effigy of Maiy Queen of Scots 
in Westminster Abbey. (See page xxvi.) Walpole appears not to 
have discovered any evidence on this subject, although he has noticed 
Maximilian Powtran and John de Critz as having been employed on 
the monument of Queen Elizabeth. From entries in the Pell Records 
of the reign of James i., it appears that Cornelius Cure, Master 
Mason to the King, received large payments on account of this 
monument, according to a plot thereof drawn, but by whom is not 
stated. The first of these entries is as follows : — " By order, 7th of 
May 1606. To Cornelius Cure, Master Mason of his Highnesses 
works, the sum of £200, parcel of a more sum due to him for the 
framing, making, erecting, and finishing of a tomb for Queen Mary, 
late Queen of Scotland, according to certain articles indented between 
the Right Honourable the Lord Treasurer of England, the Earls of 
Northampton and Salisbury, and the said Cornelius Cure. By 
writ dated 19th of April 1606." — DevorCs Ismes of the Exchequer^ 
p. 35. There was a further payment of £1 00 on 18th July 1606, 
on account of the same. On 13th November 1606, Cornelius Cure 
received "the sum of £100, parcel of a more sum, limited for 
framing, making, and finishing of a tomb for Queen Mary, according 
to a plot thereof drawn, and articles indented " between the same 
parties. /6u/., p. 50. On 26th of November 1607, Cornelius Cure 
received £120 "for 220 foot of touchstone, and 20 feet of Raunce 
stone, at the rate of 10s. the foot, towards the framing, making, 
and finishing of a tomb for Queen Mary." — Ibid.^ p. 74. Before 
the next payment he appears to have died. On 1 7 th of January 
1610, "William Cure, His Majesty's Master Mason, son and 
executor unto Cornelius Cure," was paid the siun of £108, 16s. 
for five stones of white marble, containing 136 feet, at the 
rate of 16s. the foot, to be employed about the making and 



finisbing of the same tomb. — Ibid,, p. 100. Ou 31st of August 
1613, the said William Cure received the sum of £85, lOs., in 
" fuD payment of £825, lOs., for making the tomb for His Majesty's 
dearest mother," according to the before-mentioned articles. — Ibid.^ 
p. 1 68. The painting of the tomb was intrusted to James Mauncy, 
or Manuty, an artist, of whom we have found no mention by Walpole. 
The following entry occurs in the Pell Records : — " By order dated 
24th of May 1616, to James Mauncy, painter, the sum of £265, in 
full satisfaction of the charges of painting and gilding of a monument 
to be erected and set up amongst the rest of His Majesty's most 
honourable progenitors, within the chapel of the collegiate church of 
St. Peter, in Westminster, for the memory of His Majesty's most 
dearly beloved mother, the Lady Mary, late Queen of Scotland. By 
writ dated Uth of May 1616." — Ibid., p. 190. In the writ which 
is given in the Appendix, p. 320, the painter's name appears as 
James Manuty, to whom the Treasurer of the Exchequer is ordered 
to pay the said sum of £265, in full satisfaction of his charges, as 
by a bill of the particulars thereof subscribed by the Treasurer 
appeared. The iron- work was probably executed by Richard Patrick, 
doubtless the same person whose name occurs as <* Patrick Black- 
smith," in the document cited by Walpole, relative to. the monument 
of Queen Elizabeth, and mentioned in the Preface to this volume, 
p. xxvi., who is described in the Pell Records as " Richard Patrick, 
Blacksmith." — Ibid., p. 35. 

We are indebted to Mr. Peter Cunningham for calling our attention 
to these entries in the Pell Records, while this work was passing 
through the press. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.' 



PAGB 



PoRTBAiT OF Maby Queen OF ScoTS, from the Monumental Effigy at 
Westminster Abbey. From a drawing by Mr. George Scharf, 
Jun., F.8.A., iofoM the title^age. 

Pkeface. — ^Initial M, illastrative of the earlier peculiarities of ornament 

prevalent in Ireland and Scotland, i 

Antiquities from Fobeiom Countries, Egyptian, Greek, Eoman, &c., 1 

Dentated Bronze King, of a form found in Italy, and also in Great Britain, 3 

Antiquities of the Eari^ier Periods found in North Britain, 6 

♦Series of examples of Arrow-heads of Flint, to face 6 

Stone Weapon found in Aberdeenshire, 7 

Ditto, found on the Clyde, near Glasgow, .... 8 

Stone Cups, probably used as lamps, 9 

Gold Tore found at the Leys, Inverness, 9 

*Jet Necklace and Axe-head of Flint, found at Cruden, Aberdeen- 
shire, to face 10 

*Six Sepulchral Urns, found in Scotland,^ .... to face 11 

Series of Stone Hammers and Axes, 12 

Urn found at Belhelvie, Fifeshire, 13 

Stone Ball found in Dumfriesshire, .14 

Jet Necklace found at Assynt, Ross-shirc, 15 

Bronze Spear found at Dufilus, Morayshire, 18 

♦Sepulchral Urn and Stone Axehead, found in circles of stones in Aber- 
deenshire," to face 18 

Stone Mould found at Girvan, Ayrshire, 21 

Ditto, found at Rosskeen, Ross-shire, 21 

Jet Ornament found at Carstairs, Lanarkshire, ..... 22 

Bronze Weapon found at Campbeltown, Argyllshire, .... 23 

Bronze Spear-head found at Cupar-Angus, Perthshire, ... 23 

Bronze Scabbard found at Cauldhame, Forfarshire, .... 24 

Bronze Armlets found in Scotland, 24 

Bronze Collar found at Stitchel, Roxburghshire, 26 

^ The lllustntioiu marked * are to be placed facing the pages indicated ; the rctnainder are 
inserted in the letterpress. 

3 This and the preceding plate are presented by the Honoaroble Lord NeaTes, Mr. Jam«M 
Oibson-Craig. and Mr. Cosmo Innes. 

^ These woodcuts, from drawings by Mr. Hugh Cameron of Edinburgh, are presented by Mr. 
Alexander Watt. 



XXX LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PAOK 

Gold Ornament found at Cairnmuir, Peeblessbire, .... 25 

Gold PeUets foand at Cairnmuir, Peeblesshire, 26 

Bronze Tortoise-shaped Brooch foand in Caithness, .... 26 

Bronse Chisel found at Pettycur, Fifeshire 27 

Spiral Gold Armlet found at Largo, Fifeshire, 28 

^Silver Bodkin and Ornaments found in Norries Law, Fifeshire, to face 29 

^Silver Ornaments, Spiral Ring, &c., found in Norries Law, Fifeshire, to face 30 

*The Hunterston Brooch, engraved with Runes, . . to face 31 

Pastoral Staff of St Moloc, belonging to the Duke of Argyll, 32 

Bell of St. Ninian, 33 

*The Guthrie Bell, described in Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annalij to face 33 

*Tbe Kilmichael Glassrie Bell, to face 34 

Gold Torc-annlet found at Rannoch, Perthshire, 35 

*Sepulchral Urn found at the Ha Hill, Montblairy, Banfi&hire,' to face 36 

*Sepulcbral Urn found at Luffness, Haddingtonshire, . to face 37 

Antiquities of the Eabi^irr Pebiods found in England, ... 37 

Portion of the Gold Tore in possession of Her Majesty the Queen, . 37 

*Gold Tore found in Needword Forest, in possession of Her Majesty,' to face 38 

Stone Maul-head found in Westmoreland, . . . . 40 

Implement of Flint found in Denbighshire, 40 

Bronze Celt found at UUeskelf, Yorkshire, 4L 

Gold Ornaments, similar to examples found in Anglesea, ... 42 

Small Urn found on Bincombe Down, Dorset, 42 

Dentated Bronze Ring found at Lidgate, Suffolk, .... 43 

Bronze Celt found near Wandsworth, Surrey, 43 

Bronze Mace-head found at Great Bedwyn, Wilts, .... 44 

Bone Skates found at Lincoln 44 

*MouId8 for casting Bronze Weapons, found at Bovey Tracey, Devon, to face 46 

Small Urn found at Bulford, Wilts, 46 

Bronze Spear found at South Brent, Devon, 47 

Antiquities of the Earlier Periods found in Ireland, ... 48 

Bronze Palstave with two side-loops, 48 

Stone Moulds for Celts, 50 

Stone Moulds for Spears, &c., 51 

Stone Celt found in County Westmeath, 52 

Stone Object of lozenge form, 52 

Stone Objects from Honduras Bay, 53 

Bronze Penannular Brooch or Bodkin, 53 

Three Bronze Brooches, of Irish and Scottish types, .... 54 

Bronze Arrow-head found near Clonmel, 55 

Bronze Weapon found at Inchigecla, County Cork, .... 55 

1 Tbia and other woodcuts of antiqaitiea foood on the estates of Mr. Alexander Horiaon. have 
been kindly presented by that gentleman. 

s The use of the plate from which this illustration has been obtained by timnsfer, has been 
granted by the Council of the Society of Antiquaries of London. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



XXXI 



KOMAN AND KoMAHO-BrITISH AnTIQUITIEB, . . . . . 

*The Radge Cup, in posBession of the Dake of Northumberland,* to fact 

Gk)ld Eing found near Corbridge, Northumberland, . . . . 

Bronze inscribed Ornament fonnd at High Rochester, Northumberland, 
*Bronze Relic, possibly part of a standard, and Bronze Capsule or Arm- 
purse, found at stations on the Roman Wall, . tofa/ct 

Iron Spearhead found at Carvoran, on the Roman Wall, 

Iron Galtrap found at Great Chesterford, Essex, . 



Medlsyal Antiquities, ]*BiNf;iPALLY found in North Britain, 

Bronze Battle-axe found at Bannockbnrn, 
Stone Mould for Buckles fonnd at Dalkeith, 
Inscribed Brass Ewer found in Norfolk, 
Brass Ewers found in Scotland, . 
Brass Ewer, in form of a lion, 
*Rondache, in the Collection of General Vernon, 
Portion of a two-handed Scottish Sword, 
Thumbikins found in Scotland, 
Sculptured Highland Powder-flask, 
Tirling Pin from the Mint Close, Edinbnrgh, 
Pair of Jougs from Applegarth, Dumfriesshire, 
Branks, one of them fonnd in Scotland, 



iofaee 



Obioinal Documents, Manuscriftb, and Printed Books, . 

Facsimile of the Signatures of the Admirable Crichton and of his Father, 

Triangular Arithmetical Table, invented by Napier of Merchistoun, and 

Facsimile of his Signature,' 



PAOK 

58 

58 
59 
60 

60 
61 
62 

64 

64 
64 
65 
66 
67 
68 
70 
71 
72 
73 
75 
76 

77 
78 

85 



Seals, Coins, and Medals, 

Seal of Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland, 

Seal found at Raewick, in Shetland, .... 

Seal of the Chapter of Brechin, 

Seal, with a Hebrew inscription, found near Edinburgh, 
Seal and Counterseal of William de Yipont, 

Seal of Thor Longus, 

Seal of Alexander Earl of Huntley, .... 
Coining Iron found at Dunfermline, .... 
Coiner at work, from a sculpture in Normandy, . 



Series of Medals of the Stuart Family, 

Gold Touch-piece of Prince James, as James iii.. 
Ditto, of another type, .... 

Stuart Medal, struck in 1750,* 



88 

89 
90 
90 
91 
92 
93 
93 
96 
96 

98 

103 
104 
113 



* This Illaitraftion has been kindly contributed by the Duke of Northumberland, 
s This woodcut is contributed by Mr. Mark Napier. 

' This and the following woodcut are contributed by Mr. J. Yonge Akerman, See. Boo. Ant. 
London. 



XXXll LIST OF ILLUSfU.VnOSS. 

PAOR 

Me Jal of Prince Charles, struck ill 1752, 113 

Silver Touch-piece struck for Cardinal York as Henry IX., 116 

Caryinos is Ivory, Examels, Goldsmiths' Work, &o , 116 

Chess piece, carved in sea-horse's tusk, Mus. See. Ant Scot., 118 
*The Leys Horn, of ivory mounted with silver-gilt, in possession of Sir 

James Home Burnett, Bart.,* to face 118 

*Ciborium, of copper-gilt and enameled, preserved with the Relics of 

Queen Mary in possession of the family of Bruce of Kennet,* to face 122 

Silver Chain found in digging the Caledonian Canal, .... 127 

Liscrihed Gold Ring in the Advocates' Library, 128 

Gold Ring found near Warkworth, Northumberland, .129 

Inscribed Ring found in Ireland, 129 

Bronze Buckle found at Lincoln, . . > . . 129 
Silver Plate, engraved with the Figure and Arms of the Earl of Mon- 
trose, 1628,* 131 

The Silver Mace of the University of Glasgow, 132 

•Arms and Inscription on do.,* , to face 133 

Escutcheon appended to the Tutbury Horn, 134 

The AsBuanley Cup, 135 

Series of Table-clocks and Watches, &c., 140 

Pai.ntinos, Drawixgs, Specimeksof Fictile Manufacture, Casts, &c., 141 

•Portrait of King Edward vi. by Guillim Stretes, in possession of the 

late Mr. James Maitland Hog,* to face 145 

•Mons Meg, at Edinburgh Castle, with Section and Measurements, to face 150 
Fragment of a Cross inscribed with Runes, found at Kirk Braddan, Isle 

of Man, 152 

Inscription on the Cross at St. Vigean's, Forfarshire, . . .154 

Crosier- Head, found in Kirkwall Cathedral, 156 

Embroideries, Tapestry, Ancient Dresses, Carved Furniture, &c., 157 

•Embroidered Hawking Glove and Lure, in the possession of Lady 

North, toface 158 

•Embroidered Hawking Pouch, with enameled Mount, . to face 159 

•Morris-Dancer, or Court Jester, from a Carved Medallion among the 

"Stirling Heads,"* toface 160 

•Two Specimens of the " Stirling Heads," including a Carved Medallion 

of a Dwarf, in possession of the Marquis of Breadalbane, toface 161 

1 This niottration has been kindly pramnted by Sir James Home Burnett, Bart. 

3 This Illustration has been kindly presented by Mr. Bruce of Rennet. 

s Contributed through the kindness of Mr. Hark Napier. 

* This and the preceding IUu»tration are contributed by the MaiUand Club, through Air. 
Cosmo Innes. 

s This plate has been kindly presented by the late Mr. J. Maitland Hog. 

^ Thi«, and the following spirited etchings from the Lacunar &reveUnm»e, are contributed 
by MessR*. Blackwood 



» • • 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. XXXIU 

PAGK 

*Two Specimens of the " Stirling Heads," in possession of Mr. David 

Laing, to face 162 

*Carved Medallion of a Naked Genius, or Cupid, one of the " Stirling 

Heads," in posBOBsion of Mr. Gibson-Craig/ . . to face 162 

Reucs and Portraits of Mary Queen of Scots. PoKTRAiTtt and 

Miscellaneous Objects connected with the House of Stuart, 163 

*The Silver-gilt Hand Bell and Agate Cup, Relics of Queen Mary, in 

possession of the family of Bruce of Kennet, . to face 170 

Device on Queen Mary's Silver Hand Bell, 171 

Diagram, shewing the Interior of Queen Mary's Silver Hand Bell, . 172 

Impress of Queen Mary's Signet Ring in the British Museum,' . 174 

Queen Mary's Signet Ring, 174 

Monogram on do., 175 

Signature and Monogram of Queen Mary 175 

Seal used by Prince Frederic, son of the King of Bohemia, . .176 

The Damley Ring, found at Fotheringhay, 178 

Arms and Inscriptions on do., 179 

♦Silver Spoon and Case, used by Prince Charles Edward,' to face 195 

Original Letters of Mary Queen of Scots 198 

Portraits op Mary Queen op Scots, 201 

♦Portrait of Queen Mary, in possession of the Earl of Morton, at Dalmahoy 

House,* to face 205 

♦Portrait, known as the " Orkney Portrait," in possession of the Duke of 

Sutherland, ioface 208 

♦Portrait in Lord Napier's possession, traditionally regarded as of Queen 

Mary,* toface 210 



ADDENDA. 

Hammer Heads of baked clay, found at Montblairy, Banffshire, . 217 
Symbols on Sculptured Stones in Scotland, Figs. 1 to 8, . . 218 
Do. do. Figs. 9 to 17, . . .219 
Seal of the Hammermen of Dundee, in the Advocates' Library, . 222 

Example of Ornament, from an Illuminated Irish MS. of the eighth 
century, illustrating peculiarities of early decoration in Scotland 
and Ireland. (Compare the Silver Ornaments found at Largo, p. 29 ; 
and Sculptured Symbols, p. 218, Fig. 6.) 224 

1 This plate, representing one of the Stirling Sculptures hitherto unpublished, hae been kindly 
presented by Mr. Oibson-Cndg. 
3 This woodeat is kindly contributed by Mr. Henry Laing. 
s This woodcut is kindly contributed by Mr. Joseph Mayer, F.S.A. 
* This plate is giien by the kind pennlssioD of Messrs. Blackwood. 
< This plate is contributed by Mr. Mark Napier. 



SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES. 

At piige 180, Hue 8, for 1660, read 1560. On this interesting relic of Mary 
Stuart, struck in the year of her first widowhood, the crown with which the 
armorial escutcheon is eusigned, and also the upper and larger of the two crowns 
on the reverse, is the crown of France, composed of fleurs-<le-lys and strawberry 
leaves ; the lower of these crowns being that of Scotland, composed of crosses 
and leaves. The example described among the rare jetons with Mary Stuart's 
devices, exhibited by Mr. Hawkins, is of brass ; another, of silver, is preserved 
in the Cabinet of Mediaeval Coins and Medals, in possession of Mr. Schinz, at 
Zurich. Among objects enumerated in 1572, as taken from a casket belonging 
to Queen Mary, there was " une bource de veloux vert ou il y avoict 94 jettons 
de troys sort de mettau." (Miscellaneous Papers originally at the Scots College^ 
Paris, published by the Maitland Club, p. 19). I have made inquiry in vain 
for any of these jetons in France, where they were probably struck ; they appear 
to be entirely unknown in that country. Pinkerton, in his AfedaUic History, 
\K 43, mentions another jeton of Mary, with the reverse, a high tree in a forest, 
and the legend, sypereminet omne."}. 

Page 200. The original and beautiful crayon drawing, a portrait of " Silla de 
Betton," of which a copy was produced by Mr. Laing, is preserved in the Col- 
lection transferred from the Library of the Abbey of S" Genevieve, at Paris, at 
the Revolution. It is now in the Cabinet of Engravings and Drawings at the 
Imperial Library, in the Series entitled. Portraits Dessines, vol. i., in which 
also is to be seen a crayon drawing of Queen Mary, wearing the Deuil blanc, 
the counterpart of that described at p. 201. 

Page 214. Another painting of the decapitat<}d head of Mary Stuart may be 
seen in Comte de Graimberg's Historical Gallery at Heidelberg Castle. The 
hair is light-brown, wreathed with a string of pearls; a large pear-shaped pearl 
appears in the right ear. The table upon which the dish is placed is partly 
covered by a crimson cloth : on the uncovered part, on the right, is written, 
MAuiA scoTiii-: UEOINA. Six portraits of Queen Mary, at various periods of her 
life, are to be found in that collection, as described in Professor Alfred I^^ger\s 
larger Catalogue (Nos. 31, 3284-3287). Two of them, paintings of the French 
School, on panel, and of the period, are not undeserving of notice. 

Page 215. The ob\ei"8e of the medal of Mary Stuart by Primavera, is given, 
" engraved from a cast," in Smith's Iconngraphia Scoiica, 1798. 



CATALOGUE. 



CATALOGUE. 



ANTIQUITIES FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES, COMPRISING 

ANCIENT OBJECTS, EGYPTIAN, GREEK, AND ROMAN, 

NOT CONNECTED WITH BRITAIN. 

A Collection of Egyptian Antiquities — comprising eflBgies of 
nearly the whole Pantheon of Ancient Egypt ; emblems, symbols ; 
necklaces, rings, and scarabaei ; sandals of papyrus and leather ; 
ungiientaria of syenite, alabastron, and other materials ; vases of 
alabastron, limestone, and clay ; artiiicers* tools of bronze ; stools ; 
mummied animals ; with numerous other reliques, chiefly obtained 
from Goormeh (Thebes) and Sakhara. Also, a collection of personal 
ornaments, of archaic types, in use by the present inhabitants of 
Egypt, Nubia, and Syria. Amongst these are solid ornaments for 
the neck, analogous to torques, and termed in Arabic T6k; bracelets, 
armlets, rings, ear-rings, nose-rings, and other personal ornaments, 
interesting to the archaeologist for purposes of comparison with simi- 
lar objects of a more ancient period. 

Reliques from the megalithic ruin of Hagar Kim, in Malta. ^ 
They consisted of a vase or um of sandstone, of coarsely-executed 
workmanship, measuring about 1 2 inches in height, with a flat lid of 
stone rudely fitting it. Two smooth hemispherical or concavo-convex 
stones, measuring in diameter 3^ inches. Fragments of coarse pot- 
tery, and of stones indented over all the surface with circular cavities, 
showing the character of rude ornament which prevails throughout 
the megalithic structure of Hagar Kim. Drawings illustrative of 

^ Sco a Notice, by Mr. Rhind, of those remainB, ArcJiceol. Jovrrud, vol. xiii. 
p. 397. 



2 EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES. 

those remarkable ruins, and of the neighbouring remains, El 
Mnaidra.^ mb. a. henby rhind, f.s.a. 

These antiquities were presented by Mr. Rhind, on the conclnsion of the 
meeting, to the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 

A ScAEABiEUS of enamelled steatite, set as a finger-ring, with a 
slight hoop of gold. It was discovered by some peasants in a cave 
at Ombos, in the Thebaid, on the eaat bank of the Nile. The fol- 
lowing description has been supplied by Mr. E. W. Lane : — " The 
device on the back of the Scarabseus is an androsphinx — ^the emblem 
of a king, with the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt, and the 
royal asp ; above this is the globe and asps. To the right is the 
name of Amen-Ra, the chief god of Thebes. On the flat sur&ce, 
Rameses il is represented in his war-chariot, drawn by two horses, 
and overshadowed by a hawk holding a signet in its talons. Be- 
neath him is inscribed — *Lord of the two Regions' (of Egypt)." 

SIB BOBEBT KEITH ABBUTHNOT, BABT. 

A Gold Ring, of very good character, 19th Dynasty, probably 
from the Lower Country, below Memphis. It is engraved with a 
representation of a goddess, Nephthis, or Neith. A Gold Ring, of 
a later period, from the Upper Country ; the date is probably the 
time of Psammetichus, b.c. 671 to 617. The device is the hippopo- 
tamus, the symbol of the god Schebek. An Intaglio on cornelian, 
mounted on a gold hoop, and engraved with the eye of Osiris. This 
seems to be ancient and original ; the cartouche on the reverse has 
probably been cut in Roman times in Egypt It bears the name of 
Amenoph m., but it seems to be an imitation, and is not perfect in 
its execution j probably from Memphis. These three rings were in 
the Collection of the late Mr. Salt. mb. b. obeene, f.s.a. 

A ScABAB^ns of ivory, with eight horizontal lines of hierogly- 
phics on the reverse ; and an Obnament of the same material, bear- 
ing a royal cartouche. From Sams' Collection. 

MB. JOSEPH MAYEB, F.S.A. 

* See the Memoirs, by Admiral Smyth and Mr. Vance, on the Megalithic 
RuinH in Malta, Archccologia, vols. xxii. p. 294 ; xxix. p. 227 ; and the Works 
cited by Mr. Khind, ArcJio^ol. Journ^tl, vol. xiii. p. 397. 



GREEK AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES. 3 

The Core of the horn of a mummied bull; a reliquc from the 
tomb of Apis at Sakhara. rev. t. Barclay, d.d. 

Specimens of Etruscan and Greek Pottery — comprising an 
Etruscan tazza and a vessel of blackware ; a small vessel of early 
Greek ware ; a lekythus ; a patera of Greek ware, on which are re- 
presented figures in chariots ; amphorae and a tazza of Nolan ware, 
the latter representing figures in the g3rmnasium. 

MR. JOHN GEORGE WOOD. 

Several small Fictile vessels, Unguentaries, etc., from Alexandria, 
ArgoB, and Cephalonia. the arbuthnot museum, peterhead. 

An Armlet of bronze, found at Pompeii, in form of a spiral band 
terminating at each extremity in the head of a serpent. 

THE LADY BELHAVEN. 

A bronze Simpulum, or ladle ; two Roman Lamps, and fictile Un- 
guentaria ; probably from Italy. marischal college, Aberdeen. 

A bronze Statuette of Cupid, from the Collection of the late 
John Clerk, Lord Eldin. A small fictile Vase, of most archaic style, 
of ovoidal form; an antique Mirror, with its case of bronze, orna- 
mented with a group of figures in re- 
lief; a bronze Simpulum; and two 
dentated Rings of bronze, with triple 
rows of teeth ; from Mr. Rhodes' Col- 
lection. These objects have been sup- 
posed to have served as appendages 
to the military flail. ^ Also a dentated 
bronze Macehcad, probably from Italy ; 
from the late Dr. Jamieson's sale. The ' '«°^*'«'* »""**' ^°« 

fuund In Flfeshire. 

locality, however, from which these 

reliques were obtained is uncertain. The dentated rings have been 

occasionally found in Great Britain. Of one of these, found near 



* Sec thrt'ii varieti«'8 in the (roixliich Court Arniorv ; Skclton*s FlltuitratiofiJS, 
vol. i. p. 45. 




4 ROMAN ANTIQUITIES. 

the River Eden, Fifeshire, and now in the Museum of the Scottish 
Antiquaries, a representation is here given. It has only two rows of 
teeth, but in other respects resembles those exhibited.^ 

MB. JAMES T. GIBSON CBAIG, F.S.A. SCOT. 

A bronze Hand (the right hand), supposed with much probability 
to have formed part of the decorations of a Roman standard, amongst 
which the hand encircled by a garland is of frequent occurrence, and 
occasionally without that accessory ; numerous examples occur on 
Trajan's Column. Height, 5 inches ; diameter of the wrist, 2 inches. 
It is not known where this object was discovered. It had been pre- 
served at Northumberland House, and had probably come into the 
possession of Algernon, Duke of Somerset, President of the Society 
of Antiquaries in 1 724 (being at that time Earl of Hertford), and 
a distinguished promoter of the study of Antiquity. 

THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, F.S.A. 

A Selection of Choice Examples of Art, chiefly antique, and 
formerly amongst the collections formed in Italy by the late General 
Ramsay. They comprised four Etruscan ornaments of gold, of veiy 
delicate workmanship ; the bronze Handle of a Vase, probably of 
Etruscan work, in form of a man performing feats of skill as a 
tumbler ; a bronze Head of Medusa ; a small bronze Statuette of 
Venus anointing her hair ; the goddess holds a patera of gold, and 
has armlets and anklets of the same precious metal ; there are pearls 
in her ears, and Cupid stands at her side holding a mirror and an 
apple. Also, a Necklace and Bracelets, of antique intaglios of great 
beauty ; a fine sculptured fragment of Oriental alabaster, the Head 
of a Lion, which appears to have formed the upper part of one of 
the legs of a tripod stand ; a fragment of sculpture in low relief, 
representing a Macedonian warrior on horseback ; a Statuette of 
white marble found at Rome — a ccmsular figure or a Roman senator ; 
a bust of Julius Cjesar, probably a production of the best cinque- 
cento art, after . the antique — it has been attributed to Donatello ; 
a bronze head of a Bacchante ; an antique terracotta — the head of 



* See notices of these ring8, Arcfueol, Journal, vol. vi. p. 181 ; Wilson's Pre 
hist. Anncde, p. 393. 



ROMAN ANTIQUITIES. 5 

Paris, or of Adonis ; and a beautiful terracotta group, by Lorenzetti, 
representing a boy bearing two lambs in his arms, and attacked by 

a dog. THE HON. LORD MURRAY, F.S.A. SCOT. 

A small engraved Plate of Silver, — breadth 3^ inches by nearly 
2 inches in height, — obtained in Rome. It has been published by the 
Archaeological Institute of Rome. It represents two figures seated, 
with a large pair of scales suspended between them, and occupied 
apparently in weighing bread, which a third person in the middle of 
the subject is placing in one of the scales. Over the head of one of 
the figures is inscribed — KLITAPXOS KALOS, and over the other — 
TALEIAEZ EIIOIEZEN. A similar subject occurs on a Vase pub- 
lished by Inghirami. Talid^ was a painter of vases of very ancient 
style ; one of his productions is figured by Millin.^ 

A bronze LiTUUs, as supposed, or augur's staff, lately obtained at 
Rome. The Lituus is frequently represented on ancient works of 
art, but it is remarkable that no original example has hitherto, it is 
believed, been found. Possibly the material employed was perish- 
able. Cicero describes it as ^< inflexum bacillum," and Livy as " ba- 
culum aduncum." The object exhibited may have been fonued of 
ancient fragments of bronze, destined for certain purposes uncon- 
nected with that which they now suggest. It seems desirable to 
call attention to the subject, in order to invite inquiry as to the 
existence of any remains of the Lituus in continental collections, or 
any precise indication regarding the material customarily used.^ 

MR. HENRY J. ADEANE, M.P. 

A Singular Object of Bronze, regarded by some antiquaries 
as part of the decorations of a Roman standard ; or the handle of 
some ancient implement. It is in the form of a boar's head, with 
the fore-legs, and in place of the body of the animal a carved tusk, 
resembling that of the boar. Length, about 5 inches. 

MR. WILLIAM STIRLING, OF KEItt, M.P. 

* See CcUal. des Artittet, par le Comte de Clarac. 

'^ See a Memoir by the lute Dr. E. Clarke, on tlie Lituus of the lioinanN, 
with Notices of various Representations occurring on Ancient Gems ami Sculp 
tuTe«, etc. — Archicoloffia, vol. xix. p. 386. 



ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 



ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS, FOUND IN- 
NORTH BRITAIN. 

An AXE-HEAB or Maul of unusual weight and size, measuring 
in length 10^ inches; greatest breadth, 5 inches; thickness, 3| 
inches; diameter of the perforation for the haft, nearly 2 inches. 
One extremity is formed with a cutting edge, the other being blunt 
and regularly rounded. Several examples of this massive weapon 
have occurred in Scotland and the northern counties of England. 

THE MABQUIS OF BREADALBANE, PEES. S.A. SOOT. 

An extensive series of the early weapons of Stone, found in 
Orkney, Shetland, and other localities in North Britain. They 
comprised celts, or axe-heads ; arrow-heads, one of them of red silex, 
from Caithness ;^ and thin flakes of stone from Shetland, supposed 
to have been used as knives or scrapers ; a stone ball, diameter 3 
inches ; a small globular cup of coarse pottery, diameter 4 inches, the 
surface ribbed like a melon ; a perforated button, or spindle-stone, 
found in a chambered cairn in Caithness. > Small perforated stones, 
similar to that last mentioned, also from Caithness ; one of them 
remarkable as being marked all over its surface with little circular 
holes. Beads of variegated glass, or vitreous paste, from Caithness. 
With this collection were exhibited, for the purpose of comparison, 
stone weapons of various types, from Ireland, Denmark, North 
America, Mexico, and the South Sea Islands. The flat implements of 
stone, above mentioned, found in Shetland, appear to be peculiar to 

* Numerous examplcH of arrow-heads of flint, found in North BriUin, were 
also exhibited from other collections, presenting a gotnl series of the reliqnes of 
this class. Their forms presented no marked variations from the types usually 
found in the British Islands. The subjoined woodcuts may be acceptable iih 
presenting a series of the chief forms ; in every case it was necessary, from the 
nature of the material, that the shaft of the arrow should be cleft to receive the 
flint-head. The primitive type was without any " tang," or piece projecting 
Iwtween the barbs ; this was doubtless a later improvement, whilst the barbs 
are in some instances flnished with great skill. The edges were serrated, as 
seen in one of the examples here tiguretl. 

* The obj<*ct8 there (liwovored, arc d<*scril»ed in tln' UUter Joum/il of Ar- 
chasohg!/. 



5. 






♦ 






*, 






4 . 



1 



.^ 



.» 

r 



^ 1 



/.• 



. •.»' 'J 



!•• 



%» .1 



■'U 



> • 



N-, t. . 



.» I ■ 



k 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 7 

that locality, and they are noticed by Dr. Hibbert, in his account of 
the Shetland Islands, where one of them has been figured. He 
describes them as double-edged battle-axes ; but they appear too thin 
and fragile for any warlike purposa One of those exhibited is of 
irregularly oval form (6| by 5 inches), with a cutting edge throughout 
its circumference; the greatest thickness, towards the centre, is 
about a quarter of an inch, and the thickness of another example is 
scarcely a sixth of an inch. These curious objects appear to be 
formed of a kind of close-grained madreporite. Dr. Wilson notices 
this kind of " Pech's knife," as it is termed by the Shetlanders, and 
describes an example found in a hurgh^ or round bower, and now in 
the Museum of the Antiquaries of Scotland.^ Two such laminse of 
madreporite exist in the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of 
London, and are described in the Catalogue, p. 14. They had been 
sent from Shetland to Sir Joseph Banks, and it was stated that 
sixteen had been found in a peat-moss, in the parish of Walls, placed 
regularly overlapping each other like slates upon a roof, each stone 
standing at an angle of 45^. Similar reliques may also be seen in 
the British Museum, and in the Royal Museum at Copenhagen; 
they have been supposed to have served for flaying animals. 

HR. A. H. RHIND, F.S.A. 

Two Stone Weapons found in Aberdeenshire. — A celt, or axe- 
head (not perforated for the haft), nearly similar to the second example 
figured in Mr. Du Noyer's Memoir on the Classification of Celts ;2 




Stone wcapou. found in Cummirg'i Caiop. 

* See PrehisL Annahj p. 128. * See ArcJitPol. Jatimal, vol. iv. p. 2. 



8 ANTigUITIER OF THE EARLIER PERIOI>R 

one enil hofl a cutting cilge, the other is sharply poi&teiL Found ii) 
A " Dniiiiical circle" A maul, of massive proportions, formwi of a 
))iecc of some stratified rock, and perforated for a haft.' Lengtb, 
81 inches, greatest breadth, 5^ inches, thickness, 3^ inches. This 
ponderous weapon waa found in one of the three trenches which 
Hurround the summit of the remarkable hill, called " Cumming's 
Camp," at Barra, A1)erdeenBhire, in the parish of Bourtie, sometimes 
termed a Pictish fortress, but most renowned for the exploits of the 
Bruce and the Cumin, in that locality. rev. s. v. king. 

Two ARKOW-HEADa OP FuNT, found in Glen Avon, Bauifshire, 
and called " elf-bolts" by the peasantry, being regarded as charms 
against sprites and witchcraft They are formed with great skill 
and symmetry. One is an example of the simple leaf-ahaped point, 
without a tang, probably the earliest form of arrow-head of flint ; 
the other is barbed, and has a tang between the barbs for insertion 
in the cleft^baft^ Presented to the Institute J>y His Qrace the 
Didte of Richmond. the arch.bological iNSTiTtrTE. 

An Arrow-head op Flint, set in a rim of silver with a loop, 
and doubtless intended to be worn as a charm. A celt, or axe-head 
of green-veineil stone, beautifully polished ; found on the site of the 
Castie of Daviot, near Inverness ; and other celts, one of them of 
large size — length 1 2 inches— from Drakies, near Inverness ; another 
from the " Cat's Cairn," Cromartyshire.* With these were exhibited, 

' Sti- Wootlcuf, p. 7. 

' See Mr. Du Nojer'B Msmoir on tlie CInMification of thin cIbbb of object*, 
Arch/ailogiealJoiirnal, vol. vii. p. 2ai ; Dr. WilsniiV Prrhiftoric Aanalt, p. 124. 

' This celt is of wimewhat im. 
URiiftlly pointed fnrm xt one of ilH 
extremities. It lienni L-ongidemUJe 
resemUancc to the benutitullj. 
finished I'xample here figured, and 
found under i^msrknble cirenm. 
Binncps. In 1780, n caniK- of onk 
was found Bt a depth of 85 feel 
on the banks of the Cljde, nl 
Glasgow. Within this rude ves- 
»el lay a cell of dnrk greenstone (we wond.-iit), now in the pofi9rs,sion of Mr. 
<: W. Bronn of Wemvss.— Wilson's Prfhliloric Anmil,. p. 3ft. 




FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 'J 

for the purpose of comparuon, atone aze-Iieade from Jamaica, New 
Zealand, and Berbice. A bronze aword, and a fragment of a bronie 
blade, apparently part of a weapon, like a broad-bladed scythe, two- 
edged and slightly curred, such ae fre<;iuently occur in Ireland. 
These were found in the pariah of Dorea, InTerness-ahire. A bronze 
sword, found in the Isle of Skye. A bronze celt, of the moat umple 
form, found on the moor at 
Culloden ; two palstaves, one 
of them without the side 
loop, and a socketed celt — all 
found near Invemeaa. Three 
f stone paterfe, deacribed aa 
" ilrinking'Cups," but more 
probably intended to be used 
as lamps ; one of them fh>m 
Drakiea, near Inverness ; and 
ijiDDf cupa fo:md jD sroii^Bd Diimiur, auother, found in an ancient 

burgh or dune, in Sutherland- 
ahire.' They resemble tiie cups here figured from the Museum of 
the Antiquaries of Scotland. 




A leaden model of slender Rod or Torc of Gold, found in January 
1824, within the great stone circle at the Leys,' near Inverness, on 




the estates of Colonel Baillie, of Leys. The original tore is unfor- 
tunately not to he traced. A few days after the discovery, a short 



' See noCiucB of these rude vcsficia, similar (n llione nctiiall)' used in the Feroe 
IbIcs as Inmps, WiIbop's Prehitiorie Amtait, p. 148 ; Pronedmgi of the Soe. 
Anliq. Seol; vol. i. p. 115. 

■ Soe s ground plan anJ Recount of thin circle, hj Mr. G. Andenwin, Archaio- 
login Seotxea, rnl. iii. p. 214. 



#< 



10 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

account was sent to the Genilemari% Magazine^ describing it as a 
rod, having three sides and a hook at the end ; 15' inches long, 
the weight above an ounce. Mr. M'Naughten, of Inverness, paid 
£4, 1 2s. for it. There was also a piece 3 inches long, with another 
hook, broken off, making the whole length 18 inches.' This tore 
was exhibited at a meeting of the Antiquaries of Scotland, in 1824, 
by Henry Jardine, Esq., King's Remembrancer, and has been termed a 
Lituus, or primitive symbol of oflSce.^ It is, however, to be regarded 
as a rudely-wrought example of the funicular tore, of more frequent 
occurrence in Ireland than in North Britain. A good specimen, 
straight, and with hooks at the ends, is figured in the Archceologia,^ 
It was found in the county Antrim.* the Inverness museum. 

The collection of antiquities at Inverness bad been formed by Mr. George 
Anderson, as Secretary of the Northern Institution for tbe Promotion 
of Science and liiterature, at tbat place. Through his kindness, and 
hy permission of Mr. Colquhoun, Chairman of the Academy Directors 
there, the objects of interest above described, were sent from their 
Museum. 

Celts of Stone and Arrow-Heads, of various types, found in 
Fifeshire and Aberdeenshire. — A fine well-polished celt of black flint, 
and fashioned with great skill, found in 1812, with a necklace of 
large oblong beads of jet and rudely-shaped pieces of amber, about 
two feet deep in waste land, in the parish of Cniden, on the coast 
of Aberdeenshire, near the spot where a battle took place between 
Malcolm n. and Canute, a.d. 1033. The beads of jet range from 
1 to 5 inches in length, and are formed with great regularity. A 
flat perforated disk of stone, " used with the spindle and distaff ;" 
diameter IJ inch. A well-polished object of stone, length .5 J inches, 



* See vol. xciv. i. p. 6. 

* This letter is dated Muirtown, January 16, 1824, and states that the twisted 
nxl had been ploughed up " this week." The signature is H. R. D. In a later 
volume {Gent, Mag.^ vol. c. part ii. p. 547), it is stated that this rod, by a 
misprint described as found at " Tegs," instead of Leys, was presented to th<* 
Scottish Antiquaries, and that Dr. Hibbert sought to prove that it was a form 
of current nionej' of many northern countries. 

* See Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annals, pp. 114, 341. 

* See vol. xvi. p. 353, pi. 52. 

* See, on this class of remains, the Memoirs on the Tore of tho Celts, bv Mr. 
Birch, Archfrol. Journal, vol. ii. p. 378 ; vol. iii. p. 27. 






^* *. 



v*. 






•.V 















«■-.• • 
** ■ V 






v.^ 






«/ 



M' 



}... 



. \ 



r 



. , I. 



'. ' -M : -. 



I » I' 



(' 






'I it ;<.! n' 



.■■->'■ - • ■ ^ I ' • ■ • • 

I '1 .V 'i ti ; ■ <if I 

• .••]"'?■•■■-. t , p ! I ' • ■ ; t , ! , . 

■• ! ■ ' ii.< ' ' ' • I ■ i ■ 



U^l'.l , : V 1 



I •. i A >. ' • . ■ " • 

<....- ' • -I. 



)i ; > I .1' ' 



' ( i. 



, .t. ^ 



\ ■ ' 



■I- 



- t 






r 






^ 



FOUND IH NORTH BRITAIN. Jl 

its four sides of equal breadth, and tapering towards both its 
extremities. It may have served as a hone or a burnisher. Found 
amongst the ruins of the Abbey of Deer, in Buchan, Aberdeenshire. 
Four sepulchral urns, admirable examples of the elaborate ornamen- 
tation of these vessels, discovered in North Britain. One of these, 
of a type frequently found in the Wiltshire tumuli by Sir R. Colt 
Hoare,^ measures, in height, 7§ inches ; it was found in 1821, in the 
parish of Cruden, near the apex of a conical hiU of sand marl. At a 
depth of about 8 feet a grave was discovered (4 feet 3 inches by 2 feet 
2 inches, and 2 feet 2 inches deep), the sides and ends being formed 
of slabs of gneiss, covered over with a slab of '< monkey-slate," and a 
flatted block of decomposed granite. This cist contained parts of 
two skeletons ; one of a man, whose stature had been about 5 feet 7 or 
8 inches ; the other of a child, of ten or twelve years of age, with 
portions of the remains of a dog.^ There were also two urns, seven 
arrow-heads of flint, two flint-knives, a piece of polished greenstone, 
finished as if for some special purpose, and supposed to have been 
affixed to the middle of a bow. Many small stones were mixed with 
the earth and sand above the covering stones of the cist ; and the 
bottom was formed with clay, perfectly smooth and level, but con- 
sidered to be natural, as many similar strata of clay run through 
the sand at various distances, measuring from ^ inch to 2 inches in 
thickness. There was a small quantity of sand in the cist, amongst 
the bones, possibly about two inches in depth ; this had penetrated, 
doubtless, between the slabs of which the cist was constructed. 
Another urn, of rather smaller dimensions, and elaborately wrought 
with scored lines, cross-hatched, chevrony, etc, was found in a tumu- 
lus at Savock, in the parish of Longside, Aberdeenshire, in 1838. 

THE ARBUTHNOT MUSEUM, PETERHEAD. 

Sent for exhibition through the kindness of Roderick Gray, Esq., 
Provost of Peterhead. 

» Compare Sir R. C. Hoare^s Ancient Wilts, pis. 14, 17, 18, 35. 

* The remains of the dog have been noticed by Mr. Kemble as accompanying 
early interments amongst the northern nations. — See ArchceoL Journal, vol. xiii. 
p. 101. A similar usage has been observed amongst the vestiges of the ancient 
inhabitants of Ireland, and occurred in barrows in Wiltshire, examined by Sir 
R. C. UmTe.^Ancient Wilts, vol. i. pp. 124, 184, 208, 216. See also the account 
of an interment on the shores of Holyhead Island, by the Hon, W. 0. Stanley, 
Archofoh Journal, vol. vi. pp. 233, 234. 



12 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARUER PERIODS 

Two Stone Celtb, of large Mze, one of them broken ; they were 
found in an excavation made for draining, near the old Castle of 
Modirum, in the county of Wigtown. They have been deposited in 
the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, for custody, 
by Mr. Hem? Stuart, commissioner of the Marquis of Bute. 

BJE. ADAM DKQUHAKT. 

Four Celts op Flint, one of them found at Castle Hill, Carluke, 
lAnarksfaire, the othera at Stanegreens, on the lands of Milton Lock- 
hart, Coldstream, and Crawford Walls. A portion of a atone axe- 
head or hammer, pierced to receive a haft ; it was found near the 
farm-house, Crawford Walls, I^uarkshire.* Arrow-heads of flint, of 



various forms, found near Carluke, one of them discovered in rail- 
way cuttings at Braidwood. A cinerary urn, from the same parts of 
Scotland. A nodule of quartz, bearing evidence of use as a soeket 
for a spindle, or the pivot of some kind of machineiy, possibly in an 
ancient water-mill. It was found on the site of an old mill, near 
Carluke. There u a deep well-puliahed cavity on the surface of this 
hard stone, which had evidently served as the centre for the pivot of 
some revolving object, as the wheels of watchwork have, by modem 
impTovements, been adjusted in " Jewelled hole&" It is very difficult 
to assign any period to this curious relique, wiiicb, however, may not 

' The snueied woodcuts ma; serve to exempliry the principal fomis of the 
atone weapons, perforated to receive the haSi, found ia North Britain. An ex- 
tennve aeriea of these primitivo reliqnca, which doubtleaa Berrcdnlike fur hewing 
wood, for slajiag animals, or fur wariiirr?, niBy be seen in the Museum of the 
Aiitiqiiarii.-<< of Scotland. 



4 KOBTH BBITAIK. 



13 



be of a very remote date ; another example exists in the Museum of 
the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, described as the " socket of 
a hinge of the great gate at Dnnnottar Castle, from whence it waa 
brought in 1815;"' and a third vas found more recently near the 
manae at Strachur, Argyllshire. A bronze Bucketed celt, found in 
Lanarkshbe, oTnameoted with three small circles and intervening 
lines, in relief, similar to those on the celt figured in Wilson's Pre- 
hutork Annah, p. 2S7. mr. d. V. baskbn. 



A large Cinebarv Ukh, of unusual type in North Britain, dis- 
interred on the farm of Belhelvie, in the parish of Flisk, Fifeshire, 
in 1855. It is of large dimensions; the height, in its present 
imperfect state, being upwards of 1 6 inches ; a portion of the base 




is lost. The diameter, at the widest part, ia likewise 1 8 iuches ; 
at the mouth, about 15 inches. It a rudely formed, but entirely 
covered with scored markings, irregularly traced, and lines of punc- 
tures around the mouth and the bold zig-zag ornaments which sur- 
round the upper part of the urn. It contiuned burned bones, and 
appears to belong to the earliest period. The accompanying woodcut 
has been engraved from a drawing taken by Sir Heniy Dryden, 
Baronet. 

MUSEUM OF TBI! FIFESUIRE LITERARY AND ANTtQVABIAN » 

Sent tlirougbllii! kindoess uf George Hugarth, E^q., of Cupar. 
' Si'p Synoptii of the Mutetm, p, 105. 



U ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLY PERIOUB 

A Stone Axe-head, perforated for tbe haft. Two Bepulchral 
urns, one of them found in 1802, at Stoneywood, and presented by 
ProfesBor Stuart A bronze celt, of the most eimple ase-head foim, 
found in the parish of Tarrea, Aberdeenshire, in 1 823, and presented 
by Mr. Joseph Norrie. A bronze sword, found in 1809, under a deep 
moss on the eatate of Bahiaguba, Aberdeenshire, in a line between the 
Roman camps of Bae-Dykea and DrumoaL Thi« weapon measures 
24j inches in length ; it is of the usual type, resembling that found 
OD Arthur's Seat, and now in the Uuseum of the Antiquaries of 
Scotland.' A bronze scabbard, length 8 inches, an oljject of the 
same curious class as that found in Por&rshire, now in the Museum 
of the Antiquaries of Scotland.^ Both these examples present the 
singular feature noticctl by Mr. Franks in similar objects found in 
England. There are small round boles at about mid-length, near the 
central ridge, not pierced one opposite to the other, so as to form a 
perforation through the sheath, but alternately ; the peribration on 
one side being on the dexter aide of the central ridge, that on the 
reverse on the sinister side. The cause of this peculiar adjustment 
has not been explained.* 

MABISCHAL COLLEGE HDSETH, ABERDEEN. 



Stone Celts ob Axe-Heads ; three sepulchral urns, found in 
barrows at Greenlaw, on the estate of Kinnaird, Forfarshire, in 
1841 ; fifteen arrowheads of flint, found at Garvoch, Bervie, Ar- 
buthnott, and other localities, and 
exemplifying the chief varieties of 
form occurring in North Britain ; 
also two spherical stones, with 
circles in relief, arranged in regu- 
lar order, with intervening spaces 
fashioned with remarkable symme- 
try. One of these balls was found 
stoot EanfoGB(iiiiDMi..ine.^i™ ou thc TuUo of Gaivoch, Elncaf- 

dineshire, in 1854 ; it measures 

' See Dr. AVUnon'a Pnhatorie AnnaU. p. 238. ' Sec p. 24, ivfra. 

* See n.iticcsof thpK' BCabbanls, Arehad. Journal, vol. x. p. 259; vol. xii. p. 
201 , Culidogae of thf Wiueiint of TAm4on Antujnilirs, fornipd l.v Mr. C, Roach 
Smilh, p. Hr. 




POUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 



15 



3 inches in diameter, and has three faces ; — another, found in a carm at 
East Braikie, Forfarshire, has four ; it measures 3 inches in diameter, 
and precisely resembles that here figured, found in Dumfries-shire, 
near the Roman way from Carlisle. They have occurred in other 
parts of Scotland, as recorded in Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annals^ 
p. 138 ; and occasionally in Ireland, as also in Denmark, but no 
example has been found south of the Tweed. ^ A specimen from 
Ireland may be seen in the British Museum. Beads of jet, and 
oblong highly-polished pieces of the same material, intended to form 
neck-ornaments, and precisely similar to those discovered in 1824, 
in an urn placed in a stone cist within a barrow, near Assynt, Rosa- 
shire.^ One of the sets exhibited was found in 1839, near Fordorin 
House, Kincardineshire, and the other in a stone coffin at Leuch- 
land Toll, near Brechin. The annexed illustration may serve to give 




Necklace of Jet found In a stone cist at Assynt. Maseum of the Antiquaries of Scotland 

an accurate notion of the forms and of the punctured ornaments on 
the surface of these reliques. A similar necklace of jet was found 
in 1828, near Holyhead Mountain, Anglesea, and was exhibited to 
the Society of Antiquaries of London by the late Lord Stanley of 
Alderley, as recorded in their " Proceedings," March 28, 1844. It 
may be here observed, that this class of personal ornaments appears 
to belong to the period when the use of weapons and implements of 
bronze was prevalent. A plain celt or axe-head of the most simple 
form, formed of unusually red-coloured metal, foimd at Dunnotar, 

* Compare Worsaiic, Afhildninger^ iigs. 53, 54, from the Copenhagen Museum, 
objects designated as " Sienkesteen/' possibly weights for fishing-nets. 

* See ArcJiaeohgia Scoticay vol. iii. p. 49, pi. 5. 



16 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLY PERIODS 

Kincardineshire, in 1848 ; two bronze palstaves, one of them found 
at a depth of ten feet in the bogs of Amhall, the other at Arbuth- 
nott, Kincardineshire ; the latter is an example with a very slight 
stop-ridge in the centre, and no side-loop ; — two bronze swords, one 
of them, found near the Railway Station, Brechin, is a fine example 
of the ordinary type ; it measures 25 inches in length. It was pre- 
sented to the Museum by Lord Panmure, in 1854. The other is 
of rather shorter dimensions. 

With the collection here enumerated were sent a series of stone 
weapons and implements, found in Ireland, Denmark, the United 
States and West Canada, and in New Zealand ; supplying, for the 
purpose of comparison, a most instructive exemplification of the 
primitive arms and tools of stone, used in various quarters of the 
globe. The Danish series, presented to the Museum by Herr Worsaae, 
includes a fine stone-hammer, a spear, chisel, knife, and saw, of 
flint, such as have been figured in his interesting " Afbildninger," 
or select examples from the Copenhagen Museum. 

THE MONTROSE MUSEUM. 

Sent for exhibition through the kindness of William Beattie, Esq., 
of Montrose. 

A Sepulchral Urn, found at Edenmouth, Roxburghshire, three 
miles east of Kelso, in a barrow levelled for agricultural purposes. 
A human skeleton lay near it. Height 5 inches, diameter at the 
mouth, 5^ inches. It is elaborately scored with chevrony ornaments, 
punctures, and striae. Another urn, found at Friar s, near Kelso, 
height 5^ inches, diameter 5 inches, of more simple form, but with 
a profusion of punctured oniament. Another, found at Crailing- 
hall, Roxburghshire, height 4^ inches, diameter 5f inches. All these 
urns are ornamented with impressed markings, covering nearly the 
whole of the surface, and continued within the lip; they closely 
resemble the urns found in Northumberland, and appear to be found 
for the most part accompanying interments without cremation. A 
collection of stone celts, of various dimensions, found in Roxburgh- 
shire; one of them from the neighbourhood of Lempitlaw, in that 
county, measures 13 inches in length. Arrow-heads, a spear-head, 
and a sling stone, from Robgill, Dumfries-shire. A bronze celt of 
the most simple fonn, and another found at the Roman camp of 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 17 

Birrenswark, Dumfries-Bhire. A palstave, found at Minto, Box- 
burghshira A bronze dish, found several feet below the surface, at 
Humebyres, near Stitchel, Berwickshire. the kei^o museum. 

Sent for exhibition by permiHsion of the Tweedside Physical and Anti- 
quarian Society, through the kindness of James Douglas, Esq., 
of Kelso. 

A remarkable and veiy elaborately-ornamented Urn, found in 
Jime 1854, in a gravel pit at BirkhiU, Stirlingshire. A labourer 
engaged in digging gravel observed a sudden change in the appear- 
ance of the stratum, as if the place had been previously dug, and 
earth of a different kind thrown in. On careful search he found 
this urn, which came into the possession of Dr. Muschet, and was 
delivered over as " Treasure Trove." Its height is 5f inches, 
diameter at the mouth 6f inches; it is formed with several ribs 
surrounding the upper part, the surface being everywhere carefully 
scored and punctured. The colour is a pale reddish brown. 

THE QUEEN*S REMEMBRANCER. 

Three Arrow-heads of Flint, found in the sand-hills near 
Burgh-head, Wigtownshire. A sepulchral urn, found in 1843, in a 
stone cist deposited in a hillock of gravel, at NewmiU, near Forres, 
Morayshire. Several other interments were discovered in the tumulus 
at the same time ; each of the cists was formed of four rough un- 
hewn slabs of stone, placed edgeways, and enclosing a space about 
24 inches by 28 inches, and 25 inches deep. Each cist was covered 
by flat stones, and contained an urn covered by a thin slate, together 
with the remains of a human skeleton. In one of these cists were 
found some ornaments of jet beads and portions of a necklace, of 
similar fashion to that figured in Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annals^ 
p. 294. See also p. 15, arUe. mr. m'leod, of dalvey. 

A Sepulchral Urn, foimd in a stone cist at Burgie, in the 
parish of Rafford, Morayshire, and some beads of jet, with other por- 
tions of a necklace of the same material. Several cists have been 
discovered on the same estate.^ mr. john miller, forres. 

* Se<^ Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric AnnaU, p. 293. 

c 



18 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

Several Arbow-heads, or Elf-bolts, of stone, iUustrating the 
variety of their fonnB. A stone maul or hammer-head, found on the 
farm of Level, in the parish of Birnie, near Elgin ; of the same form 
as the fifth, figured in the group of stone hammers found in Scotland, 
p. 1 2, ante. Several ornaments of jet, beads, and portions of a neck- 
lace, found in a stone cist at Burgie. Three " Druidical paterse," rudely 
shaped cups of stone, possibly intended to be used as lamps, or for 
some other domestic purpose ; one of them was found in a mound 
near Lochside, New Spynie, Morayshire. A bronze celt of the most 
simple form, found at the bottom of a cairn at Wellbrae, in the 
parish of Birnie, Morayshire, and presented by Mr. John Munro. A 
remarkable bronze spear-head, found in digging on the hill of Rosele, 
in the parish of Dufius, Morayshire, and presented by Mr. John 
Hay, in 1850. This fine specimen measures 19 J inches in length : 




the blade is unusually thin, and cast with peculiar skill : near the 
lower part of the blade there are two perforations, through which 
probably small thongs might be passed as a means of attachment to 
the haft, the socket of the spear not being perforated for a rivet 

With these interesting Scottish reliques were also sent, for the 
purpose of comparison, several battle-axes and weapons of stone, 
with implements of various kinds, from the South Sea Islands, Pit- 
caim's Island, and America ; illustrating the mode in use amongst 
the aborigines of the Western Hemisphere, for attaching axe-heads of 
stone to wooden handles, some of which were most elaborately 
sculptured. the elgin museum. 

A Cinerary Urn, found at the circle of standing stones at the 
hill of Tuack, near Kintore, Aberdeenshire, during recent excavations 
made by Mr. Dalrymple and Mr. Alexander Watt of Kintore, 



'^r-. 



!*' 



^-^ 



it 



'I iri 1 ir •■i(>.; 
4- -v : • r; t. ' 



f.*i.-». -.. . :• ••''•^.;., •r.^ 



• . • ' t 

.'i't i W . i}, i - ,'v ' . . 

: • ■.!•• "' . ' ; ' 

•• t 
i 

•■■' ' ' \. 
• . . :i I J .. . • ■■.■■i\- 



'/ \ 





FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 19 

• 

for the special purpose of ascertaming tlie existence of sepulchral 
deposits in " Druidical" circles. The circle at Tuack is 24 feet in 
diameter ; it is surrounded by a trench, continuous throughout the 
circuit, and about 1 2 feet wide. Six stones remain, and at no dis- 
tant period there was a cromlech in the centre. Excavations were 
made at the base of the erect stones, and in the centre of the 
area.^ Traces of interment, charcoal, incinerated bones, and black 
mould, were found usually in small round pits dug into the hard 
subsoil, from 18 inches to two feet in depth; and at two of the 
stones (on the north side) inverted urns were found, filled with in- 
cinerated bones, among which fragments of bronze appeared. The 
urns were deposited in small round pits dug in the subsoil, and the 
stones which covered them lay about 18 inches under the surface. 
The largest of these urns measured 15 inches in height; diameter, 
at the widest part, 1 4 inches. Around the stone, in the centre of the 
circle, four pits were found, containing bones and charcoal. Reliques 
from the circle at Crichie, Kintore, originally formed of six stones, 
with one in the centre. A moat surrounds it, with two entrances 
across the ditch. Sepulchral deposits were found near the site of all 
the stones ; cinerary urns inverted, and filled with biuned bones ; 
small cists imbedded in clay, supplying the place of urns ; and bones 
deposited in a bed of clay only. In one of the urns, bones of small 
animals, or of birds, were mixed with human remains. In the centre 
of the circle a large subterraneous cairn was found covering a cist, 
in which lay a skull and bones. All the remains appeared to have 
been exposed to fire. Near the deposit, at the base of one of the 
erect stones, a singular maul or axe-head of stone was discovered, 
placed on the top of a heap of burned bones : it is perforated to 
receive the haft, and is remarkable as being ornamented with three 
deeply cut lines, forming three ribs^ around, both above and below, on 



* A detailed report of the results will be found in Mr. Stuart's Appendix to 
the Preface of his recent work, the Sculptured Stones of Scollarul, p. 20. 

^ Mr. Kemble observed that the ribbed ornament can'cd on this and another 
stuue axe-head exhibited in the Museum, was a feature of which he knew no 
other examples. An axe-head figured in Hoare's Ancient WUtef pi. 1, has a 
Hingle slight marking along its margin. The more elaborately-wrought axes of 
a later period, found in Denmark, are occasionally ribbed. See Worsaae, 
Afbildninger, fig. 80, from the Copenhagen Museum. 



20 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

• 

both sides of this curious weapon.^ A fragment of a thin flat object 
of stone, resembling lithographic slate, perforated with three small 
holes at the end, and of the same class, probably, as the reliques 
figured in Dr. Wilson's Frehistaric Annals, p. 157. Six arrow- 
heads of stone found at Einella, Eintore, and RuthweU. 

MR. CHARLES £. DALRYMPLE. 

Tlie entire collection of reliques here noticed were siibsequenily pre- 
sented by Mr. Dalryniple to the Museum of the Antiquaries of 
Scotland. 

Two Stone Cups ; a stone hammer and an axe-head ; an arrow- 
head of flint ; a small axe-head of dark-coloured stone, and a stone 
bead, of the kind supposed to have been used as whorls, in spinning. 
These last, of various sizes and fashion, are of very frequent occur- 
rence amongst eai'ly remains; they have been found with male 
skeletons, and under circumstances which prove that they were not 
exclusively used with the spinning-rock. Barry records the dis- 
covery of a number of such stones placed together in a grave in 
Orkney. It is not improbable that they may have been, in some 
instances, the pieces used in the game of tables or draughts, Tahblisk, 
played by aid of a board with pegs, on shipboard. It is obvious, also, 
that they may have served as fastenings for the dress, or as beads. 
The reliques here enumerated were discovered at Cromar, near 
Aberdeen. the hon. arthtjr cordon. 

A small Urn, found at Harvicston, in the parish of Tillicoultry, 
Clackmannanshire. It was deposited in a rudely-formed cist of 
stones, probably sepulchral. Also a small oval flake of black flint, 
found in the urn. It measures about 1^ inch in length, and one 
extremity is rounded and sharp-edged. It may have served to point 
an arrow, or have been used as a knife. A single fragment of 
roughly-shaped silex has been occasionally found in other instances, 
accompanying early interments, as recently, in a cist containing a 
skeleton, with two urns placed near it, at Amble, in Northumber- 
land. MR. JOHN TAIT. 



^ See a full account of these oxcavationB, in Appendix to Preface, Sculptured 
SUmes of Scotland, p. 20, 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 21 

A Mould, formed of eerpeutine, iotended, as it has been mippoeed, 
for casting implemente of bronze. Two of the matrices present som^ 
resemblance t« celts of the more simple types ; but it is difficult U> 
suggest the purposes for vhich the other objects were destined. This 
mould was found on the estate of Trochrig, near Girran, in Ayishire ; 
it measures 16^ by 9^ inches, the greatest thickness being about 2^ 

inches.^ Similar serpen- 

tine exists, in sUu, about 
eight miles to the south 
of the place where it was 
found. On the reverse of 
the slab there is a half- 
mould for casting a large 
irregular oval mass of me- 
tal. It is worthy of remark, that a stone mould, of different dimen- 
sions and general form, but intended for casting olQects resembling 
those which this mould would produce, has been found in Ireland, 
and is now in the possession of Lord Talbot de Malahide. 

UR. THOU Ait BROWN. 




Casts from two Stone Moulds, found on a moor in the parish of 
Rosskeen, Roes-shire. Each mould consists of two moieties of equal 




size, which were atljusted tugctlier h^ pins and sockets ; one of them 
is notched, so as to admit of the pieces hoing tied together in tlic 



' S™ Prixxeiliiu/t of the Soc. AntUi. ! 



22 ANTIQUITIES OF TBE EA.BLIER PEUIOD6 

operation of eaatisg. Theee moulds were intended fur the produc- 
tion of eocketed celts ; and near the spot where they were found 
theie were remains of a rude building, containing acorite and other 
indicationa of metallurgical operations. On one of these moulds 
there is a nuttris for caatuig a small oblong object, the intention of 
which has not been ascertained.' MR. RBNKY uing. 

A Button of highly-polisbed jet, of unusually large size, diameter 
iibout 2J inches. It was found about 1850, iu a moaa at Crawford 
Moor, near Carstairs, Lanarkshire, and is deecribed and figured by 
Dr. Wilson as a Jibula, of the " Archaic or Bronze Period."* The 



# 



late Sir Itichard Hoarc found an object of jet, similar in character, 
in a tumulus, at Woodyates, Wilts, with a bronze dagger, arrow- 
heads of flint, and an urn placed at the feet of the skeleton, which 
lay on its left side, with the legs gathered up. In another barrow 
he found some smaller conical buttons of bone or ivory ; these like- 
wise were perforated for attachment to the dress, like the specimen 
found in Lanarkshire. A pin of copper and a small ornament of tin 
accompanied the remains ; in thb instance the corpse had been 

bumt.^ UR. JAHES DRUMUOMD, R.aA. 

Three Bronze Weapons, part of a deposit found in a moes near 

' See Dr. Wilson's PrehUlork AtinaU, pp. 22, 23. CmU from any of thce« 
curious moalde may b« obtained from Mr. H. Laing, 3, Elder Street, Ediabiirgli. 
See an acconnt of a atone mould for celts fonbd id a cairn near Kinlore, Aber- 
ileeuehire, and of stone moulds now in tlic Museum of tlie AntiquHries of Scot- 
land, in iheir Proceedingi, vcL ii. p, 33. 

» Sec PreJiutaric Anaid; p. 295. 

' S™ Andenl WiUl, vol. i. pis. 12, 34. 




FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 23 

Campbeltown, ArgyllBhire ; one of them being a sword blade, of the 
usual type, and another, which has been described by Dr. Wilson as 
" a singular form of socket- 
ed spear, dififering from 
any example I have met 
with elsewhera" ^ This 
weapon, the point broken, 

measures nearly 7^ inches in length, by 1^ inch in greatest 
breadth. MB. j. whitefoord Mackenzie, f.s.a. scot. 

A Stone Axe-head, length 10 inches, thickness 2^ inches, perfo- 
rated for the haft, of the same type as that exhibited by the Marquis 
of Breadalbane, before described ; and a bronze palstave, with the 
side-loop. €k)od examples of types of frequent occurrence. 

MR. R. W. train, GREENOCK. 

Two massive Bronze Penan nular Rings, found near Stobo 
Castle, Peebles-shire. sir graham Montgomery, bart. 

A Bronze Socketed Celt, in unfinished state, of very uncommon 
type, with longitudinal ribs or flutings at the sides ; it was found in 
the Loch of Carse. A bronze spear-head, of unusually large dimen- 
sions, length 1 9 inches, found on the lands of Denhead, in the parish 
of Coupar-Angus, Perthshire. The metal is extremely brittle, and 
this spear-head is fractured and imperfect; one of the fractures near 



the point shows that a thin iron rod was inserted in the mould to 
give additional strength to this heavy weapon. Spear-heads, with 
the blade pierced with two segmental openings placed opposite to 
each other, occur occasionally in North Britain and in Ireland ; but 

* See PrehUtoric Annals, p. 262. 



24 



ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 



the cinniltir perfonitioiis BCCompaiiTing Bucb apertures in the blade, as 
in this remarkable example, are of great rarity. A bronze scabbard 
I, with four bronze eworda of large dimenBions, a 
spear-head, and other reliques, on the lands of 
Cauldhamc, the property of Lord Pamnure, near 
Brechin, Forfarshire. Preaentwi, with two of 
the swords, by the Lords Commisdouers of Her 
Majesty's Treasury, having passed into the cus- 
tody of the Queen's Remembrancer as " Treasure 
Trova" Length SJ inches. This specimen 
presents the same peculiarity before noticed in 
regard to another, preserved in the Aberdeen 
Museum (p. 11, tupra), as having perforations 
about mid-length, near the central rib. Several 
olgects of this description have been found in 
England. See one, from the Thames, figured 
in the Catalogue of Mr. Roach Smith's collec- 
tions (p, 81), now in the British Museiun; 
and another, found in the river laia, figured 
in the AreluEological Joamal, voL n. p. 259. 
Three bronze armlets, of spiral or serpent 
form: one of them found, in 1732, at Pitalpin, 
near Dundee; it weighs 31 ounces; — another, of very remarkable 
character, here figiired, weighs two pounds avoirdupois, and measures 





upwards of 5 inches in its greatest diameter. A bninzc orna- 
ment, supposed to have been worn on the neck, found, in 1747, 




FODMD IN NOKTH BRITAIN. 25 

about 7 feet from the surface, in the village of Stitchel, Roxburgh- 
shire. It bear* reaemblance, Dr. Wilson shows, to certain relics of 
the same clam in the 
Chriatiangborg Palace, 
but nothing precisely 
similar has been found 
in Scandinavia. 1 
oval which it forms I 
measnrea 5 inches and 
nine-tenths, by 5 inches 
and one-tenth, the great- 
est diameter being from 
side to side, which does 
not appear suited to its 
auppoeed use, as stated 
in the Pi-ehMoric An- 
nah, p. 451, as an or- 
nament for the head. £ro»., CoU.r fcunfllDKo.6unO.Ui« 

A gold ornament, of very remarkable chanLcter, and two gold 
pellets, found together upon the Shaw Hill, at Caimmuir, Peebles- 
shire, in 1806. A detailed account of tlie discoveiy may be foimd 
in the Archeeologia Scotica, vol. iv. 
p. 217, with representations of the 
various objects fonnd. These con- 
sisted of three gold torques and the 
massive ring here figured on a re- 
duced scale ; the original measures 3J 
by 2 inches, and weighs 4 oz. 5 dwt 
It has been described by Dr. Wilson 
as the supposed head of a staff or 
sceptre, and he places it amongst the 
Personal Ornaments of the " Archaic 
or Bronze Period." There were also 
forty gold pellets, each marked with 

a cross in relief. Two of these are here figured, of the full size of 
the originals ; they have been regarded as examples of " the primi- 
tive type of native-minted currency."^ They resemble segments of 

' S<-e Dr. Wilaon'a PrekiHlorie Annalt, pji, SIM, 520. 




2(i ANTIQUITIES OP THE EARLIER PERIODS 

a Sphere irregularly joineii, and appear to have been cast in a mould. 
Similar reliquea have been noticed in North Britain. Forty pellet« 

^E4; \ ^K A ''*>"^*' at Diumichen, Forfarshire, with 

^^^^m ^^Be 7 ^ funicular tore' It may deserve 
^^^^r ^^^f^ mention that, in the neighbourhood 

of Caimmuir, there are numerous cir- 
cular earthworka upon the heights, 
one of them within a quarter of a mile from the spot where the gold 
ornaments were found ; and in the atljacent parish of Lyne, distant 
live miles, there is a square camp, supposed to be Roman. A gold 
ornament, wrought in filigree work, set with plates of bright red 
glass, resembling garnets in colour. It is in form of a truncated 
pyramid, rather more than three quarters of an inch in height, ami 
consists of a case of gold on a core of solid bronze. It was found 
on the farm of West Cnugie, near the ancient church of Dalmeny, 
Linlithgowshire. The purpose for which it was destined, as also the 
period to which it belongs, have not been ascertained. The enrich- 
ment by thin plates of ruby glass over gold foil is a feature of orna- 
ments of the Merovingian period, and occura not unconmionly, in those 
of the Anglo-Saxon age, in South Britain. An oval bronze brooch of 




the " tortoise" form ; one of a pair found in 1 78fi, with a skeleton, 

deposited under a flat slab, over the ruins of a " Pictish burgh," in 

Caithness. Tliis example is of more elaborate workmanship than 

' Pee Afir .%il!$lind Aceount, vol. v'l, p. 57. 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 27 

any hitherto noticed : it retains traces of gilding, and was possibly 
set with jewels. There are also four intricately-chased projections, 
in the form of horses' heads. Each of the brooches forming the pair 
are precisely similar ; each has an iron acus within the cavity, and, 
on the reverse of that exhibited, the texture of coarse linen was clearly 
seen in the coating of patina which covers the surface. This curious 
type is of frequent occurrence in Scandinavia.^ 

THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND. 

Electrotyped facsimile of a Bronze Armlet, one of a pair found 
at Pittkelloney, near Drummond Castle, Perthshire, in 1837, on the 
estates of Lord Willoughby de Eresby. They were found near the 
surface in ploughing ; one of them measures 1 6 inches, the other 
15 inches, in circumference ; they weigh 3 lb. 3 oz. and 3 lb. 10 oz. 
respectively. They are enriched with round ornaments of red and 
yellow enamel or vitrified paste ; the design on one being a plain cross, 
to which a flower-like pattern is added on the other. Mr. Jerdan, 
by whom these remarkable armlets were exhibited to the Society of 
Antiquaries of London, was of opinion that they were of Roman 
workmanship, and possibly of the time of Agricola and Galgacus.^ 

MR. ALEXANDER NESBITT. 

A Bronze Implement, resembling a chisel, of a type, as it is 
believed, unique. It was found in 1810, in a tumulus near Petty- 
cur, Fifeshire. Length, 7^ inches. One extremity is sharpened, the 




other forms a long tang, probably for insertion in a wooden handle. 
Mr. James Yates, in his memoir on the use of bronze celts in mili- 
tary operations,^ notices this -object, the precise use of which has not 
been ascertained the lord talbot de malahide. 

* See notices of other examples, Wilsou's Prehiat. Anmda, p. 522 ; Vettista 
Monumenta^ toI. ii. pi. 20 ; Archceci. Journal^ vol. v. p. 20; vol. vi. p. 74 ; Wor- 
saae, AfbUdninger (examples from the Copenhagen Museum), figs. 335-337. 

* See Archceologia, vol. xxvili. p. 435. ' See Arch. Jour., vol. vi. p. 377. 



28 ANTIQCITIES OF THE EAKLIEB PERIODS 

Two Stone Patbr^ or Bmoll One-handled Bowls, of the some 
uharacter aa thoBe before noticed, preserved in the Inverness Museum 
(see p. 9). They were found in trenching ground, near the " Druid's 
Temple" at CuUoden, in 1841. Oneof them is ornamented with two 
rows of zigzag lines. professor bimpson, f.s.a. scot. 

Four Gold Abhlets, found in 1848 on the estate of Mr. Dundae 
of Amiston, at largo, Fifesliire. They axe formed of thin plates or 




ribands of gold, very skilfully twisted, the spiral line teing pre- 
served with remarkable precision. Tlie ends are recurved, termi- 
nating in email knobs, which nerve as a fastening. The weight of 



l-'UN.^ l\ 



•'uiW !.;:. Va'.'< 



t' ■.:i'l *.'u 'i r>\i']. ] ink, V. iii'-Ji s; ■•-• t.uviu"'-- t'... .v.. 



' >•] 



) ;;f "i" .<!;' lit. r\ :••» ' ? • :•' a j L r' . i; -.-,•• t«j i! 



'» 



1 ' ! - 



l''hi]"'« • ■. f, ;iJi'l .-J..!*k';'v U .iJi;; .'; 'i - -^ 

» 



lir M-, I'f't:^ ti!*; aIi .i( « Mill . ii.«"T! •■' •'»'...; > -«. '■ ■ 
y.\- lit*, ■."l* t ) rf ''^MiiJ ffa- ■• ' 

'.'■r 'S II) lli'- A. ■'•/'-> •■' '•;' ■'! ■ >■ , : 

I'' A ■<' '.'• A t>: '-Av. j>{'. •"• I 1 •"• ' .♦. "i . 

n.u ..i.-i' Ii'.'IhI i;i,t' jii-i'- iif-»-n !!; ,ir d ;,i .\[r <' 

}.' ..J '.•■,}< >.\-i of Ai"f"ii, I'l. 1'"^. ..nl .M». "^lu.-iri^ > 



1 1..*-'. ;J ■ 



"' h, "f '■ Till- < "fri..'!; vx [''i' 
• i ''- w .. i! ill. til' 'I :;nfl t M«,' s! 
u- ,^^*u\ rjji no/'.* .- ;.;"'];a' 

• :! I.: ;; "I j« ill:-i •.■«! )• it- s, .' 
' \* r'*J:iif V. 's i!;i ■:•»■.; ''..•him- *. •. -i 

" ." is '. jik't'V r«'in.'' \.\' '• , 1. •\. •■ 
V.V .,.'•..»];: ».. .-.jtri!!' I HI . .1! .' • .; 
• v.ii ill tlir ':i1" Aft. 1 :;.. • ' • 



: : Tl 111 'I t' ■■• 



. . .. • • • • t ) r 

■ ■ ) i 



■ Uill'l 
::■< HI 



I ./,....' ./. 



f 

i 



i 



< 



t 



< . 



' ^ 



r 

r 



. / 



*r y » 



^ /■ 



/ 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 29 

the armlet here figured is 8 dwts. 4 grs. These ornaments were 
found on a steep bank, which slopes towards the sea ; they lay at a 
depth of about 3 feet, near a place dose to the shore, called << The 
Temple," where, according to popular tradition, certain interments 
were discovered many years since ; and one man, as it was believed, 
found treasure, and suddenly became rich.^ Two similar gold armlets, 
found in draining a lake in Gralloway, are figured in the Reliquiae 
GdUanaSy BibL Top. Btit., vol. ii. pi. vi. ; and another, of similar type, 
but less skilfully twisted, is in the possession of Lady Menzies. It 
was found on the moor of Eannoch, Perthshire, and is figured in 
FrehUtoric Annals, p. 324. — The silver ornaments, rings, hooks, 
fragments of plate, chain, &c., consisting of 153 objects and frag- 
ments, being the whole collection of reliques rescued, by the late 
Creneral Durham, from the laige deposit discovered about 1817, 
in a tumulus, known as Norrie's Law, on the estate of Largo, in 
Fifeshire, about three miles from the bay of Largo. The precise 
facts connected with this remarkable discovery were never ascer- 
tained, owing to apprehensions of the interference of the Scottish 
Exchequer to reclaim the << treasure-trove ;" such particulars as 
could be collected may be found in the Report by Dr. George 
Buist of Cupar, on " The Silver Armour of Norrie's Law ;" and the 
notices in the Arckceological Journal^ vol. vi p. 248 ; Dr. Wilson's 
Prehistoric Annals, pp. 511-519. The chief reliques of this re- 
markable hoard have also been figured iu Mr. Chalmers's Sculptured 
Monuments of Angus, pi. 23, and Mr. Stuart's Sculptured Stones 
of Scotland, pi. 133. The date to which these ornaments should be 
assigned is very uncertain. Dr. Wilson is disposed to regard them 
as Scottish, of <* The Christian Period," and to limit their age to the 
period between the third and the sixth century. The accompanying 
woodcuts show the more remarkable objects. Fig. 1 (original size). 
One of a pair of leaf-shaped plates, of unknown use ; the boss at the 
upper extremity is merely hammered up, and supplies apparently no 
means by which the plate might be attached to any other object. 
This plate is chiefly remarkable, however, as bearing two of the pecu- 
liar symbols occurring on early sculptured monuments in Scotland, 
as shown in the late Mr. Patrick Chalmers's work on the monuments 

* See Archoiol. Jour., vol. vi. p. oS ; Dr. Wilson's Prchist. Anitahf p. 321. 



30 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

of Angus, and Mr. Stuart's Sculptured Stones of Scotlmul. Fig. 
2 (original size). A bodkin, probably for fastening the dress, or for 
the hah*. A pair of these was preserved. The head, originally, as it 
is believed, enriched with enamel, is of a peculiar fashion, of frequent 
occurrence on objects of this class found in Ireland. Fig. 3 (half 
size). The peuannular portion of a brooch, the aciiB lost.^ A brooch 
of silver, closely resembling this, was found in Cumberland, and is 
figured in Pennant's Scotland^ voL ii. p. 44. Fig. 4 (half size). 
A plate, of unknown use, with scroll ornaments in high relief, of 
admirable workmanship. This was originally described as <' the 
mouthpiece of a sword-scabbard," but it is wholly unadapted to such 
purpose. Fig. 5 (half size). A disk, measuring 3 inches in dia* 
meter ; at the upper edge there are two holes, possibly for attaching 
the plate to the dress. A smaller disk, like a button, formed with a 
cavity, as if intended to be set with a gem, has no such perforations. 
Fig. 6 (original size). A spiral ring, the edges serrated at regular 
intervals. Amongst the other reliques preserved from the crucible 
may be mentioned — a stout double hook, in form of an S ; a nar- 
row riband of silver plat«, length upwards of a yard in its present 
state, breadth about half an inch, one end tapering to a point ; a 
fragment of fine interlaced chain ; two fragments of armlets ; a por- 
tion of a diminutive pin or bodkin, of the same form as those before 
described ; and numerous fragments of thin plate, possibly the re- 
mains of the coating of a shield or of a corslet, such as that of gold, 
found in Wales, and now in the British Museum. On some marginal 
portions appears a border of oblong bosses, rudely hammered up, 
possibly to represent nail-heads. The entire weight of the reliques 
exhibited is about 24 oz. The hoard discovered in the Norrie's Law 
has l)een estimated at not less than 400 ounces. 

MRS. DUNDAS DURHAM. 

The HuNTERSTON Brooch, found in 1830 on the estates of 
Robert Hunterston, Esq., in the parish of West Kilbride, Ayrshire, 
in quarrying stones near the sea-shore. It lay near the surface, at 
the foot of a cliff, between which and the sea there is a level piece of 

* See references to examples of analogous fashion, Archaolofjical Jouiiud, 
vol. vi. p. 252. 







0! 



-:vA 



/ 



< 


■>* 




•v 


4 


^ 


h 


* 


=v| 




■■» 




s. 
4 



1 



1. . 



^ r 



'^PriV- • 



• r^ 




'Vi^'-siy 


















\ i 



. .•>,(» J..':- • :■ 
.. . I. .. ., 



..-•1 f 



; (M; 



|. • :;.i.!'-!ii]:, 



») 






. ' . «' 
\ >•%',- .'. i . . . ■ 

- « -M lit I it '. 



t ', ' 



'^y lit 
'1' . 



■I ?; M ' . 



;• 1! .• ...I ; ..|V. Tt 1j»V >!' Ill' Hp M.i 1 C •', at 



I." I 



I .. /,..••• "'.-/ ri '' 



!>• 




TliF. HUNTF.i'.STON KUNK 



■'M 



'.TM 



i . J 



I ;•.'.'. 






•I ' .\ 



. . t ■ 



.< 



I ,r 



. J 






. 1 



■'i 



t I 



/'. • • 



■» 






> 



* 

t> 



•••. 



FOUND IN NOBTH BRITAIN, 31 

ground, traditionally reputed to be the scene of a conflict shortly 
before the battle of Largs, in 1263, when the fleet of King Haco 
was dispersed, and the Norsemen driven from Scotland. The brooch 
is of silver, richly wrought with gold filigree, and elaborately chased 
with lacertine and riband patterns. It is set with ornaments, de- 
scribed as of amber. Diameter, 4 inches and nine-tenth& On the 
reverse there are Runes, which have been variously explained.^ It 
may be observed, that Runes are of very rare occurrence in North 
Britain ; they occur amongst the inscriptions in the cave of St. 
Molio, on Holy Island. A silver brooch bearing Runes on the re- 
verse is preserved in the Copenhagen Museum, and it is figured by 
Worsaae, Afbildninger, fig. 305. The date of the Hunterston 
brooch may be assigned to the ninth or tenth century. 

MR. ROBEBT HUNTER, OF HUNTERSTON. 

The " Baculum More," the pastoral staff" of St. Moloc, or Luag, 
an immediate follower of St Columbo, and a zealous coadjutor of St. 
Boniface, Bishop of Ross, in the introduction of Christian faith into 
Scotland at the commencement of the seventh century. Boniface died 
about A.D. 630. A family named Livingstone, in the island of Ids- 
more, the seat of the old bishopric of Argyll, were the hereditary cus- 
todiers of the hachuUl or staff" of St. Moloc, and enjoyed their little free- 
hold in virtue of that trust They had been popularly known as the 
" barons of BachuUV (baculus). The lands, however, having become 
the property of the Duke of Argyll, the ancient symbol of feudal 
tenure passed into the muniment chamber at Inverary Castle. It is, 
in its present defaced condition, a plain curved staff", 34 inches in 
length ; the surface presents indications of the rivets by which a 
metal casing, probably highly enriched with ornament, had been 
originally attached to the wood, some fragments of copper-plate still 
remaining. The peculiar form of this hachuill appears to have dif- 



* See the Memoir by Finn Msgnusen, Annals of the Society of the Anti- 
quaries of the North, 1846, pp. 328, 399 ; and Obflervations by Rafn, Memoirs, 
1845-49, p. 202. This remarkable object has been figured in the Prehistoric 
Annals^ by Dr. Wilson, who proposes the following explanation : — " What is 
decipherable reads in good Scottish Celtic : MaJbritha a daimiheh i dceol Macl- 
fridi; t.«., Malbritha, his friend, in recompense to Maolfiridi.*'— P. 529 ; see also 
Preface J p. 24. 



32 



ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 




fered from that of the crosiers, with 
regularly curved volutes, accord- 
ing to the prevalent faahion of later 
times throughout Christendom. In 
the fashion of its head, it proba- 
bly was identical with the Irish 
pastoral staff of an early age, and 
the Quigrich^ the staff of the Scot- 
tish St. Fillan, who lived about 
the same period as St Moloc. This 
last is figured in the ArchoBol^ia 
Scoticay vol. iii. p. 290, and in 
Dr. Wilson's PreJiistoric Annahy 
p. 664. The veneration with which 
the bells and the staves which 
had been used by early Chris- 
tian missionaries were regarded, 
in Ireland as also in Scotland, is 
well known. The peculiar form 
above mentioned appears in the 
marginal drawings in the MS. of 
Giraldus Cambrensis, in posses- 
sion of Sir Thomas Phillipps ; 
illustrating the chapter, "De Mira- 
bilibus Hibemie," in which Giral- 
dus treats *' de campanis et baculis 
sanctorum in superiore parte re- 
curvis, auro argento vel aere con- 
tectos." ^ 

THE DUKE OF ARGYLL. 



BarhulM M.,r«. the Pa'?lonil staff of at. M..lor, 



* See Notices of the hochniU of St. 
Moloc by Mr. Cosmo Innes, in his Orl- 
ginen ParochidieSy ArgylUhire^ vol. ii. 
part i. p. 163 ; in the Proceedings of 
tJie Society of Anii^vnries of Scotland, 
vol. ii. p. 12 ; Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric 
Annah, p. 665. 




THE GUTHRIE BELL 



» /'. 



' i -^ A. • . : , . ' 



. ) 



f, ■ : >,• 



'f ..:.■: ; 






f. 



t 



t ■ 



N ' ,' 



•ill 



t; 



>- '• "si. j.-i 



'-1I I ? 



't> 



•» 



:i>» 



»■ ! > 



I ■ .■ 



/'.■ 



• Ji" (Mjr >., ... 



•.•!i;. 



t,\ •.-. 






n 



> ^ 



''-^i 



•* i 1}' 



tr 



>f.'i 



'.' ! :ri 






!J ' 













«%t' 




I'M; ' 
I|f J.I i 



A r 



>. 



( : 



■' , > 



»..!.-■■' I • 



f i ■ 


t' 




^^ V* 




^ -, 


^^^ 


. .^^ 


% 


3* X^r .^ 


( 


,*^> 


»v. 


■^'\ 


1 

\ 


f' 




i 


-^L 




^ 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 



33 



The RoNNBLL Bell of Bibnie, from the church of Birnie, the 
tiist seat of the bishopric of Moray. It is Baid to have been brought 
from Rome by the first bishop. This is a well-preaerved example of 
the ancient four-sided bells of hammered iron, formed of a aingle 
piece of metal plate, overlapped at the sides and riveted together. 
The bell was then doubtless dipped into melted btasa or mixed yellov 
metal, which adhered to the surface, both externally and internally, 
and of such a coating considerable traces remiun on this example, 
although the greater part has been throvn off, probably through the 
gradual oxidation of the iron beneath. According to popular tradi- 
tion, there is much silver in the metal. This bell has an iron 
handle, attached by rivet«. Height, 11^ inches; the upper part 
measures about 5 iuohes each side ; the mouth about 7^ inches by 
5 J. It is noticed in Sir T. Dick I^uder's Atcou/U of the Floodt tn 
Murayikire, p. 166. MR. gordun. 



An Ancient Bell of iron, ori- 
ginally dipped in brass, with which 
the entire surface was probably 
noat«d. Its dimensions are almost 
the same as those of the Bimie 
bell ; the form and proportions 
are identical with those of the 
Clog-rinny, or bell of St. Ninian, 
of which a representation is here 
given. This supplies an accurat« 
notion of the fashion of these early 
Christian relics. The example ex- 
hibited was found at Hume Castle, 
near Kelso. Its previous history peiiuisLMoi.u. 

has not been ascertained. 

THE TWEEDSIDE ANTIgUAKIAN SOCIETY, KELSO. 




The GuTHSiE Bell, another example of the same class of ancient 
iron bells as those above described. There exist in Scotland several 
other dmilar relics, associated for the most part with the earliest 
introduction of Christianity. The Clog na CliolttimchilU, or coIkcc 



34 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

of St. Columba, an iron bell of similar description, exists in the 
museum of Mr. Bell of Dungaunon.^ 

MR. JOHN GUTHRIE, OF GUTHRIE. 

The EiLMiCHAEL Glassrie Bell, enclosed in an elaborately de- 
corated shrine or case of bronze. The facts connected with its 
discovery, about 1814, in the parish of Eilmichael in Argyllshire, 
are recorded in the ArcJhceologia Scotica, vol. iv. p. 117, pi. 9. It 
was found on a mountain, amongst masses of stone, having pro- 
bably been deposited for concealment ; the spot is about five miles 
distant from one of the ancient seats of the Bishops of Argyll. On 
one side of the ornamental case there is a figure of our Lord 
attached as to the cross, with the Almighty hand in benediction 
above. Within was found, wrapped in woollen cloth, a portion of 
the ancient bell of hammered iron, much decayed with rust A 
chain of brass, attached to a cross of patt^ form, of the same metal, 
was found near the spot, but it had probably no connexion with the 
bell. The metal shrine and figure are doubtless of much later 
date than the iron relic enclosed. The character of the ornament 
would fix their age as about the tenth century. 

THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND. 

A Gold Fibula, found in the neighbourhood of Inverness. Its 
form resembles that of the gold fibula found at Odiham, Hants, 
figured in the ArchceologicdlJoiumaly vol. ii. p. 46, with a description 
by Mr. Birch, who amsidered it to be an " Anglo-Roman or Celto- 
Roman work." Similar fibul»; are figured in Richot's plates of Roman 
remains found at Le Chatelet, in Champagne, pL 42, and in the 
Recueil cT AntiquUeSy by Count Caylus, tom. i. pi. 94, the latter bear- 
ing an inscription with the name of Mars, and attributed to the fourth 
or fifth century. The same type occurs in the example, of bronze, 
found at Kenchester, Herefordshire.- A golden specimen, presenting 
some remarkable points of analogy, especially in the adjustment of 

* See Notices of various examples, Prehistoric Annals^ pp. 652-663 ; Archteo 
logia Scoiica^ vol. iv. p. 123 ; and the Memoirs by Mr. Westwood, on the 
ancient portable hand-bells of the British and Irish Churches, Archteologia Cam- 
brensis, vol. iii. pp. 230, 301 ; vol. iv. pp. 13, 167. A specimen, precisely similar 
to thoHC exhibited, is figured in the Archaological Journal, vol. v. p. 329. It 
WHS found in HcTcfordshire, near the scene of the murder of St. Ethelbert, 

* Journal of tJie Archojohgical Association, vol. iv. p. 2ft4. 






/ 



^ ..v#»^- 



f 



4 ^ 



,>-■■ 



:r>: 



iij^C-^- 






^- 



It 






•^-- ' 



If 



,._ '^v* 



h f. K j I M 



^ .. I 



'M 



•i 1-, '• 




IHE KILMICHAEL CLASSRIf BtLL 



FOUND IN NORTH BRITAIN. 



35 



the acus, which in both is a separate piece, attached not by a spring 
or hinge but by means of a screw, occurs amongst the splendid 
relics found in the tomb attributed to Childeric, discovered at 
Toumai. This has been figured by Chifflet, in his Anastasis ChUdericiy 
Antwerp 1655, p. 183, as the ^xiphiarium or style for the king's 
writing tablets, but it was evidently a fibula. Childeric died a.d. 
481. The fibula exhibited is of more elaborate workmanship than 
any of these examples ; it measures 3 inches in length ; the weight 
is 1 ounce 7 dwts. The ctcus has been lost. The transverse portion, 
which gives to this brooch a cruciform appearance, terminates in 
knops, and one of these is the head of a screw, which served to fasten 
the cicuSy in the same mode adopted in the example found at Toumai. 
It is remarkable that the thread of the screw in that exhibited is cut 
in the opposite direction to that used in all mediaeval and modem 
screws. It is admirably wrought, and cut with most perfect pre- 
cision. It has been questioned whether any screw occurs in objects 
of the more ancient classical period. There can be little doubt that 
this costly ornament must be associated with the later productions of 
the Roman period. It has been figured in the Proceedings of the 
Antiquaries of London, vol. IL p. 85. A fibula of gilt bronze of 
similar character \s in the British Museum ; it is probably foreign, 
and bears the Christian monogram composed of Chi and Rho, with 
ornaments in niello. the society of antiquaries of Scotland. 

A fac-simile, in gilt metal, of 
a Gold Torc-Armlet, found 
in the Moor of Rannoch, in the 
north-west of Perthshire. The 
original is now in the posses- 
sion of Lady Menzies, of Ran- 
noch Lodge; the fac-simile ex- 
hibited was presented to the 
Listitute by Sir James Ram- 
say, Bart. The annexed re- 
presentation is on a reduced 
scale. — ^the archjsolooical 
institute. 




A jMiir of elaborately Ornamented Brooches, of the " tortoise" 



36 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

type, of which a fine example, now in the Museum of the Antiquaries 
of Scotland, has been figured in this Catalogue, p. 26, ante. They 
were found with a skeleton, deposited in a stone coffin or cist, at a 
spot called the Longhills, on the farm of Wertaseat, Caithness. On 
one of these brooches the delicate silver cords remain between the 
bosses, as also on the example found in Yorkshire, described here- 
after, p. 39, and exhibited by the Duke of Northumberland. 

MB. A. HENRY RHIND, F.S.A. 

SUPPLEMENTARY NOTICES OF SEPULCHRAL URNS IN 

NORTH BRITAIN. 

Through the kindness of Alexander Morison, Esq., by whom the 
accompanying woodcut has been contributed, a remarkable type of 
the sepulchral urns of North Britain is here supplied, being of large 
dimensions and in some respects dissimilar to the urns of which repre- 
sentations have been given in the foregoing notices. The urn here 
figured is preserved in the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland. It was found in 1857, at the " Ha Hill" of Montblairy, 
adjacent to a " Druidical circle" on the farm of Newton of Mont- 
blairy, part of Mr. Morison*s estates in Banffshire. The valley 
through which flows the river Doveran, the boundary for the most 
part between the counties of Aberdeen and Perth, contains many 
vestiges of early occupation. A few miles above the mouth of the 
river at Banff, there exist, in the parish of Alvah, numerous remains. 
On the farm of Sandlaw a tumulus was opened in which several 
urns were found, as also in another tumulus on the farm of Bog- 
head. There existed in this locality stone circles, of which some 
stones may still be seen. In this parish is the mound called the 
" Ha Hill," portions of which had been removed, but it still measures 
about 240 feet in diameter from east to west, and about 60 feet 
from north to south. A section of this mound brought to view dis- 
tinct indications of excavation, with various animal remains, amongst 
which it was believed that bones of a horse occurred, and near the 
centre there were found three mill-stones, measuring about 2 feet 
in diameter. A bronze armlet, precisely resembling one found at 
Bethelvie, and now in the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland, was found near this tumulus. In digging foundations at 



•*• ^ *■ 



_J 



{■■'.»! 



1 ] 



\' 1 .* t ■ I . 1 I • ; ' ■ • 



J'. • <■ .) 



i i 



:\ ii : i; •■ 



(■'» ii ■■'>t 



J I 



< . I 



r, H' I ,i ';.M' 



I * » 






i:; 



I M 



:• I 



'It' S. »;.■;'! \\ . '■'■ 



'• >■ . 



t .. . I 



: ' -i 



.1 



■.' • I .. , -ist,! 



1 • >> 'I 



{. 



-^ r-|.- «.' ."••-.? • II iM 



■ . ■ ''•'.'! ■■' '. I'v'r. '' V, It. 1' " • 



ll :• 
i.i 

•Ui'l 
I « 



:)f 



;\ :.1''M i '''-^ 



1 i 



If ! • 



'''»".(•:« ,1 :;» '■ 



>\ : 



•I 



; Tri 



/ 



/'. 



/- ■' 



> I , - 



.» ,iS 






> *' . /. 



.4 



I 



-'' ^ * - ' ^ ft. 




v^~'^^^ 



■\ * 







?■■. 



rOUKO IN EKOLAND. 37 

Montblaiij, two hammerB, of a. friable stone, were found at a depth 
of about 3 feet ; and one of these vas presented to the Society by 
Mr. Morison. The " Ha Hill" appears to have been formed on a 
natural knoll, on the side of a burn which is a tributary of the 
Deveron, and it had been heaped up to the height of 10 or 12 feet. 
This fine urn measures, in height, 13| inches; diameter at the 
mouth, 13|^ inches. There were originally fire projecting ornaments 
under the lip, placed at intervals of 8 inches. One of these projec- 
tions has been broken off. The urn is of pale brown colour, and 
of considerable thickness. The liberality of Ur. Morison enables us 
to render the series of Scottish sepulchral urns more complete by the 
addition of this remarkable example. We may here cite, as the 
meet elaborately ornamented urn of this class discovered in North 
Britain, that discovered in 1802, at Luffness, in Haddington, on 
the estates of George W. Hope, Esq., and described in the Airhteo- 
logical Journal, vol. sv. p. 287. Tlie resemblance of the urns found 
in Scotland to several of the same description found in Northumber- 
land, and of which a good example was exhibited, is well deserving 
of observation. 

ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARIJER PERIODS FOUND IN 

ENGLAND. 

The unique Tobc, of fine gold, from the Royal Collection, dis- 
covered in May 1848, in a wood called the Greaves, part of Need- 



38 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

wood Forest, at the mouth of a fox-earth recently made, and brought 
to light by a singular chance, in consequence of the soil being thus 
disturbed It was found by one of the keepers, on the surface of the 
freshly tiu-ned-up mould. This remarkable ornament is peculiar as 
being formed of several twisted bars, eight in number, each pair 
loosely twined into a separate strand, and the four cords again 
loosely twined together ; the extremities of the whole being welded 
into massiye loops, which are curiously tooled with chevrony lines 
and small circular indentations, the upper edge beaded. By these 
loops this collar might be attached, either by means of a cord, a 
flexible hook or a ring, as it has been supposed. Tlie weight is 5590 
grains, or 1 lb. 1 oz. 7 dwts. 1 grs. A representation of this tore 
is given in the ArchcBologia, vol. xxxiiL p. 176. This magnificent 
ornament was exhibited by the permission of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty the Queen. 

A collection of antiquities of stone and bronze, from the Museum 
at Alnwick Castle, chiefly found in Northumberland, including stone 
hammers or axe-heads found at Thirstone, Shilbottle, and Hipsburn ; 
one of unusual form found near Percy's Leap ;^ and two specimens 
of the remarkable class of objects not unfrequently found in Ireland, 
and known to the Danish Antiquaries as << Tilhuggersteen," some- 
times regarded as having been used in crushing grain. See Worsaae's 
Illustrations of AntiquUm, in theCopenkugen Mvseum, figs. 9, 10. A 
celt of the most simple axe-head form, apparently of pure copper, 
foimd near Percy's Leap, on Hedgley Moor, Northumberland ; a looped 
palstave from Corbridge ; another with a fine bronze spear-head found 
at Denwick, and a well-preserved specimen of the bronze swords of 
the earlier type, found in Chatton low grounds : its length is nearly 
26 inches. Several antiquities found in other parts of England, 
comprising a massive maul-head, perforated for the haft, stated to 
have been found in Yorkshire; bronze socketed celts, palstaves, 
brooches, and other relics from Lincolnshire ; a short sword of bronze 
found at Bath, length 17| inches ; and another sword, probably 
unique in England, found in the river Witham, near Lincoln. The 
hilt, which, as well as the blade, is of bronze, is perfect, formed with 
two volutes, resembling swords found in the north of Europe, of which 

' Compare one found in Westmoreland, infra, exliibited by Mr. Brackstone. 



\ 



J 



it7. 




■rrn'TE in Euinn'..<ii.-:,ii , 



FOUND IN ENGLAND. 39 

examples niay be seen in the Copenhagen Museum, and in some other 
localities on the Continent. See Worsaae's Afbildninger^ figs. 9 1, 94, 
and his Primeval. Antiquities of Denmark^ edited by Mr. Thorns, 
p. 28. Compare also the sword found near Corbie in France, figured 
Encyd. MHlioduiue Recueil tfAntiquites, pi. Ixix. p. 29. A very 
remarkable sword, of a later period, found in the Witham, the blade 
of iron, sheathed in a scabbard mounted with bronze, displaying the 
peculiar embossed and engraved ornament which bears resemblance in 
design to that of the bronze coating of a shield found in the Witham 
near Washingborough, and now preserved in the armoury at Goodrich 
Court. The sword and shield, with various other objects of similar 
character, are figured in Mr. Kemble's Noras FeraUs, See also no- 
tices of the shield in the Archaiologia^ voL xxiii. pi. 13 ; and Skelton's 
IllustrationB of the Goodrich Court Collection^ pi. xlvii. An oval 
bronze fibula of the tortoise form, one of a pair found on the Roman 
road which traverses Yorkshire by Catterick to Piersebridge. In the 
centre of the road, near Bedale, a skeleton was disinterred, about 
fifteen inches under the surface ; the breast had been transfixed appa- 
rently by a long spear-head, very much corroded when found ; on the 
shoulders were the two fibulae, of which one is in the Museum of the 
Antiquaries of Scotland (Synopsis, No. 62). The other, preserved 
in the Museum at Alnwick Castle, has been figured in the Arclueolo- 
gical Jourtialf vol. x. p. 220. The convex face of this remarkable 
ornament is formed with elaborately pierced ornaments and projecting 
bosses, which may have been jewelled. Fibulae of this curious type 
have been found not unfrequently in the north of Europe. 

THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K. G. 

See notices of fibahe of this type fonnd in Scotland, in this Catalogue, pp. 26, 
36, ante; and of a specimen found at Claughton Hall, YorkHhire, Arch. Journal, 
vol. V. p. 74 ; one foun«l in the Isle of Sangay, North Britain, Vetutta Monum. 
vol. ii. pi. XX. ; another from the Orkney Isles, is described Journal Arch. Assoc. 
vol. ii. p. 331, and is now in Mr. Batoman*s Museum ; one of a pair found in the 
Phcenix Park, Dublin, is in the British Museum. Of those discovered in Den- 
mark, see Worsaae, Afbildninger, figs. 335-337 ; MSm. de la Soc. den Anttq. 
du Nordf 1840, tab 11 ; Primeval Antiq. of Denmark, ed. by Thorns, p. 63. 

Three Stone Maui^, or hammer-heads, stated to have been found 
at Bums, near Ambleside, Westmoreland. They have no perforation 
for a haft, but are formed with a deep groove round the middle <»f 



ANTlQUlTlEii OF THE EARLIER PERIOD)] 



the stone, and may thus 
ha\ e been hafled by means 
of a supple stick bent 
round the stone and finn 
ly lashed a mode of haft 
ing such unplemeats which 
has been used by savage 
people in Tccent tunes- 
The Antiquaries of Den 
mark however have re- 
gardedsuch objects of stone 
as sliDgstones,' and some 
persona conje(.ture that 
they served an muitng 
hammera A stone aze- 
head, found m Stainton 
Dole »t Claughton near 
bcarborough ' another 
very large specimen found 





at Plucton, near Manchester m the 
Carrs," a bank of gravel, which 
had formed apparently, at a remot« 
period, part of the banks of the 
Mersey.' A barbed javelin head 
of flint, of unusual size (length 2J 
inches, breadth across the barbs 
15 inches), found at Pick Budge 
farm, Overton, Wilts ; and an im- 
plement of grey flint, found at the 
same place in grubbing an old ash- 
tree on a waste piece of land. 
This relic, which, like the lamine 
of stone found in Shetland, de- 
scribed ante, p. 7, may have served 

■ See ore figured in NordUk Tidi 
th-lfl, b. i, p. 434, p]. 4. 

" Arehaol. Journal, vol. lii. p. 277. 

' TliLB ci^lt weigha 2 lla. IS} oz. It 
is more fully nolioeil Archaol, Jouriud, 
v,.I, Tii. p. 380. 



FOUND IN ENGLAND. 



41 



as a flaying knife, meaBures 3f inches by 2^ inches. Of another 
specimen, in the collection of Mr. W. J. Bemhard Smith, almost 
identical in its form and dimensions, a representation is here given. 
This last was found at Pentrefoelas, Denbighshire. A fine bronze 
socketed celt of large size, with a massive bronze ring, found in 
the bed of the Thames, opposite Somerset House. Length of the 
celt, 4^ inches ; diam. of the ring 1§ inch. Although actual proof 
of the original connexion of the ring with the celt may be deficient, 
this discovery claims attention as compared with that of a similar 
celt near Tadcaster, to the ear or loop of which was attached a bronze 
ring like an armlet, and upon that ring was an annular ornament 




Bronze Celt found at Dne«k*>lf. — il^ngth of the orid^inal foiu- inch»-8 and three-fourths ) 

ring or bead of jet.^ A bronze palstave and two socketed celts found 
in Yorkshire, in 1849, at a depth of five feet in a sand and warp soil, 
near Ulleskelf ; one of them here figured is of a very unusual type. 

MR. ROBERT H, BRACK8T0NE. 

Two Flint Celts, and one of stone, found in Yorkshire, with 
some other antiquities from the same county. 

the YORKSHIRE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. 



Two Gold Armlets, and two objects of very singular form, pur- 
chased in 1856 in Newcastle, and stated to have been found at 
Gaerwein in Anglesea. It was reported that eleven armlets had 
been found, and with each there was a capsule or penannular orna- 
ment of thin gold plate, of the form above represented. The armlets 

' Archfsologtaf vol. xvi. p. 362 ; figured also in Mr. Du Noyer'a '* Memoir on 
Celts," Archceol, Joumdty vol. iv. p. 6, where an explanation is given of the siip 
posed use of these rings. 

F 



.NTIQUITIES OF THE EABLIKB FERIOUB 



were likewise pen&naular, with the extremities sli^tly dilated, the 
weight of each being nearly an ounce. Similar gold ornamenta have 




been found in the ci 
has been described.' 



nty Limerick ; no other example, it is believed, 

THE REV. DR. COLLINOWOOD BBt^CE, F.8.A. 



A diminutive Sepulchral Vessel, of the class designated as 
" incense-cups" by the late Sir R. Colt Hoare. It waa found within a 

large um filled with _..-~.z --- 

tVagmenta of bone, in 
the " Twin Barrow," 
Bin combe Down, 
Dorset. Height, 1 J 
in., diameter nearly 
3 inches. On one 
eide there are two 
small perforations, 
as if for suspension. 
As account of the 
discovery is given in 
the Communications 
to the Cambridge st^.h im fo,..,d i,. do^l 

Antiquarian Society, 

No. V. Two remarkable bronze weapons, found in Cambridgeshire ; 
one of them is a strong blade, which had been attached to the haft 
by four massive rivets. Length 1 1 inches, greatest width 4 incbea. 
Found near IVIanea, in the Feus. A similar weapon, found in Shrop- 
shire, is figured in the Archceol. Jotaiiol, vol. xi. p. 414 ; these 

' See fiirlhcr in Archaoi. J'Xtrnal, vnl. i p 73; rol. xiii. p, 295. 




FOUND IN ENGLANP. 43 

olyecta belong to the same claao of weapons aa the bronze blade, 
of much smaller •Jimenrions, found in Perthshire, and figured in 
Dr. Wilson's Prehittnru! Annalt, p. 264. The other is a portion 
of a blade of veiy skilful workmanship ; it was found near Water- 
beach. In form and proportions, it resembles those weapons 
which might be prodnced from the stone moulds found near Cbud- 
leigh, Devon, and of which casts were exhibited. (See p. 46.) A 
dentated bronze ring, found at IJdgate, Suffolk ; an object of 
very rare occurrence in this country. See Archteoloffieal Jmirnat, 
vol. vi. p. 181. Fragments of bronze, 
portions of objects of early character, 
part of a palstave, and a bronze relic 
resembling in shape the mouthpiece of a 
trumpet, but probably intended to be 
affixed to the lower end of the haft of a 
spear, or other long-handled weapon, as 
a ferrule. The wider end is closed, and s™"" ''""■'"^^.'^^''j,'!,^"^ "" *"**" 
near the other end in which the haft 

was inserted, there is a rivet-hole, which seems to iudicate the in- 
tention of this object, a relic of rare occurrence. Another, nearly 
similar, found in Scotland, is preserved in the collection at Penni- 
cuik House, near Ediuburgh, in the possession of the Right Hon. Sir 
G. Clerk. It is figured in Gordon's Itinerariam Septentriottale, pi. i., 

fig. 7, p. 11 T. THE CAUBRIDCR ANTIUl'AUIAN S0<:1BTV. 





A Bronze Celt, of unusual fonn, found in the Tliames, near 
Wandsworth, Surrey. The side Iwp is in a position hitherto witli- 



44 



ANTIQUITIES OF THB EARLIER PERIODS 



out example amongBt ancient objects of this class. The engraved 
lines around the socket appear to indicate a certain tradition of 
the cord, which might have originally served to attach the bronze 
head to a haft. A bronze spiked Mace-head, found in a well at 
Great Bedwyn, Wilts. Central ornament or boss of a shield, of thin 

bronze plate, with elaborate em- 
bossed and engraved patterns. It 
is of circular form, diameter 13 
inches, and was found in the 
Thames, near Battersea. Elon- 
gated Boss, found with the last 
in the Thames. It has formed the 
centre of another shield, and re- 
sembles in form the central portion 
of the shield found in the river 
Witham, near Lincoln, and now 
preserve<l in the Armory at GJood- 
rich Court. ^ These two remark- 
able relics from the Thames are considered by Mr. Franks to 
belong to the latest period of the Celtic population of Britain ; 




Bi-onze Uace-bead, found in Wiltabire 
L«n^tb, three mdies 




S m 





they are figured in Mr. Kemble » linnv Femfen. Ancient Skates, 
formed of the leg-lii^no of i\ small horHe or other animal, discovered in 

' Arvhtfohnpn^ vol. xxiii. pi. xiii. 



i 



FOUND IN ENGLAND. 45 

Lincoln. One side was shaved off, presenting a smooth flat surface, 
and in some examples there is a transverse perforation through one 
end, doubtless for a strap ; and, at the other end, another hole in a 
lengthwise direction, which might receive a peg or hook, for the 
purpose of attachment to the foot. Similar skates have been found 
at York, and are preserved in the Museum there. They have been 
also found in various parts of London, especially in the boggy soil of 
Moorfields, as stated by Mr. Roach Smith. ^ It is very remarkable that 
Fitzstephen, in his account of the sports of the citizens, describes 
sliding on that moor, to the north of London, and says that << some 
bind to their shoes 1^-bones of animals, therewith moving with 
speed as a bird." The practice was in use in Northern Europe, and 
is described by Olaus Magnus. One of the relics of this nature 
exhibited was of greater length and weight than is suitable for such 
a purpose, and it possibly was used with some kind of sledge, or as a 
" runner,** to facilitate the removal of a boat ; it was found, in 1848, 
near an ancient canoe disinterred in forming the Great Northern 
Railway, at Stixwold Ferry. These curious objects of bone had been 
presented to the Institute by Mr. Arthur TroUope, of Lincoln. 

THE ARCHiBOLOGICAL INSTITUTE. 

Two richly ornamented Cinerary Urns, found near Bolton House, 
Northumberland, adjoining the Beanley Moor, north-west of Alnwick. 
These urns are of considerable interest, as compared with those of the 
same period found in Scotland, to which they bear much resemblance 
in form, and in the designs rudely expressed by impressed scorings, 
covering nearly the entire external surface. These urns have sub- 
sequently been presented to the Museum formed by the Duke of 
Northumberland, at Alnwick Castle. 

MR. BRYAN BURRELL, BROOME PARK, ALNWICK. 

A Stone Axe-head, perforated for the haft, and measuring nearly 
1 2 inches in length ; a small Cinerary Urn, and a Stone 
Mortar, the latter possibly of the mediaeval age. These relics were 
found in the neighbourhood of Alnwick. 

MR. W. DAVIDSON, ALNWICK. 
' fhUic(anea AvfujHft, vol. i. p. 107. 



46 



ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 



A small Urn, of unique fashion, diBcoTered in a tumulua at Butfunt, 

Wilts. Two BDiall Bronze Pins, and eeveral portions of small Beads 

of a white coralline substance, were 

" found with it This elegant little 

vessel may serve possibly to ezem- 

. plify the character of the British 

} vessels meutioDed b; Juvenal and 

Martial as exported to Bome, where 

they were highly esteemed, and 

known as Bcucaudce or baskets.' 

UR. ALBERT WAV, F.S.A. 




A large Bronze Spear-head, found with several others, in vety 
decayed condition, at a place called " Bloody Pool," in the parish of 
South Brent, Devon, on the verge of Dartmoor. With the spears 
were found pieces of bronie tube, which may have been fixed on the 
lower extremities of the shafts. The strong rivets which served to 
affix the head to the shaft are perfect The length of the spear- 
head, as nearly as could be ascertwned, had been 1 4 inches ; breadth 
of the blade, 3^ inches ; length of the tubes about 7 inches ; each is 
closed at one end, like the ferrule of a walking cane. These spears, 
with one exception, were barbed, and bear resemblance to a spear 
found in the Severn near Worcester, and supposed t<) liave been a 
fishing-spear.^ Another barbed spear of this description, found in 
peaty soil near Cardifi', has been described in the Archwoloffical 
Joiiniai.^ Casts from two stone moulds for weapons of metal, found 
near Knighton, in tlie parish of Hennock, Devon. The spot is at a 
short distance from the river Teign, in the ddta formed by the junc- 
tion of the river Bovey anil the Teign. Each mould was formed of 
two pieces, which, when found, wen^ placed together as when pre- 
jiared for casting, and they separated when removed from the drift 
Rand and gravel in which they lay. These remarkable moulds are 
formed of a strong micaceous schist, of a light greenish colour, similar 



' ScE Bircli'B Hiitorg of Aucitat RMtry, vol. ii. p. 381. T!i 
DulfonI are noticed in ArchmA. Jouni. vol- vi. p. 319. 

' This KiKHT U figiircil in tlif Ari^aol. Jount., vol. ii. p. 187 : 
p. 354, snd AUicp' Anli'i«i(iei nf Uhrcealrnhire, 2(1 edil., p. 30 

• V..I. xiv. p. 3.-.T. 



1 



•i 






' v 



■ r 

1 



», • 



) . 



f • 



.1 



II . I 



'1 ^ i '' 



I 



t t.r 



■ ' ■- r ^' 

■ .'I ' : ,i I i • ■■;■ /I: ■ . !• '!' *! 

-? ' • . .. ,..-. ri) ::■ IK I •.■•■ii ju 

■,• ♦>•.••■ ;. r:s '(«■ <!u ..,! (.» ...' 

•....!> •.''■•! T. - .- ■ . .^ .i: -i, 

• . • .■..•«•■•[ ft •,: .'fi .r.- \ ■ \ ■ ]■"* 
'. I.-'U rt'"'" A 'si .■.'., " • '. ' '■ 
i • .' -f !> I \ k. ; 't" ! I • .» ; •■ 

, ] ;. '■: ' ■•: •:..;.-■• ,, . ■;• 



'- ^l 



FOUND IN ENGLAND. 



47 



] 



to that found in Cornwall, and very heavy. The pair of moulds 
weigh about 12 lb. It will be seen l^ the aceonipanying wood- 
cuts that these very curious moulds 
were intended for casting thin taper 
blades, doubtless of broniie, similar 
to the weapons of that metal fre- 
quently found in Ireland, but of com- 
paratively rare occurrence in Britain. 
One of the moulds has, near the edge 
of one moiety, a shallow cavity which 
would produce a thin dip of bronze, 
sharply ribbed on one side and flat 
on the other. The intention of such 
an object of raetal has not been 
ascertained. Anion^t the Irish An- 
tiquities of bronie in the collection 
of Mr. R. Brackstone, a taper blade 
of this description is preserved, but 
it is ribbed on both sides ; length 
about' 1 5 inches. It has been sup- 
posed that such objects might have 
served to sharpen bronze weapons, 
in like manner as the instnunent 
termed a steel is now used for 
sharpening knives.' 

UR. CHARLES TCCKEB, F.8.A. 

A small Beonze Palstave, found 
at Rhoe-y-gad, Anglesea (the mea- 
dow of the battle), near the Llanvair 
Station on the Holyhead Railway. 
It has no side-loop, the st»p-ridge is ""'•"' "f" "'■" ^'"^'^ """'■ ""'"'"■"- 
very prominent, and the general fashion bears much resemblance to 
that of palstaves found in Ireland. the rev. hugh jomes, d.d. 

A cast from one of the small Bowls, with a handle on one side, 
resembling those found frequently in North Britain.* It is of granite, 

' See a Tuller accniinl orihew monUg, ATchiml. Journal, vol. ix. p. 185. 
' See p. 9, lupra. 




48 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIEK PEHIODS 

and was found at Maiyroar, in tbe Isle of MaD ; diameter, 8^ inches. 
Theee ruilely-ahaped stone veaaeU, eumetimee described as " Druidical 
palene," were probably used as lamps. A cast fixim a latge stone 
axe-head, of unusual fashion in Britain, found on the Curragb, Isle 
of Man, and formed of white whinstone.* The ori^nal is iu the 
MuBeum of King William's CoUeiie. These casts were preeented to 
the Museum of the Antiquaries of Scotland. rbv. j. g. cuhhing. 



ANTIQllTIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS FOUND IN 
IRELAND. 
Collection of Wkapons and Implements of Stone, discovered in 
various parts of Iteland, consisting of three large celts, an-ow-heads 
and Bpear-heads of flint, hnue-stones, oval stone 
bruiseiB, with a slight cavity on each of their 
faces. (Compare Woreaae, A/bUJuhiga; figs. 9, 
10, described as " Tilhuggerstcca") Also a 
bronze socketed celt, and a stone mould for 
casting, as it has beeu supposed, certain imple- 
ments of metal ; one of the matrices vould 
..^^^^_^ produce a strong chisel, resembling the most 
Ir\^^^^Mf)) simple forms of the celt ; another, a disc, Ig 
'^X^^^WMU inch in diameter, and about three-eighths in 
thickness ; the third, formed on the inverse side 
of the stone, resembles a T level, the horizontal 
bar measuring rather more than 7 inches in 
length, the perpendicular portion 3 inches. 
This curious mould was in the collection of Mr. 
Huband Smith. It appears to belong to the 
same period and class of ancient remains as the 
mould found in Ayrshire, and figured, supra, 
p. 2 1 . A remarkable bronze palstave, described 
aa unique in Ireland, being furnished with a 
loop on both sides. Its length is 6 inches. 
The soclceUd celt appears to have been formed, although rarely, with 

' This object reaembleg a ttime aie from Alexandria, figured id the Ardueol. 
Joum., vol. viii. p. 421 ; but it is porrectly [ilfuii, without grooved ornament, as 
seen in that cinmple from Egypt. 




FOUND IN IRELAND. 49 

two lateral loops, as shown by a celt mould found in Anglesea, and 
one from Chidbury Hill, Wilts. ^ A double-looped palstave, found 
near South Petherton, Somerset, is in the collection of Mr. H. Korris, 
of that place. It is almost identical with that in Lord Talbot's pos- 
session, here figured. the lord talbot de malahide, f. s. a. 

An extensive series of Irish Antiquities, chiefly found in the 
county Sligo, and collected by Mr. R. Chambers Walker. They consist 
of numerous objects of bronze, exemplifying the principal types and 
the peculiar varieties found in Ireland ; sword blades, the finest 
example measuring 26^ inches in length, found in a barrow, county 
Tyrone ; daggers and blades of various dimensions ; spear-heads and 
arrow-heads ; bridle-bits, one of them of most skilful and beautifully 
finished workmanship ; an extensive collection of celts and palstaves, 
illustrating the progressive changes in form from the simple axe-head, 
to the most highly-wrought palstaves and socketed celts, cast in 
moulds ; gouges ; a harp-pin of bronze, and several richly chased 
ornaments of a later period ; pins and other personal ornaments of 
curious workmanship. One of the pins, probably for fastening the 
mantle or wrapper of frieze, has a disc aflixed to its head, resembling 
the lx)8s of a shield or a small circular buckler. It was found at 
Armagh. Another example of this rare type is figured in the Dublin 
Penny Journal^ vol. iv. pp. 45, r56. A pair of silver armlets, highly 
ornamented with punched work, in the same manner as the silver 
fragments found in Cuerdale with Saxon c^oins ; also models, in gilt 
metal, of seven of the most remarkable gold ornaments discovered in 
Ireland, consisting of armlets, " paterae," or objects of unknown use, 
formed with two cups united by a massive neck, and a collar of 
gold, from originals in the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy. A 
small bronze statuette, of very rude design, with a crested helm, 
resembling the forms of most ancient Greek art. It is stated to have 
been found about 1832, in a bog in the county Roscommon, and is 
figured in the Dublin Painy Journal^ vol. iii. p. 1 55, as a " Phoeni- 
cian soldier." Five seals of white oriental porcelain ; three of them 
have the base of oval form, instead of cubical, as they are usually 
fashioned. One of these bears no seal-cli&racters. Mr. Gretty has 

* See ArchteoL Jounudy vol. iii. p. 257 ; the muuld found in WiltH is repre- 
Honletl in thf Barrnw Di/fffers, pi. 5, p. 78. 

a 



50 



AIITiqUITIBfl OF THE EARLIER PERIOUB 



published a cooaiderable number uf these curioiis objects in his Notieet 
nf Ckinete Seah found in Ireland, but no example with an oval base 
has been there described. One of the seals exhibited bears the same 
vharact«rs as that in the Belfast Museum, figured by Mr. Gietty, pL i. 
No. 3. Seals of this description have been found throughout Ireland 
in peat-bogs, in graves, beds of riven, and various other localities. 
They bear characters in relief, formed for impressing a stamp with 
colour or ink, according to Oriental usage. These characters are of 
forms obsolete, excepting for seals ; they have been eiphuned by 
Chinese scholars as signitying phrases similar to mottoes on modern 
seals in Europe. These porcelain seals are stat«d to be unoommon in 
China, but a few specimens have been recently brought to England 
from that country by Mr. Fortune end other travellers. A single 
example, supposed to have been discovered in England, on the coast 
of Cornwall, is in the possession of Mr. T. Kent, of Padstow. 

THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBEHLAND, E.G. 

A Collection of Celts or axe-heads of stone and bronie, and 
palstaves of various types, purchased at the sale of the antiquities in 
possession of the lat« Mr. Archibald Leckie, of Paisley. Also an 
ancient harp, " found in Mulagh Mast, county Kerry," from the same 
collection. the haB(j[IIs of breadalbane, 

PraHiJent of tlie Soc. of Antiqu. of Scotland. 

Moulds for casting Weatons of Bronze, found probably in Ire- 




illections of the late Mr. Archibald 



fr'OUMD IN IRELAND. 51 

Leckie, F.S.A. Scot, Paisley. — 1. A large rounded stone, nieasuriii)^ 
1 1 iDches by 8^ inches. This mould is complete in itself, the metal 
having apparently been simply pourcil into the cavities cut on the 
st«ne. There are two small matrices for celts or OKe-heads on ono 



ude i and ou tlie other, one for a larger celt, and one for a apear-head 
or dagger. 2. A mould of two pieces, measuring 4J inches by 2J 
inches, for casting spear-heads. 3. The moiety of a mould for casting 
palstaves of unusually wide proportions, and without any side-loop. 
Dimensions, 7}inche» by Scinches. Found near Lough Corrib, Qalway. 
A bronze bridle-bit, of rctnorkable workmanship, and in very perfect 
preservation. It is partially ornamented with enamel. Found near 
Tracton Abbey, about ten miles south of Cork. Compare the bridle- 
bits found on Polden Hill, Somerset, and now in the British Musenm, 
Arckirofoffia, vol, xiv. p. 92, pi, six, 

THE SoriKTV OK ANTIltl'AKUi' OF !irnTT,ANl>. 

An estensive series of Antiquitibs of Stone and Bronze, found 
in various parts of Ireland, and exemplifying the principal types uf 
the earlier periods. They comprised celts and hammer-heads of 
basalt and other materials, arrow-heads of various forms ; a stone 
chisel, from the connty Antrim ; a stone hall, not perforated, froni 
the county Westmeath ; and one perforated, described as a " flail 
stone," from Hanna's Town, near Belfast, The following peculiar 
objects deserve notii* :— A s<iuare or lozenge-shaped piece of horn- 
coloured silex, one side is much flatter than the other ; it ia former! 



52 ANTIQUITIES OF TUB EARLIER PERIODS 

with considerable skill. The annexed woodcut is of the aame diinen- 
siona as the original A flat celt of dingy green atone (serpentine ?), 
found in the county of Wcstmeath, which preeento the unnsual feature 
of two notches on one of ite flides, apparently 
to receive the fingers and give a firmer hold 





I when HBed without a haft. (See woodcut.) 
Length S inches, greatest breadth 3^^ inches. 
With these antiquities of stone were sent, for 
the purpose of comparison, three remarkable relics formed of a sili- 
cious stone, found about 1794, with three others, in a cave near the 
coast in the Bay of Honduras, South America. One of them was 
presented to the British MiiBeuin. Of those exhibited, one is a kind 
of weapon pointed at both ends, the ceutral part strongly serrated. 
Length 16J inches, breadth 4 inches. Another is a sort of crescent, 
with projections like the tinea of stag's horns ; it may have served as 
a weapon of parade, like the state partizan or halbert of later times. 
Length 1 7 inches. The third is imperfect, having probably resembled 
that last described. Amongst the antiquities of bronze, were celts 
and palstaves of many rare types ; especially one of very peculiar 
fashion, found at Aughanacloy, county Tyrone ; also spear-heads, 
daggers, swords, a short sword or dagger with its handle of bronze 
cast with the blade, bronze scythes, chisels, and other implements. 
The bronze mounting of the tip of the scabbard of a dagger, found 
at Athenry, county Galway, an object of very unusual character, with 
small cup-shaped ornaments, which may have been lilletl with glass 



FOUND IN IRELAND. 53 

paates, or precious atones. Broiuw ring-money of various type* ; 
brooohea, one of them veij ornamentally fashioneU, found in a tumuliia 




with burned bones, near Tara, county Meath ; the other has the acas 
of very elongated proportions. (See wixMlcut, original size.) Also a 




bronze harp-pin, found in the Shannon near Athlone. Amber beaJs, 
found at Kiiniore, county Oavan. mr. k. h. bbackmtone. 



ANTIQUITIES FOUND IN IRELAND. 



55 



A Bronze Arrow-head, of a rare type, found near Olonmel, with 
the socket to receive the shaft, and provided with a loop at each 
side, probably as a means of fixing it finnly on the shaft by a cord. 




Weapons of this fashion occur of larger dimensions, intended, doubt- 
lessy to be used as javelins or hand-arrows, and it has been suggested 
that the loops may have received the end of a cord which was loosely 
coiled round the hand, and thus the javelin might be recovered, and 
again used. See Mr. Du Noyer's *< Observations on the Classification 
of Bronze and Flint Arrow-heads," ArcJuBol. Journaly vol. viii. p. 281. 
(See woodcut, original size.) MR. albert way, p.8.a. 

A Bronze Weapon, found at a depth of ten feet in a bog in 
the parish of Inchigecla, county Cork. Length 10| inches. It is 
stated that no precisely similar example exists in the Museum of the 




Royal Irish Academy.^ Two blades of very similar form, and of 
great rarity in England, were found in Lincolnshire, and are pre- 
served at Alnwick Castle, in the Duke of Northumberland's Museum. 

the ARCH^.OLOr.ICAL INSTITUTE. 



A collection of Gold Armlets, sixty -seven in number, varying in 
their respective weights from 7 oz. 13 dwts. 6 grs. to 5 dwts., the 
weight of the whole of the ornaments exhibited being 57 oz. 16 dwts. 
18 grs. They form a portion of the remarkable deposit found in 
1854, in the cuttings for the railway between Limerick and Ennis. 
The hoard had been concealed in a small cLst of stones, constnicted 
purposely to receive it. A large part of the treasure had, as it was 

* Arefueohffical Journal^ vol. x. p. 73. 



56 ANTIQUITIES OF THE EARLIER PERIODS 

supposed, been appropriated by the workmen ; not less, however, 
than 137 armlets, with five neck ornaments of unique or very rare 
types, and two torques, were brought before the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy. The occurrence of so large a collection of gold penannular 
relics had been regarded as a favourable occasion for testing the 
theory advanced by the late Sir W. Betham, in the Transactions of 
the Academy^ and adopted by other antiquaries, that such relics 
were not merely personal ornaments, being " ring-money," the cur- 
rency of the ancient Celts : the chief argument advanced was drawn 
from the supposed fact that these rings are all in weight multiples 
of 12, the grain being taken as the unit In the collection, how- 
ever, submitted to the Academy, only 11 out of 137 specimens 
proved to be multiples of 1 2 ; duplicates of the same weights occurred 
in 1 2 instances only, and 3 specimens were of equal weight, proving, 
as it is believed, that no graduated scale was observed for regulating 
the current or commercial value of these ornaments. They might 
doubtless have served for purposes of barter in a rude state of 
society, when no established circulating medium existed, and may thus 
have been a substitute for money. Their primaiy intention appears 
to have been unquestionably that of personal decoration. The loca- 
lity where this remarkable hoard was found had been the scene of 
sanguinary conflicts between the O'Briens and the Danes, from the 
ninth to the eleventh century ; the ancient annals allude to settle- 
ments of the Northmen laid waste by the Irish, and rich plunder of 
gold, &c., thus obtained. It appears probable that the deposit may 
be attributed to as late a period as the eleventh century, and that it 
may have been concealed by the Danes when driven from their 
island-fastnesses, or by the Irish after some victory over the 
invaders. At the period in question the district was the scene of a 
protracted struggle with the Danes. This remarkable treasure-trove 
has been estimated, two ingots of gold included, at more than ten 
jwunds in weight. The portion exhibited was sent by permission of 
Messrs. West, of Dublin, by whom it had been purchased. — The 
Bell of St. Patrick, attributed to the fifth century, with its shrine 
or case most elalx)rately ornamented, and supposed to be a work of 
the eleventh century, as appears by an inscription on the back of 
the shrine. A Memoir, acx'ompanied by elaborate representations of 
this bell, has ])een published by the Rev. W. Reeves, D.D., and 



FOUND IN IRELAND. 57 

gives the fullest details regarding its history. Twenty-six photo- 
graphs of antiquities in the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy, 
executed by Mr. K K Tenison, with the view of testing the 
advantages of applying photography to the fonnation of pictorial 
catalogues of such collections. With these were exhibited the series 
of coloured drawings of the Academy*s Collections, comprising the 
most complete exemplification of the antiquities of Ireland of every 
period. These drawings, forming fifty-three large sheets, are of the 
same size as the originals. the rev. j. h. todd, d.d. 

rresident of the Royal Irish Academy. 

A facsimile electrotyped model of the Shrine of St. Manchan, 
a specimen of Irish metal-work attributed to the seventh century, 
and preserved in a chapel at Boher, in the parish of Lemanaghan, 
in the diocese of Ardagh. A description of the shrine has been given 
by Mr. Alexander Nesbitt.^ This model was executed by Dr. Alex- 
ander Carte, Director of the Museum, Royal Dublin Society. 

MR. JOHN LENTAIGNE. 

A richly ornamented Armlet, and four penaunular Brooches, 
ornamented with riband patterns. mr. Joseph mayer, f.s.a. 

Antiquities of stone, bone, and bronze, comprising a spear-head, 
flint weapons, arrow-heads, &c., from Antrim and Morganshill ; and 
various implements of bone, from Easton Hill, county Down. 

JOHN THURNAM, M.D., F.S.A. 

Two Silver Brooches, of the penannular type, richly chased and 
decorated ; a fiat circular brooch of the Scottish fashion, elaborately 
engraved, and a silver bodkin of remarkable rich and curious work- 
manship. ' They were formerly in M^jor Sirr's collection, in Dublin, 
and subsequently passed into that of the late Mr. C. Eirkpatrick 
Sharpe, by whom they were submitted to the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland, January 24, 1848. These highly beautiful ornaments 
are now in Lord Londesborough*s possession. mrs. Bedford 

^ Sec Archaological Journal^ vol. x. p. 73. 



ir 



58 ROMAN AND 



ROMAN AND ROMANO- BRITISH ANTIQUITIES. 

The remarkable relic of Roman times, in connexion with Northern 
Britain, known as the Rudge Cup, found in 1725, on the site of 
a Roman building at Rudge Coppice near Froxfield, Wilts, in the 
course of excavations made by the Earl of Hertford, afterwards Duke 
of Somerset and created Earl of Northumberland, a very zealous 
patron of the antiquarian taste which arose at that time. LethieuUier 
states, in a letter to Mr. Wise, dated May 25, 1726, that Lord Hert- 
ford had given him an account of the discoveries made during the 
previous year at Rudge : — " A farmer having noticed some foun- 
dations through a large tract of ground, his lordship immediately 
ordered some labourers to search among them, and it was not long 
before they came to a tessellated pavement, 17 feet long and 15 feet 
wide, of which a drawing has been taken and since engraved. Not 
far from the pavement a well was discovered, but filled with rubbish ; 
in the clearing of which they found several bones of beasts, four or 
five human skeletons, and some medals of the lower empire ; but, 
what is most curious, is a brass cup, about four inches in diameter 
and three deep. The outside of it is wrought, and has been enameled 
with red, blue, and green. "^ LethieuUier proceeds to describe the 
inscription. Horsley, in his Britannia Bamana, published in 1732, 
first produced representations of the Rudge Cup, with a statement of 
the opinions of Grale and baron Clerk regarding it.*-^ " Though the 
print of this antique cup," Horsley remarks, " was but in few hands 
before, yet his lordship, out of his great humanity and strict regard 
to good letters, readily consented to have it inserted in this collec- 
tion, and favoured me with a sight of the original. The bottom of 
the cup is broken off from it, but is yet also in his lordship's pos- 
session." The inscription around the rim presents five names of 
places, which, although not satisfactorily identified, are undoubtedly 
stations on the line of the Roman Wall in Northumberland, or 
adjacent to it. The precise reading of the inscription is as follows : 

A . MAIS ABALLAVA VXELODVM CAMBOGLANS BANNA. Some traCCS 

of enamel may be perceived in the cavities of the work ; the colours 

* See Hoare's Ancient Wills, vol. ii. p. 122. 

* See Iiiscrlj7tion8, Wiltshire, No. 75, and p. 329. 






1 

'I 



•» . , .-t 



< ! •• . 



I I' ' 
. • lilt 



» I 






1 1"- .' 






t, .«■.)• 



I i>]t 



■ . 'N'. . . 



.1 ly.^j. 



1 ' 



f . 



t • 






- ' ,• •!; 



3.} 



il.-. 



..f 



I i *■ 



' > . * 



I' . I 



^ . '^ V 



I • ■ L 




Reman Reiaains ai, Kud^e, Wiltshire in rt: 



H-MfaSHBAaFiW 



iLaovM'e&MsorsiLgim'ssiifi 



ROMANO-BRITISH ANTIQUITJES. 



59 



being a dull red, turquoise, and full smalt-blue. The process of art 
is the champleve, of which few examples of that early period exist ; 
the vase found in one of the Bartlow tumidi being that most worthy 
of mention.^ In the Museum of the Collegio Romano at Rome, 
there are three silver vessels of cylindrical form, resembling miliary 
columns, each of them engraved with the Itinerary of the stations 
between Cadiz and Rome. They were found in 1 852 in the " Acque 
Apollinare," the ancient baths at Vicarello, with votive vases, medals, 
and other relics, which had been thrown into the reservoir as offer- 
ings to Apollo and the Nymphs who presided over the waters. The 
fact that the Rudge Cup had been found in a well might possibly 
be significant of some similar cultus of divinities associated in ancient 
times with springs and waters. Numerous votive vases, found in 
the source of the Seine, are described in M. Baudot's Rapport on 
Discoveries made by the Government Commission, Paris, 1845. 
A very peculiar Gold Ring, found at Colchester, near Corbridge, 
Northumberland, the Roman Corstopitum. The locality known as 
Corburgh, Carchester or Colchester, is supposed to be the site of 




m fa 




Gold Rinft found at CorBtoinium, 



the Roman town, and rumed buildings remain in many places ; gold 
coins and numerous relics have been found. It has been questioned 
whether this relic is of the Roman period, but the well-known 
Roman name aemilia, accompanied by the Greek word f^o-ctas, 
ZESE8, vivas, which occurs repeatedly on Roman relics of the early 
Christian age, appears to connect this ring with the Roman period. ^ 



' Archaologia^ vol. xx. pi. xxxv. 

' See Buonarnioti, Oasen^nzioni sopra alnmiframmenti di vetro, Firenze, 1716, 
pp. 204, 205, tav. 28, &c. 



GO ROUAN AND 

The letters are pierced with conrader&ble skill ; foliated ornaments 
are introduced st intervals. The weight is 75 grains. A gold ring 
of Roman fashion, found at Stonham Aspal, Suffolk, bore the in- 
scription OAYMIIEI ZHCAlC an aspiration for long life to Olympia. 
Bronze Relic, found with Roman remains at Halton Chesteis, Nor- 
thumberland, the HuMNUM of the Notilia, " Per lituam Valli." 
Its use has not been satisfai^rily ascertained, but it has been con- 
sidered, with some degree of probability, to have been part of the 
head of a standard. It consists of a massive ring, 3^ inches in 
diameter, with lat«ral projections or anleniue, surmounted by three 
convex disks. It had been apparently fixed to a pole by an iron 
tang, soldered into the bronze. (See woodcut.) Antiquities found in 




excavations at Rochester, the Roman Bkeueniuh, Northumberland, 
in 1853, and of which a detailed account is given by the Rev. Dr. 
J. Collingwood Bruce, in the Trantaetion* of the meeting of the 
Aich»ological Institute at Newcastle, vol. i. p. 135. Amongst the 
objects exhibited were a perforated brouEe ornament, which may 
have been attached to a standard ; it bears the Roman eagle in the 
' OentUman'i Magasine, vol. Iikxi. put ii. p. 5IG- 









4 



!i 






y 



/ 



i 



V. 



% 



/ 






'.^. 



■V-.'^JT 






s 



H 



, ■•*' w t 



ROMANO-BRITIBH ANTIQUITIES. Gl 

centre, surrounded by the inBcription, goh optime maxims. Beads 
of glass, a ring and a pin of jet, the head of the latter cut in facets 
and highly polished. the duke of nobthumbebland, k.g. 

Antiquities chiefly found in Northumberland, in the neighbour- 
hood of the Roman Wall. A bronze colander or trulla ; the weight 
of a plumb-line or psrpendiculum, of the same metal ; 
a small bronze eagle ; bronze bow-shaped fibulse ; and 
the bottom of a bronze skillet, formed with concentric 
circles in high relief. It was found in a laige camp, 
called the " Guards," near the river Aln, at Bolton, and 
was presented to the Antiquaries of Newcastle by Sir 
David Smith. Fragments of Samian vessels, with designs 
in relief ; also some iron implements, tongs, or pincers, 
found at Lanchester, Diu-ham. They are figured in Dr. 
Bruce*s Roman Wally p. 433, pi. xvii., 2d edition. A 
remarkable iron javelin, or barbed spear-head, found at 
a depth of 36 feet in a well at Carvoran (Magna), a 
station on the Wall. (See woodcut.) It measures 21^ 
inches in length, and is supposed to have been used as 
a missile weapon, resembling the angon of the Franks. 
A gilt cast from the silver dish or lanx, found in 1735 
near Corbridge, and now in the possession of the Duke 
of Northumberland.^ A portion of a set of fifteen gold 
beads, strung on a metal wire, and found under a cairn 
on Chesterhope Common, in the manor of Redesdale, in 
1814. They were presented by the Duke of Northum- 
berland, and are figured in the Archa?ologia jEliana, 
vol. L p. 1. 

the society of antiquaries of NEWCASTLE. 

A Bronze Capsule, in form resembling a little basket, |l 
covered by a lid afi&xed on a hinge at one end, and fastened 
by a small sliding bolt at the other. It was found, as it is believed, 
in Scotland, but the facts connected with the discovery have not been 
recorded. The operculum is wanting. Another specimen was found, 
in very damaged condition, at Hoddam, Dumfriesshire, near the line 

* See Bruce*8 Soman Wall, pp. 311, 226. 



G2 ROMAN AND 

of Roman way, and in the vicinity of the station of Birrens, with the 
extensive entrenchments on Brunswark, or Birrenswark, Hill. Tlie 
fragments of this object were in the late Mr. Kirkpatrick Sharpens 
collection, and are now in the British Museum. Another, in perfect 
preservation, now in Mr. Clayton's Museum at Chesters, Northum- 
berland, was found at Thomgrafton, Northumberland, containing 65 
Roman gold and silver coins, from Claudius to Hadrian. It has 
been figured in Mr. Akerman's Boman Coins relating to Britain, and 
in Dr. Bruce's Boman Wall, p. 4 1 6. A fourth example, found in a 
cairn in Famdale, Yorkshire, is figured in the ArchcBological Journal; 
vol. viii. p. 89. It has been supposed, with much probability, that 
these capsules were intended to be used as purses, or receptacles for 
small objects of value, and that they may have been worn on the arm, 
like armillcB, the dimensions being well suited for such a puri>ose, 
whilst it is obvious that perfect security would be obtained by the 
pressure of the arm upon the curved plate forming the lid of the 
capsule, and this lid appears, in all instances, to have been attached 
by a hinge or bolt, and fastened by a catch, as above described. 

THE SOCIETY OP ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND. 

A similar Bronze Capsule or Arm-Purse, found in the station 
of Amboglanna, Birdoswald, on the Roman Wall in Northumber- 
land, and in most perfect preservation. (See woodcut.) It has 
been suggested that these singular relics may be identical with 

certain objects represented as carried 
in the right hand in ancient sculp- 
tures. Compare the figure at Sens, 
supposed to be a memorial of a 
Gaulish legionary soldier.^ 

REV. J. COLLING WOOD BRUCE, LL.D. 




A Bronze tassel-shaped Fibula, 
found with Roman remains at Great 
Chesterford, Essex, in a cinerary urn. 
It is of a type very rarely found in 
Britain, and very similar to that figured by Lindenschmit in his 
GermaniscJie Todtenlager hei Selzeji, p. 19. An iron Caltrap, murex 

* See MilUn, Voyage dans le Midi, vol. i. p. 126, Atlas, j)l. xi. 



ROMANO-BRITISH ANTIQUITIES. 63 

or tribuliiSj of the form commonly used in mediaeval times, but 
rarely found with remains of the Roman age. It was found among 
Roman relics, in excavations made by Lord Braybrooke at Chester- 
ford, as described, Arcfuxological Journaly vol. vii. pi. 21. Caylus 
has figured a Roman caltrap, Recueily tom. iv. pi. 98. 

THE LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

A remarkable Bronze Statera, found in 1855, in digging foun- 
dations for the new schools at Watermoor, Cirencester, within the 
ancient walls of Corinium. It has been deposited in the Museum 
erected at that town by the Earl Bathurst. The complete apparatus 
of hooks and chains, with the leaden counterpoise weighing about 
71b., was discovered in very perfect condition. In construction and 
general fashion it resembles the statera found likewise at Corinium, 
and figured in the Illustrations of Bmnan Remains^ by Professor 
Buckman and the Rev. C. Newmarch, pp. 100, 105. The speci- 
men exhibited is of larger dimensions, and very skilfidly constructed. 
It was found with Roman pottery, hand-mills, and other relics of 
the same period. Also a collection of coloured tracings from the 
mosaic pavements, found at Cirencester, described in the work before 
cited. These facsimiles, executed by Mr. Cox of that town, are 
of the full size of the original mosaics, which are now preserved in 
Earl Bathurst's Museum. professor buckman, f.g.s., f.s.a. 

A Bronze Galeated Head, of remarkably fine workmanship, 
probably the sliding weight or cequipondium of a statera, or one of 
the imperial busts which were attached to military standards. It 
measures in height 8 inches. It was found in the parish of Cottenham, 
Cambridgeshire, in digging gravel. Large quantities of fragments of 
ix)ttery have been brought to light at the spot, with broken quern - 
stones. It appears to have served as a place for the deposit of rubbish, 
and is near the ancient water-course, supposed to be part of the 
southern extension of the Car Dyke. the rev. samuel banks. 

A Bronze Relic, of unknown use, ornamented with a plaque of 
metal, enameled with bright blue and light green, in zigzag patterns. 
Described as having b(?en dug up in the parish of Kinglassie, Fife- 
shire, and supposed to be part of tlie harness of a Roman chariot. 

THE FlFFJiHIRE UTERARY AND ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, CUPAR. 



64 



HBDtiGVAL AWTIQU1TIB8. 



FragmentB of Hortabu, of brick-red coloured ware, fuund at the 
station of Biireiis, Dumfriesshire. AJHO a bronze bowl, found at 
Ewart, near Wooler, Northumberland, of uncertain date ; it has been 
attributed to the Roman period, but may be a Saxon Gabnta, or hang- 
ing basin. the tweedsidr antiquakian society, kelbo. 

A Bronze Eaole, stated to have been found near the extensive 
Ruman entrenchmenta at Ardoch. bib p. h. thkeipland, bart. 



MEDIiKVAL ANTIQUITIES, PRINCIPALLY FOUND IN NOBTB 

BRITAIN, HIGHLAND RELICS, AND MISCELLANEOUS 

OBJECTS OF LATER PERIODS. 



A Battle-axe, described as of iron, coated with bronze, discovered 
n 1785, in draining the moraaa at Bannockbuni, and considered to 
be a relic of the Bruce's vic- 
Jt^ £\ toiy there, June 23, 1 3 1 4. It 

^^L__«ri^ '^ ^ measures 8| incheB in length, 

4} inches in height. Also the 
central portion of a double 
atone mould for casting metal 
buckles, apparently of the me- 
diteval period. It measures 4^ 
by 3^ inches. It was found at Dalkeith amongst the remains of a 





small circular htiildin};, with bnnen, ashee, and rhan;oal, at a conaider- 
ivhle depth. the sotiETY of antiquarirs of Scotland. 



ANCIENT VESSEI^ OF METAL. C5 

A tripnd Oa MP Kettle, of mixed metal ■ diameter 4J inches, 
length of handle 5^ : described aa " dug up wliile casting a drain 
on the fann of Daireie, FifsHhire," in 1850 : alwtit the sarae time 
nnother of larger size was found on the East Lomond Hill, and it 
is now at Falkland House. 

S BHAW, CAaTLBTIELD TOWER, CUPAR. 



A tripod Cahp-Kettle, of mixed metal, found near ClariUw, Box 
burghshire. Diameter at the mouth 5f inches, height 8J. A tripod 
pot, and a dish of metal, described as bronze, found at a consider- 
able depth, at Hume- 
byres, near Stitchel, Ber- 
wickshire. Also an iron 
caltrap, found in " the 
C'ampfield" of Sunlaws, 
in Roxburghshire, and 
closel; resembling that 
figured, p. 62, ante. A 
dagger, found at Max- 
wellheugh ; and a brass 
ewer or ifiittiirninm, 
supposed to have been 
discovered in Roxburgh- 
shiie, and presented to 
the Kelso Museum by 
Mr. Douglas of that 
place. It is remarkable 
as bearing a bilingual 
inscription, in Flemish 
()) and French, around 
the mouth, in characters 

of the fifteenth centiity, "'*" ^'''" '"""'"' """ '""■ '''" "' -"' ""' 
aa follows; nttml toaliT, and prcnbes Icabt — take the water; 
an invitation resembling that inscribed on a brass ewer here figured, 
found in Norfolk,' venez . layer. The ewer exhibited differed from 
this in form, being cylindrical, without feet ; it is possibly of Cologne 
manufacture. Diameter at the mouth C^ inches, height 6| inches. 
the tweedside physical anu antiquarian society, KEIitO, 

' See Archeeol. Jimrnal, vol. liii. p 71. 




66 ME1II.SVAL ANTIQUITrE8. 

A tripod Metal Pot, witli haudle and spout, rexembling t)it; 
luodem coffee-put Height nearly inches, diameter at the mouth 
3| inches. It was found with portions of a shallow metal vessel of 
larger size, near Dean;, Stirlingshire, in cleaning a fleld-dimn. Near 
these remains lay a fragment of an imn aword. The discovery 
occurred near a camp, which commands an extensive view of Anto- 
nine'a Wall, Castlccary, the " Lang Causeway,'' and other vestiges of 
Roman times. This intrenchment is concealed by woods, and does 
not appear to have been noticed. The metal relics had come into 
the possession of the Crown as " treasure-trove." Certain singular 
tales and traditions regarding an inscribed kail-pot, discoveries of 
treasure deposited in such vessels, &c., may be found in Mr. Cham- 
bers' Popular Rki/m^' of Scot/anit, pp. 39, 40. 

THE QUEEN '» REHEMBRANCER-GENERAU 

A tripod Bronze Pot, from Bdinghatn Castle, in the parish of 
Urr, Kirkcudbright. mk. r. w. train, oreenook. 

A two-handled tripod Camp-Kettle, of bronze, found among a 
■juantity of human bones, in a bank at the east side of CuUoden Muir, 
by n person searching for relics of the conflict in 1745. Height 
■'i^ inches, diameter at the mouth 4 inches. It was stated that 
the feet were of tlie unusual length of 1 8 or 20 inches, two of them 
remaining entire when the vessel was found, but they were broken off 
by the finder. This account, however, is very questionable. Nume- 
rous vessels of mixed metal, 
both caldrons and tripod pots, 
n form not dissimilar to the 
) coffee-pot of recent times, have 
' been found in North Britain, 
Iso in Northumberland and 
in other localities, and they 
have frequently been de8Cril>ed 
IS Roman. Several specimens 
thus designated exist in the 
r Uuseum of the Antiquaries of 
Scotland,' and in other coUeetions : they have been noticed by Dr. 
Wilson,^ who evidently felt considerable doubt as regards their Roman 

' See SffPOjaia, p. .50, edit. 1849. * See PrthUtoric AnnnU, p. 276. 




ANCIKNT VEBSBLB OF MBTAb. 67 

origin. Of two speciinen§ here %ured, oDe iu imperfect state existH 
in the Antiquarieti' Museum, the other, of unusua] and ungrace- 
iiil fashion, is preserved at Dalmahoj House, Compare also the 
caldrons and tripod pot figured iu Dr. Bnice's Roman Wall, pis. xvl, 
Jtvit, p, 434, Of caldrons or camp-kettles one example only appeals 
to have been noticed with any strong probability of its Soman origin. 
This is the bronze vessel found at Catterick, Yorkshire, with a uod- 
siderable deposit of Roman coins, and now in the possession of Sii' 
W. LawsoD, Baronet.^ All the vessels of mixed metal to wbiuh 
these observations refer are cast, not formed of riveted plates. 

THE HARIHCHAL COLLEGE, ABEBDEEN. 

A vessel of mixed metal, with a handle, but without any spout or 
feet, the bottom flat. Height »^ inches. " Found in a moss in the 
Highlands of Llumfus." Also a flat annular brooeh of metal, with 
engraved ornaments, from Caithness. hr. a. hehry rhind, p.s.a. 



A Bhonze Ewer, ir 
fore-legs are broken otf. 



form of a lion, dug up at PoUoc. The 
It is mentioned in Dr. Wilson's PrthUUiru: 
Antiah, p. 556, with a 
notice of other examples 
iu Great Britain and in 
Denmark. One of thfeKe 
ewers, resembling that 
exhibited, with the ex- 
cejttion of the singular 
head of a stag protrud- 
ing from the breast, is 
here figured. It was 
in the collection of tlie 
late Mr, C. Kirkpatrick 
Sharpe, and is now in 
the British Museum. Another lion-ewer was in the possession of the 
late Mr. £ Drummond Hay. Notices of mimerous objects of tliis 
description are given in the AnJutoloijifalJiiurml, vol, xvi. p. 280. 
SIR JOHN maxwrll, baronet, of POLIAM'. 




"alulofiue of the Muieum, a 



.IngiiftW liiKtiliitc nt Y..rk,ii 



68 MEDIiKVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

A RoNDACUK, of remarkable construction, sometimes designated 
Hotspur's Buckler. It was found, about 1785, on the Battle- 
field near Shrewsbury, and has thus been associated with the memory 
of the gallant Henry Percy, there slain by an arrow, 21st July, 
1403. It measures in diameter 13^ inches, the convex spiked umho, 
within which is the handle, 5 inches ; it is formed with several 
layers of stout leather, strongly compacted together by means of brass 
rivets passing through narrow concentric plates or bands of metal, 
and other bands which radiate from the centre boss, thus forming a 
fret- work over the entire outer surface, which is slightly concave. 
There are 14 rows of rivets. The general fashion and construction 
may be best understood from the accompanying woodcuts, represent- 
ing another buckler of this curious type, similar in abnost every 
respect, with the exception that there are concentric rings only, 
which are broader and less numerous, being only seven, whilst the 
diameter is greater, 1 6^ inches. Bucklers of this fashion are rare, 
and none exist in the Tower Armory. A few other examples are pre- 
served in Shropshire, possibly relics of the battle of Shrewsbury ; 
there is also one figured in the Vetusta Monumenta, vol. ii. pi. 20 ; 
it was found at Hendinas, near Oswestry, Salop. Another, of smaller 
dimensions, with the arms of France and England, quarterly, upon 
the boss, and the dragon and greyhound as supporters, may be seen 
in the Mus^ de TArtillerie, at Paris, and it is figured in Carr^, 
Panopliey pi. xvL p. 392. A two-handed sword, of unwieldy pro- 
lK)rtioas. The blade is inscribed w4th the following distich : — 

I WIL VENTER SELFE IN BATELL STRONG 
TO VINDICATE MY MASTERS WRONG. 

This remarkable weapon was obtained a few years since from the 
Hermit of Barnard Castle, Durham, a person who had been per- 
mitted to take up his dwelling among the ruins of that fortress. 
He stated that he had it at the dispersion of the effects of Miss 
Lees, at Staindrop Hall, where, for time out of mind, it had occupied 
a place among the spits over the kitchen range. It is now at 
Alnwick Castle. the duke of Northumberland, e.g. 

Broad-swords, daggers, and other weapons, a circular target, 
ornamented with brass studs, and described as " Rob Roy's Buckler," 
from the collection of Mr. A. Le<*kie, of Paisley ; an old Scottish 






1 X 






• * 



/ 



.»/ 




\ 



V 



V 






i. 



^' 



V 



\ 



■> 



« 









; . 



f 
v.* • 

I J* 



/ 



* • > 

4' 



•s* t 1 



J ".• ! 



1 ..> , 



• t 1, 



.» :J 



I ) 



■I li'} 1-v-i h' 

■■ rv. ■ >• . \ •. >• • ■ 



\ 



:1 .-sV. 



(■■):••> 



.\ . r 






1 \- 

V V , I 



< ' i 



••'1 II 






. !• ' h k i", i.K N- -Jrt h I \* ^'i . : "^ :• '..• 



»> 1 1- I 



, .• t 



,» w < 



M* 



.' » ' . 



ARMS AND ARMOUR. 69 

halbard, engraved Highland brooches, and other relics from the same 

collection. the marquis of breadalbane, 

Pres. Soc. Ant. Scot. 

The Guy with which the " Good Regent" Moray was shot, 
aj9 it is stated, by James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh. This act^of 
vengeance for cruelty inflicted upon his wife waa committed in the 
High Street of Linlithgow, January 23, 1571. The assassin had 
concealed himself in the house of his uncle, the Archlishop of St. 
Andrews, and deliberately took his aim, as the Regent rode through 
the street on his way to Edinburgh.^ the duke of Hamilton. 

A two-handed Sword and a head-piece, fonnerly preserved at 
Clackmannan Tower, as having belonged to King Robert Bruce, by 
whose successor, David n., that stronghold, with the manor and 
other lands, were granted, in 1359, to his kinsman, Robert de Bruys, 
ancestor of the Bruces, barons of Clackmannan. According to local 
tradition, Robert Bruce had actually resided there, and certain ves- 
tiges had long been regarded with veneration, aa associated with his 
history ; among these were the sword and helmet ; the latter, however, 
is of a much more recent period, being, in fact, a barred head-piece 
of tie seventeenth century ; possibly it may have replaced some time- 
worn relic of an earlier age. The descent of the barons of Clackman- 
nan may be seen in Douglas's Baronage, p. 239. The line became 
extinct on the death of Henry Bruce of Clackmannan, in 1772. 
" His relict, Catherine Bruce," Douglas relates, " of the family of 
Newton, survived till 4 th November 1791, when she died by an 
accidental fall, at the great age of ninety-five. This truly venerable 
and respectable lady had in her possession a large sword and a helmet, 
said to have been used by King Robert Bruce at the battle of Ban- 
nockbum, both of which she bequeathed as a legacy to the Earl of 
Elgin, considering his lordship as the chief of the family. "^ By the 
kindness of the present noble possessor these relics were allowed to 
l)e transported to Edinburgh, from his seat at Broomhall, Fifeshire, 
where they are now preserved. A representation of the sword has 
been given l)y Mr. Henry Dnmimond, in the history of the Bruce 

^ See Tytler, Hint. Scot., vol. vii. p. 250. 

'•' See DouglHN* Peerage of Scotland^ vol. i. p. 513: Statist. Account^ vol. xiv. 
p. 635. 



70 



MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 



family, amongst his sumptuously illustrated monographs of '* Noble 
FamilUs.'' There exists also an 'etched portrait of the venerable 
Lady Clackmannan, in the margin of which are introduced the head- 
piece and the sword, with which, it is said, she would sometimes, in 
jocular ceremony, confer the honour of knighthood upon some guest 
at her hospitable Tower of Clackmannan.' the earl of elgin. 

A Powder Flask, formed of horn flattened and engraved with 
knot-work, circles, and ornaments, in which the character of much 
earlier work is preserved. Three Highland brooches, one of them 
measuring nearly 6 inches in diameter, engraved with knot-work, 
chevrony and other ornaments, in which likewise the types of a much 
earlier period are retained. the monteose museum. 



A collection of Highland Relics, consisting of a target, covered 
with leather embossed with representations of animals, and mounted 

in brass ; two sphorrans, with 
brass clasps ; two powder-horns, 
one of cuirbouilli, the other carved, 
and dated 1678 ; pistols, dated 
1 665, and a pair silver-mounted 
and richly ornamented, made by 
Alexander Shires, Old Meldrum, 
1 7 00 ; several dirks, broad-swords, 
and brooches ; a hunting-horn, for- 
merly in possession of the Fraser 
family ; and a pair of bagpipes 
of early construction, with two 
drones only. Also Scottish wea- 
pons and relics. A two-handed 
sword, with the peculiar recurved 
guard here figured, a form intend- 
ed to prevent the antagonist's 
sword from glancing ofi", and in- 
flicting a wound before the combatant recovered liis weapon. The long 
handle, sufficing to give a grasj) to both hands, and the cross-guard, 

* Mr. Billings gives a representation of thi» picturesque fortresH, now uninha- 
bited, in hifi Baronial Antiquities of Scotland, vol. i. pi, xxxiv. 




MISCELLANEOUS RELICS. 71 

fonning an acute angle with the blade, appear on the tomb at Kinkell, 
attributed to Sir Robert Scrimgeour, slain in 1 4 1 1 .^ A Lochaber axe, 
used by the Edinburgh Town-Guard ; a halbert, with its original tassel, 
found in a house in High Street, Edinburgh, which had been closed at 
the time of the Plague, in 1568 ; early fire-arms, spurs, daggers, &c. 
Several quaichs, of silver and of wood ; knee spinning-wheels, and 
other objects associated with usages of olden times. A remarkable 
salade, of the fifteenth century, probably of German workmanship, 
and a mentonni^re ; a brigandine jacket, in excellent preservation, 
similar to that in the Goodrich Court Armory, figured in Skelton's 
IffustrationSj vol. i.pl. xxxiv. MR. w. B. Johnstone, treas. r.s.a. 

A fine Two-handed Sword, a specimen which may be assigned to 
the fifteenth century. Notices of several Scottish weapons of this 
class may be found in Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annals^ p. 683, where 
a sword in possession of Mr. Greorge Seton is figured, as also the 
handle of the singular sword, with four diagonal guards, preserved 
at Hawthomden. MR. d. o. hill, sec. r.s.a. 



A miscellaneous collection of Scottish Relics : — An iron bacinet, 
of great strength and weight ; it was found in a crevice of the rocks 
in Braidwood Gill, Carluke, Lanark- 
shire, crushed so that the precise 
form cannot be ascertained, but it 
had apparently been ridged over the 
forehead, and it had a peak of iron 
on the crown, to which a crest or 
other ornament, such as is seen on 
early monumental effigies in North 
Britain, might be attached. The 
forepart is of great thickness. A 
bronze key, of good workmanship, 
found at Carluke ; horse-shoes, one 
of them found at a considerable depth, near the Roman way, Car- 
luke, the other at Kilcadzow ; an ancient iron implement, of singular 
fashion, like a trowel ; an iron anklet, ** a relic of the Heart of Mid- 

' See ArcfuBohgia Seotica^ vol. iii. p. 10, pi. iii. Compare seyeral sepulchral 
effigies and slabs figured in Mr. Graham's Antiquities of lona. 




TbuTtib Screws. Mus. of Soc. Ant. Scot. 



72 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIKB. 

Lothian," and u pur of thumbikins, resembling thoae in the Museum 
i)f the Scottish Antiquaries, figured on the previous page.* A itom- 
plete set of spinning tackle, rork, reel, Bpindles, and thworle, a relir of 
old times, rarely now to be found ; a pwr of " pennj-wedding forks," 
two-pronged anil brass hafted ; basket-hilted swords ; ancient time- 
pieces ; a wooden pepper-mill, and other objects of curious interest. 

HR. 1>. W. BANKEN, CARLUKK. 

Relics of the old Town-Guaed of Edinburgh, which existed regu- 
larly from 1606, but had been called forth on previous occasions ; 
they consisted of halbert^ a Lochaber axe, and ancient flags, &c. 
Also the standard measures, of brass and copper, the choppin, dated 
1 555 ; wine measures, and a box containing ell-wands, formerly 
used as standard measures at the Parliament House. The most 
recent bears the date 1663. the lord provost of f.dinburgh. 

Four anirient Banners, described as " the Banners of the Canon- 
gate," £<linburgh. mr. j. deck, baiuff of thb iasonoate. 

A Lochaber Axe, preserved at Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh. 

THE i:0VERNOR3 AND TREAHI'RF.R OF HEHIOT'm HOSFIT.IL. 

Wbaponh and Miscellaneous Reliph illustrating bygone fashions 
and usages in North Britain : — an axe, found in the ruins of Birse 
Castle, Aberdeenshire ; Lochaber axes, from Killiecrankie and Cul- 




loden ; a powder-flask, formed of stag's horn, sculptured with the 
Judgment of Paris ; another (see cut), described as a Highland powder- 

' Sco notices of this implement of torture, Wilson's Pnhitlorie Anwtli, p. 
690 ; ColahfpK o/Miurum, Profeaiingt of A rchmol. fmlitute nt Cliiclieiil*r, 



MISCELLANEOUS RELICS. 



73 



horn, bearing the initals and date G. R. 1685. The ornamentation 

presents a remarkable example of the long-re- 
tained tradition of the forms of a very early 
period. The interlaced work, the knots and types 
of decoration which occur on the most ancient 
sculptured monuments in Scotland and Ireland, 
are found on dirks, brooches, and other High- 
land relics, as late even as the last century. 
Two sphorrans or Highland pouches, one of them 
silver-moimted, an object of rare occurrence ; a 
Highland pistol, of brass, dated 1G45 ; an " ale 
caup ; " and a risp or tirling-pin, from Leith 
Tower. Dr. Wilson, in his Memorials of Edin- 
burghy observes that this precursor of the knocker 
was still to be found on certain doors in the steep 
turnpike stairs of the old town. He has figured 
one from the Mint Close (vol. ii. p. 97), which pre- 
cisely resembles the specimen exhibited. The ring 
was drawn up and down the twisted iron rod, and 
thus produced a sound very audible to the inmates 
Several tirling-pios are preserved in the Museum of 




of the house. 

the Antiquaries of Scotland.^ 



MB. JAMES DRUMMOND, B.S.A. 



Highland Quaich, of wood, with a piece of glass inserted in the 
bottom, so that, as it is stated, the drinker might see through it and 
be on his guard against a treacherous blow whilst drinking. Two 
pair of Highland pistols, one marked, " Murdoch, Doune," the other 
" Campbell, Doune." mr. j. whitefoord Mackenzie, f.s.a. scot. 

Highland Pistol, described as having belonged to M^'or Weir, 
a miscreant celebrated in the annals of Scottish superstition and 
sorcery, and still more notorious for the atrocious crimes which led 
to his being condemned to be strangled and burned between Edin- 
burgh and Leith, April 14, 1670. He had served in quelliDg the 
Irish rebellion of 1641, and subsequently attained to the rank of 
m^or in the Town-Guard of Edinburgh.^ Also Donald McGregor's 

^ See SipMpsUf p. 139> 

^^ See Dr. Wilson's Memorials, vol. ii. p. 215 ; Mr. Chambers' Minor Anti- 
quUie$f p. 82, &c. 

K 



74 MEDLSVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

broadsword . he was one of Prince Charles's zealous followers, and 
after the Prince's escape he was hanged in the Grassmarket for steal- 
ing five sheep. mb. j. archibaIiD campbell, edu^buboh. 

Two Basket-hilted Swobds, one marked, " Andbea • Febaba," 
the blade double-edged ; it was formerly in the possession of the 
Campbells of Glenlyon ; the other single-edged, a relic of Culloden. 
An iron caltrap, found in the ford of Frew, in the river Forth, and 
supposed to be one of those thrown into the river to injure the horse 
of the young Chevalier, after the battle of Falkirk, when the Prince 
retreated towards the north, January 17, 1746.^ 

the abbuthnot museum, petebhead. 

A Double Cannon, described as found in a moss-hole in the park 
at Monzie Castle, near Crieff, Perthshire. The two guns are placed 
side by side on a strong bed, to which the trunnions are firmly 
attached. They are formed of stout iron-plate, welded together 
and riveted, and hooped round at intervals ; the cannon were encased 
in a covering of strong cord lashed round them, the whole being 
coated with leather, of which a considerable portion remains towards 
the breech. Brass plates are affixed over the touch-holes, on the 
leather, for its protection from the match. These rude specimens of 
early artillery measure 27 4 inches in length, the bore 2^ inches; the 
thickness of the iron at the muzzle is about ^-inch, and the margin 
of the muzzle is encased in brass-plate. In the Museum of the 
Antiquaries of Scotland a double cannon is to be seen, now mounted 
on a stock made by direction of Dr. Wilson ; it is reported to have 
been used by the famous Scottish admiral. Sir Andrew Wood, of 
Largo, in the reigns of James ni. and James iv. Some curious 
examples of the use of double cannon as field-artillery are given from 
a MS. of Froissart in the Imperial Library at Paris, in M. Viollet- 
le-Duc's admirable treatise on Military Architecture^ p. 152 ; Paris, 
1854. See also the ^^ canons junulles^^^ figured in De Vigne's 
Vade-mecum du Peintre, tom. ii. pis. c and d. In the Inventories 
of Artillery in Edinburgh Castle in 1566 and 1578 double cannon 
and double falcons are repeatedly mentioned. Collection of Inven- 
tories of tJie Royal Wardrobe (editetl by Mr. T. Thomson, 1815), 

* Sec Nimmo's History of Stirlingshire, p. 563. 



MISCELLANEOUS RELICS. 



75 



pp. 1 67, 248, 25 1 . A knife, traditionally stated to have been used at 
the murder of Archbishop Sharp, on Magus Moor, near St. Andrews, 
May 3, 1679. mr. Alexander campbell, of monzie. 

An unique Brioandine Head-piece, or cap of fence, of linen, 
with iron plates quilted within it. It was discovered at Davington 
Priory, near Faversham, Kent.^ mr. thomas willement, f.s.a. 



A specimen of the Jougs, an ancient instrument of punishment, 
consisting of an iron collar, attached by a chain 
to a pillar or tree, and forming the Scottish judi- 
cial appliance corresponding to the English vOlage 
stocks. The jougs are still to be found attached to 
the porches of some parish churches in North Britain, 
having been most frequently used for the enforce- 
ment of ecclesiastical discipline. The pair of jougs 
exhibited were found among the old wood of the 
church of Rothes, Morayshire, and were presented 
to the Cupar Museum by Mr. J. Forsyth. The 
pair here figured, precisely similar, were found 
imbedded in an old ash-tree in the churchyard 
of Applegarth, Dumfriesshire, as described in Dr. 
WilBorCa Prehistoric Annahy p. 690. 

Jougs, Applegarth. 
THE FIFE8HIRE LITERARY AND ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, CUPAR. 




An Iron Coffer or Forcer, stated to have been found at Cam- 
buskenneth Abbey ; a buckler, described as a relic of Culloden ; a 
Lochaber axe and a claymore ; a pair of hand-cuffs, from the " Heart 
of Mid-Lothian," and certain other relics of similar character. 

MR. J. N. PATON, DUNFERMLINE. 

The Drum used by the Porteous mob. Colonel Gardiner's blun- 
derbuss, given by Mrs. Inglis, his granddaughter, to the ancestor of 
the present possessor. mr. Hugh paton, Edinburgh. 



' See a detailed notice of defences of this nature Archasol. Jovmal^ vol. xiv. 
p. 345. Skelton's Illustrations oftJte Goodrich Court Armory^ pi. xxxiv. 



HIBOBLLANEOUS RELIC?. 



An Ikon Brank, fur the diacipline of scotds and refractoiy females. 
It ie marked with a W crowned, which has led to the suppodtion 
that it may be of the time of William ni. (See woodcut.) Several 
other examplea are figured in the Arcfueol. Joumnl, vol. xiii. p. 263, 




and they are to be found in Scotland.' The Scottish brank here 
figured precisely resembles that still to be seen in the elders' pew in 
St. Mary's Church at St. Andrews, and traditionally called the 
" Bishop's Branks," as having served in the tortures inflicted on the 
Presbyterians by Archbishop Sharp. mr. f. a. carrincton. 

A Wooden Chaie or " Stool of Repentance," and the coarse 
linen shirt, used in the enforcement of - ecclesiastical discipline. It 
appears, from its dimensions, to have been intended to receive a pair 
of penitents ; the back is upright, having repentance painted in 
white letters upon it. It is stated to have been formerly in the 
parish church of St. Andrews. Another gown of sackcloth, anciently 
in use iu the parish of West Oalder, is in the Museum of the Anti- 
quaries of Scotland. A pair of Thumbikius ; a Scottish qnaich, 
from the collection of the late Mr. 0. Kirkpatrick SLarpe ; and a 
high-heeled lady's shoe, of the faahion of the middle of the last 
century, with a clog attached to it. A singular wooden case, cow- 

' BfH Dr. Wilsnn'B Prfhintimc Ana^. p. 693. 



ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS. 77 

taining four trumps, or Jew's harps, with a snuff-mull in the centre. 
A (German cross-bow, fonped of stag's horn, elaborately engraved. 

MB. JAMES GIBSON CBAIG, F.S.A. SCOT. 

Pistol, one of the pair which Claverhouse wore in his belt when 
he fell : it was found with his body, after the battle of Killiecrankie. 

miss stibling gbaham. 



ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS, MANUSCRIPTS, AND REMARKABLE 
PRINTED BOOKS. (SEE ALSO STUART RELICS.) 

Charter, granted at Roxburgh in the year 1159,' by Malcolm 
(the Maiden) King of Scots, to the Tironensian Abbey of St. Mary 
the Virgin, and St. John the £vaiigeUst, of Kelso, confirming the 
grants which had been made to it by his grandfather, King David, 
its founder, by his father, Henry Earl of Northumberland, by the 
Earl Cospatrick, by Herbert of Macchuswel, by Hye and his son 
Peter, by Robert Fitz William, by Walter Corbeth, by Uctred of Moll, 
by Withce, by William Finemund, and by Richard Cumin. This 
charter, in point of writing and illimiination, is the finest now extant 
in Scotland. Its initial letter M contains miniature full-length portraits 
of the youthful granter, King Malcolm, and his aged grandfather. King 
David. These have been engraved in facsimile, as a frontispiece to 
the first volume of the Registrum Cartarum de KelsOy presented by 
the Duke of Roxburghe to the Bannatyne Club in 1846. That 
work contains also a facsimile of the charter, printed (with some cor- 
rections) from the copperplate which was engraved for Anderson's 
Diplomata Scotioe in 1739. the duke of boxburohe. 

Charter granted at Stirling between the years 1172 and 1189, 
by William (the Lion) King of Scots, to PhOip of Setune, of the land 
which was his father's, namely, Setune and Wintune and Wincel- 
burgh, for one knight's service. A fragment of the seal remains, 
suspended by a parchment tag. The Earl of Eglinton, in whose 
possession this charter is now preserved, is the representative of the 
Setons Earls of Winton. the earl of eglinton. 



78 MEDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

Chabter granted at Forfar on the 28th December 1202, by 
William (the Lion) King of Scots, to Robert the son of Maccus, of a 
carucate of land in the territory of Lesedwine (that, namely, which 
Herbert of Maccuswell, the king's sheriff, and Creoffrey, the clerk, 
delivered to him by the king's command), for a rent of twenty 
shillings yearly, and performance of all customary services, plough- 
ing and reaping excepted. 

SIR JOHN MAXWELL OP POLLOC, BART. 

Deed, dated on the 20th of June 1575, by which Mr. James 
Oreichtone of Cluny (better known as " The Admirable Crichton"), 
with consent of Mr. Robert Creichtoun of £liok, his father, appoints 
certain persons his procurators for resigning the lands of Cluny, in 
Perthshire, into the hands of the overlord, the Bishop of Dunkeld. 
Notices of the circumstances under which it was granted, and of 
some other incidents in the life of the Admirable Crichton, are 
given in the Proceedings of the Society of the Antiquaries ofScotlandy 
vol. ii. part i. pp. 103-118. A facsimile of the signatures of the 
Admirable Crichton, and of his father, is here given. 




THE EARL OF AIRUE. 

Liber Beati Terrenani ecclesie de Arbuthnot — a missal accord- 
ing to the use of the Scottish Church, in the diocese of St. Andrews, 
at the close of the fifteenth century. This volume, the property of 
the noble family of Arbuthnott, is a folio of 246 leaves of vellum, 
in the original binding. It is fairly written, and the illuminations 
are not without merit. They are confined to initials and borders, 
with one exception, a figure of St. Teman in the pontificals of an 



MANUSCRIPTS. 79 

archbishop, which fills one side of a leaf. On the page immediately 
before it, is a rudely versified colophon : — 

Altari Bummo Ternani presulis almi 
Presens Missale deuoti contribuere 
Robcrtus Daoides Arbuthnot air recolendas • 
Ac quondam Jacobus Sybbald uicarius Arbutbnot • 
Assidnis precibus presul defendere cures 
lam dictos famulos omnesque tibi famulantes 
Yt post banc uitam ualcant conscenderc sedem 
Qua tecum captent eterni munera regni • 
Veodens seu mutans tollens retinens alienans 
Istud ab ecclesia dicta maledictus ubique 
Sit ni peniteat illuc snbitoque reportet • 
Ecclesia maneat Arbuthnot bic liber iste • 

Another colophon towards the end of the volume runs thus : — 
" Anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo nonagesimo primo • die 
Februarii xxij® • Indictlone prima • pontificatus sanctissimi in Xpo 
patris et domini nostri Innocentij prouidentia diuina viij^ • anno 
viijvo • apud ecclesiam de Arbuthnot in laudem et honorem beatissimi 
confessoris Terrenani archipresulis gloriosissimi dicte ecclesie patroni 
hoc presens Missale per manum Jacobi Sybalde scriptum et com- 
pletum fauente Dei gracia finit feliciter." 

Robert Arbuthnott of that Ilk, at whose cost the Missal was 
written, died on the 3d November 1506. The death of the writer 
is recorded by a later hand in a blank (opposite to the 2 2d of 
August), in the kalendar prefixed to his Missal : " Nota obitum 
Domini Jacobi Sibbald quondam vicarii de Arbuthnot scribe public! 
satis correcti testantibus Missalibus huius ecclesie Sancti Terrenani • 
xj kalendas Septembris anno domini m™® v^ yjjmo . Qjemus omnes vna 
pro eo," etc. 

St. Teman was commemorated in the services of the Scottish 
Church as Archbishop of the Picts, of whom he is said to have been 
the apostle. The collect for his festival (the 1 2th of June) in this 
Missal runs thus : — <^ Deus qui Beatum Terrenanum Pictorum archi- 
presulem tua prouidencia sublimasti, ut Pictos in tenebris sue gentili- 
tatis errantes ad verum tue diuinitatis lumen perduceret : tribue 
nobis quesumus ut eius gloriosis precibus et mentis a presentis vite 
periculis et a gehenne incendijs liberemur." Tlie Breviary of Aber- 
deen relates that he was born of noble parentage, in the province of 



80 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

the Meams, the modern county of Kincardine, and that he was 
baptized and taught by St. Palladius, who (as Bede almost in the 
words of Prosper records) was sent by Pope Celestine to the Chris- 
tian Scots of Ireland in the year 431. (Jlist, Ecc. Gent. Ang, i. 13 ; 
V. 24.) Driven from that Island, he was cajst by tempests upon the 
shores of Albany, and died at Fordun in the Meams, in the imme- 
diate neighbourhood of the church afterwards dedicated to his dis- 
ciple St. Teman at Arbuthnott. St. Teman himself died at Ban- 
chory on the Dee, within his native province of the Meams. There — 
not far from a fresh-water lake, containing one of those stockaded 
islands known among the Irish by the name of crannoges — his 
bones were believed to be preserved until the Reformation, together 
with his bell called the Ronnecht, doubtless one of the square bells, 
such as those of Bimie, Cawdor, and others described in this Cata- 
logue, and his copy of the Grospel of St. Matthew, enclosed in 
a " tystyr^' or case of metal, plated, it would seem, with filigree 
of silver gilt (voluminibus metallo inclusis argento auro texto in 
superficie fabricatis). See the Registrum Episcopatus Aberdon- 
ensis, vol. i. pp. Ixxxvi., 327, 328, Edinb. 1845 ; Illustrations of 
the Toiyography and Antiquities of the Shires of Aberdeen and 
Banff vol. ii. pp. xiii., 50-54, Aberd. 1847 ; Breviarium Aber- 
donense, Prop. Sanct. pro tempore hyemali^ fol. cv. ; Proceedings 
of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland^ voL ii. part ii. pp. 264, 
265. 

The Book of St. Teman of Arbuthnott is now in the press, under 
the editorial care of the Right Reverend the Bishop of Brechin, and 
the Reverend G. H. Forbes of Burntisland. It is supposed to be the 
only complete Missal of the Scottish use now extant. So great was 
the care taken to destroy such works at the Reformation, that, as 
appears from a record in the Register House, six Missals which had 
belonged to Mary Queen of Scots were taken by the Regent Murray 
and burned with his own hands, — " Item tayne be my Lordis Grace 
and brint vj Mess Buikis." 

Psalter of the Chapel of Our Lady in the Parish Church of St. 
Teman of Arbuthnott, in the diocese of St. Andrews. This volume, 
the property of the noble family of Arbuthnott, is an octavo of 1 42 
leaves of vellum, in the original binding. The illuminations are 



MANUSCRIPTS. 81 

confined to a few borders and initials. It is fairly written, and, sa a 
colophon on the last leaf informs us, by the same ecclesiastic who 
afterwards wrote the Missal above noticed : " Hunc librum fecit scribi 
et finiri quarto die Marcij anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
octuagesimo secundo, Indictione prima, per manum Jacobi Sybbalde 
capellani, honorabilis vir Robertus Arbuthnot de eodem, filius quon- 
dam bone memorie ac Deo deuoti Dauid Arbuthnot de eodem ; 
quorum animabus propitietur Jhesus Christus • Amen." 

On the next page, in a dififerent and somewhat later hand, is 
written : — 

'^ Sit liber hie donee fluuios formica marinos 
Ebibat • et totum testudo perambulat orbem • 
Robertus de Arbuthnot • " 

An inscription, by a hand of the sixteenth century, on a blank 
leaf at the beginning of the volume, gives something more of its 
history : *< Liber iste Psalmorum Dauiticorum ad sacrum sacellum 
gloriose Virginis spectat, eidemque libere a Roberto Arbuthnot eius- 
dem fundatore traditus. Anno Domini 1506.'' This was the year of 
the founder's death. He had endowed the chapel a twelvemonth 
before by a charter which is recorded in the Registrum Magni 
Sigilli Begum Scotorum, lib. xiv. no. 112. The building, which 
still remains, is in the Scotch Second -Pointed style. It adjoins the 
south-west angle of the choir of the Romanesque parish church, and 
is of two storeys, the lower opening into the choir through a semi- 
circular arch. See Notes on Rem/iins of Ecclesiastical Architecture 
in Scotland^ p. 72. Edinb. 1855. 

The death of the father of the donor of the Psalter, and founder 
of the chapel, is recorded in the Ealendar on the 8th of October, St. 
Triduan's day : " Obitus beate memorie Dauid Arbuthnot quondam 
domini de eodem, qui [obiit] viij. die mensis instantis, anno Domini 
m**.cccc®.lxx®. Orate pro eo." 

A more recent hand has noted in the Kiidendar for September 
two disastrous days for Scotland. On the 7th, " The feild of 
Pynkecleich ves strovkin anno 1547 ;" and, on the 9th, " Obiit 
Jacobus quartus Rex Scotorum apud bellum de Floudane, 9 Septem- 
bris, anno domini 1513. Orate pro eo." 

Office of the Blessed Virp^in, which was uso<l in hor chaiK?! be- 



82 MEDIAEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

side the choir of the parish church of St. Teniaii of Arbuthnott, in 
the diocese of St. Andrews. Tliis volume, the property of the noble 
family of Arbuthnott, is a small folio of 80 leaves of velhmi in the 
original binding, covered with the ancient linen slip or cliemisetU. 
The original veils of silk or crape still remain to protect the illumi- 
nated pages. These are (1.) St. Teman, with the inscription, " Ymago 
Sancti Temani archiepiscopi cum cruce in manu ;" (2.) The Salutation, 
with the inscription, " Salutacio Beate Virginis ;" (3.) The Virgin 
and Child, without any inscription ; (4.) The Rich Man and Lazarus, 
also without inscription ; (5.) The Passion, inscribed " Ymago Cruci- 
fixi ;" (6.) The Holy Eucharist, without any inscription. These 
illuminations are rudely drawn, obviously by a different hand from 
that which illuminated the Missal. There is no resemblance between 
the St. Teman of this MS. and the St. Teman of the other. The 
volume appears to be written by the same ecclesiastic who wrote the 
Missal and Psalter. Its date is ascertained to be between the years 
1471 and 1484, by a rubric towards the end of the volume, 
beginning thus : — " Nota bene • Sanctissimus Dominus noster Papa 
modemus Dominus Sixtus quartus composuit quartam et quintam 
subscriptorum suffragiorum oratiunculas," etc. 

The blank leaves at the end of the book contain an obituary of 
the family of Arbuthnott, in a hand of the sixteenth century. The 
earliest death noted is that of Duncan Arbuthnot of that Ilk, in 
1314 ; the latest that of " Master Alexander Arbuthnot, sonne to 
Androw Arbuthnot in Pitcarlis, persoun, of that Hk, and Principall 
of the College of Aberdene, decessit 16 Octobris at nycht, 1583, 
quha was alswa persoun of Logy in Buchan." One of the deaths 
recorded is that of Master Patrick Arbuthnot, rector of Menmure 
and Newlandis, canon of Dunkeld, and physician in ordinary to 
James v. King of Scots. He died in 1540. It may be remem- 
bered that Dr. John Arbuthnot, the friend of Pope and Swift, was 
descended from this family, the honourable cait. arbitthnott. 

S. Thomas Aquinas de Veritate, a vellum MS. richly illuminated, 
with a colophon in the following words : " Hoc opus perfectum fuit 
per rae Philippum de Homodeis (or Homocleis) in loco Ingleuani, die 
primo mensls Scptombris m cocc.lxvj**.'' 

MR. PA VIP T.AIN(i, KEEPER OF THK LIBRARY 
OF THK WRITERS TO THK SKiNKT. 



MANUSCRIPTS. S'6 

Portion of a Bible printed " at the coste and charges of Rychanl 
Carmarden, 1566," with the words " for John Knox" added in 
modern type. The volume contains a signature, said to be that of 

Knox. MR. JOHN BALLANTYNE ROLLO. 

A volume of documents (Connected with the history of John 
Grahame of Claverhouse, Viscount of Dundee, arranged by Miss 
Stirling Grahame of Duntnme, the eldest cadet of the family of 
Claverhouse. The volume contains, among other original papers, — 
(1.) Commission (dated 25th December 1682) by King Charles ii., 
appointing John Grahame of Claverhouse colonel of a regiment of 
horse in Scotland ; (2.) Contract of marriage (dated 9th June 1684) 
between John Grahame of Claverhouse and Lady Jean Cochrane, 
daughter of the Earl of Dundonald ; (3.) Extract from a letter by 
King James vn. (dated 19th March 1685) to the Constable of 
Dundee, declaring the Constable to be first magistrate of Dundee ; 
(4.) Commission by King James vii. appointing John Grahame of 
Claverhouse to be major-general of all the forces in Scotland. 

MISS STIRLING GRAHAME. 

Original Documents and Letters relating to Scottish affairs, 
selected from the collections of Mr. Richard Almack, F.S.A., of 
Melford, Suffolk : — 1. Letter from King James vi., dated Holy rood 
House, April 14, 1587, to the Commendator of Dunfermling, inti- 
mating that " the great disordour qidiilk lies detenit us by dyet in 
Dunfreis and drawin us nearer the appointed day of convention then 
we lypplint" (or lyppinit ? — expected, trusted to) "at the purpos 
making, has movit us to prorogate the same to the tent day of 
may ;" and urging attendance at Holyrood on that occasion. — 
2. Letter from Sir Archibald Johnston, of Wariestown, Knt., to the 
first Eari of Elgin, 28th March 1645.— 3. Petition of George Seton, 
Earl of Winton, a minor, by his uncle and tutor. Viscount Kingstone, 
to the Parliament Conmiissioners, praying to be relieved from a fine 
of £2000 sterling, inflicted under the Act of pardon and grace, in 
1654 ; with several certificates appended. — 4. Petition of Sir John 
Achmuty, of Gosford, to the Parliament Commissioners, praying to 
be relieved from a fine of £1000 sterling : also a letter from Sir 
Alexander, his son, mentioning his father's sufferings for Ids con 



84 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

stant adherence " to his late M^esty, of glorious memory," April 
20, 1670. — 5. Letter from Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin, to the 
Earl of Lauderdale, then a prisoner in Windsor Castle, having been 
taken at the battle of Worcester, July 29, 1658. — 6. Letter from 
Sir Alexander Bruce, of Broomhall, afterwards Earl of Kincardine, 
November 17, 1674. — 7. Two Letters from the first Earl of Loudon ; 
the first when Lord Chancellor, dated December 9, 1 641 ; the second 
addressed to Charles ii., April 27, 1661. — 8. Letter from the sixth 
Earl of Caesilis to Charles ii., March 7, 1 661. — 9. Letter from Sir 
Archibald Primrose, Bart., Lord Register, January 28, 1661. — 
10. Letter from Robert Ker, first Earl of Ancrum, April 2, 1649. 
— 11. Letter from William Ker, Earl of Lothian, May 8, 1661. — 
12. Letter from Charles, second Earl of Ancrum, to the Earl of 
Lauderdale, dated London, July 14, 1663, announcing that the 
Duchess of York had given birth to a son, on Saturday night pre- 
vious, at a quarter past one : this was James, Duke of Cambridge, who 
died in 1667. This letter gives some particulars relating to Lord 
BristoFs trial, &c. — 13. Letter from Sir James Dundas of Amiston, 
December 1663. — 14. Letter from Hon. Sir John Drummond, of 
Logie Almond, April 6, 1664. — 15. Letter from George Sinclair, 
sixth Earl of Caithness, to John Leslie, sixth Rarl of Rothes, March 
28, 1665.— 16. Letter from the sixth Eari of Rothes to Charles ii., 
May 30, 1668. — 17. Warrant from the Duke of Monmouth to his 
keeper of Mooreparke, to deliver one fat doe of this season, 27 th 
October, 1670. — 18. Letter from Anne, Duchess of Monmouth, to 
the Duchess of Lauderdale, dated Whitehall, August 7 (prior to 
1682). Signed A. B. M. (Anne, Buccleugh and Monmouth.) She 
was daughter and heiress of the second Earl of Buccleugh, and was 
the Ladye of Branksome Tower, in the Lay of the Last Minstrel. — 
1 9. Protest by Robert Elliot, deacon of the Wrights of Edinburgh, 
against the election of Sir Andrew Ramsay as provost. Signed by 
way of affirmation, " as both lawfuU and necessar," by Sir George 
Mackenzie, King's advocate in Scotland, in the reigns of Charles ii. 
and James ii., and author of the Memoirs on tJ^ Affairs of Scotland. 
He was founder of the Advocates' Library. 

MR. RICHARD ALMACK, F.8.A. 

Original MS. of the treatise by Napier of Mercrirtoun, com- 



MAND8CRIPT9. 85 

posed prior to the year 1595, soil entitled, TIte Baroti o/ AftirUintoiin, 
Am BooJx of Arkhmetkie and Alffebra. " The algebraic portion of 
the treati»t U not finiehed, Napier having discovered his logarithmic 




invention in the course of writing this treatise. It is the oldest 
institute of numbers composed in Britain. Had Napier lived, hie 
logarithms would have been a. rliapter of it. The volume containfi 



8G MEDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

a diagram, in his own hand, of a triangular table for the extraction 
of roots : it is the same as Blaise Pascal's arithmetical triangle, 
devised about 1653, but of much more perfect construction. Ber- 
nouilli claims for Pascal, on account of this triangle and its powers, 
the original principle or idea of Newton's binomial theorem. But 
that claim, whatever its value, must be transferred to Napier, i^>on 
the evidence of this unpublished treatise." — (MS. Notes by Mr. Mark 
Napier.) Napier's diagram is here given (see last page), accompanied 
by a facsimile of his autograph.^ the lord n a pier. 

Two volumes of Diplomatic intelligence or Relazioniy sent by the 
Venetian Envoys to the Doge and Senate. A detailed account 
of the diplomatic communications of this nature relating to Great 
Britain, is given in the Introduction to the Italian Relation of 
England^ published in 1846, by the Camden Society, from the MS. 
in the Rev. Walter Sneyd's library. The transcripts at Greystoke 
Castle fill eight folio volumes ; amongst the contents may specially 
be mentioned a Report, entitled, " Delia natura de gi'Inghlesi et 
loro costumi," date towards the middle of the sixteenth century ; 
the Relatione of Daniele Barbaro, envoy to England in 1551 ; of 
Giov. Michele, ambassador at the court of Mary Queen of England, 
sent to the Senate May 1 3, 1 557 ; a " Discorso brevissimo del Regno 
d'Inghilterra," written apparently about 1568, and entering into 
considerable detail regarding the unfortunate position of Mary Queen 
of Scots ; a Report relative to the means of conquering Ireland, 
apparently late in the times of Elizabeth ; the Relazione of S. Giov. 
Molino in 1605 ; and an Italian version of the statement put forth 
concerning the Powder Plot. This curious series of transcripts is 
supposed to have been written about 1620, and it is probable that 
they were obtained by Thomas, Earl of Arundel, during his residence 
in Italy, where he devoted so much time and money to the collec- 
tion of works of art. He died at Padua in 1646. 

MR. HENRY HOWARD, GREYSTOKE CASTLE. 

An original Register, containing the drafts of Diplomatic De- 
spatches, written in 1571, by Monsignore Mirto, Papal Nuncio in 

* See a more full account of the triangle, Archaeol. Jo^jtrnal, vol. xiv. p. 260, 
where Pascal 'h triangle i« also given. 



MANUSCRIPTS. 87 

France, to the Cardinal Secretary of State at Rome. Tlie Register 
l)egins with a despatch, dated February 14, 1571 ; the latest in the 
series bears date December 19, 1571. Mirto sat in the Council of 
Trent (1545-63) as " Episcopus Calatinus," and was afterwards sent 
as Nuncio to Paris. The despatc^hes contain many interesting notices 
and details of the intrigues in France at that stirring time. The 
massacre of St. Bartholomew took place only eight months after the 
date of the latest entry in the volume. mr. j. p. lacatta. 

Original document relating to the cell of Lammana, Cornwall, 
subject to Glastonbury Abbey. It is the grant of Hascutus, son of 
John de Solenneio, confirming to the monks of that house the island 
of St. Michael of Lammana, about the close of the twelfth century. 
This document has been printed, with some inaccuracies, in the 
Appendix to Heame's edition of Adam de Bomerham ; in Dugdale*8 
Monastkon, vol. iv. p. 690, edit. Cayley ; and in Dr. Oliver's Mo- 
nasticon Dioc. Exon., p. 70. The seal has been lost : a seal of 
Hascutus or Hasculfus de Solenny is figured in Dom Morice's Hist 
de la Breta^ne^ vol. iii. — Letter of fraternity to John Pampyng, 
granted by the Minorites of Winchester, in 1479. — Printed Letter 
of Indulgence, granted to John Pampyng by John de Gigliis, or de 
Liliis, apostolic sub-deacon, dated March 13, 1489. He had autho- 
rity from the Holy See to absolve from all crimes, with certain 
exceptions, the principal being striking the clergy ; he thus obtained 
large sums of money. He became Archdeacon of Gloucester and 
London, and was ap^iointed, by papal bull, Bishop of Worcester, 
1497 ; he was enthroned by proxy, and died at Rome, where his 
tomb exists in the English College. 

SIR WALTER TREVELYAN, BART. 

Manuscript Itinerary of the reign of King Henry iii., chiefly 
compiled from public records in the Tower, by Mr. T. Duft'us Hardy. 
A portion of this valuable Itinerary, so far as it relates to the visits 
of that sovereign to the northern counties, has been published in the 
ArcJuEol. Journal, vol. x\'. p. 115. The importance of such com- 
jiiL'itions, in the authentication of charters or the statements of (chro- 
niclers, has been hIiowii in Mr. Duffiis Hardy's Itinerary of tlio 
Reign of Kiii^ Jc»hn, printed in the Prefjue to the Patent Rolls of 



88 MEDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

his reign, as also by the MS. Itinerary of Edward i., compiled by 
the Rev. J. Stevenson. mr. william salt, f.s.a. 

Volume of Autographs of distinguished literary characters of 
the last century, being the subscription list for the publication of 
BrychofCs Heraldry, produced at Edinburgh in 1795. 

MR. G. MELVILLE, EDINBURGH. 

Manuscript volume by John Portman, 1623, giving examples 
of different styles of handwriting, as also the Alphabets of the prin- 
cipal languages throughout the world. 

MR. W. F. WATSON, EDINBURGH. 

One of the Common-place Books of the Poet Gray, formerly in 
the possession of Mason the poet. 

THE REV. JOHN HAMILTON GRAY. 

Four Documents, credential letters to the Shah of Persia, and 
diplomatic papers connected with the embassies in which John, third 
Earl of Hyndford, was engaged in the reign of G«orge ii. He was 
sent as envoy-extraoKlinary to the King of Prussia in 1741, ambas- 
sador to Russia in 1744, and he held the like distinguished function 
at the Court of Vienna from 1752-1764. dr. looan, Lanark. 



SEALS, COINS, AND MEDALS. (SEE ALSO STUART RELICS.) 

Six Matrices of Seals, all of them of brass. 1 . Cocket seal 
of Dunfermline ; the arms of Scotland, robertus dei gracia rex 
scotorum. Counter seal, St. Margaret ; s\ cokete regalitatis 
de dumfermlyn. Laing's Catalogue of Scottish Seals, Nos. 1190, 
1191. Supposed to have been executed about 1312 or 1320. 

2. Cocket seal of Melrose : the arms of Scotland -f- s' cokete • 
regalitats • sancte • marie • DE • MELROS. Lalug, No. 1194. 

3. Cocket seal of St. Andrews ; a figure of St. Andrew, very rudely 
executed. -^- sigillym cokete ctvitatis sancti andrie* 1566. 
Laing, No. 1196. 4. Common seal of the burgh of Kinlos ; pointed- 
oval, the only example of a Scottish municipal seal of that form. 
The device is the Virgin and infant Saviour, under a canopy, sup- 



MATRICES AND IMPRESSIONS OF SEALS. 



89 



ported by spiral columns ; on the haae is a crosier-liead, springing from 
u singular bell-shaped ornament, — S • regal it atis • de • kynlos. 
Laing, No. 1169. 5. Chapter seal of Dunkeld : St. Columba in 
})ontificab, seated on a throne ; an -angel on each side censes him. 
In the field is inscribed, s* colvmba. Legend, -|- s' capitvu • 
dvnkeld' . AD : CAVSA8 : ET : cet'a . NEGOCiA. Laing, No. 1016. 
A matrix identical with this is in the possession of Mr. James Dear- 
den, F.S.A., possibly an old and skilfully-executed casting from an 
impression of that here described. 6. Hospital of St. Anthony, near 
Leith : device, a figure of St. Anthony with the pig, tau-staff, &c. ; 

H. COMVNE • PRECEPTORIE • SANCTI . ANTHONII • PROPE • LEICHT. 

Pointed oval ; xvi. cent. Laing, No. 1 1 23. Duplicates, possibly 
casts, of Nos. 4 and 6 are in the British Museum. 

THE FACULTY OF ADVOCATES, EDINBURGH. 



GrOLD Matrix of the Privy Seal of Joan Beaufort, Queen of 
Scotland, a.d. 1424. It was found, in 1829, at West Green, near 
Kinross, in excavating foundations for a house built by the possessor 
of this valuable relic, which remains in his hands by authority of 
a Treasury letter, " remitting the right of the Crown.'* It had at 
one time been erroneously ascribed to James rv. or to his queen, 
Margaret Tudor ; the arms, however, are those borne by John Beau- 
fort, Earl of Somerset, whose eldest daughter married James i.. 
King of Scots. It bears a simple escutcheon of the arms of Scotland, 
impaling those of Beaufort, 
France, and England, quar- 
terly, with a bordure gobony . 
The weight is 15 dwts. : 
the reverse is formed with 
two semicircular plates, af- 
fixed by a hinge, so as to fall 
flat upon the upper surface, and, when raised and brought together, 
they serve to supply the place of a handle. Obscure traces of orna- 
ment may be discerned on the field around the escutcheon : these are 
not indicated in the woodcut.^ 

MR. J. W. WILLIAMSON, KINROSS. 

* See a more full notice of this seal, Archteol. Journ., vol. xiv. p. 64 ; Archteol. 
*Scoticft,/fo\, iv. p. 420. 

M 





90 



MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 



Bbass Matrix, found among old metal at Raewi k d Shetland. 
It displays a mounted figure is mail annour without a surcoat ; he 
wears a cervdliere 
of unusual form, 
liaving a knob on 
the crown of the 
head ; he wields a 
broad-bladed sword 
in one hand, and i 
bears a shield with 
a central boBS, \ 
the upper edge of 
the shield being 
brought up to the 
chin, and protect- 
ing the throat The 
inscription b very 
rudely cut : + si- 
oill' benedicauvs dci annv fal. (1) Some of the lettem are 





inverted, and some reversed. On the back are engraved some 
foliated ornaments, irregularly placed, as if mere trials of the tool : 




MATRIOBB AMD IMPRESStOKS OF SKALB. 01 

these, tiB well aa the costume of the figure, are in the style of the 
twelfth centuty. — Braes matrix, the Chapter Seal of Brechin, in 
the Btj'le of art of the thirteenth century. It represents the Holy 
Trinity. The legend : + 9' capituli : sancte : tkinitatis . d'. 
BKECHiN. The foliage, boldly sculptured on the reverse, is repre- 
sented ea springing from the head of a lion, which la perforated, to 
admit of a ring or other means of suspension being attached to it.' 
A singular brass matrix, bearing as a device a turbaned head, sur- 
rounded by a Hebrew legend, the first words of which have been 
interpreted as signifying, 
Sbtomon Bar Isaac. It 
was found in ploughing, 
on the eastern slope of j 
Arthur's Seat In the /"ro- 
ceedinga of the Anliquariei 
ofScotUmd, vol L pp. 39, 
150, may be found various 
explanations of this seal, 

as also of other aeab with Hebrew legends. It may deserve remark 
that a matrix, almost identical in device and legend, was figured in 
the Gentleman's Magazint, June 1787, pi. ii. No account of its 
discovery was given. It appeara difficult to reconcile the device of a 
human head with the supposition that these seals belonged to Israel- 
ites, by whom such imagery has been always eschewed. They may 
have been talismanic or magical. 

THE SOCIETY OF ANTHJUARIES OF SCOTLAND. 

Casts from the Seal and Counterseal of William de Vipont, from the 
collection of casts formed by General Hutton, recently presented to 
the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland by the Rev. H. Hutton.* Tliesc 
seals appear to be of the thirteenth century, and they may be assigned 
either to William, described in the KeUo Cartulat-y as primogmUus, 
one of three sons of William de Veteriponte, all bearing the name 
of William, or to the son of the first-mentioned William ; he 
succeeded his father probably about 1220. — Casts in sulphur, 

' See PToreediagt of the Sof. Aiiliq. Scot., vol. i, \<. 180 ; Arrhaoiofiui, vul. 



92 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

eshibttiug tbe entire series of the Great Seals of Scotland, with an 
extensive aasembla^ of Baronial, Ecclesiastical, and Municipal Seals. 
Tbe whole collection, which hiia been brought together through tbe 
indefatigable exertions of Mr. I^ing, has been described in his 




valuable Catalogue of Aneitnt Scoftith Sealt, produced under the 
auspices of tbe Bannatyne and Maitland Clubs. 4to, Edinburgh, 

1£!50.' MR. HENRY LAING. 

Series of facsimiles of Seals, chiefly obtained from the Muni- 
menta of Pembroke, Cofpus, Gonvile and Caius, and other colleges 
at Cambridge, as also from various public and private collections ; 
they exemplified the progress of Sphragistic art in England from 
the earliest period, and comprised a remarkable collection of baronial 
and conventual seals, several unpublished royal signets and seals 
i)f personages of royal descent ; a remarkable assemblage of seals of 
Edward the Black Prince ; a series ()f seals of the Percy family, with 
many other valuable examples. he. r. ready, lowestoft. 

Seal of Thoe Longus, date about 1100 ; a representation from 
a dravring by Mr. Edward Blore. The original is appended to his 
charter, in the archives of the Chapter of Durham. Thor Longus 
was, as it is supposed, one of the English who settled in Scotland at 
the period when Edgar, son of Malcolm Canmore, was placed on the 
throne by means of an English force under Edgar Atheling, in ' 



' Impresaioim from any of till 
lairieil from Mr. II. Ijiinp, S, 



ElrlrrSlifi 



, EdmbnrBli, 






MATRICES AKD IHPRES8I0MS OF SEALS. 



93 




tl nl Earl of Huntley a loatnx of 
f the Duke of Ri hmond The 



109S. King Edgar gave to him Edenham, near Kelso, where he 
built a church, which he granted to St Cutfabert and his monks, at 
Coldingham, a cell to Dur- ., . . 

ham. Of his two charters, 
formerly at Durham, printed 
in Anderson's DiplomataSco- 
lite, and Raine'e North Dur- 
ham, App. 38, one only now 
is to be found. The singu- 
lar legend thob HB UITTIt 
AMico seems to import that 
the primary purpose of the 
aeal was for letters, conform- 
ably with the usage of the 
Anglo-Saxons, who rarely 
sealed their deeds. ^ — Imprea- 
s n from a seal f Alexan 1 
lead o pewter m possess oi 
exuten e of this seal 
was not known to M 
Laing at the tme of 
the mpdat on of his 
aluable Catalog of 
S tith Seals. It has 
been fully not ced 
A vhceol J unial vol 
X. p 335 Alexander 
tl ird Earl, took a dis 
tmguiahed part ui 
publ affairs n the 
i«gnof Jamesiv and 
commanded the left 
wm^ at Flodden, lu 
1513. He was one of the few nobles who escaped death or captivity 
on that disastrous oceasioo. The matrix was found in a moor in the 
south of Scntlaad, whore, according U> tradition, one of the Gordons 
'II thin ri'iiinrkubli' cxauiplf, ArciicU. 




94 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

was slain. The locality was not stated It is not improbable that 
the seal may have been lost in the flight from the fatal conflict on Flod- 
den Field, which is at no great distance from the Scottish frontier. 

MR. ALBEBT WAY, F.S.A. 

Impression from the privy seal of Paince Charles, as Charles 
III., so styled after 1766, on the death of his father, who was styled 
James iii. The matrix, of oval form, is in the possession of the 
Baroness Braye. It bears an escutcheon, surmounted by a royal 
crown, and surrounded by the garter ; the arms being France and 
England, quarterly, quartering Scotland and Ireland. caRolvs • iii • 

D • O • MAG • BRIT • FRAN • ET • HIB • REX • FI • DEF • 

THE REV. JOHN HAMILTON GRAY. 

Matrix of the Seal of Southwlck Priory, Hants, unique in its 
construction ; so formed that the impression consisted of two distinct 
portions, each moiety having on its reverse certain small portions, 
figures, &c., in relief, which, when the two parts were adjusted inge- 
niously together, were visible through corresponding apertures, pierced 
like windows in the tabernacle work, of which the design of both 
obverse and reverse is composed. The peculiar fashion of this 
remarkable seal is shown by Sir F. Madden, in the Arclujeologia, vol. 
xxiv. p. 375, pL xxxii Its date is probably about 1250. The matrix 
had been handed down with the muniments of the priory.* 

MR. G. BONHAM CARTER. 

Brass Matrix of the Seal, as supposed, of the Benedictine Priories 
of St. John the Evangelist, founded by King John at Waterford and 
Cork, and annexed by him to Bath Abbey. In the reign of Edward 
iiL that monastery exchanged their Irish lands for possessions in 
England \ but the two cells of Waterford and Cork continued under 
the government of Bath.^ The seal is of pointed-oval form ; date 
fifteenth century. Under shrine-work, in high relief and of ungrace- 
ful design, appear two standing figures, St John the Evangelist, with 
a chalice and palm branch, and an ecclesiastic vested in the chasuble, 
holding a crosier, the right hand upraised : he has no mitre. In a 
compartment beneath is a kneeling figure, probably the prior of the 

* Impressions of this seal may be obtained from Mr. R. Ready, Lowestoft. 
2 Warncr»8 History of Bath, pp. 117, 120. 



COINS AND MEDALS. 95 

house. The legend is in black letter, and very obscure : S' dom' 
s'ci ioh's wat'ford et Cork • • • (Sigillum domussancti Johannis 
Waterford et Cork.) The last word may read Corkagie or Corkaie. 
This seal is in the possession of Miss Bailward, Frankley House, Brad- 
ford, Wilts. — Also, an impression from a seal, stated to be that of the 
Earl of Methven, in |)ossession of Mr. W. Leir. It does not appear 
earlier than the last century. the lord talbot de malahide. 

Series of the Gk>LD Coinage of Scotland, from the Cabinet known 
as the Sutherland Collection, formerly the property of James Suther- 
land, a distinguished Scottish botanist and collector, and now in the 
possession of the Faculty of Advocates. Notices of the original pos- 
sessor may be found in Bishop Nicolson's Scottish Higtorical Library, 
p. 8, and Ruddiman's Preface to Anderson's Biplomata Scotice, The 
cabinet was re-arranged, classified, and catalogued, in 1856, by Mr. 
George Sim of Edinburgh, to whom we are indebted for these par- 
ticulars. He states that << the collection is very rich in Scottish 
coins, there being many unique specimens. Many extremely rare 
and valuable Scottish coins have now for the first time been brought 
to light, a description of which will be published by Mr. Lindsay in 
the forthcoming Supplement to his admirable work on Scottish coins." 
The gold coins exhibited amounted to eighty in number, conmiencing 
with the reign of Robert il, and amongst the pieces of greatest 
rarity may be mentioned the half St. Andrew of James i., also an 
unpublished lion, probably of the same sovereign, which had been 
regarded as a coin of James n., of whose coinage there were two 
St. Andrews, of different types, and two half St. Andrews, all of 
them of great rarity. An unicorn of James iv., very rare, and a 
half unicorn, unique ; also a quarter rider, and a third of the St. 
Andrew piece, extremely rare. Of James v. the pattern ecu, and a 
second, with the legend, Per lignu cracU mlvi sumuSy both of 
them unique coins : the latter was obtained at Mr. Cumming's sale ; 
the pattern ryal, believed to be the only one known ;^ the St. 
Andrew, and the one-third bonnet-piece, of great rarity. Of Mary, 
the ecv ; lion ; half lion, with legend, ecce ancilla, extremely rare ; 
the common type of the same ; two ryals ; two half ryals, and the 
pattern piece, Francis and Mary, extremely rare. Of James Ti. the 
following are uncommon : the noble, with the head uncovered ; lion ; 

* Figured by Lindsay, Coinage of Scotltind. 



9G Mli[)I£VAL AKTIQUITIEB. 

two-thirds lion ; one -third liou ; half rider; and the crown. Besiilee 
the gold coinage tliere were exhibited several voluHble gold medalii ; 
one of the Duke of Albany, regent during the minority of Jamea v., 
an unique piece of great value ; a medal of Heniy, Prince of Scotland, 
Bon of James vi. ; two Scottish coronation medals of Charles l, by 
Briot ; the rare medal of the Eart of Traquair, treasurer of Scotland 
during part of the reign of Charles I., (query, of sUver gilt 1) one of 
Charles ii., struck on occasion of his hiith ; touch-pieces of Charles 
i[. and James ii. thb faculty op advocates op Edinburgh. 



An original Coining Iron or trussel, found in the ruins called 
King Malcolm's Castle, Dunfermline. The 
type, here printed from a cast of the die, 
is that of a great number of coins of 
Alexander iii., with whose reign (1249- 
1292) it commenced, and this trussel has 
been assigned to that penod The legend 
is REX acoToRvM. With the exception of 
the defaced dies of the reign of Anne, in 
the Hiuenm of the Scottish Antiquanes, it 





is the only known relic of the ancient Scot- 

""^v tish mint. In the Numirmntic ChronicU, 

vol. vii. p. 18, two dies of the reign of 



COINS AND MEDALS. 97 

Edward iii. are figured, the lower one, or standard, bearing the 
head of the sovereign, and fonned with a tang or spike to be fixed 
in a block of wood. Another pair, for coining shillings of James i., 
about 1604, was found in Yorkshire, and is figured in Journal Arch. 
Assoc., vol. ii. p. 352. A large number of defaced trussels of the 
reign of Edward i., ii., and ni., Henry vii. and Henry vni., are pre 
sensed in the Record Oflice, Chapter House, Westminster.^ The mode 
of coining with the trussel and mallet is curiously illustrated by a 
scidptured capital at St. Greorges de Bocherville, Normandy.^ 

THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQU ABIES OF SCOTLAND. 

Silver Medal of Clementina, wife of Prince James (James 
VIII.), struck on occasion of her escape at Innspruck in 1719 (see 
Stuart Medals, No. 32) ; silver medal of Prince James, struck 1721 
(ibid. No. 37) ; silver medal of Prince Charles and his brother Henry 
(ibid. No. 38) ; also a silver and a copper medal of Prince Charie«, 
dated 1745 (ibicL No. 43). Three touch-pieces of silver, used at the 
healing by James vin., Prince Charles, and Prince Henry (ibid. Nos. 
21, 22, and 56.) sir Patrick Murray threipland, bart. 

Silver Medal of Prince James, struck 1699 (Stuart Medals, 
No. 11) ; pattern for a guinea, James viii., executed by Roettier 
1716, and intended for circulation in Scotland, had the invasion of 
that year proved successful (ibid. No. 29) ; bronze medal of Cle- 
mentina, 1719 (ibid. No. 31) ; bronze medal of Prince James and 
Clementina, 1720 (ibid. No. 35) ; bronze medal of Prince James, 
1721 (ibid. No. 37) ; two medals of Prince Charles (ibid. Nos. 47, 
49) ; memorial bronze medal of Charles and Louisa, 1772 (ibid. No. 
53) ; large copper medal of Cardinal York, struck at Rome 1766 (ibid. 
No. 50). Also two Italian medals, Andreas Doria, reverse a galley ; 
and Ranutius Famesius, duke of Placentia and Parma, reverse an 
equestrian statue. Bronze medals, by Dassier, of Philip Stanhope, 
Robert Walpole, John Carteret, and William Pulteney. 

the earl stanhope, PRES. S.A. 

* They are of the York and Durham mints, and are described by Sir F. Pal- 
grave, Introd. to Kalendara of the ExcJierjtier, vol. i. p. cxiv. 

' See woo<lcat on last page. A fuller account may be found in the Pro- 
ceedings 8oc. Antiffu. Scot., vol. ii. p. 52. 

N 



98 COINS AND MEDALS. 

Silver Medai>, stnick from the original dies existing at Pari**, 
prepare<l on (Xjcasion of the marriage of tlie Dauphin with Mary 
Stuart. (See portraits and relics of Queen Mary, hereafter). Oval 
gold medallion of Charles i., and a medal of gilt bronze of the saints 
sovereign. Bronze medal of Pope Gregory xiii., commemorative of 
the massacre of St. Bartholomew. 

MB. WILUAM STIRLING OF KEIR, M.P. 

Bronze medal of Sigismund Pandulfus Malatesta, Lord of Ri- 
mini ; reverse, castellum sismvndvm ariminense* m . cccc • xlvi. 
Silver gilt medal, by Heinrich Reitz of Leipsic, minted by direction 
of John Frederic, the magnanimous, Elector of Saxony. On one 
Hide is represented the Temptation of Adam and Eve, on the other 
the Crucifixion. At the foot of the cross is a monogram, formed of 
the initials H. R, with the date 1536. The anns of the Elector of 
Saxony, and those of the Electorate, are introduced, with an inscrip- 
tion, Joanna's Fi'eihriais Elector diuc Sajconie JleH fecit } 

sir WALTER TREVELYAN, BART. 

Bronze medallion of Juliano di Medici, by PoUajuolo. 

MR. JAMES GIBSON CRAIG, F.S.A. SCOT. 

SERIES OF MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMILY, 
IN THE COLLECTION OF MR. EDW^ARD HAWKINS, F.R.S., P.S.A. 

1. Bust of James ii. /•. laureate, hair long, armour — Leg. jacob • 

II • REX • M • BR • 

Rev. Crown in a Ijoat, in a rough sea. Leg. fa to — By fate. 
Ex. 1696. 

Emblematical of the fortunes of James ii., who was tossed about 
in a sea of adversity. 

2. Bust of Prince James, /. hair long, armour, with sun on the 
breast, mantle. Leg. iacobvs . walll« princeps • underneath, n.r. 
the initials of N. R(x;ttier. 

* 8ee the description of this fine medal, Proceedings of the Society of Anil 
quaries of London, vol. ii. p. 124, and a notice by Mr. Franks of other prodnc- 
lions, by Reitz, Archteol. Journal, vol. viii. p. 317. 



MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMILY. 99 

Rev. Ship in distreas, striving against adverse winds, tlie stern 
decorated with the sun ; the flag bears the cross of St. Groorge. Leij. 
1697. lACTATVR • NON • MERGiTVR • VNDis — Tossed, not sunk in 
the waves. 

Ij ar. dd. 

This was struck at the time of the Treaty of Ryswiek, where 
James ii. in vain attempted to have himself represented and his 
cause advocated. The fortunes of James and his son, whose legi- 
timacy is asserted by his title of Prince of Wales, are symbolized by 
a ship distressed but not destroyed. 

3. Bust of Prince James, I. hair long, no drapery. Ley. ia(; : 

WALLIJfi PRINCEPS. N. R. 

Rev. Sun partially eclipsed. Leg. clarior • e • tenebris — Brighter 
from the obscurity. Ex. 1697. 
1 oe. 

The peace of Ryswiek, confirming the exclusion from the throne 
of England, eclipsed their biilliancy, but made their equanimity and 
patience to shine the brighter. 

4. Bust of Prince James, same as No. 3. 

Rev. A mine exploding in a bastion. Ley. qvo • compressa • 
MAGis — By so much the more as it is compressed. Ex. 1697. 

1 86. 

A mine may be said to explode with a violence proportioned to 
the resistance by which it is compressed. The Treaty of Ryswiek 
pressed with imusual weight upon the fortimes of tlie Stuarts ; the 
medal seems to expect that they would overcome the resistance which 
oppressed them. 

5. Bust of Prince James, sjime as No. 3. 

Rev. Smi rising upon a calm sea. Leg. omnia facit ipse serena 
— He makes all things serene. Ex. 1697. 
1 aB. 

Storms genemlly aluite towards the morning, the sun is theref<>ri' 
said to make everything serene and calm by its reappeanince. It was 
IioikmI that the entrance of the young prince upon the world would 
soothe the storms which had disturl^nl the reign of his father. 



OXFORD 



100 COINS AND MEDALS. 

6. Biist of Prince James, same as No. 3. 

Eev. Dove with olive-branch flying over a tranquil sea. Leff. 
MANSVBiE • NVNTiA • PACI8 — Messenger of permanent peace. Ex. 
1697. 

1 ae. 

The applicability of this device to the fortunes of the Stuarts at 
this time is not apparent. It may have been struck in hope, before 
it was known that the conditions of the Treaty of Ryswick bore no 
iissurance or hope of peace to them. 

7. Busts of Prince James and his sister, the Princess Louisa, 
facing ; in separate oval compartments, within a circle, the field of 
which is decorated with scroll-work. The Prince, r. hair drawn 
back upon the forehead, long behind, armour, mantle brooched on 
shoulder. The Princess, I. hair filleted, lovelock hanging down 
behind, mantle brooched in front. 

2 ar. 

This is a thin plate of silver, technically called a shell, and has 
evidently been intended for the top of a box. 

8. Bust of Prince James, r. hair long, neck bare. 
g by I au. 

A thin shell of gold, evidently intended to be inserted in a ring or 
locket ; it is copied from the same portrait as No. 7. 

9. Bust of James ii., r. laureate, hair long, no drapery. Leg. 

lACOBVS n-D-GMBFETH- BEX. 1 699. N.R. 

Eev. Bust of Prince James, /. hair long, mantle fastened on 
shoulder. Leg. iac • walu^ • peinceps • 

This and others somewhat similar, struck about this time, were 
probably intended as memorials of his family, given by the King to 
his adherents, who visited him in his retirement. The portrait of 
the Prince is very frequently represented upon the medals of this 
period with the view of continually reasserting his legitimacy. 

10. Bust of James ii., r. laureate, hair long, armour. Leg. 
IACOBV8 : II : D : G : M : B : R. N.R. 



MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMILY. 101 

Rev, Bust of Prince James, L hair long, tied behind, armour. 
Leg. lAC • WALU.E peinceps. n.r. 
linr ar. 

This medal is without date, but its similarity to No. 9 leaves little 
doubt of its having been struck about the same time. 

11. Bust of Prince James, I, hair long, tied behind, armour. 
Leg. LA.C : walu^e • princeps. n.r. 

Rev. Sun, rising over a tranquil sea, disperses clouds and demons. 
Leg. SOLA . lvce • fvgat — He disperses them by his light alone. 
Ex. 1699. 

IxV ar. 
A complimentary medal, ascribing to the young Prince the power 
of dispersing, merely by his appearance, the clouds and noxious va- 
pours which obscured and tainted the atmosphere of his royal house. 

12. Bust of Prince James, similar to No. 1 1, not from same die. 
Rev. Comucopise. Leg. pax- vobis — Peace be with you. Ex. 1699. 

l^ar. 
An expression of good wishes to the friends to whom the Prince 
presented this small medal. It was all he had to bestow. 

1 3. Bust of Prince James, I. hair long, no drapery. Leg. iac • 

III • D • 6 • MAG • BRIT • REX. N. R. 

Rev. Sun dispersing clouds. Leg. virtus • mox • nubila • pellet 
— Virtue will presently dispel the clouds. Ex. 1704. 

1-iV ar. 
As this medal was struck in France, and as the Prince was under 
the immediate protection of Louis xiv., whose favourite emblem 
was the sun, this monarch may be here typified as dispelling the 
clouds which obscured the prospect of the Prince ; or the Prince 
himself may be typified dispersing the clouds. 

14. Bust of Prince James, i\ laureate, hair long, armour, mantle 
tied on shoulder. Leg. iacobvs • iii • dei gratia • 

Rev. Arms in a plain oval shield, crowned. — 1. England. 2. 
Scotland. 3. France. 4. Ireland. Leg. ma(; • bki • fran • et • hib • 
REX . 1709. 
1 § ar. 



102 COINS AND MEDALS. 

This is a pattern fur a crown piece, intended to liave been issued ha<i 
the invasion of 1708 proved successful. It was executed by Roettier. 

15. Bust of Prince James, I. laureate, hair long, no drapery. 
Leg. CUIUS est — Whose irruige is this ? N. R. 

Rev. Map of Britaui, marked brit • l • scot • e • hib • d — that is, 
the three kingdoms, with the initials of their respective capitals. 
Ley, REDDiTE — Restore. 

This medal is addressed especially to the adherents of the House 
of Stuart, calling upon them to restore to him, whose image is here 
represented, the kingdom which belongs to him. Stmek probably 
about the year 1709. 

1 6. Bust of Prince James, r. laureate, hair long, mantle tied in a 
knot on the shoulder. Leg. cvivs est — Whose image is this 1 N. r. 

Rev. Map of Britain, marked as on No. 15. Leg. reddite — 
Restore. 

1^ ar. ae. 
Struck with the same object as the preceding, No. 15. 

1 7. Bust of Prince James, /. hair long, armour, mantle brooclied 
on shoulder. Leg. cvivs est — Whose image is this ? N. R. 

Rev. Map of Britain, marked axgua l • scot • E • hib • D. Leg. 
reddite igitvr — Restore therefore. 
2 ar. 
Struck with the same object as the two preceding. 

1 8. Bust of Prince James, /. same as No. 7 1 . 
Rev, Inscription, thvle 

HIC VIR HIC EST TIBI QVEM PROMITTl 8AEP1VS AVDIS. 
lACOBVS CAESAR, DIVI GENVS AVREA RVRSVS, 
8ECVLA QVI REDDET SCOTIS. 

Thule ! This, this is the man whom you have frequently heard 
promisetl to you, King James, of origin divine, who shall again 
restore the golden age to Scotland. 

2. Pewter. 

This inscription is mo<lified from the ^E/mdy vi. 792. 



MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMItY. lOS 

19. Bust of Priii<« Janips, /. very similar to that of No. 1;>. /,«/. 
IHIMINUM *xK-.N(>sciTE VESTRUM — Acknowledge yoiir Lonl. N. r. 

HfV. Stieep fewliDg, &(^, cofiNOHCuNT ME me.« — My owii know 
mc Es. 1710. 
1-ftar, 

Abuut this time the doctrine of paasivc obedience and indefeaailili^ 
liereditary right wae obtruBively wlvocatcd, and the Whiga were not 
now disposed to dispute the Ifgitimacy of the Prince, though they 
Justified liis rejection from the throne. This medal was issued to 
keep the Stuart cftuse alive in the eyes of the people. 

21). Bunt of Prince James, /. from the same punch aa No. l'~i. 

Leg. lACOBVS 111 - D ' G ' M - B • F ■ ET ■ H ■ EEX • 

i{n'. From same die as No. 10. 
lyV ar. 

The obverse seems Ui have been intended for a {*in, as the initinis 
of the artist do not appear, but it was probably never need as suili 
Both dies were found in possession of the representatives of th> 
Riiettier family, anil were punhased liy Mr Matthew Young, who 
struck Bome pieces from them, though they were not onginally in 
tended to have been used together 

21. Ship in fiiU sail before the wind. Lmj. iac- 3 ' d - » - m - b - 

Rtv. St Michael and the Dragon. Lay. boli ■ dec gloria 
— Glory to God alone. 
J ar. 

The type of this piece is 
the same as that of the coin, 
called an angel, whicli was the 
piece of gold usually hung 
round tlie neck of persons by 
the sovereign wlien they were 

'■ iouctied," for their recovery from the scrofula ; whence this com- 
pliunt came to be called the King's Evil. When the angel ceased to 
circulate as a coin, pieces of similar design were struck for distribu- 
tion by the King when he operated upon patients, and were called 
Touch-pieeta. All the monarchs of the Stuart race, inchiding Queen 
Anne, perfonned this lirnliwj ceremony. 





104 COINS AND MEDALS. 

This piece appears to be the work of Roettier, and to have been 
struck soon after the death of James ii. 

22. Ship sailing in a turbulent sea, wind adverse. Leg. iac • iii - 

D'G'M'B-F-ET-H'R- 

Rev, St. Michael and Dragon. Leg, soli dec gloria. 
1^ au. ar. 

This piece is of better work- 
manship and higher relief than 
the preceding, No. 20, and ap- 
pears to have been executed 
in Rome some years later, 
when the Stuart family were 
settled in that city, and their prospects were even less hopeful than 
they had been. 

23. Bust of Prince James, I, hair long, armour, mantle brooched 
on shoulder. Similar to No. 17. Leg, iacobvs hi • d • g • m • b • f . 

ET • H • REX. N. R. 

Rev. Bust of Princess Louisa, I, hair very high, tied behind, love- 
locks, mantle fastened on shoulder by diamond brooch. Leg. prin- 

CEPS • LVD • SER • M • B • REGIS • SOROR -1712. N. R, 

i^Yir ar. 96. 
This seems to have been struck merely as a family memorial, t^) 
be distributed amongst friends and partisans. 

24. Busts of Prince James and Princess Louisa, same as the pre- 
ceding. No. 23. 

23-V 8B. gUt. 
This is cast and gilt, a copy from the preceding. The original 
being rare, this piece was executed in England for the gratification 
of persons who were attached to the Stuart family. The two fol- 
lowing were made with the same view. 

25. Busts of James ii. and his Queen, r. He, laureate, hair long, 
armour, mantle. She wears a mantle. No legend. 

Rev. Bust of Prince James, same as No. 22. 
2tV «. gilt. 



MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMILY. 10$ 

2Q. Bust of Queen Anne, /. laureate, hair bound with pearls, love- 
lock, gown decorated with pearls and brooch, mantle. Leg. anna 
AVGVSTA, copied from a medal by Croker. 

Bev. Bust of Prince James, same as No. 1 6. 
2^ SB. gilt. 

These three medals, Nos. 24, 25 , 26, are all copper, gilt, cast, 
and chased, and were executed for the gratification of the adherents 
of the Stuart family, representing portraits of James ii. and his 
Queen, Prince James, or, as they would say, James iii. and his sister 
Louisa, and Queen Anne, i.e., in their estimation, the sovereign de 
Jure and de facto. 

27. Bust of Prince James, /. laureate, similar to No. 19. Leg. 

LACOBVS • III -D-G-MB.F'ETH- REX. N.R. 

Eev. Bust of Princess Louisa, /. from same portrait as No. 23, 
but without any drapery. Leg, princeps • lvd • ser • mag . bri • 

REGIS • SOROR. N.R. 

Issued with the same view as No. 23. 

28. Bust of Prince James, r. same as No. 14. Leg. iacobvs 
vni . DEI • gratia • 

Rev. Arms in a plain square shield crowned. 1 and 4, Scotland ; 
2, France and England quarterly ; 3, Ireland. Leg. scot • angl • 

FRAN • ET HIB • REX • 1716. 

If ar. 
This was a pattern for a crown-piece, intended for circulation in 
Scotland, had the invasion of 1716 been successful. The dies were 
engraved by Roettier, and remained in the possession of his family 
till they were purchased by Mr. Matthew Young, who struck a few 
pieces for the gratification of collectors. No contemporaneous speci- 
mens are known. 

29. Bust of Prince James, r. hair long, armour, mantle tied on 
shoulder. Leg. iacobvs • viii • dei . gratia • 

Bev. Arms in four shields crowned, placed crosswise; 1, Scot- 

o 



.100 COINS AND MEDALS. 

land; 2, England; 3, France; 4, Ireland. In each angle, a sceptre ; 
in the centre, a thistle. Leg, sco • an • fra • et hib • rex • 1716. 

Pattern for a guinea^ executed by Boettier. The dies followed the 
fate of those of No. 28. 

30. Bust of Prince James, /. laureate, hair long, armour, mantle 
brooched on shoulder. Leg, iacobvs tertivs. 

Rev. Arms same as No. 29, the thistle in the centre being omitterL 
l^ar. 

The portrait upon this piece is taken from those upon No. 3, el seq.^ 
and it is doubtful whether it was ever intended to be used with its 
present reverse. The dies were preserved with those of No. 28 and 
29. It has now the appearance of a pattern for a guinea. 

31. Bust of Prince James, r, laureate, hair long, armour, mantle 
tied on shoulder. Leg. nihil efficiens — Not accomplishing any- 
thing. 

Rev, Map of Britain, marked, scotia ; above, 1 708. m. mar. : 
below, 1716. M. FEBR. BRITANNIA. HiBERNiA. Ships rouud the 
coasts. Leg. bis venit vidit non vicit flensqve recessit — Twice 
he came, saw, conquered not, and retired in tears, 
l^ar. 

This medal was struck in ridicule of the Prince's two ineffectual 
attempts to place himself upon the throne of Britain, in March 1 708, 
and February 1716. 

32. Bust of Clementina Sobieski, /. hair decorated with beads 
and tiara, pearl necklace, robe trimmed with jeweliy, ermine mantle. 

Leg, CLEMENTINA - M • BRITAN • FR • ET • HIB • REGINA . OTTO HAME- 
RANI • F. 

Rev, Clementina seated in a car drawn by two horses, at speed ; 
distant city and setting sun. Leg. fortvnam cavsamqve seqvor — 
I follow his fortune and cause. Ex. deceptis cvstodibvs • mdccxix 
— Having deceived my guards. 1719. 
2 ar. 

Struck in commemoration of the escape of Clementina Sobieski 
from the guards who had been placed over her at Innspruck by the 



MEDALS OF TUB STUART FAMILY. 107 

Emperor of Crermany, to prevent her marriage with the Prince James. 
The legend is in conformity with the reply of her father respecting 
her escape, that, as she had been engaged to the Prince, she was 
bound to follow his fortune. 

3d. Busts of Prince James and his wife Clementina, r. He has 
his hair long, armour, mantle and ribbon. She has her hair deco- 
rated with pearls and tiara. Leg, llcob • hi • r • Clementina r — 

HAMERAN • 

Rev, Hercules, leaning upon his club, takes the hand of a female, 
who holds a sprig in her hand, and whose robe is held by an infant 
Mercury. Leg, regiym connvbivm • Royal nuptials. Ex, kal • 

SEFTEMBR • MDCCXIX • 1 Sept. 1719. 

If ar. se. 
Upon this medal, commemorating the Prince's marriage, he is 
represented as Hercules in repose, in allusion to the dangers he had 
encountered. The Princess holds a flower in token of affection, and 
Cupid holds a caduoeus, which had the power of inducing sleep ; 
alluding to love having escaped the vigilance of the guards placed 
over the Princess. 

34. Bust of Prince Charles, r. hair long, scale armour, decoratea 
on the breast with a goigon's head, mantle. Leg, iaoobvs • iu • d • 

G>M>R>F*£T-H- REX* 

Rev, Bust of Clementina, /. hair twisted, curled, and bound by 
pearlsy gown bordered by a chain and drop of pearls, mantla Leg, 

CLEMENTINA * MAGNAE BRITANNIAE ET • C • REO • OTTO HAMERANI • 

\\ ar. 8e. 
Struck probably aliout the time of the Prince's marriage. As the 
affairs of the Stuart fisunily were frequently involved in mystery, 
many persons believed that the letters et • c had some mysterious 
meaning, while assuredly they stand fur nothing more than et 
costera. 

35. Busts of Prince James and Clementina, same as No. 33. 
Rev, Female holds an infant in her left arm, which rests upon a 

column, and points to a globe whereon appear ing • sc • irl. Leg, 
PROviDENTiA oBSTETRix — Providcucc my help in childbirth. Ex, 



108 OOIKS AND MEDALS. 

CABOLO PRiNC VALiiiE NAT DIE VLTiMA A. MDCCXX — Charles Prince 
of Wales bom the last day of the year 1720. 
If ar. 86. 
The column indicates the fortitude of Clementina under the diffi- 
culties of her escape from her guards, and under the danger of 
childbirth. The child's attention is directed to the globe on which 
are represented the kingdoms which it would be his future object 
to attain. 

36. Busts of Pnnce James and Clementina, r. He, laureate, hair 
long, armour, mantle in knot on shoulder. She has a mantle brooched 
on breast. Leg. iac • in • et clem • d - o • mao • brit • reg • 

Rev, Female holding an infant upon her right arm. Leg, spes 
BRiTANNiiE — ^The Hopc of Britain. Ex, car • wall • pr • natvs die 
VLT. A • 1720 — Charles Prince of Wales bom the last day of the 
year 1720. 
If je. 

This medal is in very low relief, and probably the work of 
Roettier. The device has not anything peculiarly characteristic of 
the Stuart family. 

37. Bust of Prince James, r, hair long, armour decorated with a 
meridian sun, mantle tied in a knot on the shoulder. Leg, vkica 
SALVs — The only security. 

Rev, The Hanoverian horse trampling upon the British lion and 
unicom. Britannia seated lamenting her fate. London in the dis- 
tance. Fugitives carrying off their goods. Leg, qyid gravivs 
CAPTA — ^What more grievous than captivity. Ex, mdccxxi. 
2 ar. 8B. 

In the year 1721, great endeavours were made to rouse the ad- 
herents of the Stuart family into action ; and this medal was issued 
to excite their indignation. The Prince's portrait is unaccompanied 
by his expressed titles, but he is mysteriously pointed out as the only 
security of the country ; while the patriotism of his Mends is pro- 
voked by the intimation that the Hanoverians, or intmders, are 
trampling upon the only legitimate supporters of the Crown. 

38. Bust of Prince Charles, /•. araiour decorated on the shoulder 



MEDALS OF THE BTUART FAMILY. 109 

with straps and lion's head, mantle lined with ennine. Staf before 
the face. Leg. bqcat inter omnes — He shines in the midst 
of all. 

Rev, Bust of Prince Henry, /. hair tied behind, figured breastplate, 
ribbon. Leg. alter ab illo — Another from him. 

Edge^ die xxxi • decembr • mdccxx • extvut • os • sacrvm • 
coelo* {jEneid, viii. 591) — 31st day of December 1720, he dis- 
played his sacred countenance from heaven. 
1^ au. «. 

Of the two princes here represented one is Prince Charles, after- 
wards called the Young Pretender, the Chevalier St. George, and 
Charles lu. The star before his face intimates his claim to royalty, 
after the manner of the Romans. The inscription on the edge 
records his birth, and intimates that, like the morning star, he 

" Dispels the darkness, and the day renews;" 

that his birth would dissipate the gloom which involved the for- 
tunes of his family, and renew the hopes of his dejected adherents. 
The other is Prince Henry, afterwards Canlinal of York and 
Henry ix. 

39. Bust of Prince Charles, r. hair tied behind, armour, ermine 
mantle, ribbon; Roman wolf and twins on the stump of the arm. 
Leg. HVNC saltem everso ivvenem (succurrere sseclo ne pro- 
hibete), Virgil, Georg. i. 600 — May this youth at least be permitted 
to support a fallen age. 

Rev. Bust of Prince Henry, /•. hair tied behind, armour, mantle, 
ribbon. Leg. triplicis spes tertia gentis — ^The third hope of a 
triple nation. 
If ». 

The portraits of the same princes appear upon this medal as upon 
the preceding. No. 38. Upon both Prince Henry appears in armoiu-. 
the Church not being yet his destined profession. His father was 
the first hope of the triple empire of England, Scotland, and Ireland ; 
his elder brother, the second ; himself the thinl. The legend of the 
obverse is an attempt to cheer the adherents of the family with the 
hope that this Prince at least may not l>e prevented from sucwuring 
the fallen family. 



110 COINS AND MEDALS. 

40. Bust of Pope Benedict xiv., r. in cap and pontifical rubes. 
Leg. BENED . XIV . PONT • M • A : ni — Benedict xiv. Pope, his third 
year. 

Rev. Monument. Leg. memorise • m • clem • m • B£IT • reqin^e — 
To the memory of Maria Clementina, Queen of Great Britain. 
1| ar. 8B. 

Maria Clementina, grand-daughter of John Sobieski, king of Poland, 
and wife of Prince James, died at Rome, January 18, 1735. She 
was highly esteemed by Pope Clement xu., who ordered her remains 
to be interred with the same honours which hud been paid to Chris- 
tina, Queen of Sweden. His successor, Benedict xiv., ordered this 
medal to be struck to record the monument which his predecessor 
had erected to her memory. 

41. St. Andrew and his Cross. Leg, fear god and honour 

THE KINO. 

Rev. Two guns across, a pouch suspended between them ; below, 
two infants, with apparently a tunnel-net at the mouth of which a 
spaniel is springing two birds; at one side a covey of partridges 
rising before a setter; at the other, two persons, under whose feet 
lie a crown and mitre reversed, a sword and sceptre broken. Leg. 

HAVE AT THEM. 

If and 1^^ au. 
This is composed of two thin pieces of gold, and was probably 
attached to some document as a seal It \& Scottish, refers to politics 
and sporting, and appears to have been executed about the year 
1745. Can it have any reference to the meetings occasionally held 
by the Jacobites under the pretext of sporting? 

42. Prince Charles in Highland garb, decorated with ribbon and 
star. At some distance, a person leaning on a shield. Leg. carolus 

PRINCEPS. 

Rev. Fame flying, bears a crown, and a trumpet, whence issues a 
label, suuM cuique — To each his own. Below appears a distant city. 
\\ ae. 

This poorly exi^^uted medal must have been stnick about 1745, 
when the Prince phiced liiniself at the head of his adherents in Scot- 
land '^ He makes himself popular : he is dressed in a Highland 



MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMILY. Ill 

garb of fine silk tarttm, and velvet breeches, and a blue velvet 
lH)nnet, with gold lace round it, and a large jewel and St. Andrew 
appended. He wears also a green ribband." (Letter from a gentle- 
man at Dundee to his friend at Newcastle, September 13, 1745 ; 
Cliester Miscellany^ 1750, p. 23.) The reverse intimates that the 
crown is his own, and accords with a popular song of the day — 

'* Our king sliall hae Iiih ain again ; 
And Charlie is the man." 

43. Bust of Prince Charles, r, hair short, neck bare. Leg, caro- 

LUS WALLIiE PRINCEPS. 1745. 

Rev, Britannia resting upon her spear and shield, stands near a 
globe, on the sea-shore, watching the approach of a fleet. Leg, 
AMOR ET 8PE8 — Lovc and Hope. Ex, Britannia. 
1^ ar. 8e. 

This medal was probably executed by a French artist, when 
Prince Charles was preparing for his meditated invasion. He 
communicated to his friends in Scotland the plan of his proceed- 
ings, the place of his intended landing, and the private signal by 
which his approach would be notified. His friends are here repre- 
sented by Britannia looking out with love and hope for the 
appointed signal. 

44. Exactly similar in type, etc., to the preceding. No. 43, but 
of smaller size and lower relief. That generally occurs of copper, 
this of silver. 

45. Bust of Prince Charles, from the same original portrait as 
Nob. 43 and 44. 

No Rev, 
A X I au. 

This was evidently intended to be set in a ring or brooch, to be 
worn secretly about the person, when it would not have been con- 
venient to exhibit any mark of affection to the Stuart cause. 

46. Prince Charles, or a Highlander, his sword drawn, his shield 
inscribed, Qins contbndat mecum — Who contends with me ? Leg, 
on a band, nullum non movebo lapidem ut illud adipiscar — 



1 12 COINK AND MEDALS. 

I will leave no stone unturned that I may acquire that object. 
1749. 

Rev, British rose. Leg, mea res aoitvr — ^My affairs are at 
issue. Hor. Ep. i. 84. 

This medal shows the resolution of Prince Charles to acquire the 
Crown of England by every means in his power. The rose upon the 
reverse is the white rose or cockade which was the badge of the 
young Prince, and emblem of his cause, which was now at issue. 
The following lines of a popular Jacobite song illustrate the 
medal: — 

" He weara a broad sword by his side, 

And weel he kens to draw that ; 
The target, and the Highland plaid, 

The shoulder belt, and a' that. 
A bonnet bound with ribbons blue, 

The white cockade, and a' that ; 
The tiirtan hose and philabeg, 

Wliich makes us biythe, for a* that." 

47. Bust of Prince Charles, r. from the same original as Nos. 43, 
44, 45. 

Rev. A leadess and hollow oak, from the root of which springs up 
a flourishing young tree. Leg. revirescit — It flourishes again. 
Ex. 1750. 

If au. ar. se. 

The dies of this medal were probably executed and certainly 
struck by J. Pingo. There appear, by existing accounts, to have 
been stnick, 6 gold, 102 silver, 283 copper. They were published 
by subscription, and charged at one guinea for the copper, and the 
value of the metal, in addition to the guinea for those struck in 
gold and silver. The engraving of the dies cost £88, 16s. The 
striking of silver and copper medals, ninepence each ; gold, one 
shilling each. The medal was called the Oak Medal. That this 
medal was got up by subscription, is of itself an evidence that there 
was at this time considerable excitement amongst the Jacobites, who 
held occasional meetings, upon some pretext or other, at the Crown 
and Anchor Tavern in the Strand. 

48. Trophy of arms, a shield in the centre, bearing the cross of 



MEDALS OF THE STDABT FAMILY. 113 

St Andrew. i«7. con- e-c- s- hoc noh- d-ex pb«- jac- 1750. 
Rfv. Thiatle. Leg. florebcat ffr pungat — May it flourish and 




Igar. 
Of this medal, and of the legend of the obverse, I am unable to 
give or to obtain any explanation. I once sought information from 
Sir Walter Scott, when I met him at breakfast at Somerset House, 
hut he evaded my inquiry, by declaring it to be unsafe to talk about 
such a Buliject so near Temple Bar. 

49. ^ust of Prince Charles, copied from the same original authority 
as Nob. 43, 44, 4.'!, 47. Leg, redeat magnvs ille oenius Brit- 
annia — May he, the great genius of Britain, return. 




Rett. Britannia, resting upon her spear and shield, stands near 
a globe, on the sea-shore, and htuls the near approach of a fleet. 
Leg. o-miT dehiderata navis — ^0 lung hoped for ship. Er. 



114 COINS AND MEDALS. 

Lii&TAMiNi GIVES SEPT • XXIII MDCCLii — Rejoice citizens. 23 Sept. 
1752. 

If ar. 
This medal, in every respect except the legends^ is copied from No. 
43, but is not executed by the same artist That expressed the general 
hope and good wishes of the Jacobites ; this seems to intimate that 
those hopes had become accomplished on the very day specified. But 
the event, so specifically alluded to, I have been quite unable to 
discover. It might be supposed that the Prince had visited Britain 
on that day, but no evidence of any such occurrence is known to 
exist. 

For the loan of these woodcuts, we are indebted to Mr. J. Y, Akerman, 
Secretary to the Society of Antiquaries of London. 

50. Bust of Prince Henry, Cardinal York, r. cap, cardinal's habit, 
cross at breast Leg. henricvs • m • d • ep • tvsc • card • dvx • ebor • 
s . R . e • v . CANC — Henry, by the mercy of God, Bishop of Frascati, 
Cardinal, Duke of York, Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. 

FILIPPO CROPANESE. F. 

Rev, Religion holding the Bible and Cross ; at her feet the British 
lion, crown, and cardinal's hat. St. Peter s in the distance. Leg, 

NGN DESIDERns HOBflNVM SED VOLVNTATE DEI Not of the desire 

of men, but by the will of God. (John i. 1 3.) Ex. an • BiDCCLXVi • 
3 ar. 86. 
Struck at Rome, for presentation by the Cardinal to his friends. 

51. Armorial shield of Britain, with a crescent for second son. 
Above, royal coronet and cardinal's hat. 

Rev. Leg, henricvs • cardinalis dvx • ebor . s • r • e • vicecan . 

CELLARIV8 8EDE VAC AN • 1769. 

liar. 

Clem. XIII. ob. 1769. Clem. xiv. ob. 1774. 
After the death of a Pope, while the see is still vacant, the cham< 
berlain generally strikes money, bearing his own armorial shield on one 
side, and the holy dove on the other. When Clement xrn. died in 
1769, it seems probable that Prince Henry, though aa Vice-Chan- 
cellor he had not any authority to strike money, had authority to 
give out these medalets as passports, without which no one had 



MEDALS OF THE STUART FAMILY. 115 

permissiou to enter certain parts of the Papal palace during the 
sitting of the Conclave for the election of a new Pope. 

52. Similar to the preceding, No. 51. The obverse is from the 
same die; the reverse varies in having the date 1774 instead of 
1769, and a star over the inscription. 

This was struck after the death of Clement xiv., in 1774, for the 
same purposes as the preceding. 

53. Bust of Prince Charles, I. hair long, tied behind, breastplate, 
mantle fastened on shoulder. Leg. carolvs . in. n. 1720. m-b>f* 
ET H • REX- 1766. 

Rev, Bust of Princess Louisa, /. hair tied up behind, tiers of curls 
at the side, gown fastened, on shoulder, by a pearl brooch and drop. 

Leg, LVDOVICA M • B • F • ET H • REGINA • 1772. 

IJse. 
This is merely a memorial medal, recording on the obverse the date 
of the Prince's birth and that of his assuming tlie title of King of 
England, after the death of his father. The date upon the reverse 
is that^of the Princess's marriage, when she would claim the royal 
title, as assumed by her husband. 

54. Bust of Princess Louisa, /. hair dressed in the same style as 
the preceding, slight drapery over the shouMer. No leg, or inscription. 

No rev. 

li X IJ ar. 

This portrait of the wife of Prince Charles is cast, and very well 
chased ; and was probably executed about the time of her marriage, 
1772. 

56. Bust of Prince Henry, r. similar in design to No. 50. 

Leg, HEN . IX • mag • BBIT • FR • ET • HIB • BEX • fid • DEF . CARD . 

EP • TV8C • Henry 9, &c. Cardinal Bishop of Frascati. g • ham • f • 
struck by Gioachimo Hamerani. 

Rev, Religion, &c., similar to No. 50, but differently composed. 

Leg. NGN DESIDERIIS HOMINVM SED VOLVNTATE DEI. Ej'. AN. 
MDCCLXXXVIII. 
2 20. 



116 



MBDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 



This medal is in lower relief than that of No. 50, and less well 
executed. It was struck when, by the death of his elder brother, 
Charles Edward, in 1788, the Cardinal deemed it right to afisume 
the titles of King of England. 

56. Ship sailing in a turbulent sea, wind adverse. Leg. h • ix - 

DG-M-BF-ETH-EC'EP. TV8C • 

Rev. St. Michael and dragon, soli • dec • olobia • 
I ar. 

There are two varieties of this small and rare piece. It appears 
from these pieces that the Cardinal York, when he assumed the regal 
titles, also assumed the practice of touching for the King's EviL All 
the specimens known are pierced with a hole, by which they were 
suspended round the neck of the patient See Nos. 21, 22.^ 




CARVINGS IN IVORY, &c., ENAMELS, GOLDSMITHS' WORK, 
AND JEWELLERY. (SEE ALSO STUART RELICS.) 

Series of carvings in Ivory, Antique, Early CTiristian, and Medi- 
aeval, the principal jwrtion having formerly been in the collection of 
Gabriel Fej^rvdry, of which a catalogue has been privately printed 
by the present possessor, accompanied by an essay on antique ivories, 
by Francis Pulsky. — 1. Ivory scarabajus, with eight horizontal lines 
of hieroglyphics. 2. Ornament bearing a royal cartouche. Both of 
these Egyptian examples are from the Sams Collection. 3. Fragment 
representing the Emperor Marcus Aurelius sacrificing ; possibly to be 
referred to the purification of Rome by the emperor, when threatened 

^ The series of touch-pieces struck for distribution at the healings has been 
described and figured from originals in Mr. Hawkins* Collection, in the Archceol, 
.rournalf vol. x. p. 197, where the subject of the cure of scrofulous diseases, attri- 
buted to the royal touch, Ims been ftilly discussed by Mr. E. Law Hussey. 



CARVINGS IN IVORY. 117 

by pestilence, a.d. 167. 4. Mythological diptych of iEsculapiiis 
and Hygeia, formerly in the Gaddi collection, and published by Gori 
and other writers on diptychs. Date, probably the second century. 
It is figured also in the Transactions of tlie Historic Society of Lan- 
cashire^ vol. ix. p. 251, and in the Hand-Book of tlie Arts of tlie 
Middle Ages, translated from Labarte, p. 425. 5. Portion of a 
box ; the work had been inlaid with colour, possibly mastic : it 
represents a figure carrying a hare, and is supposed to represent the 
genius of winter. Attributed to the age of Constantine. 6. Im- 
perial diptych, representing the baiting of a stag in the circus ; 
attributed to the times of Philip the Arab, a.d. 248. 7. Diptych 
of the Consul Clementinus, a.d. 513 ; figured in Labarte (ut supra), 
p. 12. 8. Palimpsest diptych of the Consul Magnus, a.d. 519, 
carved in bone ; altered in later times, and inscribed with the name 
of a Bishop, Baldricus, in the eleventh or twelfth century. 9. The 
Crucifixion and Resurrection, a panel from a book cover ; date prior 
to the eighth century. 1 0. The Ascension, panel from a book cover ; 
eighth century. 1 1 . The Nativity and the Crucifixion ; Byzantine 
art, tenth century. 1 2. Portion of a diptych, with Christian types 
and antit3rpes, subjects from the Old and New Testament. 1 3. The 
woman taken in adultery; German art of the tenth century. 14. 
St. John the Baptist ; Byzantine art of the thirteenth century. 
1 5. Mirror case, the assault of the Castle of Love ; it is figured in 
the Art Treasures, by Mr. Waring; date, about 1300. IG. Ivory 
comb, found at Ickleton Nunnery, Cambridgeshire ; it represents a 
friar preaching, and damsels with their gallants coming to drink at 
a fountain ; date, fourteenth century ; figured in the Arclujeologia, 
vol. XV. pi. xlL 17. A tusk or oliphant, elaborately sculptured 
with hunting scenes, probably of the work of Goa, during its occu- 
pation by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. Among the 
ornaments occurs one, found likewise on other works of this class ; 
in form it resembles an escutcheon reversed, upon which is an eagle 
displayed, within a bordure charged with six quatrefoils. 

MR, JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A., UVERPOOL. 

Sculptured Horn, supposed to have been a tenure-horn, formerly 
in the collection of the late Dr. S. Hibbert Ware. Length, 2 feet 
4 iiiches. It is elaborately sculptured with intertwining branclied 



118 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

wDrk, rorming circular compartments, within whiih are auimalM, bouip 
of them being of Oriental character, as occasionally found on Scau- 
dinavian sculptures of this class. The date may be assigned to the 
twelfth century. It has been figured in the Art Treamret of the 
Manchester Exhibition, by Mr. Waring ; Sculpture, pi. iii. — A cheaa- 
piece, carved on sea-horse's timk ; it is figured, Arcfuvol. Journal, 
vol. iii p. 241 : SynoptU of the Maieuut, Soc. Ant Scot, pp. 99, 
107. It repreoeuts two knights in banded armour, probably 




iutende<l fur mail, amidst intertwined and foliated work, in the style 
of the twelfth century. Presented by Lord Macdonald in 1782. 

THE SOCIETY OP ANTIQUAKIEa OF SCOTLAND. 



The " Leys Huntino Horn," sometimes called the " Grathes 
Tenure Horn ;" with its baldric or scarf of green silk, tasseled. It 

is stated to have been " preserved from time immemorial in the pos- 
session of the family of Burnett of Leys, Kincardineshire, and under- 
stood to be the badge of the office of forester of the forest of Drum, 
possessed by that family." It was exhibited February 27, 1837, at 
a meeting of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. The arms of 
Burnett of Leys are, arff., three holly leaves in chief, with a hunt- 
ing-horn in base m. garnished ffH. ; the supporters heing a figure in the 
hunting narb of the Highlands, ami a greylioiind. It appears, from 



-■•■*!s^ 



*'■'. 



i 



■'■<'?>.*. 






<■ '.' ■» 



1 

■ t 



/ 






yi-f 



n<. 



»f 



^2< 






V 









) .» 



• -» 



.u- «'»'i a- ■ I! 

■■ ;..• <i. ;«• •■. ■'. 



• ■■ ' ■ I 



I t 



M 



i ' • ■ > 



1 

t ' ■ .1 



f 



■^■%- 









ft / 



\>. 






i; 



' ' V ^ ; . ' : t 



. " . t 



::!!• . 



'• \ 



I _? •' 



T'' 



I. 

( • 



1 • •; 



i;. 



CARVINGS IN IVORY. 119 

the oldest charter of the Leys family (by King Robert i. in 1324), 
that they obtained from the Crown the lands of KiUienaclerauch in 
discharge of a debt due to them for making the park of the forest of 
Drum, and six merks of the lands of Cardeny in recompense of the 
ofl&ce of forester, with the right of " foggage" in that forest, which 
the king had taken from Alexander Burnett and granted to William 
of Irvine. This ofl&ce, however, had only been held by the Burnetts 
from the time of the forfeiture of the Walchopes in 1306, when 
their lands were granted to the Burnett family ; and there is no 
evidence of their having regained it. Alexander Burnett, of Leys, 
obtained a charter, according to Douglas' Baronage^ p. 42, of the 
lands of Blackhall, '* cum officio coronatoris officii de Garrioch, 
anno 1613.*' The family of Blackhall of that ilk had been here- 
ditary coroners and foresters of the earldom of the Garioch from an 
early period, certainly before the end of the fifteenth century. Early 
in the seventeenth century they fell into decay, and their lands and 
offices were acquired by the Burnetts, who had intermarried with 
them. This interesting horn, possibly the symbol of such office, 
may have passed with the lands to the Burnett family. The quit- 
rent by which the Blackballs held of the Crown, into which the 
earldom of Garioch had merged about 1450, was a dog's collar. — 
Also one of the leaves of a folding devotional tablet, a sculpture of 
the fourteenth century, described as having originally been in Elgin 
Cathedral. It represents four scenes of the life of our Lord, — the 
Adoration of the Magi, the Presentation, the Entombment, and the 
Resurrection. 

SIB JAMES BORNE BURNETT, BART., CRATHES CASTLE, 

KINCARDIN ESHIRE. 

The head of a Crosier, with the Holy Lamb in the volute ; it is 
stated to have been found at Easby Abbey, near Richmond, York- 
shire. — It was formerly in the Allan Museum, and is figured in Mr. 
Fox's SynopsiSf p. 181, and in Scotfs Antiqttarian Gleanings in tht. 
North of England, pL xiii. The date may be assigned to the twelfth 
century, — ^A covered cup or pyx, sculptured with singular figures, 
animals, serpents twined around the stem, and ornaments of an 
Oriental character. On the cover is a figure of a female holding an 
infant, possibly intended to represent the Virgin with the infant 



120 MEDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

Saviour. Height, 10 inches. It was also formerly in the museum 
of Mr. Allan, near Darlington. It appears to be one of the works 
produced at Goa during its occupation by the Portuguese. The arms 
of Portugal occur, reversed, under the bowl : they are also found on the 
'* Comu FlorentinunC^ (Woi^mius^ Monum. Dan., p. 435 ; Musceum, 
Kircherianuniy p. 299) ; and on several other sculptured objects of 
ivory of a similar class. This curious cup is figured in Mr. Fox's 
Synopsis, p. 183 ; and in Scott's Antiquarian Gleanings, pL xxi. 

THE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, NEWCA8TLE-0N-TYNE. 

A leaf of a devotional Folding Tablet, fourteenth century, repre- 
senting the death of the Virgin ; a small folding tablet, of about the 
same period — subject, the Virgin and infant Saviour ; the Nativity, 
a moiety of a similar object, fourteenth century ; a small figure, 
holding the rod which put forth leaves and flowers ; another, repre- 
senting St. John Baptist ; and a third, holding the crown of thorns. 
The three last mentioned are works of the sixteenth century. 

MB. EDWARD CHAfiLTON, M.D., SEC. SOC. ANT. NEWCASTLE. 

A leaf of a pair of Writing Tablets, or Table-Book, fourteenth 
century, representing subjects of romance, probably an example of 
French art ; a carved portion of a box, probably of Amsterdam 
work, seventeenth century ; and an elaborate specimen of Chinese 
carving in ivory. MB. david laing, signet library. 

Twenty-nine Draughtsmen, or pieces for the game of tables, 
carved with representations of various «.nima.1ft in low relief. Date, 
thirteenth century. mr. hollingworth magniac. 

A circular Box, of Saracenic workmanship ; a statuette of the 
Virgin and infant Saviour, a good example of the thirteenth century ; 
three folding devotional tablets, fourteenth century, representing 
scenes from the life of our Lord ; elaborately carved knife-handles, 
Italian work, sixteenth century ; a powder-flask of stag's horn, of 
the same period ; a circular subject, the judgment of Paris, seven- 
teenth century, and a medallion representing two Cupids. 

MR. JOHN WEBB. 



CARVINGS IN IVORY. 121 

Sculptured Tablet, apparently the central portion of a triptych, 
representing the death and coronation of the Virgin, with considerable 
remains of the original colouring. Date, fourteenth century. 

MR. HENRY BOWDON, CHESTERFIELD. 

Ivory cameo portrait of Chaucer, considered to be of Italian art, 
and probably of considerable antiquity. mr. f. abbot, edinbur<5H. 

A Crucifix of ivory, affixed to a cross of ebony ; formerly in 
the Neville Holt collection. MR. J. whitefoord Mackenzie. 

A figure of Cupid breaking his bow ; a beautiful specimen of 
cinque-cento art, probably Italian ; also another production of the 
same period, representing Adonis sleeping ; and a finely carved rap- 
poivy seventeenth century, the subject is Hercules leaning on his club. 

THE HON. LORD MURRAY. 

Circular box, representing Perseus and Andromeda ; under- 
neath are the initials probably of two names, A. D. M. D. Date, 
seventeenth century. mr. mark napier. 

The lid of a box, supposed to have been carved by Peter the 
Great, and to represent St. George ; but probably the figure is 
intended for an Oriental warrior or a Tartar, armed with a long 
javelin. mr. d. w. ranken. 

A Medallion Portrait, exquisitely carved in pear-wood : it 
represents a lady in rich costume, katrina • echingerin • was 
xxxx . lAR • ALT • DA HET DiGSTALT • M • D • xxu • IHS. Reverse, a 
coat of arms. — A medallion portrait in hone-stone, profile, furred 
cap and robe, iohan • klanmvlher • etatis . uin. — Another medal- 
lion, of oval form and of the same material as the last : it represents 
an abbot, effigies • iac • keim • abb • s • iac. Reverse, a coat of 
arms, a mitre, pastoral staff*, and a bounlon, or pilgrim's staff, with 
the date 1611. — A set of draftsmen, of ebony and boxwood, orna- 
mented with the portraits of European sovereigns and princes; 
produced apparently by pressure with a die whilst the wood was 
softened, possibly by means of boiling water, and giving the eff*ect 



122 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

of medals in low relief. They bear the date 1678, and on two 
of the pieces are the initials M. R combined as a monogram. 

SIR WALTER C. TREVELYAN, BART. 

A CiBORiUM and cover, of copper gilt, and most elaborately 
enameled ; one of the finest existing examples of the champleve 
process, as practised by the enamelers in the twelfth century. 
Some doubt has been expressed whether the workmanship is to be 
attributed to the school of Limoges or that of the Rhine. In the 
details of its execution, in costume, and the general character of the 
art, this remarkable vessel bears considerable resemblance to the 
exquisite crosier in the Doucean Museum at Groodrich Court, 
inscribed, " Frater Willelmus me fecit," stated to have been found 
in the tomb of Ragenfroi, Bishop of Chartres in 941, but evidently a 
work of a century and a half later. (Figured in Willemin's Monu- 
mens Inedits, torn. L p. 20, and in Art Treamires of MancheUer 
Exhibition; described also in Sir S. Meyrick's Catalogue of the 
Doucean Museum, Gentltmans Afaffazine, Febniary, 1835, p. 198.) 
The ciborium has been traditionally regarded as having belonged to 
Malcolm Canmore, king of Scotland, 1056-1092, and it is stated 
to have been presented by Mary, Queen of Scots, to her faithful 
adherent, Sir James Balfour of Burleigh, from whom it has descended 
to the present possessor, by the marriage of Alexander Bruce of 
Kennet, in 1714, with Mary Balfour, daughter of Robert, fourth 
Lord Burleigh, and ultimately heiress of her brother Robert, fifth 
lord. Mr. Joseph Robertson, who has carefully investigated the 
Royal Inventories of the period, has sought in vain for any trace of 
this remarkable object among the possessions of the crown. It may, 
however, possibly have been described in the " Inventair of the 
Queene Regentis movablis,*' received by Servd^ de Cond^ valet of 
cliamber to the Queen in 1562, under the item of enameled objects, 
— " Ane lawer with a cowp and cover of copper ennamaillit." ^ 
On the bowl, or lower moiety of this vessel, which measures about 
6J inches in diameter, there are six subjects from Old Testament 
history, introduced as circular medallions, enclosed by stems or 
branche^s of foliage, of gilt metal, on which are inscriptions. These 

* See Inventories of the Royal Wardrolte, &c , p. 158, edited by T. Thomson. 
Edinburgh, 1815. 






t 






• . > 



I A 



I I 



• i!' 



': •»> ; 1:1 



!:!■ N ! I 



t » : 



.1 i » 



• »(.'. { ..><■■;• - J; 



'I. 



:ii'>- 



•Jl 






,/ . I.- . • , 



» -^ 



1 ' - 



> ; 



•M .','■.• 



M-.-.i •■% \};; 



/•:.;■•'!{' 1 



I if '- 



• » • I 



1 1 



ENAMELS. 12a 

branches run into one another, and from them spring richly en- 
ameled scrolls and leaves, filling the spaudrils. The enameled 
ground of the medallion is apple-green, that of the other parts 
blue. On the cover are introduced likewise, in similar medallions, 
six subjects from the history of our Lord, corresponding with the 
antitypes in the Old Testament series. On the bowl, — 1. Abraham 
circumcises his son Isaac ; the patriarch appears with Sarah and an 
attendant : over the heads are the words, 8 are a • isaac • abraam • 
+ PRECESSiT • LAVACRVM • SACRA • ciRCVMCisio • SACRVM. 2. Abra- 
ham bearing a sword and a lamp ; Isaac follows him bearing the 
wood. + LiGNA pver gestat crvcis vnde tipvm manifest at. 
3. The sacrifice of Isaac, who kneels on the altar ; Abraham holds 
him by the hair, and raises his sword, the blade of which is held 
back by an angel ; under him is seen a ram caught in the thicket. A 
hand appears above issuing from clouds, angelvs • Abraham • isaac • 

-f- TEMPTAN8 TEMPTATVS ISAAC ARIES QVE PARA TVS. 4. SamSOn 

goes forth from Gaza ; on each side of a castle are seen two soldiers, 
in long hauberks of mail, with kite-shaped shields, and anned with 
spears : Samson is not in armour. + samson de gaza con- 
CLV8V8 AB HOSTiBvs EXIT. 5. David rescucs a lamb out of the 
mouth of the bear : over his head is the name davit. + vrsvs ovem 
LEDiT DAVIT ivvAT HVNC QVOQVE CEDIT. 6. Elyah taken up to 
heaven ; he is represented standing in a square cart with two horses ; 
around his head is a blue nimbus. Elisha receives the prophet's 
cloak. + IGNEVS . heliam • cvRRvs LEV AT AD THEORiAM. Theona 
in mediaeval Latinity signifies meditation or contemplation. 

On the cover, — 1. The Baptism of our Lord ; the water of Jordan, 
like a mountain, rises to his breast ; the figures of Christ and of the 
Baptist are in lilac-coloured enamel, excepting the faces, which are 
in gilt metal. An angel stands at one side ; the dove is seen above. 

+ BATIZAT MILES REGEM NOVA GRATIA LEGEM. 2. Our Lord bearing 

the cross : in front are two figures mocking him ; three females 
behind : the figure of Christ is in lilac enamel, sic alapis cesvs 
piA DvciTVR osTiA IHESV8. 3. The Crucifixion : the blessed Virgin 
and St. John stand near the cross. At the top is the name ihesvr 

+ in CRVCE MACTATVR PERIT ANGVIS 0VI8 REVOCATVR. 4. TllC 

Resurrection : the angel is seated on the sepulchre ; in front the 
soldiers lie proijtrate ; the three Marys approach on one gide. 



124 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

+ 8VRGIT DE TVMVLO PETRA XPC QVEM PETRA TEXIT. 5. Tlie hai'- 

rowiiig of hell : our Lord bears the cross ; Adam and Eve and a demon 
aplKjar before him. -f mors hominem stravit d*s hanc ugat 
HVNC relevavit. 6. The Ascension : the upper part of the nimfjus 
around our Lord's head is concealed by a cloud ; on the right appear 
six apostles, on the left the Virgin Mary and the other six apostles. 

+ QVO CAPVT ASCENDO MEA MEMBRA VENITE SEQVENDO. ThcSC 

medallions have a blue ground. On the cover is a knop, like an 
apple, surrounded by four enameled leaves of very elegant design. 
Inside the cover is a half-length figure of our Lord, with double 
(TOSS ; the face gilt metal. The enamels occurring on this remark- 
able example are of the following colours : — White, i>ale blue, lapis 
lazuli blue, copper-red, i)urple with yellow spots, apple-green, lilac, 
used for flesh tints, blue-green, orange- red, amber-yellow, and light 
yellow. — Tlie lower part of a ciborium of very similar workmanship is 
preserved in the collection at Warwick Castle. It likewise exhibits 
six subjects from Old Testament history, accompanied by Latin 
verses, three of which are identical with those given ^bove. The 
enamels are unfortunately nearly all destroyed, but have been as 
brilliant as those on the example here de8cril)ed. An engraving 
of it may be found in Shaw's Decorative Arts of the Middle Ages, 
from an old drawing by Vertue; and in Mr. Franks' Memoir on 
Enamel, in Art Treasures of the Afanchester Exhibition, A very 
beautiful enameled ciborium, thirteenth century, of similar form, is 
preserved in tlie collection at the Louvre. It bears the name of the 
artist, Alpais.^ mr. bruce of kennet. 

An enameled Plaque, of German art, twelfth century, represent- 
ing the marking the door-posts of the children of Israel with a Tau. 
This specimen has been since presented to the series of enamels in 
the British Museum. mr. a. w. franks. 

Collection of Enamels of various periods. A large medallion, 
thirteenth century, on which is represented, in very high relief, a 
seated figiire of the Virgin hohliug the infant Saviour ; another 
simiLar subject, of the same period, with the figures in relief. — The 

' Seo l>c Labonlp, Xotice des Emaux du Lovvre, p. 50 ; and the Annales 
Archevlogi'iuftf torn. xiv. p. 5, where it is figured. 



ENAMELS. 125 

luwer portion of a ciborium, with aiigels, forming medallions ; blue 
ground ; date, late thirteenth century. — Two bosses, possibly intended 
to be affixed to the binding of a book, and displaying heraldic 
escutcheons, with these arms, gyronny argent and sahle^ and lozengy or 
and gules, — A priket candlestick, and two candlesticks, formed so as 
to fold up for convenience in travelling ; all three are ornamented with 
coats of arms. — A set of the evangelistic symbols, probably Italian 
art, about 1400. — Three devotional folding tablets, of the fourteenth 
ct^ntury, exquisitely enameled over delicate silver chasings, and repre- 
senting scenes from the life of our Lord, and saints ; also several 
enamels of the work of Limoges in the sixteenth century, one of 
them signed P. R (Piferre Raymond), painted in grisaille^ and repre- 
senting David and Goliath. MB. john webb. 

A devotional folding Tablet or triptych, in the early style of 
Limoges, probably painted by one of the Penicaud family ; date 
about 1500. — Another, of remarkably fine execution, painted in 
colours, by Pierre Raymond, whose initials it bears, together with 
the early dat« 1539. — A quadrangular plaque, exquisitely painted in 
gruaUU, with numerous figures representing the adoration of the magi. 
It bears the initials P. M. An enamel of the same size and subject, 
but without the initials, is preserved in Colonel Meyrick's collection 
at Goodrich Court ; and there is a small specimen by the same artist 
in the British Museum. — Another plaque, painted in grimilhy by an 
artist who signs his works Pape, and has been identified with Martin 
Didier.^ the duke of Hamilton and brandon. 

An oval Plaque, probably the back of a mirror, representing 
Mercury surrounded by flowers and birds, painted on the background 
with transparent colours, d paillona. It is signed I. D. C. — Also a 
painting in enamel by Jean de Court of Limoges, about 1570. — 
Enameled two-handled cup, representing a subject from the history 
of Tobit, painted by Joseph Laudin of Limoges, and signed with his 
initials, I. L. — An enameled cup of metal, on which are painted two 
subjects of rural life ; white ground. The cup is lined with gilt 
metal. Signed /. J. Priester^ phi. This example of German art 

* See a fiill account of Diilier and of the enamelers of LimogcH, in the Notice 
Jes Ematix du Louvre, by Count do Liibordc. Paris, 1853. 



126 MEDIiBVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

in enamel Lb supposed to have been executed at Dresden, about 

1660. SIR WALTER C. TREVELYAN, BART. 

The upper portion of a Tazza, the foot lost. The subject repre- 
sented is the miracle of the loaves and fishes. It is signed S. C, 
for Susanne Court, an artist of the later part of the sixteenth 
century. This object formed part of the Allan Museum.^ 

THE NEWCASTLE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. 

A devotional Folding Tablet, of three leaves, of Byzantine 
character. MR. w. B. Johnstone, R.a.A. 

A Plaque of Russo-Greek work, found at Lincoln, and repre- 
senting our Lord between the Virgin and St. John the Baptist, 
surrounded by saints- mr. albert way, f.s.a. 

A Pencase and Inkstand, probably painted at Battersea, near 
London, or at Liverpool, early in the eighteenth century. The ground 
is blue, with white ornaments in relief The enamel colours are laid 
on thin copper plate. mr. james johnstone. 

A Gold Torc Ring, stated to have been found on Flodden Field. 
It is figured, ArchcBol. Journal^ vol. iii. p. 269 ; see also notices of 
similar ornaments, vol. vi. p. 58. The weight is 8 dwts. 17 grains. 
A gold ring of this description was found on the field of Bannock - 
bum ; and a third, formerly in Mr. Patou's collection, was dug up 
in the cemetery at Dunfermline. Tlie date of rings of this kind 
remains doubtful ; they have usually been assigned to a compara 
tively early age ; but the discovery of two tore rings at Soberton, in 
Hampshire, with coins of William the Conqueror,^ and their being 
found in localities such as are here mentioned, may suggest the 
possibility that the fashion was retained down to mediaeval times. 
A ring of this chiss, found at Ringmer, near Lewes, is figured in 
the Sussex Arclueological Collections^ vol. ix., and another example 
haa more recently been discovered in Hayling Island, Hants. — A 
ruig of base metal, found near Dunfermline. — A pilgrim's sign, 

* Sec Si/nopsis, by Fox, No. 71, p. 185. 
'' Sec Archceol. Journal, vol. viii. p. 100. 



goldsmiths' work. 127 

representing St. James, sculptured in jet and set in a shell of silver. 
A small silver cross, from Dryburgh Abbey, and another from Lin- 
lithgow. — A silver watch and chain, found on the field of Culloden : 
the watch bears the maker's name, Drills, London. 

MR. JOSEPH N. PATON, DUNFERMLINE. 

A massive Silver Chain, weight about 93 ounces, found at the 
depth of two feet, among gravel, in digging the Caledonian Canal, 
in 1808. The length is 18 inches, exclusive of a grooved link, 
which has not been preserved with the chain. The single ring 
at one end measures 2yV inches diameter. The rings at the other 




Silver Chain, found In di$ftin<^ the Caledonian Canal, in 1808. 

end 2^ inches diameter. It was reported that a ball of silver was 
found with the chain. Sir G. M'Kenzie, Bart., in a communication 
to the Royal Society of Edinburgh, stated his opinion, from the 
general appearance of the chain, that it had been used for some 
purposes of church decoration, probably for the suspension of a lamp, 
and had been concealed at the Reformation. It came into the 
possession of the Queen's Remembrancer, as Treasure-trove, and was 
deposited by the Lords Commissioners of her Majesty's Treasury 
in the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Edinburgh, in 1837. 

the society of antiquaries op SCOTLAND. 

Two Amulets or Charms, one of them of lead, cast in the form of 
a heart, the other an elf-bolt, or arrow-head of flint, mounted in silver, 
with a loop for suspension to the neck. The superstitious estima- 
tion of such objects has been noticed by Pennant, Tour in Scotland, 

* Archceoloffia Scotica^ vol. iv. p. 372. This discovery is also noticed in the 
Scots Magazine^ May, 1810. 



128 MEDIiGVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

vol. i. p. 116; and in Daly ell's Darker Super^tUmns of Scotland. 
A similar notion of the virtues of " elfin-darta" exists in Ireland, 
and is noticed in Mr. Wilde's Catalogue of tlie Museum of the Royal 
Irish Academy^ p. 19. — Bronze pins, for attaching the plaid, found 
in North Uist. 

THE NORTHERN INSTITUTION, INVERNESS. 

Collection of Personal Ornaments and Rings of various period«. 
Two silver armlets, one of them a tore, terminating in knobs, the 



other four-sided, with sharp terminations : they resemble ornaments 
that have been found with hoards of Saxon coins. — Ring-brooches 
of silver, one of them bearing a talismanic inscription, probably 
intended for the mysterious word agla, written backwards, and 
with crosses between the letters ; another, of octagonal form, in- 
scribed on one side, + vscv vciv enlvs (?) ; and another inscribed 
lESVs NAZA. — A fragment of gold chain, of remarkable workmansliip. 
A gold corded ring, with a square bezel, engraved with a rabbit : 
it resembles rings of the Lower Empire, but its history has not been 
recorded. — A silver betrothal ring, with hands conjoined ; date fif- 
teenth century. — Two rings, inscribed, Ih'c — maria. — A gold ring, 

bearing inscriptions probably of talismanic character, both inside and 
outside (see woodcut) ; date about 1300. — Silver and paroel-gilt 
rings of the fifteenth century, one being a betrothal ring, the others 
engraved with sacred monograms and devices. 

THE FACULTY OF ADVOCATES, EDINBURGH. 

A GrOLD Ring, set with a ruby : it was found about 1832, in 
ploughing near Watershaugh, a little above Warkworth Mills, on the 
river Coquet, Northumberland. The ring was discovered fixed on the 
point of the ploughshare. Weight 175 grains. (See wood-cut, next 
page.) — A gold ring, set with a sapphire ; found, in 1 808, at Prudhoe 
Castle. The form is peculiar, the head or bezel projecting with 
a peak, on the top of which the gem is fixed. Date fourteenth 



OOLDSUiTHS WORK. 12!) 

rentuiy i weight 64 gmina. Compare a ring of tliiu type, AnJum- 
logia, vol. viii. pi. xxx. — A gold ring found near t'orbridge in 1816. 





The head is formed with five proJeL-ting peaks of conflidersWe eleva 
tion ; the central one had lost its setting ; on the fonr smaller 
bezels surrounding it were am all 
rubies. Weight 135 grains. — A small 
ring of base metal, probably talis- 
manic, beuriug an inscription in rudely 
engraved characters, which have not 
been explained. It was found on a 
mountain in the county Mayo. (Si^e 
woodcut) Some further noticeji of 
these relics are given, Atrh/rol. Jour., 
vol. vii. p. 192. — A bronze buckle, 
of remarkable design and execution. 
It was found at Lincoln. It repre- 
sents wyverns in conflict ; two nlon- 
strous animals, of the sauie descrip- 
tion, forming the bow of the buckle, 
the tongue of which lies between their heads. Date, about 1300 f 
(See woodcut.) thf. ditke of n 




Mace of silver parcel-gilt, one, as stated, of six maces, found in 
1 683, concealed during troublous times in the tomb of Jaiues Kennedy, 
Bishop of St Andrews, in the church of St Salvator's College which 
he had founded in 1456. The length of the ma<« is 3 feet 1 1 inches; 
weight, nearly 20 Ibe. ; it consists of a stem, with three highly onm- 
mented knops, terminating above in elaborate tabernacle -work, and 
below in a boldly -designed foliated ornament. The head is hexagonal, 
with buttresses at the angles. In the upper part of the heati are 
openings like windows, through which may be seen a figure of the 



130 MEDIiEVAI. ANTIQUITIES. 

Saviour, standing on the globe, his hands upraised. On tlire* of the 
sides are projecting turrets, resembling flying buttresses of maflsive 
proportions ; in each of these is an angel kneeling, and holding one of 
the symbols of the Passion. Under the turrets are figures of wode- 
woses, or savage men, with shields, as follows : — 1. a saltire within 
a treasure flory counter-flory, for the see of St Andrews ; 2. a 
chevron between three cross-crosslets fitchy, within a tressure flory 
counter-flory, Kennedy ; 3. an imperial orb within a bordure flory 
counter-flory. On the three other sides are canopies, under which 
are three figures : 1. a king, holding a heart and a pilgrim^s stafl* ; 
2. a bishop ; 3. a dignitary in a doctor's cap and dress. At the 
angles project lions, resting on raguly stems, like boughs abruptly 
truncated. The whole shaft or stem is elaborately ornamented in 
spiral bands, engraved with columbine flowers alternately with the 
initials I. K. surmounted by a crown, being those of Bishop Kennedy. 
The knops are all diflerent, and diminish in size towards the lower 
end ; in the upper knop are figures of ecclesiastics and angels ; the 
lower knops are formed of architectural designs only. On a circular 
band, at the lower termination of the stem, is the following inscrip- 
tion : — " -|- Joh'ne maiel gouldsmehe and verlete ofe chamer til ye 
lorde ye Dalfyne hes made yis masse in ye toune of Paris ye zer of 
our lorde M. cccc. Ixj." Another inscription thus records the dona- 
tion : — « Jacobus Kennedi illustris Sancti Andree antistes ac Funda- 
tor Collegii Sancti Salvatoris, cui me donavit, me fieri fecit Parisiis, 
ano. d'ni. M. iiy<^ Ixj." From the lower knop hangs by a chain an 
object like a seal of circular form, with a long handle ; the part 
where the impress is usually found is hollow, and contains an 
engraved plate, with the following inscription : — " D' Alex' Skene 
CoUegy S'* Salvatoris nostri prepositus me temporis injuria Isesam 
et mutilam publicis dicti Collegij simiptibus reparandam curavit. 
Anno Dom : 1685." An engraving of this fine example of Gothic 
goldsmiths' work may be seen in Dibdin's Northern Tour^ vol. ii. 
p. 910. The alleged discovery of six silver maces in the tomb of 
Bishop Kennedy has been alluded to by that author, by Pennant, 
Tour in Scotland, vol. iii. p. 196, by Defoe, vol. iii. p. 155, by Mr. 
Robert Chambers, in his Notice of the Tomb, Aixfweologia Scotica^ 
voL iv. p. 382, and in BiUings' Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Scotland, 
vol. i. It has been stated by Mr. Lyon, History of St, Andrews j 
vol. ii. p. 198, that three of the maces were given to the other Scottish 



OOLD8HITIIS WORK, 



131 



UnirerditteH, but ihm tradition appeant to rest od na authentic evi- 
dence. Two other maces, besides that here described, have been 
preaerved at St. Ajidjrews, and now form the insignia of St. Mary's 
Oollege. The anns, however, which occur ujiou them, do not show 
any immediate connexion witli Bishop Kennedy. (Lyon's J/istori/, 
vol iL p. 212.) — Three silver prize arrows, preserved at St. Andrews, 
with numerous medallions attached to them, bearing the names and 
heraldic achievements of many distinguished alumni of that ancient 
seat of learning, successively winners of the prize at the Butta. 
The medala are all dated ; those on the arrow, which appears to be 
the most ancient, are thirty-nine in number, the earliest being dated 
1618. On another, with thirty medals, no date is found earlier 
than 1710. The medals on those two arrows are enumerated by 
Mr. Lyon, vol. iL p. 302. These arrows and medals weigh more than 
221 ounces. A third arrow, of smaller uze, possesses an especial 
interest, aa having been the prize won, July 18, 1628, by the 
gallant Montrose. It is thus described by Mr. Napier, in his Memoirt 




of the Marquit <>/ Afoiitrote, vol. i. |). 4-5, where a representation 
of the medal bearing his name is given, " It is smaller than tho^^e 
alreiuly mentioned, being not more than a span in length. To each of 




132 MEDlifiVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

its three silver feathers a silver medal is attached. Upon 
one of these, the earliest in date, there is engraved, un- 
derneath the full arms of the earldom, • iames • earle • 
OF • M0NTR0E8 • 16 • 28 • ; and on the reverse is rudely 
sculptured the figure of an archer drawing a bow, the usual 
effigies on most of these ancient medals. The second in 
order of time also displays a shield of arms, with the 
initials J. M. L. and the date 1630. Montrose, it seems, 
held this arrow from 1628 to 1 630, by which time, being 
married, he had left college." The accompan3ring wood- 
cuts, for which we are indebted to Mr. Mark Napier, 
represent the first of these interesting medals (obverse 
and reverse, original size). 

SIR DAVID BREWSTER, K.H., LL.D., 

IVincipal of the United Colleges of St. Salvator 
and 8t. Leonard. 

The ancient Maoe of the University of Glasgow ; it is 
of silver parcel-gOt, and is described as the silver staff 
" quhilk the Bedel carrieth before the Rector at sollem 
tymes." It measures 4 feet 9| inches in length ; the 
weight is 8 lb. 1 oz. The head is an elaborate piece of 
tabernacle-work of three stages, all of them hexagonal, 
resting on brackets ; the lower stage is ornamented with 
six escutcheons, supported by angels : 1. the arms of the 
city of Glasgow ; 2. a modem inscription, as follows : — 
U<jec Virga empta fuit publicis Academ'ice Glasgtiensis 
sumptihus A.D. 1465, in Galliam ablata a.d. 1560 ; et 
Academioe reatiiuta a.d. 1590 ; 3. the arms of Douglas j(^ 
of Dalkeith, as borne by the Regent Morton, the restorer 
of the college ; 4. arms of Hamilton, the first endower ; 
5. arms of Scotland ; 6. arms of Tumbull, founder of 
the University. These escutcheons must have been sup- 
plied after the restoration or new erection of the Univer- 
sity, and, if executed at the same time as the inscription, 
may be not earlier than the last century. The workman- 
ship of the mace is very good, and may be of the period 
(1465) stated in the inscription. For the following par- 
ticulars relating to it we are indebted to the Afunimenta 
alme Uiiwa'siiatu Glasgnmsisy edited by Mr. Cosmo Innes 




m- 




i i-y 



s^2^ 



m 



%^:: 



■ I I (I . .• 

•.n':!i • ••• • 

• ■! ;■;. • / .^s^^ . . 



\i 



Vt • • ' ' '' 



^ l-rrt M ^• 



\ • : ■ v r. « .-.It' ■ ;. 






:vil«( ■■•■I 



» • • » 



f i.r \ ' VV KK\ . 



»• 






rJM L. ' ■' ]'-i,\ 



<i { 'h •» 



V ( . . t^ > 



t IM' j,;i 



.1 ■ 



:' I' 



'!', .1' -I ■ • I'.-', i .:.'' W ' " • 

• >» rv ;»n : it- .. ; m. i !l;<'.-v .7 !> • - i i • 
:l^ -iL;:!> .■■.'( * .'. !•- "i (*■ ■• ;. ' . ■ : '. 
; • : ■ »«T ;• [ • .1. '■ ^ \ •■' • • 

;.,■ . I..' !, •\ •. : lit ..■•■'.. .1 :.■'.. .. : 



, l« 



.• I 



* >>■ 



0: 



-^ 



GOLDSMITHS WORK. 133 

for the Maitland Club.^ " While the present Collegium, coming in 
the place of the Faculty of Arts of the ancient University, enjoys 
part of its property and its buildings in that character, it must not be 
forgot that it represents at the same time the ancient University itself, 
and it is in the latter capacity that it holds perhaps its most ancient 
possession in mohilibus, — the Mace. Mr. David Cadyow, Precentor 
of the Cathedral and first Rector of the University, on the occasion 
of his being re-elected to that office in 1460, made the munificent 
contribution of 20 nobles towaids the making of the University 
Mace, and the members, by common consent of all the Nations in 
the statutory congregation of the University, on the feaat of St. 
Crispin and Crispinian, 1465, submitted to a tax for the same 
common end. FinaUy, in 1490, directions were given for the 
reforming and correction of the silver mace at the expense of the 
University. It woidd appear that the emblem of office was now 
perfected, for no more collections are found for it ; while, in 1519, 
Master Robert Maxwell, Chancellor of the diocese of Moray, being 
elected Rector, and having regard to the safety of the more precious 
Mace, fit only for the most solemn occasions, presented to the Uni- 
versity a cane staff, set with silver at its extremities and middle, to 
be in all time coming borne before the Rector on the smaller feasts 
and at common meetings." 

THE VEBY REV. PRINCIPAL BfACFARLANE, AND THE SENATE 
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW. 

Municipal Insignia of the city of Edinburgh. The Civic 
Sword, provided for the special purpose of enhancing the dignity of 
the Lord Provost, in accordance with the charter granted by James 
VI. (of Scotland), bearing date at Whitehall, November 10, 1609, 
the preamble of which bears, " That it was clearly known and made 
manifest to him, that in all well-constituted commonwealths the 
whole Magistrats were not only permitted, but were ordered to 
carry and bear Bundles of Rods and such ensigns before them . . . 
as signs and tokens of their magistracy, and to induce the common 
people to greater reverence. . . . Tlierefore his Majesty willed, and 
granted, and decerned, and ordained, that in all time coming the 
Provost of the said Burgh of Edinburgh, and his successors, shall 

* Glasgow, 1854. Preface, pp. xli. xliii. 



134 MEDI«VAI. ANTEQUITIES. 

have the privilege of bearing and carrying before them, when passing 
through their Btreets, a sword, sheathed in velvet, of such kind, and 
as oft as is used to be carried before the Mayor of London." 
Abstract of Charter by James vi., as contained in the Inventory of 
the Writings in the Charter House of the city of Edinburgh. — ^The 
Civic Mace, ordered to be made in 1616, as appears by the Council 
Record, vol. xii. f. 244, dated 18th December in that year. " The 
q'lk day the Provest, Baillies, Deyne of Gild, Thesaurer, and CoUD- 
sall, being couveyuit, ordains Johnne Byria, Thesaurer, ... to roak 
ane fair mase to 1* borne befoir the Proveiat, of ten pund wecht of 
silver, and to cause mak the same partial! gilt, the samine to be 
maid be the advyse of David Aikenheid, deyne of gild, and George 
Fonlls, m' of the Cunzie houa, and the expenas deburait y'rupone 
sail be allowit to him in his comptis." The sword and the mace 
were invariably committed into the keeping of the Lord Provoat, " t« 
whom they were delivered upon induction into office, to be by him 
returned, upon demittiug it, for the use and behoof of his successor." 
For these particulars regarding the civic insignia we are indebted to 
the kindness of Mr. David Laing. 

THE LORD PKOV08T OF EDINBtTROH. 

Tlie Horn of the Honor of Tutbury, Staffordshire, a portion of 
the Duchy of Lancaster, having previously belonged to the Earls of 
Derby, of the family of De Ferrars. It has been noticed in Blount's 
Tenures ; in Mr. Pegge's Memoir in the Arcfueologia, vol. iii. p. i., 
where it is figured ; and a more full account of ita history and 
origin may be found in the Archceological Journal, vol, xiii. p. 174. 
The horn is mounted with silver gilt, and it hafl a 
baldrick of silk, with fastenings of the same metal, 
to which is attached an ornament, charged with 
an ecicutchcon, France and England quarterly, 
with a label of three points ermine, impaling 
vairy. (See woodcut) The dext«r coat is that of 
Lancaster, as borne by John of Ghent ; the sinister 
would ap[>ear to be that of Ferrars. This iin|mled coat cannot I* 
assigned to any individual personage; but the bearings may have 
lieen thus combine)! to indicate the union of tlie earldom of Derby, 
formerly in the Ferrars family, with the duchy of Lancaster, as the 




GOLDSMITHS WORK. 



135 



Honor of Tutbury had gone first with the earldom, and subsequently 
with the duchy. This interesting relic, formerly in the possession 
of the Foxlowe family, was produced through the kindness of Mr. 
C. Desborough Bedford. 

MR. FRANCIS GREAVES^ BANNER CROSS, SHEFFIELD. 

The Lyon Cup of Strathmore, of silver parcel-gilt, in form of 
a lion sejant. Its date may be early in the seventeenth century. 
The form of this cup may have been in allusion to the family name. 
One of the supporters of the arms of the noble possessors of Glammis 
Castle, where it has been preserved, is a lion. This cup bears the 
Augsburg mark, and the letter £. Height, 9 inches. 

THE EARL OF STRATHMORE. 



A small silver-gilt Cup, in form of a pine apple. Height, 10 
inches. It is thus inscribed — " Jacobus Frederick Kuhom Spirensis, 
anno mdcxxxv ; " and inside the cover — " Kays burg Fridt bergh 
1671." A similar cup, in possession of Baroness Rothschild, dated 
1681, is figured in Delamotte's Examples of Art Workmanship, 

MR. HORATIO MACCULLOCH, R.S.A. 



The " AssuANLEY Cup," the gift of 
Greorge, Duke of Gordon, to George Calder 
of Assuanley, about 1704. It is of silver 
parcel-gilt, and of very elaborate workman- 
ship ; on the cover there is a demi figure, 
holding an arrow, the Gordon crest. A full 
account of this cup, presented to Mr. Calder, 
to commemorate the valiant deeds of his 
ancestors, is given in the Proceedings of the 
Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 182. 
It appears to have represented a cup carried 
off by Hugh Calder from Finhaven Castle, 
the fortress of the Earl of Crawford, after 
the battle of Brechin, in 1453. This fine 
piece of plate, sometimes taken for the more 
ancient " Finhaven Cup," is now in the pos- 
session of the Duke of Hamilton. 

MR. CHARLES E. DALRYMPLE. 







136 MEDIi£VAL ANTIQUITIES. 

An Italian Chaucb, probably of Siennese workmanship, with 
the date 1 365. Tt is thus inscribed on the lower part of the stem — 

+ QUESTO • CALICE • E DELLA • CHIE8A • DI s'TO • GIUSTO DACUONA 

M ccc Lxv. The bowl is of silver ; the pomel of the stem is orna- 
mented with six small roundels, which have been enameled, and 
represent the crucified Saviour, the Virgin, St. John, St. Peter, St. 
Lawrence, and a Bishop. The base is of copper gilt. Height, 8 
inches. — Silver plate from Irvine Church, Ajrrshire. — A silver 
mounted casket of leather, and a folding fork and spoon, in a case of 
stamped leather. In the bowl of the spoon is engraved a repre- 
sentation of a female saint, crowned and holding crowns in her 
hand ; she is giving alms to a beggar. It is thus inscribed — elis- 

BET ■ DE • MEL • 1612. MR. J. WHITEPOORD MACKENZIE. 

A Spoon and Fork of rock crystal, possibly of oriental work- 
manship. Formerly in possession of George Gordon, sixth Earl of 
Huntley, created Marquis by James vi.. King of Scotland, 1599. 
They were given by the Duchess of Grordon in 1852 to their present 
possessor. the hon. r. c. nbville, f.s.a. 

An Ewer of Avanturine jasper, probably antique, of exquisite 
beauty. The gold mounting appears to be in the French style of 
workmanship in the times of Louis xv. In the British Museum 
there is a circular patera, witli two handles, of the same costly 
material ; it was formerly in the Townley Collection, and may 
possibly have belonged to the ewer exhibited. 

THE DUKE OF HAMILTON AND BRANDON. 

The Plague-Spoon, once believed to possess talismanic or medicinal 
virtue. It is formed of a cowry shell, set in silver, with a curiously 
wrought handle of the same metal, inscribed, G. T. Aug. 1603. 
Medicine taken from this spoon was supposed to be an infallible 
remedy for the plague ; and so highly were its virtues esteemed, that 
persons flocked from all parts of the country to test its healing 
powers. — An enameled ring and silver box, in which it was presenterl 
by the University of St. Andrews to John Ross, Archbishop of St. 
Andrews, to which see he was promoted, 1684. The revolution in 
1688 deprived him and the rest of the bishops. He died June 13, 



GOLDSMITHS* WORK, 137 

1704, being the last survivor of the Scottish episcopate. — An ancient 
casket, found in a concealed closet in the wall of Gowrie House, 
Perth. — A key of elegant design, with the initials, S. P. T. 1673, 
being those of Sir Peter Threipland, the first baronet of Fingask. 

SIE PATRICK MURRAY THREIPLAND, BART. 

Silver Spoon, of Edinburgh workmanship, seventeenth century. 
The handle terminates in a knop, probably intended for an acorn. 
On the bowl are engraved certain initials, being 
probably those of Sir Greorge Maxwell, Bart, of S 

Polloc, and of his wife. Dame Annabella Stewart, G M 
daughter of Sir Archibald Stewart. They were D 

married in 1646, and the spoon is probably of that A S 
period. It bears the Edinburgh plate-mark, a castle, 
and the two following marks — I • S • and I • F — A Silver Peg- 
Tankard, described as having been given by one of the bishops of 
Orkney to his nephew, Sir John Maxwell of Polloc. The assay- 
marks are E and a castle, apparently. The supposed donor may 
have been Robert Maxwell, promoted to the see of Orkney in the 
sixteenth century. sir john maxwell, bart. of polloc. 

A complete set of Apostle Spoons, of silver parcel-gilt, inscribed 
with the following mottoes — 1 . St. Peter : " Regnum Dei non est 
cibus nee potus." 2. St Andrew : " In multis escis infirmitas." 

3. St. James the Great : " Vino junguntur vino solvimtiur amici." 

4. St. John : " Primitias da Domino de cibis tuis." 5. St. Philip : 
" Frange esurgenti (sic) panem tuam." 6. St. James the Less : " Ve 
comorantibus in crapula." 7. St. Thomas : " Noli cibo tuo fratrem 
perdere." 8. St Bartholomew : " Corpus cibo, virtus pnemio 
alitur." 9. St Matthew : " Ne graventiur corpora vestra crapula." (?) 
10. St. Simon : "De cibo tuo pauperes ale." 11. St Matthias : 
" Est virtus multis abstin .... cibis." 1 2. St. Jude : " Ve quorum 
Deus venter est." Each of the miniature figures of the Apostles is 
distinguished by the usual emblem. St. Philip carries a basket, in 
allusion, as it has been supposed, to John vi. 5-7. — Seven silver 
salts, of various forms, productions of Italian and German artificers 
of the sixteenth century. — Two pectoral crosses of silver gilt, one of 
Spanish workmanship, the other Italian ; also a pectoral cross, set 

s 



138 MEDIi£VAL ANTIQUITIES. 

with emeralds, the reverse enameled with the emblems of the PassioD ; 
nine Russian, or Russo- Greek crosses, of silver gilt and enameled. — 
A silver Highland brooch, of beautifiil workmanship. 

MR. WILLIAM STIBUNG OF KEIR, M.P. 

Three Plaques of silver, specimens of repo^me work, date about 
1500 ; probably parts of the covering of a shrine. Tlie subjects are 
St. Peter and St. Andrew, St. John the Evangelist and St. James, 
St. John the Baptist, and a saint, a bishop, St Michael, St Margaret, 
and St. Christopher. — Also a silver basket of Oriental work, from 
Corfu ; a stag, in relievo, in the centre. 

SIR HEW DALRYMPLE, BART. 

A beautiful Silver Pomander, which may be opened by unscrew- 
ing an ornament on the top, and reveals several capsules, fonned like 
the lobes of an orange, each little receptacle being intended probably 
to receive a pastille of some variety of perfume. The exterior is 
delicately engraved. Date, about 1600. 

MRS. HOWARD, GREYSTOKE CASTLE. 

A Clasp-Knife, with its handle of steel richly damascened with 
gold and silver. Date, about 1600. It was described as having 
belonged to Lord Kennet, grandfather of its present possessor. 

MRS. HANDYSIDE, EDINBURGH. 

A Necklace of blood-stone, and two pendant ornaments of beau- 
tiful workmanship ; one of them has on both sides a gem engraved 
in cameo ; the other bears an enamel representing a figure holding a 
tablet. A portion of this rich ornament had been esteemed as of 
8i>ecial efficacy, like the eagle-stone or cptites, in childbirth. This 
necklace was described as having descended to the Bruce family from 
the Balfours of Burleigh. mrs. bruce of kennet. 

Silver Collar of SS., to which is appended, before and behind, 
a badge, consisting of a small escutcheon, charged with the crown of 
Charlemagne, ensigned with the crown of Great Britain. Below the 
escutcheon branch out, from one stem, on the dexter side, a rose, on 
the sinister, a thistle ; under these, and across the stem, is a horse 



goldsmiths' work. 139 

courant to the dexter, with the motto, dieu et mon droit. This is 
probably the collar of one of the three heralds created on the revival 
of the Order of the Bath by George i. in 17 25 : their designations 
were Brunswick, Hanover, and Blanc Coursier. The escutcheon 
charged with the crown of Charlemagne refers to the Office of 
Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire, which was attached to the 
Electorate of Brunswick. — Another silver collar of SS., probably 
likewise part of the insignia of a herald, is in the possession of Mr. 
James Gibson Craig. mr. chables tucker, f.8.a. 

A Cocjoa-Nut, carved and mounted with silver, as a drinking- 
cup. Around the brim is inscribed, a bumper for the duke of 
CUMBERLAND. A relic of the Anti-Jacobite party, and demonstration 
towards the Hanoverian dynasty, after the fatal overthrow at Cul- 
loden in 1745. The Town-Council of Edinburgh presented to the 
duke the freedom of the city in a sumptuous gold box, as a token of 
their loyalty. mr. cosmo innes. 

A collection of valuable objects, jewellery, and relics associated 
with the memory of John, third Earl of HjTidford, and other mem- 
bers of his family. The earl was sent as ambassador to the court of 
Catharine, Empress of Russia, in 1744, and he was employed in 
other important diplomatic functions at the courts of Berlin and 
Vienna in the reign of George n. Among the objects exhibited 
were several snuff-boxes and bonbonni^res of gold enameled ; a cameo 
portrait of the Empress Catharine, presented to Lord Hyndford by 
her ; the reverse richly enameled with a representation of St. George ; 
enameled portrait of Elizabeth, Countess of Hyndford, daughter of 
Sir Cloudesley Shovel; she died in 1750; miniature portrait of 
James, Lord Carmichael ; a gold spoon, inlaid with platina and 
niello, a specimen of Russian workmanship of elaborate character, 
doubtless a present to Lord Hyndford during the time of his embassy ; 
a silver portable camp-clock, resembling in dimensions and fashion 
that given by Charles i. to Sir Thomas Herbert, on the morning of 
his execution ; a Goa stone, enclosed in a case of silver filigree work ; 
and several relics of family interest. dr. logan, Lanark. 



140 MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 



SERIES OF TABLE-CLOCKS AND WATCHES, ILLUSTRATING 
THE PROGRESS OF THEIR MANUFACTURE. 

A Clock-Watch, date about 1525; table-clock, about 1540, 
and another, with a moveable alarum, 1550 ; a clock representing 
Adam and Eve, 1 600 ; a French clock, in form of a vaae, about 
1775. A watch, a very early example, before the invention of the 
fusee, date 1520-30 ; a cruciform watch, with ornaments engraved 
from designs by Theodore de Bry, the date of the case about 1540, 
the movement renewed 1620 ; an old English watch, made by Theo- 
dore Butt, in the reign of James i. ; an oval-shaped watch, about 
1 600, and another of same form, made by David Bouquet, of Lon- 
don, about 1620 ; watch made at Ipswich, 1625 ; watch made 
by Gretton, another made at Liverpool, and a third, by Baker, at 
London, all of them about 1680; watch in a case of Egyptian 
jasper, about 1700; watch made by Gorsuch, Shrewsbury, about 
1700; an enameled specimen of English work, 1750; and a fine 
watch by John Grantham, of Tx)ndon, 1762. 

MR, JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 

Seven early examples of the art of Watchmaking ; two of them 
of the egg-shaped fashion ; a watch by Roumieu, supposed to have 
been one of the first made in Edinburgh ; it is stated that he was 
the earliest watchmaker settled there ; a watch made at Rouen, 
traditionally believed to have been in possession of Drummond of 
Hawthomden, and obtained from his descendant. Sir F. Walker 
Drummond. Messrs. bryson, Edinburgh. 

A Watch of oval form, in a silver case, without a glass, opening on 
both sides, and elaborately engraved ; it bears the maker's name, 
" David Rammy Scottis nie fecU.'^ One side of the case bears on its 
external face a representation of the Last Supper ; " iohnnes xin. 
CAPiTTEL," with arabesque ornaments, and inside is found a perpetual 
almanac, with certain astronomical tables. The subject on the 
exterior of the other side is our Lord washing the disciples* feet, and 
within are portrayed James vi. and his Queen, enthroned under a 



PAINTINGS. 141 

cloth of estate, with the royal arms. This watch probably belonged to 
the favourite of King James, Robert Car, created Earl of Somerset 
in 1613, or to his Countess. It bears an escutcheon of his arms, 
within a garter, ensigned with an earl's coronet. The bearing is the 
quarterly coat, as described by Nisbet, citing Ashmole, in regard to 
special concessions of arms of augmentation to knights of the garter. 
" The kings of England, as sovereigns of that order, have been of 
late in use to grant to the knights of that order new arms to quarter 
with their paternal ones, on banners (which ought to hang over 
their stalls), lest otherwise they should seem too naked, as King 
James i. of Great Britain was pleased to do to Robert Car, Viscount 
of Rochester, afterwards Earl of Somerset, to whose paternal coat, 
being ffuleSy on a chevron argent, three stars of the first, he first 
added a lion passant guardant or in the dexter chief point, as a 
special gift of favour, being one of the lions of England, and then, 
says our author, a new invented coat to be borne quarterly, being, 
quarterly, or and gtdes,^' — Essay on ArmorieSy p. 149. 

SIR THOMAS HEPBURN, BART. 



PAINTINGS, DRAWINGS, SPECIMENS OF FICTILE MANUFACTURE, 
CASTS, &c (SEE ALSO STUART RELICS.) 

Portrait of Kino Richard in., on panel, a painting of the later 
part of the fifteenth century ; it has not been ascertained by what 
painter of that period it may have been executed. It waa formerly 
in General Stibbard*s possession, and afterwards in the collection of 
Mr. Brown of Newhall. The king is portrayed with the usual low- 
crowned bonnet, to which a jewelled ornament is attached ; the head 
three-quarters to the right ; hair long ; a jewelled collar ; he seems 
to be placing with his right hand a ring on the little finger of the 
left ; the ground crimson. Pennant, in his Jom^ey from Chester^ 
p. 408, mentions a similar portrait of Richard at Hatfield ; there 
are also two portraits of that king^ in the Collection bequeathed to 

' One of these portraits represents Richard in. 'witli a short sword in his right 
hand. A portrait similar to that above described, in Mr. Gibson Craig's Collec- 
tion, is engraved in the History of Sir T. More^ edited by Singer. Chiswick, 
1821. 



142 MEDIAEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

the Society of Antiquaries by the late Rev. T. Kerrich, and described 
in the ArcJujeologia, vol. xxii. p. 449, one of them representing 
Richard in the act of placing a ring on the third finger of the left 
hand.^ The costume and collar differ aLso from those of the curious 
portrait exhibited. Portrait of a lady, attributed by Dr. Waagen to 
Hans Schaufelein, dated 1538 ; also another portrait, considered to 
bear much resemblance to I^dy Jane Grey. It was in the Hynd- 
ford Collection. — Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh, dated 1598, cet. 
44, and the companion portrait of Lady Raleigh, cet. 35. These 
remarkable portraits were long in the possession of the Earls of 
Hyndford. Sir Walter appears in elegant costume, white sleeves, a 
black doublet riclily adorned with pearls and embroidery, and a long 
scarf is tied to his left arm. A map of Cadiz is seen hanging at 
the upper comer of the picture. These portraits are half-lengths, 
life size, and have been attributed to Zucchero. A ball appears 
falling from Lady Raleigh's left hand, and near it is inscribed — 
Lame tomber le monde, Oldys has given the following interesting 
description of similar portraits of Sir Walter and Lady Raleigh : 
*< A year before this^ the Lady Raleigh's picture was also painted, 
as appears by the date upon it. It is a half-length, like the first, 
but painted on board ; a high finiBh'd piece, in the laboured manner 
of those times, by some masterly hand ; has been well kept, and is 
doubtless an original. It represents her a fair handsome woman, 
turned perhaps of thirty. She has on a dark coloured hanging- 
sleeve robe, tufted on the arms ; and under it a close-bodied gown of 
white sattin, flower'd with black, with close sleeves down to wrist ; has 
a rich ruby in her ear, bedrop'd with large pearls ; a lac'd whisk rising 
above the shoulders ; her bosom uncover' d, and a jewel hanging 
thereon ; with a large chain of pearl round her neck, down to the 
waist. These are all the paintings I have seen of them, that I can 
count authentic, or most likely to bear any true resemblance. But I 
have l>een credibly inform' d of a picture of Sir Walter Raleigh, in 
miniature, taken not long before his death ; and another at large, 
representing him also in a white suit, which he had, beset with 
jewels, to the value of threescore thousand pounds ; and that one 

* It has been engraved for the Third Series of Original Letterg, edited by Sir 
H. Ellis, vol. ii. 
» The last of Queen Elizabeth, namely, 1602-3. 



PAINTINGS. 143 

diamond thereof, worth a hundred pounds, remained in the family 
till the beginning of the late Queen's reign. In this picture there 
is a ribbon-garter, fring'd at the ends, tyM about his left arm. 
This, according to the tradition that remains in his family, was his 
lady's (otherwise might be thought one of the queen's favours at the 
Tilt-yard), which he brought one morning, when he was oblig'd to 
attend her majesty early, as a token that, for dispatch, he had rode 
a hundred and twenty miles since he took leave of her late the night 
before."^ — Portrait of Sir William Anstruther, of that Ilk, grand 
carver to James vi.. King of Scots. " Anno 1591, JEtatis siue 36." 
He wears a red doublet slashed and pinked, with a black jacket 
lined with red, and having large filigree buttons. The right hand, 
on which is a bracelet, rests on his side ; the left on his sword-hilt. 
He wears a hat ; has a peaked red beard and long moustachios. — 
Portrait of Madame de Pompadour, by Boucher, in a white silk dress, 
seated in a garden ; on an open book in her hand there appears the 
date 1758. From Lord Fife's Collection. 

MR. JAMES GIBSON CRAIG, F.S.A. SCOT. 

An exquisite portrait of Madame de Pompadour, by Boucher. 
She appears in a blue silk dress. This painting was in the collection 
of the late Greneral Ramsay. the hon. lord Murray. 

Portrait, supposed to be that of James v., King of Scots. — Por- 
trait of a gentleman of the times of Elizabeth, with an escutcheon of 
the arms of Palmer, of Kent ; Argent, a chevron sable, between three 
palmer's scrips : crest, an arm holding a broken sword. On panel, 
height, 22 inches ; width, 18 inches. On the back of the panel is 
the following inscription — " Sir Henry Palmer, Knt., Comptroller of 
the Navy to Queen Elizabeth, 1599. He left issue, one son, Sir 
Henry Palmer, who married Ann, daughter of Dr. Isaac Bargrave, 
Dean of Canterbury." Sir Henry, Comptroller of the Navy, was of 
a Kentish family originally settled at Snodland. He resided at 
Howlets in Bekesbourne, Kent ; and a stately tomb, with his kneel- 
ing effigy, still exists in the church of that parish. The inscription 

' Oldys* Life of Sir Walter Raleigh, p. cxlv. London, 1733. The portrait 
deBcribcd by Aubrey as at I>ownton may now be 8«en in the National Portrait 
Gallery. 



144 MEDIAEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

recorda hk death, November 20, 1611, with much eulogy of bus 
character and services. The portrait ifi a work of considerable merit, 
and ia attributed by Mr. David Laing, into whose possession it has 
passed, to Mark Garrard. mr. hugh paton, edikbubgh. 

Miniature portrait of Anne op Cleves, attributed to Holbein. — 
Portrait, which has been supposed to represent Lady Jane Grey, and 
attributed to Lucas de Heere. A similar portrait, in the Earl 
Spencer s gallery at Althorp, is engraved in Dibdin*s BibL Deca- 
nierony vol. iii. p. 249. Both portraits, however, bear a strong re- 
semblance to that in the gallery at Versailles {Catalogue by E. Soulid, 
1855, No. 3081), described as Marguerite de Vangest, mistress 
of Charles v. She died in 1586, and was mother to Margaret of 
Austria, Duchess of Parma, who governed the Netherlands. — Portraits 
of a young gentleman and lady, respectant : he wears a close- 
buttoned dress, black, with broad white stripes ; a narrow falling 
band laced. Under his right arm appears the handle, doubtless, of 
a wheel-lock pistol ; round his neck passes a red cord, to which a 
spanner for turning the wheel-lock is appended. On a table before him, 
covered with green cloth, is a mariner's compass, to which he points 
with the forefinger of the right hand. Above, over his left shoulder, 
as if seen through a window, there is a three-masted ship in full sail, 
with St. George's red cross flying on the maintop. The young lady 
wears a black-and-white dress ; her light brown hair is enclosed in 
a net, with a rich " billiment" or circlet of goldsmiths* work around 
her head. A massive gold chain passes thrice round her neck. 
In her left hand she holds a green scarf ; and in her right, a rose, 
upon which falls a ray, probably intended for a blast of wind issuing 
from clouds in the upper corner of the picture. To a thick stem of 
a tree between the figures, is appended an escutcheon of the arms of 
Honing of Carlton, Suffolk, with several quarterings, impaling those 
of Cutler of Eye, also with quarterings. On panel, height, 8 
inches ; breadth, 14 inches. On the back has been written by a 
former possessor, " Sir Francis Drake." By comparison, however, 
with the curious family picture of the Honing family, bearing the 
date 1586, now in possession of the Marquess of Donegal, and de- 
scribed in the CoUectama Topoyraphica^ vol. vii. p. 395, it appears 
that the person here portrayed is Roger, tenth son of William 



\\ 



^1^ 



'.*'• 



V 



.■^y 






PAINTINGS. 145 

Honings of Carlton, by Frances, daughter of Nicholas Cutler. Wil- 
liam Honings was clerk of the Privy Council, 37 Henry viii. The 
young lady appears, by Lord Donegal's picture, to have been their 
eldest daughter Jane, said to have died on her wedding day in 1551, 
and probably here represented in her nuptial attire. Roger appears 
also to have died young ; perhaps at sea. One member of the family 
served in the Netherlands. The curious painting, of which this is a 
duplicate portion, portrays the clerk of the Privy Council and his 
wife, surrounded by fourteen portraits of their children, in small 
compartments, suspended, as it were, on the family tree, with the 
achievement of arms hung upon the trunk below. 

ME. DAVID LAING, KEEPER OP THE 
SIGNET LIBRAKY, EDINBURGH. 

Portrait of Edward vi., King of England, by Guillim Stretes, 
painter to the Court in 1551.^ It is on panel, of life size ; the 
ground green and diapered. Dimensions : height, the frame not 
included, 2 feet 1 inch ; width, 1 foot 6 inches. This very pleasing 
portrait was obtained in 1844, through the lat-e Mr. Patrick Eraser 
Tytler, for the present possessor, by whom the accompanying plate 
has been most kindly contributed. This portrait is described in the 
Catalogtie of the Portraits of King Edward vi., by Mr. John Gough 
Nichols, F.8.A., appended to the Memoir of that Prince recently 
edited for the Roxburghe Club. It appears that Guillim or Guilliam 
Stretes, a Dutchman, was employed to paint portraits of Edward for 
foreign ambassadors. MR. james maitland hog. 

Miniature portrait of the Earl of Mansfield, set on the cover 
of a gold snufif-box. Also another snuff-box, richly enameled, and 
set with a portrait of Ramsay the poet. 

THE HON. LORD MX7RRAY. 

Miniature portrait of Queen Anne, by Barthelemy le Maire. 

MR. JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 

Painting representing the Castle of the Mains, the picturesque 
residence of Claverhouse. MR. d. o. hill, sec. r.s.a. 

* Walpole*8 Anecdotes of Paintifig, edit. Dallaway, vol. i. p. 233. 



146 MEDIAEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

Portrait of Mrs. Qreamb, eldest daughter of Sir David Threip- 
land Painted by Ferguson the astronomer, who, when a herd-boy, 
drew this portraiture, never, as it is believed, having seen a pro- 
duction of the kind ; he also constructed a frame for it with much 
ingenuity. sib Patrick murray threipland, bart. 

Small portrait of David Hume, painted in the earlier part of his 
life. Of oval form, on metaL — An engraving, entitled " Affliction," 
of interest as being the identical print once in the possession of Dr. 
Adam Ferguson, which was the cause of introducing Walter Scott 
to the notice of Bums. The incident is thus related in Lockhart's 
Life of Sir Waiter Scott — •* At a party at Dr. Ferguson's house, 
Bums, with caution, asked if any one knew who wrote the affecting 
lines below the picture. No one could tell but the boy Walter 
Scott ; whereupon Bums, surprised by his youth, said, <* Ye'll be a 
man yet^ sir !" mr. Robert chambef^, v. -p. see. ant. scot. 

Portrait of Robert Ferguson the poet, supposed to be the only 
portraiture of him extant It is attributed to Runciman, who was 
his intimate friend. — Portrait, by Wilkie, of his cousin John Ander- 
son, afterwards M.D., and a surgeon in the Navy. This was one of 
that distinguished painter's earliest attempts at portraiture, during 
the time that he was a pupil in Graham's Academy, Edinbuigh, in 

1804.^ MR. THOMAS SHAW, CUPAR. 

Original drawings of the Survey of the Roman Wall, in 
Northumberland, from the Tyne to the Solway, executed, under the 
directions and at the expense of the Duke of Northumberland, by 
Mr. Henry Maclauchlan, in the years 1852, 53, and 54. Scale, 2 
inches to a mile. This important Survey has since been engraved for 
private distribution. With the Survey of the Roman Watling Street, 
from the river Swale to the Scottish frontier, previously made by 
Mr. Maclauchlan for his Grace, and, through his liberal permission, 
published by the Archaeological Institute in 1852, it presents a 
memorial of the principal Roman works in the Northem Counties, 
of the highest value to the archaeologist. 

THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.6. 
* See Cuiiningham*8 Life of iViUde, p. 70. 



DRAWINGS. 147 

Series of drawings of the sculptures on Trajan's Column, dis- 
playing on a large scale the whole of the curious subjects illustrative 
of military affairs, costume, and all ' the details of warfare in Roman 
times. — Series of views of the most striking features of the Roman 
Wall in Northumberland, drawn by Mr. H. Biirdon Richardson. — 
The Bayeux Tapestry, a complete facsimile reproduction of that 
remarkable work, on the same scale as the original, and in colours ; 
the result of careful examination of the tapestiy now preserved in the 
Public Library at Bayeux. It measures 214 feet in length, by 20 
inches wide. A dissertation on this valuable historical monument 
has been published by Dr. Bruce, with representations of the whole 
series of subjects. the rev. j. collinowood bruce, ll.d., f.8.a. 

An extensive series of water-colour drawings, illustrating the earlier 
periods of archeology, from the antiquities preserved in the Museums 
at Hanover, Berlin, Mecklenburg, and other collections in the north 
of Germany ; together with analogous types found in this country. 

MR. J. M. KEMBLE. 

Drawing of the Mosaic of the battle of Alexander and Darius, at 
Issus, discovered in the house of the Faun, at Pompeii, in 1834. It 
is considered to be the finest antique specimen of pictorial composition 
known. — Series of drawings, illustrative of the Mosaic decorations of 
ancient art, in the earliest Christian Churches at Rome and Ravenna. 
The subjects included Mosaic ornaments, with figures on a white 
ground from the ceiling of the ambulatory of S^ Costanza, at Rome, 
A.D. 399. — ^A portion of Mosaic, from the Arch of Triumph of 
S^ Maria Maggiore, at Rome, a.d. 431, showing the infant Saviour 
enthroned alone, attended by angels ; the Virgin seated on a separate 
throne beside him. — Mosaics of the Arch of Triumph and Tribune of 
S^ Paolo fuori le Mura, at Rome, a.d. 450. — Interior of the Chapel 
of QaUa Placidia, at Ravenna, commonly called SS. Nazaro e Celso ; 
Mosaic ornaments on a blue ground, a.d. 450 ; and Mosaics in the 
centre of the dome of the Baptistery, Ravenna, of the same date, 
representing the baptism of our Lord, surrounded by the twelve 
apostles and thrones of the evangelists. — ^Mosaics of the Tribune or 
Apsis of SS. Cosmo e Damiano, at Rome, a.d. 530. Tlie saintn 
are accompanied by the apostles Peter and Paul ; Pope Felix iv. 



L48 MEDIJSVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

wearing the pallium ; and S. Theodore, a Greek, wearing the Imperial 
mantle. — Mosaic of S. Agnes, from the centre of the tribune of the 
Basilica S*^ Agnese, at Borne, a.1>. 630, showing the decline of art, 
and indifference to all technical proficiency. — Mosaic from the tri- 
clinium of Leo, at Rome, representing Charlemagne receiving a banner 
from St. Peter, a.d. 800. — ^Mosaics in the church of S** Praasede, at 
Rome, A.D. 820 ; one of them in the Tribune, showing an ignorant 
copy of the mosaics in the Tribune of SS. Cosmo e Damiano ; the 
other being the ceiling of a chapel, containing a medallion of the 
Saviour holding a volume of the Gospels ; also a view of the interior 
of the church, showing the relative positions of the mosaics on the 
Tribune, Arch of the Tribune, and Arch of Triumph. — Mosaic of the 
Tribune of Old St. Peter*s, at Rome, probably constructed by Pope 
Formosus, a.d. 895, and destroyed when the present fabric was 
commenced : from a drawing in the Vatican Library. Tlie names 
of the figures are written in Greek, as well as in Latin. — Mosaic on 
the exterior of the Duomo at Spoleto, by Solsemus or Solstemus, 
A.D. 1220, or, according to Rossini, 1207. — The celebrated Navi- 
cella, a mosaic executed from a design by Giotto, about a.d. 1 300, 
for the Vestibule of Old St. Peter's, at Rome. — ^A profile head of our 
Lord, enlarged, from a mosaic of the fourth centuiy, found in the 
catacombs of St. Calixtus, at Rome ; the original is preserved in the 
Christian Museum at the Vatican ; also, the earliest known portraiture 
of our Lord, from a painting on the a^iling of a chamber in the same 
catacombs. — Sepulchral excavations in the catacombs of St. Ponti- 
anus, at Rome, used as a baptistery ; showing the earliest repre- 
sentation of the baptism of our Lord. — The earliest'representation of 
the Madonna and infant Saviour enthroned together ; taken from S. 
Apollinare Nuovo, at Ravenna, formerly the Basilica of Theodoric, 
A.D. 553. After the condemnation of Kestorius, a.d. 431, the 
Virgin was represented as mother of God — Theotohos. — ^The earliest 
known representation of the Crucifixion, from a Syriac MS. in the 
Public Library at Florence.^ — Facsimiles illustrative of the progress 
of Art, as exemplified by MSS. : a page of the MS. Book of Grenesis, 
part of the Cottonian Collection, injured by fire before it was deposited 
in the British Museiun ; date possibly as early as the second century : 

' D'Agincourt (vol. vi. p. 93) attributes the dato to the sixth century, but it 
is probably of a later perioH. 



DRAWINGS. 149 

the creation of Adam, and a seated figure of the Saviour, from the 
Bible of Charles the Bald, in the British Museum ; illuminations in 
an Anglo-Saxon Psalter, Harl. MS. 603, dat« about a.d. 990 ; the 
Annunciation, and a seated figure of our Saviour, from a Byzantine 
MS., dated a.d. 1066, in the British Museum ; figure of our Saviour, 
and portrait of Matthew Paris in adoration, from an autograph MS. 
of his history in the British Museum. — ^Photograph from the fresco 
painting by Andrea Orcagna, in the Campo Santo at Pisa, date about 
1350. It forms part of a large picture representing the Last Judg- 
ment ; the archangels are directing the dead as they rise from their 
graves, and King Solomon is seen pausing, before he determines on 
which side to range himself. — Enlarged copy of an illumination in a 
MS. in the British Museum (fourteenth century, Arundel MS., 83), 
illustrating the legend of Les Trois Vifs et les Trois Moris, usually 
accompanied by St. Macarius. — Russo-Greek painting, representing 
the Virgin and infant Saviour, exhibiting the ugliness in which the 
later Greek Church delighted in such sacred portraitures. — Facsimile, 
original size, of a mural painting in the chapel of the Bishop's palace 
at Chichester ; also, a drawing of the Tapestry prescribed in St. Mary's 
Hall at Coventry, the work of Flemish artists in the reign of Henry 
VII., but apparently representing the Court of Henry vi. and his 
queen, Margaret of Anjou, accompanied by saints, which seem to 
have especial reference to the guilds of Coventry.^ 

MR. GEORGE SCHARF, JUN., F.8.A. 

Series of drawings from the Painted Glass in Fairford Church, 
Gloucestershire, supposed to have been placed there by John Tame, 
who commenced building the fabric in 1493. An ancient roll, de- 
scriptive of these windows, is printed in Heame's edition of Roper's 
Life of Sir T. More. miss m. a. kymer, fairford. 

Drawing of a Mural Tomb and effigy at Beaulieu Abbey, Ross-shire. 
It is supposed to be the memorial of Kenneth Mackenzie, eighth 
baron of Kintail, who died December 7, 1491. The Earls of Sea- 
forth are his lineal descendants. — Drawing by Dr. Daniel Wilson, 
engraved in his Memoriah of Edinbinyh, vol. i. p. 174, and repre- 
»enting, on a large scale, the house erected by Robert Gourlay, a 

* Archceoiogia, vol. xxxvi. p. 438. 



150 MEDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

wealthy burgess, in 1569, and demolished in 1835. It was situated 
in the locality known as the Old Bank Close, where the earliest 
banking institution in Scotland was established. Dr. Wilson has 
given an interesting history of " (jourlay*s House" and its successive 
occupants. mb. j. whitefoord Mackenzie. 

Drawings and Plans illustrative of the antiquities of Orkney and 
Shetland, especially of the burgh of Mousa, Shetland^ and of the 
Cathedral of St. Magnus, in Orkney, with representations of several 
sculptured and incised slabs. sib henry dryden, hart. 

Ancient Maps of Edinburgh. The earliest, entitled Edenburgum 
ScoticB Metropolis^ appeared in the Theatre of tJie Cities of the World 
in 1575. — Bird's-€ye view of Edinburgh, by Gordon of Rothiemay, 
1647 ; drawn and engraved by F. de Wit. — View of Edinburgh from 
the south ; date about 1660; engraved by Roumbout vanden Hoyen. 
— ^William Edgar's Plan of Edinburgh, 1742. — See a full account of 
ancient maps of Edinburgh in Dr. Wilson's Memorials, vol. iL p. 201. 

MR. T. B. JOHNSTON. 

Copy of a drawing and section of Mons Meg, by Lieutenant Bing- 
ham, R.A. — See Mr. Hewitt's memoir on this remarkable bombard, 
preserved at Edinburgh Castle, Archceol. Journal, vol. x. p. 25. 

MR. J. HEWITT. 

Six sketches in water-colours, views of ancient biuldings in Edin- 
burgh. MR. JAMES DRUMMOND, R.S.A. 

A Dish of Italian Majouca, probably made at Deruta, near 
Perugia. On a boss in the centre is a female head in profile, with 
the inscription, — Ysepia Biella), Date, about 1 520. — ^A dish painted 
in blue, and lustred yellow. In the centre is seen Jael bearing the 
head of Sisera. This subject is surrounded by a border of ara- 
besques and Cupids in relief Date, about 1520. — ^A plate painted 
in blue, with fine yellow and ruby lustres. In the centre is portrayed 
a youthful St John the Baptist, within a border of scroll-ornament 
in slight relief At the back is the date 1531. — A small plate 
painted in blue, with yellow lustre. It bears the sacred monogram, 
gj^'s (Jesus). Date, about 1510. — A fine plate, probably painted 



.>^ 



«. !• 



■t 



S .-M , I 



. < - ► 



'"■' ''. . \ ' ■' i. J>. 



T ': !■.!' 



'N^, 



>; ' 



, !.;-'V*.-.::! 



■■•Hi'' ; .• ; 



I • II- 



V ■ I A , 



( •> 



'( t 



»■ ' >N I > 



ir -I' 






i t '> .. 



I 






■1 T 



1- 1 



■. ■''■;''■. ■ : .•: '■• -. 
• \- li — ' ; « I i : -i .ii t ! ' '*<• • 'i ;t! ■ ■:.• '. 






,'.,t,..l 



L_L 



FICTILE MANUFACTURES — MODELS. 151 

by GJeorgio Andreoli, commonly known as Maestro Giorgio at Gubbio. 
It has fine yellow and ruby lustres : in the centre Cupid bound. It 
bears an initial, probably G. — A deep saucer or fruit-dish of Gubbio 
ware : in the centre is a flying Cupid in grisaille^ and the border is 
of scrolls with metallic reflections : at the back is the signature of 
an artist, the initial K, or possibly Z. — ^A deep dish, probably painted 
at Castel Durante, near Urbino. In the centre is a half figure of 
Judith, w IVDITA B. (for Bella). — Fragment of a fine plate, pro- 
bably painted at Faenza, and ornamented with arabesques and 
monsters, among which appears the date 1524. — Two plates, orna- 
mented with arabesques and shields of arms of German families. 
Style of Urbino. Date, about 1570. — ^A small plate, probably 
painted at Padua, or at Castel Durante, ornamented with trophies. — 
A tile or plaque of Neapolitan majolica, probably painted by one 
of the Grue family, about 1720. — An ewer of elegant form, orna- 
mented with arabesques, probably made at Pesaro. Date, about 
1 600. — ^A canette of white stoneware, with shields of arms. Six- 
teenth century. the hon. board of manufactures, Edinburgh. 

A fine Plate, painted at Urbino, by Francesco Xanto Avelli, of 
Rovigo, in 1531 (]) 

THE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY OF NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE. 

Terracotta model of the statue of Moses, by Michael Angelo. 
It was obtained at Rome in 1802, for John Clerk, afterwards 
Lord Eldin, by Mr. James Irvine, who stated that there were two 
casts of this sculpture commonly sold in Home, one larger and the 
other of smaller dimensions than this terracotta, which was superior 
in execution to both of them. A terracotta of the same statue, 
very similar to that exhibited, was in the collection of the late 
Mr. John Hardwick of London. — Canette of stoneware, date, 1573 ; 
mounted with silver gilt, the mounting apparently of English work- 
manship. MR. JAMES GIBSON CRAIG, F.S.A. SCOT. 

Cast from a fragment of a Sculptured Cross, inscribed on the 
edge with Runes ; found in the tower of the church of Kirk Braddan, 
in the Isle of Man. It had been used as part of the lintel of a door- 
way leading from the tower into the roof of the church ; and having 




Fngmanlori CroH iunibed «Li>i Rimti, (ound In th* Tome of Kiit BnddnOhnnb, Ut ofjbi 
DTK : Blsn ; CBUt) : TITONO : AFT : FBOSA : FATHUB : StH : IN : THUBBIAUBN : SUNK ■ 
OUir incWd Ibli Oion to Frog* bli klher hut Tlifirbloni mn of ■ ■ - - 
Dtmeutaiu, htigbt 33 tnchn. biwdlh il lop 7 incbu, Kl bug 13 Ischn, thiclum t^ inehK 



CASTS AND MODELS. 153 

been removed in 1855, it is now placed in the churchyard, near the 
remarkable monument of the same age existing there. These differ 
from the other crosses in the Tsle of Man, and approach more closely 
to the fashion of the crosses in Zona and in Ireland. The inscrip- 
tion has been thus deciphered : — utr : risti : crus : thong : aft : 
FROKA : FATHUR : SIN : IN : THURBIAURN I 8UNR • • • • Otcr ercctcd 
this cross to Froga his father, but Thcirbidm son of • • • • the con- 
cluding words probably gave the name of Thorbjorn s father, and the 
verb — GiRTHi — made it, as found in another inscription, at Kirk 
Andreas, Isle of Man. It has been supposed that Oter may have 
been Other or Ottar, the Jarl or Viceroy of the island, appointed by 
Magnus Barbeen (barelegs) in 1093, when Goddard Crovan was 
expelled. Tlie Chronicon Mannice records that Other was slain in 
an insurrection in the year 1098.^ This cast wiis presented by 
Mr. Gumming to the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland. thb rev. j. g. cummino, m.a., f.g.s. 

Oasts from four Stone Moulds for casting bronze celts — 1. 
Mould found near Girvan, Ayrshire, figured ante^ p. 21. 2. Mould 
in two pieces, found at Rosskeen, Ross-shire, figured ibicL 3. Mould 
of unusually large size, found at Th^ville, arrondissement de Gher- 
bourg, from a cast presented to the Museum of the Antiquaries of 
Scotland by lieut. -General Ainslie ; Synopsis of the Museum, p. 17. 
Also, cast of a mould for Buckles, found at Dalkeith, figured p. 64, 
ante. — Cast of the inscription on a sculptured cross in the church- 
yard of St. Vigean's, Forfarshire, figured in Mr. Chalmers' Monument* 
of AngtiSy plate i. ; in Mr. Stuart's Sculptured Stones of Scotland, 
plate Ixix. and p. 21 ; and noticed in Dr. Wilson's Prehistoric Annals, 
p. 505.2 i^j. Westwood has observed that the inscription, of which 
no satisfactory translation has been given, is in the debased form of 

' See a more detailed account of this monument by Mr. Gumming, ArcJueol. 
Jour., vol. XIV. p. 2 03. The Cross at Kirk Braddan is figured, ibid. vol. i. p. 
75, and in the Eunic and otJier Monumental Remains of the Isle of Man, by 
the Rev. J. G. Gumming, p. 29, pi. viii. The inscription above cited as existing 
at Kirk Andreas will be there also found, p. 31, pi. iii. 

• See also the proposed interpretations of the inscription by Mr. Skene, Pro- 
ceedings of tlie Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. i. p. 82 ; by Mr. Ramsay, Pro- 
ceedings of the Roy(d Irish Academy, vol. iii. part 3 ; and by Mr. Westwood, 
Arclujeohnfical Journal, vol. ix. p 280. 



164 



MBDIiEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 



Roman uncial and minuscule cliaracters, used on Irish and British, 
as well as on subsequent Anglo-Saxon monuments. He deciphers 



r 






^ 



IniicriptJoD on one ed^* of th»j Cross at St. Vi^-au's, Forfarshire 



d r o f t e n. 
1 r e uo r e t 
ettfor 
c u f 



the letters thus (see woodcut), pointing 
out the three dots at the end of the first 
line, indicating a full stop \ and he sug- 
gests that the last letters may be the 
name of the person commemorated, Forcus 
or Feargus % — Cast of a sculptured monu- 
ment found in the chancel of Aberbrothock Abbey ; it is apparently 
the front of an altar tomb, with figures in niches, &c. It has been 
attributed to Abbot Walter Paniter, 1411-1443. This sculpture is 
fully described in the Proceedings of the Antiquaries of Scotland, 
vol. L p. 13. — Cast of a sculptured ornament, with the monogram of 
the Saviour's name, from Trinity Church, Edinburgh. — Cast of a panel 
of oak, sculptured with the arms of James Kennedy, consecrated 
bishop of St. Andrews, 1440. — Cast of a sculptured bracket from 
Melrose Abbey Church, representing a man playing on the bagpipes, 
and an angel playing on an instrument like a guitar. — Cast of the 
interlaced monogram of Greorge Heriot, from Heriot's Hospital^ 

BfR. HENBY LAING, EDIKBUBGH. 

^ Any of the casts above described, as also casts in sulphur, &c., of the Royal, 
Baronial, and Ecclesiastical Seals of Scotland, described in Mr. Laing's Cata- 
logue of Seals, may be obtained from him, 3, Elder Street, Edinburgh. 



CA8TK AND MODELS. i:)5 

A model of Kinnaird Castle, Perthshire. After Alexander (the 
Fierce) had finished the Castle of Baledgemo, supposed to have 
received its name as having been founded by his brother King Edgar, 
1107, he built the Castle of Kinnaird for the same purpose as Bal- 
Edgar, to suppress the robbers infesting the Carse of Gowrie from 
the North. This fortress continued in possession of the Crown until 
1172. James vl passed a week there in 1617. It has recently 
been restored by the present proprietor, Sir P. M. Threipland. — A 
small stone model of the Castle of the Mains of Fintry, For- 
farshire, the residence of Claverhouse. 

SIB patbick mubbay thbeipland, babt. 

Two Italian Caskets, of wood, decorated with ornaments in 
relief, of elaborate and beautiful character. Vasari mentions these 
productions of Italian taste, and their peculiar decoration by means 
of a plastic composition applied to wood A notice of this process 
of mediaeval art, will be found in his Life of Francesco VIndaco, 
where he describes the ecritoire in the Medici Palace, made for the 
Duchess Margaret of Austria, finely ornamented with stucco. Vasari 
observes, that, as he believed, it would be impossible to produce in 
silver so successful a result as L'Indaco had effected in stucco. 
Schom has remarked on this passage, that stucco appeared to be 
an unusual decoration for such a purix>se ; these caskets, however, 
show how it might be employed with great beauty of workmanship. 
The ornaments consist of figures, foliage, and arabesques, formed of 
a hard white paste, affixed on a stamped and gilt ground ; in one 
example the paste is slightly coloured. These caskets were brought 
from Italy by Mr. W. B. Johnstone, Treasurer of the Royal Scottish 
Academy. the hon. boabd of manupactubes, edinbubgh. 

A set of twelve Fbuit Tbenchebs, used in the times of Elizabeth 
and James i., when fruit an4 sweetmeats were handed round after 
dinner, &c. They are round, the form most commonly adopted, 
and are formed of wood (beech ]), cut very thin, and elaborately 
}>ainted on one side with a border of fiowers and fruit, enclosing a 
circular medallion, inscribed with a verse or posy. Occasionally 
texts from Holy Writ are introduced, appropriate to the moral or 
sentiment of these quaint rhymes. The following may serve as ex- 



156 



MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 



ainples of the poBies on the set exhibited, which iias been preserved 
in its original wooden case. It was obtained from the Collections of 
the late Rev. Dr. Godfrey Faussett of Heppington, Kent : — 

Thy good well got by knowledge skyll 
Will belpe thy hungrye bagges to fyll : 
But riches gained by falsehoodes drifte 
Will run away as streames full swifle. 

What needes such cares opprese thy thought, 
For fortune saithe y* bap is naught : 
A slirowe thy chance is for to keepe, 
But better a shrowe say than a shrepe. 

— Also four trenchers, inscribed with verses, part of another set, 
together with the original case, which is ornamented with the Royal 

Arms. Date, the close of the sixteenth 



.^^jv^Pi 




century.^ 



MR. JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 



A Crosier-Head, carved in oak, found 
during the repairs of the choir of Kirkwall 
Cathedral in 1848, in the tomb attributed 
to Bishop Thomas de TuUoch, 1422-48. It 
lay near a skeleton, with a chalice and 
paten, modelled in white wax. The crosier, 
here figured, measures 11^ inches in length. 
A detailed notice of the discover^' is given 
in Dr. Wilson's Frehiatoric Annals^ p. 667. 

MR. JAMES ROBERTSON, SHERIFF- 
SUBSTITUTE OF ORKNEY. 



* See detailed notices and representations uf various fruit trenchers of the 
same age, ArchccoHoylcal Journal, vol. iii. p. 332. 



i 



EMBROIDERIES. 157 



EMBROIDERIES, TAPESTRY, ANCIENT DRESSES, CARVED 

FURNITURE, &c. 

A richly Embroidered Chasuble of blue damask, with a cross 
of crimson velvet, bearing the arms of Stafford, Duke of Buckings 
ham. — A remarkable antependium of crimson velvet embroidered 
with gold, and supposed to be of the time of Edward i. ; a portion 
of the designs wrought upon it, representing the Adoration of the 
Magi, Ib figured in the Calendar of the Anglican Churchy published 
by Mr. J. H. Parker, p. 33. — Also another chasuble, of purple and 
crimson velvet, with embroidery of coloured floss silk and gold 
thread ; and an antependium of white silk and coloured velvet in 
alternate strii)es. These beautiful chasubles are of the fifteenth 
century : they are figiire<i in the Art Treasures of tlie Mancliester 
Exhibition, by Mr. Waring. 

MR. HENRY BOWDON, CHESTERFIELD. 

The Standard of Earl Marischall of Scotland, carried at 
Flodden Field, September 1513, by "Black John Skirving" of 
Plewland Hill, his standard-bearer, who was taken prisoner. He 
had, however, previously concealed the banner about his person. It 
was preserved in possession of the Skirving family, and was pre- 
sented to the Faculty of Advocates by Mr. William Skirving, of 
Edinburgh, early in the present century. This interesting relic 
displays the arms and motto of the Keith family. 

THE FACULTY OF ADVOCATES, EDINBURaH. 

The " Skirving Banner," long preserved in possession of the 
Incorporated Weavers of Selkirk, and traditionally stated to have 
Ijeen brought from Flodden Field by a burgess of that town of the 
Skirving family, who took part in that conflict. The inhabitants of 
Selkirk accompanied the king of Scots in great force on that occa- 
sion. The banner is in very decayed condition, and its original 
proportions are lost : it is of green taffeta, with blue and yellow 
fringes ; it is embroidered with device* now inexplicable, with the 
exception of two HhuttloR, the symbol of the rraft. The dimensions 



158 MEDIJSVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

in its present state are, breadth 3 feet, length 4 feet 6 inches ; but 
it is doubtless much shorter than it had originally been. Among 
the embroidered devices one has been described as resembling an 
eagle. the in(.k>eporation of Selkirk weavebs. 

Ancient Tapestbies and embroidered hangings, portions of the 
valance of a bed, &c. On one piece, possibly of the fifteenth 
century, appears the hart panting after the water-brooks, inscribed 
'< ut cervus,*' &c., in allusion to Psalm xlii. 1. On the narrow pieces 
of needle-work, 13 inches wide, doubtless part of the furniture of 
a state-bed, appear the following arms : quarterly, 1. and 4. gyronny 
of eight pieces, or and «a., Campbell ; 2. arg. a galley «a., Lorn ; 
3. or, a fesse cheeky arg, and a^., Stewart of Lorn ; impaling paly 
of seven arg. and gu.^ Ruthven. Above are the initials C C and 
K R, being those of Sir Colin Campbell, of Glenorchy, and of 
Katherine his wife, daughter of William, Lord Ruthven. Sir Colin, 
from whom the IMarquis of Breadalbane is directly descended, built 
Taymouth and Edinample ; his marriage, the period to which obvi- 
ously these embroideries are to be referred, took place before 1551 ; 
he died in 1584. On another piece his anns occur without the 
impaled coat ; in one instance with two stags as supporters ; in 
another with an unicorn and a lion sejant, the escutcheon being in 
that example ensigned with a helmet. With these heraldic decora- 
tions are introduced sacred subjects, the Temptation, Adam and Eve 
driven from Eden, fruit also and flowers, with mermaids and other 
grotesque decorations. the mabquis of breadalbane, 

President of the Soc. of Antiq. uf Scotland. 

A beautifully embroidered Hawking-Pouch, attached to a mount 
of silver gilt, delicately enriched with enameled flowers and black- 
berries ; a lure, originally furnished with tufts of feathers, so as 
to represent a pair of wings ; and a pair of embroidered hawking- 
gloves. The design, both of the embroidery and the enameled orna- 
ment, presents a branching pattern, formed of the blackberry in 
fruit, and the mistletoe, possibly with some symbolical intention, or 
appropriate to the autumnal season in which the diversion of falconry 
was most in vogue. The date of these costly and picturesque 
appliances of ancrient field-sixjrts may be as8igne<l to the later years 






■**! 






« 
•t:. 



m^ 






■;.•;.!.' \i. 



ii 



•^. < • • • , J 



-• >< 



I '• : ■■> i 



:>:,■ n ^K !• 



M 



• ( 



t;l I I . "t ••4 • 

' 1 ■ • r • ) , 



• '!( 



\' 



I 



♦ ^' 



• • ■• '• ••' I'!' "•;: • '", <;;i;n; ' 

•• >•• > . I: \; i.v.'i.'.- .>! H,' -iii -I ■-Hi- 

I' ■ .:*«i I -'1 ' ■• I. .,,; i, I . • «• t. ■■ 
- .. ; V ' '.■ sv fja" "'•:;■ ;■■•.■ ah" t" !• 
tu: ill' ? i'l } '»N i. < ■-• *ii • tf't-r • 



t\ • 



»• 






;j 



> I,- < » I 



! • X'iK.' 
I 






.ii-(t .{'Hi t' ^' : 

Tin: M\* 



I. ; :> i. - '^. it'-.. 

. • '. t'r« ^^ • . 
■: / ♦. i' 'i.i ..' 

V • /.. Ij '«: 

• • . ■ : ^ " .1 

• ■■•'« :i; 

' • ' . » ■ ■ ■■ 



't ( 



I • 



A i»« I'lln,* V .' i>! ••..i •'"<'« I I I V \V K IN< .-I'' '' 



.« If" 



1 1 , 



trail, •':;;! I- -. 



V •■•jrit ii«-'l V. i: 



II ■•!•:' 



' : . •• ■ 



■• ll!].'/ I Mil 



: • V CI. • 



( .'111 

1. 

••N .>.j: 



: «j. li< .itflv fiHr n»- v 



I'l"!. T ■!'»■' ' • 



. :r fi 



I . It ! 



I 




I 
s 

o 

I 

a 
»• 

o 
a 



c 
o 

§ 



& 



9 






6 



0S 

« 
o 

M 

m 



9C 

o 

ta 
o 

D 
O 

P« 

e 
% 

M 

M 
4 

K 

a 

m 

St 

« 






• ' > "> 



II t 



\ '1 



' •• I 



"I i 



l. ■ ' i N ' i ! 



\t ' 



' ■ '', A < 



»: : .<. 



>:■ 






TAPESTRY AND COSTUME. 159 

of the sixteenth century. They have been preserved at Wroxton 
Abbey, Oxfordshire, as family relics. The Gibecih'e, or hawking- 
pouch, is veiy curiously formed, with innumerable little receptacles 
for the jesses, the lunes and tyrets, the hood, creance, the bewits, 
and the sonorous bells of Milan and Dordrecht, with the other 
requisites formerly used in falconry. These objects are in the most 
perfect preservation, and they have been admirably portrayed by 
Mr. Henry Shaw, F.S.A. (See woodcuts.) Similar pouches appear 
in the representation of James vi. (King of Scots), with his attend- 
ants, engaged in hawking, given in the Jewell for Gentries 1614, and 
copied in Strutt's Borda, voL iii. pi. xix. the lady north. 

A large hanging of Tapestry, one of the choicest productions of 
the Flemish looms, and executed from a cartoon by Rubens. It 
was recently obtained in Italy. The subject is the baptism of the 
Emperor Constantine. the duke of Northumberland, e.g. 

Embroidered Pooeet-Book, worked with silk on a gold ground 
and edged with silver lace. On one side is a basket of flowers, 
surrounded with the inscription, for the honovrable mlstress 
TALBOT of laycock ; on the other an escutcheon of the arms of 
Mansel, argent, a chevron between three maunches sable, pray accept 
THIS TRIFLE FROM MA • Euz • DAVENPORT. Mary, eldest daughter 
of Sir Thomas Mansel, created, 1711, Lord Mansel of Margam, 
married in 1716, Ivoiy Talbot, Esq. of Laycock, Wilts, and upon 
her were settled her father's laige estates. Mrs. Davenport was a 
near relation. mrs. traherne. 

Several highly curious illustrations of Costume in Scotland ; a 
slashed jerkin of silk, found in Holyrood House, such as were worn 
by gentlemen about 1 600 ; a velvet cap, possibly intended for a 
running-footman ; it is embroidered with silver, and bears the arms 
of Lockhart of Lee ; also an embroidered sword-belt of the same 
suit ; a pair of slippers of satin embroidered, of the time of Charles n. ; 
a Highland tartan coat, a relic of 1745, and a pistol-holster, with 
the crest and coronet of the Dukes of Hamilton. 

MR. W. B. JOHNSTONE, TREAS. R.S.A. 



160 MEDliEVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

A collection of dresses illustrative of Costume in Scotland, 
remarkable for their richness and perfect preservation. They con- 
sisted of a coat of gold brocade, with flowers of coloured silks ; a 
coat of black velvet ; a gentleman's morning gown of blue satin ; 
ladies' dresses of green and of crimson brocade ; a green silk man- 
tellet ; hats and other curious relics of the costume of the last century. 

MB. J. J. CHALMERS, AULDBAR. 

A MoBRis Danger's dress, of fawn-coloured silk, with trappings 
of red and green satin, richly flowered, and having numerous small 
bells attached by leather straps. There were originally, it is said, 
not less than 250 bells. — Also, a conical cap of the same material, 
covered with a network of leather thongs, which hung around the 
wearer's neck, with a large nut-shell appended as a rattle. Mr. 
Andrew Buist, deacon of the Glover Incorporation of Perth, drew up 
certain notices of the early history of the craft, of the pageants and 
processions of the incorporated trades, amongst which the Skinners 
and Glovers took a leading part. These collections may be found in 
the Appendix to Mr. Penny's Traditions of Peiih. A document is 
there cited (p. 322) from the records of the craft, relating to the 
Veveliy which took place on occasion of the visit of Charles l in 
1633. It is styled — << Memorandum of his M«gesty's coronation 
and coming to Scotland ; his entry to Edinburgh and Perth, 15 
June, 1633, which day our dread Sovereign, Charles, King of Eng- 
land, France, and Ireland, came to Edinburgh, being accompanied 
with the Nobalitie of Scotland ryding before, and the Nobalitie of 
England ryding behind him. Desired out of his gracious favour and 
love, with his Nobalitie of both Kingdoms, to visit his own city of 
the burgh of Perth, upon the eight day of July, and come to his 
lodging and went down to the gardine thereof ; his Majesties chair 
being sett upon the wall ne^ct to the Tay, whereupon was ane flatt 
stage of timber dead about with birks, upon the which, for his 
Majestie's welcome and entry, thirtein of our brethren of this our 
calling of Glovers, with green caps, silver strings, reid ribbons, white 
shoes, with bells about their leigs, schering rapers in their hands, 
and all other abulziment, danced our sword dance, with many difficult 
knotts and allafallajessa, five being under and fi\e above upon their 
shoulders ; three of them dancing through their feet ; drink of wine 



c' 



. It 

I • ■ 






h 






•\ 




O.-/^ ■ J^' f^>^/m^ t^^c.''/M^^//J^tL^4aT^M/M'^^^. 



i ' 



• i 




;//^^--K^ 



^ ^- 4'/M/"''j 




Ci/^/y'//^^ U/^:^^-''^/^^ '■- ■■'///a4f/^/>ff^<4^/-<^^- 



y^Jfi^ -r. ■'/y/a40^. 



l'^ 



>:. 






V 

V 



V. 



' \ 



.* / 

rf 






If 






V 



» T» 



r' 



'» 






kA-* 



•^ ** **' 



/,'. 



T ' ' 







THE " STIRLING HEADS." 101 

and breaking of glasses about them, which (God be prased) wis acted 
and did without hurt or skaith to any : which drew us to great 
charges and expences, amounting to the sum of three himdred and 
fifty merks, yet not to be remembered, because wee was graciouslie 
accepted be our Sovereign and both estates, to our honour and great 
commendation." This dance, in which the craft had the honour thus 
to figure before the king, is supposed to have been the Morris Dance, 
and it appears that the glovers excelled in it, since it is designated 
" our sword dance." It is further observed, that one of the silk 
dresses, cap, and bells, still forming part of the curiosities in the 
possession of the craft, are a proof that it must have been a showy 
and expensive exhibition. This fantastic dress, as it is stated, was 
used by Lord Lynedoch, who paraded the streets of Perth in it, when 
recniiting for the 90th Regiment of Foot, about the commencement 
of the war in the Peninsula. The dress is mentioned in Sir Walter 
Scott's Fair Maid of Perth. See also the History of Perth, by 
Marshall. Another dress of this description exists among the curious 
old costumes in possession of Lord Strathmore at Glammis Castle. 
Mr. Wardlaw Ramsay, of Whitehill, near Edinburgh, has a painting 
by a French artist of the last century, representing a man in such a 
motley garb, with bells and a cap in form of a lady, whose ample 
skirts form the head-covering ; there is also a singular representation 
of a Morris dancer on one of the Stirling sculptures in oak, figured 
in the plate which accompanies this description. 

THE glovers' incorporation OF PERTH, 
THROUGH MR, THOMAS GRAY. 

A carved Oak Bedstead, displaying among its decorations the 
arms of Scotland, with the lion and unicorn as supporters ; the 
regalia, crowns, and elaborate foliated decoration, in the style of the 
early part of the seventeenth century. Stated to have been obtained 
at Perth. mr. kohler, high street, Edinburgh. 

Ten of the " Stirung Heads," medallions of oak, boldly sculp- 
tured, and formerly part of the decorations of the roof of "The 
King's Room" in the palace of Stirling Castle, which was erected by 
James v. about 1529. They are supposed to have l)een actual 
portraitures of personages connected with the Scottish Royal family 

X 



162 MEDliBVAL ANTIQUITIES. 

or Court. A series of etchings of these remarkable carvings was pub- 
lished by Mr. Blackwood in 1817, entitled " Lacunar Strevdinense, 
being a collection of heads etched and engraved, after the carved 
work which formerly decorated the roof of the king's room in Stirling 
Castle : with 38 plates." A view of the palace, by Mr. Blore, and an 
interior view of the room, showing the paneled ceiling, accompany 
this volume. That ancient Presence Chamber was destroyed in 1777 
for the purpose of converting it into barracks. The panels exhibited 
were purchased by Lord Cockbum ; and, on the sale of his collection, 
November 1854, they passed into the possession of the Marquis of 
Breadalbane. They consist of Noa 8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 22, 24, 25, 
28, in the Lacunar. Each measures about 28 inches in diameter. 
Among the subjects are male busts, in the slashed and puffed dresses 
of the sixteenth centuiy ; female busts ; a dwarf or heraldic sup- 
porter, bearing a club over his shoulder, and a drawn dagger ; 
and a jester or court fool, with long-eared hood, vandyked tippet, 
skirt, and sleeves, with large g^relot bells appended to them. Etchings 
of the ten subjects were given in the Sale Catalogue, and that last 
described is repeated in Dr. Dibdin's NartJiem Tour^ vol. ii. p. 637. 
— ^Also an oak chair from Craig Nethan, in Clydesdale, described as 
" John Knox's Chair." 

THE MABQUIS OF BBEADALBANE, PEES. SOO. ANT. SCOT. 

Two of the " Stiblino Heads," being those represented in the 
Lacunar Strevelinense, Nos. 1 and 31. The former is supposed to 
Ixj a portrait of James v., and the other of his queen, Mary of Guise, 
whom he espoused in 1538. They were formerly in the possession 
of Mr. John Crawford of Leith, from whom they were obtained by 
the late Mr. Gilbert Laing Meason. mb. david laikg. 

One of the " Stiblino Heads," originally in the possession of 
Lord Cockbum, and given by him to Lord Jeffrey. It represents a 
genius or wingless Cupid, with a riband or scroll twined round his 
naked limbs, a figure of very tasteful design. This beautiful medallion 
was not given in the Lacunar Strevelinense, and it has never hitherto 
been figured. The accompanying etching is contributed by the present 
possessor. me. james gibson cbaig, f.s.a. scot. 



» ." / 



V f 



■• i' ■■' 



. ' (■ 



n 



%■ 1 



'• i 



'<( . ■ . 



w . 



\\ 



f. t " 



1 .' 



• i •• ' ' i • ' 



■ « \S '') 



: V t'. ': 



I I 



' . ' • " 





^W^^//,' 



^^ 



^1 



THE LENNOX J£W£L. 163 

Two of the " Stirling Heads," four of which passed into the 
possession of Mr. Campbell ; Nos. 4, 5, 7, 34, in the Lacunar 
Strevelinmse. MR. Alexander Campbell of monzie. 

Portions of paneling with painted ornaments, described as having 
been part of the ceiling of Culross House, Fifeshire, built by Sir G. 
Bruce, one of the commissioners appointed by Parliament to treat for 
the union with England, 1604. MR. john dunlop. 

Figures carved in oak, and a medallion ; sacred subjects. Also 
six ancient chairs of carved oak, of various periods. 

MR. W. FRAZER, EDINBURGH. 



RELICS /IND PORTRAITS OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS. POR- 
TRiVlTS AND MISCELLANEOUS OBJECTS CONNECTED WITH 
THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE OF STUART. 

The Lennox or Darnley Jewel, in the possession of Her 
Majesty THE Queen, and exhibited by Her most Gracious per- 
mission. 

This highly valuable relic was formerly in Horace Walpole's Col- 
lection at Strawberry Hill ; and it is to be regretted that he has not 
recorded how he became possessed of it. A MS. note found at 
Strawberry Hill, but certainly not in Walpole's writing, translates 
only the Scottish mottoes, but does not profess to show their indi- 
vidual application. The jewel is thus noticed in the Desa-iption of 
Strawberry Hill, in 1784 — "A golden heart, set with jewels, and 
ornamented with emblematic figures enameled, and Scottish mottoes ; 
made by order of the Lady Margaret Douglas, mother of Henry Lord 
Darnley, in memory of her husband, Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox, 
and Regent of Scotland, murdered by the Papists." ^ For the follow- 
ing description and explanation of the mottoes and emblems, we are 
indebted to the late Mr. Patrick Eraser Tytler, who, in obedience to 
the order of the Queen, prepared, in 1843, detailed ** Historical 

* Deicription of the Villa of Mr. Horace Waljxtle. Printed at StrawbciTy 
Hill, 1784. 4to, p. CO. Cabinet of Enamels, &c. See alfto Lord Orford's 
Works, vol ii. p. 477. Sale Catalogue, Fifteenth Day, lot 60. 



164 STUART RELICS. 

Notes of the Lennox Jewel," then in Her Majesty's possession, 
having been purchased on the dispersion of Walpole's Collections in 
1842.1 

The jewel is a golden heart, measuring two inches and one-eighth 
in each direction ; around it is this verse — 

QVHA HOPIS . STIL • CONSTANLY • VITH • PATIENCE 
SAL OBTEIN VICTORIE IN YAIR PRETENCE 

Signifying — Who hopes still constantly with patience shall obtain 
victory in their claim. The old Scottish word pretence, for claim, 
appears to be of French derivation. On the outer face is a crown, 
surmounted with three white fleurs-de-lis, upon an azure field, and set 
with three rubies and an emerald. Beneath it is a heart formed of 
a sapphire, with wings enameled blue, red, green, and yellow. 
These emblems are supported by enameled figures, representing 
Faith, Hope, Victory, and Truth. The jeweled crown opens, and 
within the lid is this device : two hearts united by a blue buckle, and 
a golden true-love knot, pierced with two arrows, feathered with 
white enamel and barbed with gold, and above them the motto — 
QVHAT VE REsoLV. That is — What we resolve. Below this device, 
in the cavity within the crown, are the letters, m. 8. L., in a cipher, 
enameled white, blue, and red, with a verdant chaplet over it. The 
heart of sapphire also opens, and within the lid is this device : two 
hands conjoined holding a green hunting horn by red cords,^ with 
this motto, rhyming to the former — deathe sal desolve. That 
is — Death shall dissolve. Within the cavity is a skull and cross- 
bones enameled. The reverse of the heart is covered with devices, 
and bears the following verse around the margin — 

MY • STAIT • TO • YIR • I • MAY • COMPTER • 
FOR • ZOV • QVHA • IS • OF • B0NTE8 • RAIR • 

That is — My state to these I may compare, for you who are of good- 
ness rare, literally goodnesses, from the French honte ; yir, or thir, 

* IlistoTlcal Notes on tlie Lennox or Damley Jeivel, the property of tb«? Queen, 
1843. Written by Patrick Eraser Tytlcr, Esq., in obedience to tlic order of the 
Cjneen, and printed by Her Majesty's command. London, W. Nicol. 4to, 
Sf) |»Age8, with a highly finiNhed plate by Mr. H. Shaw, f.».a. 

^ This device, Mr, Tytler observes, he had sought in vain to explain ; he could 
Hud it neither in connexion with I^ennox nor Douglas. 



THE LENNOX JEWEL. 165 

^signifying these — (See Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary), The em- 
blems are the sun in glory, amid the azure starry skies, and the 
crescent moon. Below the sun is a salamander, crowned, amidst 
flames, and under this is the pelican in piety. Beneath the moon 
is the phoenix in the flames, and under it a man lying on the ground^ 
with something resembling a royal crown on his side, so small as to 
be seen only with a magnifying glass ; out of the crown issues a sun- 
flower. Behind him is a laurel, (T) in which sits a bird ; and on the 
leaves of the sun-flower there is a lizard. The heart opens, being 
hinged at the top ; and within the lid are the following emblems : 
A stake, such as is represented in pictures of martyrs, surrounded 
with flames, and in the flames a number of little crosses. Near it 
is a female figure on a throne, with a tiara on her head ; and above 
her appears a scroll, inscribed — gar • tel • my • bel.£s. That is — 
Cause tell my release. There appears next a complicated group of 
emblems. A figure with two faces and two bodies, the upper part 
evidently representing Time with his forelock, wings, and hour-glass ; 
the back of his head presents a second face or mask, and the lower 
portion of the figure, separated by a marked line, is that of a demon 
with cloven feet, standing' on a celestial sphere. On one side, Time 
is palling a naked female figure, meant for Truth, out of a well ; on 
the other side is a representation of hideous black jaws, like the 
Hell-mouth of mediaeval art, from which issue flames and three 
winged demons. Above Time is a scroll, inscribed — tym • oabes • 
AL • LEiB. That is — ^Time causes all to learn. Below Time, and 
immediately connected with the sphere under his feet, is another 
scroll — ZE SEIM AL • MY • PLE8VR. That is — You seem all my 
pleasure. Lastly, in the lower part are two groups : a warrior, with 
sword and shield, standing over another, who is vanquished and pro- 
strate on the groimd ; by his side lies his shield, red, surmounted by 
a crown, and charged with a face. The fallen man seems to be 
pointing towards it. The other group is a crowned warrior, with a 
drawn sword, holding a female by her dishevelled hair, as if about to 
kill her. To neither of these groups is attached any legend.^ 

It will lie seen that the jewel contains tlirec distinct divisions, 
the front, the reverse, and the interior, in which are twenty-eight 

* The object described by Mr. Tytler an a spberc, with its motto, may possibly 
ri'late to the lower portion rather than to Time. 



166 STOART RELICS. 

emblems, and six verses or mottoes. All these emblems point to the 
truth of the tradition, that the jewel was made for Margaret Douglas, 
Countess of Lennox, in memory of her husband. He, by maternal 
descent, was of the royal blood of Scotland, his mother being the 
Lady Anne Stuart, a daughter of John, Earl of Athol, brother of 
James ii. She was of the royal blood of England, her mother being 
Margaret Tudor, the only daughter of Henry vii., and widow of 
James iv. of Scotland. Her father was Archibald Douglas, sixth 
Earl of Angus. The letters m. s. l. are the initials of the names of 
the Countess of Lennox and her husband (Matthew Stuart Lennox, 
and Margaret Stuart Lennox). The salamander is the crest of the 
house of Lennox ; the circumstance that here it is crowned, may be 
in allusion to the royal descent of the Lady Margaret The three 
fleurs<de-lis, on an azure field, are the arms borne in the first quarter 
by Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox, being the royal arms of France, 
granted to his ancestor Sir John Stuart of Damley by Charles vu. 
of France. The heart is also most emphatic, for it is the well-known 
emblem of the house of Douglas. The wings represent the soaring 
ambitious character of that house. The two little hearts joined to- 
gether, not only by a true-love knot, but by a blue buckle, point to 
Lennox and Douglas, for both these ancient houses bear buckles in 
their arms. 

These coincidences could hardly be accidental, and encourage us to 
proceed to the motto round the heart, which ought to be, according to 
Paolo Giovio, the soul of the device (" II motto, che e Tanima del 
corpo'*) to the two hands joined in the interior of the winged heart, 
and to the four allegorical supporters. These emblems, taken together, 
seem to denote, first, by the clasped hands and verses, " What we 
resolve," &a, a steadfast resolution, an affectionate and united pur- 
pose ; and secondly, by the motto around the exterior, " Who hopes 
still constantly," &c., a hidden claim to some dignity or right which 
Truth, Patience, and Hope were to crown with Victory. If we take 
into consideration the lives of the Earl and Countess of Lennox, there 
undoubtedly is to be found such a resolution and such a claim. Mr. 
Tytler shows that their great purpose, ultimately realized, was the 
marriage of their son Lord Henry Daniley to Mary Queen of Scots. 
The claim of Mary to the English crown, failing Queen Elizabeth, 
arose through her father James v., son of James iv. and Margaret 



THE LENNOX JEWEL. 1C7 

Tudor, his Queen, afterwards wife of the Earl of Angus. On the 
death of Damley, the hopes of the Earl and Countess were centred 
in their grandson, who succeeded as James vl ; and the last words 
of the Eegent Lennox, when slain in 1572, were an affectionate in- 
quiry after the safety of the young king, and this memorable message 
to his wife — " If the bairn's weel, all's weel." 

Mr. Tytler concludes as follows : — " Thus, with a perfect adher- 
ence to the facts, it may be truly said, that the resolution of these 
two united hearts to maintain the claim of their grandson was only 
dissolved by death ; and what could be more natural than that the 
widowed Countess of Lennox should cause a jewel to be made to the 
memory of this afifectionate husband, and fondly and secretly allude 
to this resolution, for which they had suffered so much, and this 
claim which she still hoped one day to see crowned with success ? 
What could be more natural than that, in the spirit and usages of 
these times, which were much given to emblems, anagrams, and con- 
ceits, she should employ these devices and mottoes to convey to the 
young king an affectionate advice, inculcating the necessity of patience 
and prudence to the attainment of his right V* Such a sentiment is 
conveyed in the verse, " Quha hopis," &c. Turning to the reverse, 
Mr. Tytler considered the verse, " My state," declaring that the per- 
sons in question might compare their state to the emblems there dis- 
played, was put into the mouths of the Earl and Countess, and meant 
to be addressed by them to their grandson, the young king. The 
emblems, the pelican and the salamander, which was the Douglas 
crest, express great affection and great trials. The recumbent figure 
on the grass seems to represent the unfortunate Damley. " He was 
not (Mr. Tytler observes) in his own right a king, but a king sprang 
from him ; and the crown, as I have interpreted the little figure, 
placed not on his head, but in his side, expresses this ; whilst the 
sim-flower growing out of the crown, equally clearly denotes a royal 
scion, his son King James vi." The sun and phoenix Mr. Tytler re- 
garded as emblems of Elizabeth ; the latter being a device actually 
adopted by that queen, and as expressive of the devotion and respect- 
ful affection which the regent and his countess inctdcated on their 
grandson, as proper to be entertained towards Elizabeth, upon whom, 
to use their own words, " the preservation and weal of him and his 
realm did only depend." Mr. l^ler suggests, that the moon and 



168 STUART KKLICS. 



• 



the lesser emblems may likewise be regarded as indicative of the 
same idea. The devices in the interior are obscure. The two 
warriors, Mr. Tytler supposed to allude to the death of Lennox, who, 
being mortally wounded, points to the crowned shield with a face on 
it, an emblem of the young king, as if saying — " If the babe is well, 
all is well." The crowned warrior, seizing a female by the hair, may 
indicate the temporary triumph of the Scottish Queen^s party over 
the fortunes of the Countess of Lennox and the young king. This 
party, whose object it was to restore Mary to the throne which she 
had been compelled to abdicate in favour of her son, imdoubtedly 
used their triumph with no sparing hand ; and the figure of the 
lady dragged by the hair is not too strong an emblem of the ruin 
which for a time fell on the house of Lennox, on the death of the 
regent. 

The stake surrounded by flames, the lady, liberated and seated 
on a chair of state, and the emblems of Time and Truth, remain to 
be considered. The first is an emblem, doubtless, of religious perse- 
cution. Lady Lennox, Mr. Tytler shows, had been reported a Roman 
Catholic, and, as such, became an object of suspicion and persecution 
by Queen Elizabeth. It was asserted in the Privy Council, that one 
great object of Lady Lennox's desire for the alliance of Damley with 
Mary was to re-establish the religion of the Church of Rome. This 
noble lady was also bitterly attacked by falsehood on another ground, 
her legitimacy. Three points in her life may offer a key to the 
complicated emblems in the group of Time and Truth. Her being 
slandered and threatened with loss of honours, birthright, and royal 
descent, is indicated by the jaws vomiting out fire and lies ; whilst 
Time, pulling Truth from the well, marks the triumph of truth in 
the establishment of her legitimacy. The celestial sphere, with the 
inscription, ZE seim, &c., may allude to the bright influences 
which seemed to reign over her early days, her education at the 
court of Henry viii., her marriage, and the favour she enjoyed 
from her sovereign, Mary of England : these were succeeded by her 
becoming, under Elizabeth, the victim of persecution and dissimula- 
tion. This temporary triumph of evil over the celestial influences, 
is represented by the double face of Time, and by half his body, in 
shape of a demon, resting on the celestial sphere, and checking its 
motions. The lady enthroned, last featiu'c of the grouj), jioints to 



RELICS OF QUEEN MARY AT KENNET. 1G9 

the sauiti story. ** She ia no longer (to use Mr. Tytler's own 
words) at the mercy of her enemy ; no longer in the miserable state 
ill which she apiiears below, dragged by the hair, wretched and dis- 
crowned. She has regained her liberty, her honours are restored, 
her diadem sparkles on her brow, and she proclaims her release — 
(iAR T£L MY RELJSS. From this examination, it apjxMirs that this 
curious and ancient jewel contains internal evidence that it was made 
for Margaret, Countess of Lennox, in memory of her husband, the 
Regent, as a present to her royal grandson the King of Scots." 

Mr. Tytler supposed it to have been made about 1576 or 1577. 
He concludes by pointing out, that, in the spirit of the time, which 
delighted in concetti^ the three inscriptions in the interior of the heart 
may be anagrammatic, and they may be so transposed as to include 
the names of the Countess, her husband, and Queen Elizabeth. 

TYM GABE8 AL LEIR will read MARGARET IS LEIL. GAR TEL MY 

RELIES — MAT • s • L • YE • REAL • REG for Matthew Stuart Lennox^ 

the Royal Regent ; and ZE • seim • al • my • plesvr — may be read, 

MY P . 8 • ELIZA RVLES ME. 

An exquisitely illuminated representation of the Lennox jewel, 
executed by Mr. Henry Shaw, f.s.a,, accompanied the Historical 
Notes prepared by the late talented historian of Scotland.^ A beauti- 
ful coloured plate of it wafi also given by Mr. Joseph L. Williams, in 
the second part of his Historic Reliques. A small crowned heart, 
enameled red and set with a precious stone, was in possession of the 
late Duke of Sussex, and it was contributed by Mr. H. Farrer, P.8.A., 
to the collection of portraits and relics of Mary Stuart, exhibited by 
the Institute in London, June 1857. A note in the handwriting of 
the Duke stated that it had Monged to Mary Stuart ; it has l)een 
regartled as having been appended possibly to the Lennox jewel. 

The relics of Mary Queen of Scx)ts, preserveil tuiiong the hcir- 

^ In an Appendix of Prooffi and Illustrations, Mr. Tytler givu8 notices of other 
emblematic jewels of the same period; also of the painting at Hampton Couit, 
made by order of the Earl and Countess for the young king, as a memorial of 
the murder of bis father, and of various anagrams. A notice is added of the 
monument of the Countess at Westminster Abbov ; several letlerK from brr, 
and her Will ; and laHtly, an interesting notice of Lady AraWlla Stewart. A 
duplicate of the remarkable picture in the Royal Collection is in the possession 
of the Puke of Richmond, at Goodw«M)d. It was engraved by Vertuc for tb«« 
Society of Antiquaries. 

V 



170 STUART RELICS. 

looms of the family of Bruce of Keimet, traditionally regarded jw 

liaving been given by Mar}' to her faithful |)arti8{iu, Sir James 

Balfour, deputy- governor of £<lin burgh Castle under the Earl of 

Bothwell. He espoused the heiress of Balfour of Burleigh ; and 

these valuable possessions passed, as it is stated, to the family of 

Bnice, by a marriage with the heiress of the fifth Lord Burleigh. 

They consist of, 1. The large covered Ciborium of copper, richly 

enameled, the so-called " Cup of Malcolm Canmore," one of the 

most remarkable examples of the chanijdeve process in the twelfth 

century. It has been minutely described among enamels. (See 

p. 122, aitte.) 2. Mary Stuart's hand bell of silver gilt, one of the 

objects of personal use, doubtless, which gamishe<l the chamber of 

the captive Queen ; it is perhaps the identical " closcIteW described 

in inventories of valuable relics of former state, which she was 

l)ermitted to retain until the termination of her life at Fotheringhay. 

It is certain that Mary was accustomed to make use of such a bell, 

which, in accordance with the fashion of the time, accompanied the 

" esciiloyre^' and furniture of her table. The personal devices found 

on the bell afford no slight argument in favour of the supposition 

that it may have been her companion throughout her captivity. In 

the will made by Mary, when suffering from sickness at Sheffield, in 

February 1577, she bequeathed to her secretary Nau, by whose hand 

that document was written, the following objects : — " A Nan, mon 

grand diamant, ma grande escritoyre d'argcnt aux bonis dorez, et la 

closchfete de mesme." ^ In the inventory of jewels and i)late, taken, 

iis it is believed, at Chartley, in August 158G, there occur, among 

" Joyaulx, vaissellc d' argent, et aiitres besongncs, an cabinet,'* the 

items, " Un grand escriptoire d' argent ouvrag^, dord i>ar parcelles ;" 

and ** Unc clochette d'argent de sus la table de Sa M^jest^."^ Again, 

in the inventory of the jewels, plate, &c., in the custody of the 

.servants of the late Queen of Scots, taken at Fotheringhay, February 

20, l0(SG-87, there are found, in the keeping of Elizabeth CHirle, 

" a candlestick of silver gilt ; a little silver bell ; two standishes of 

silver, the one playn, the other gilt in the edges." Tlie bell measures 

alx)ut 4 inches in height, the handle included ; the diameter at the 

Jiionth measures 2^ inches. (Bee >v(.>odcut.) Around its waist, cxter- 

* Set! Ijabanofi", liccueil tk LHlnn, tonic iv. p. 3C<>. Tbe original, partly in 
Mary 8 own hand, it» prt'serve«l in the Brifiul) Muscniu, Cott. MS. Vesp. r. xvi. 
iol. \Vi. '^ Sec Lalianoff, Ihcucil, Vmu- vii. p. 247. 



IB* 



4 t .. • 



• .1 



I I . 



I . .J. 



- .-.•(•« I I.I t \<.K. ;. 

. i y'\ ■■ ■'. !• lit I ! • ■ ' • 

. . ; ■ '•]•') '. .r I"' V' . ■ ■■ • 
■ .'/ . • ■ r -."• i i • ■ . ' ■ 

■ '.'.'' t i.;r' ••• *'ti.!;i: ; 



' . ■ ' ' ! ■• f " • 1. 



'^ ,:i^ ■.; '■ .•/... 



..t. ..: 



t ! 



i; 









. I 1 1 








J T 


■•i . '■' 


M , 


j 


• ) 


— t - — 


4 

\ 

I 



t \ 



!■. 



:, . \ u ... 



• I 



) 



t : 



U\. \ 



•1 ■. ; ; .• .^-■• 






I . • t ' ■ I I . 



'I . 



QUEEN MARV'a IIAND-BELL. 171 

iiully, urc eii^'iuveil, 1. th<i royul araie ut* Si'utlimil, tlu; nliifld eimi^it'il 
with a low arulicil crown, having straw1>erry Icai'UB nttiimattily with 
fitwrs-de-ti*, an on her Srottish BcaU. 2. Thu moangmm comiiOBCil 
of the Greek letters Chi mill Kho, signifying the name of our Lortl, 
within a circle inscribed witli tlic wonls in hoc vince 86, and at 
the close of the inBcritition a trefoil sli)ipcil. 3. On the aide oppo- 
site to the last, an hnprem, a vine of which a moiety is leafleaa ; a 
hand issuing from clouds and holding a pruning bill cuts olf tlie 
doad branrhi» ; ini a circular baud around are the words virescit ■ 
VVLNEBR ■ viRTVs. This imprem is identical with that on one of 
four of Mary's silver jetons (described hereafter, p. 1 BO). That piccf , 
it may be observed, bears on the obverse the arms of Scotland only, 
tinder an arched crown, as on the bell, nith the legend haria ' dri ■ 
fi ■ scoTOR ■ REGiNA ■ ; whefcas the <)ther countera, in dimensions 
and workmanship precisely similar, display tbc arms of France dimi- 
diated by those of Scotland, with the legend uaria ■ d ■ g ■ scotorv . 
KEOiNA ■ FRAN ■ DOi. T)ie jeton fint mentioned bonrs no date, each 
of theothcr three is dated l.irO. That year, it will be remembered, 
was the eleventh "f Mary's captivity ; she was at that time at 
Sheffield, in the custmly of the Birl of Shrewsbury. 4. This 
device is the monogram or cipher which is likewise to be seen within 
the hoop of Mary's signet-riug, now in the British Museum ; herv 
it is cnsigned with an arched crown, and enclosnl 
within a band inseril>cd thus, sa ■ vertv . uatire. 
This motto, which is an anagram of Mary's name, 
occurs iu the description of devices embroidered on 
a bc<l wrought by her, as stateil in a letter from 
Dnunmond uf Hawthomdcn to Bun Jonson, dateil 
"<^^5J^" July 1, llild. " 1 have been curious," writes the 
poet, " to tind out for you the imprcsas and em- 
blems on a bed of state, wniught and embroidered all with gold and 
silke by the iate Queue Marie, mother to our uacreil Soverayne, which 
will embellish greatly some paj^ of your hookc, and is worthye of 
remembrance. Tlie first is the loadstone turning towards the pole, tlie 
words, her Miycstics name turned into an anagram, mabia stkUart, 
SA VKBTU HATiRE, which is not much infcriour to Veritas armata."* 
The bell priwrved at Kennet had been traditionally designated a 
1655; edited ly Mr. DsvM Lning Tor llio 




172 



STUAUT UELICS. 



quite BatiBfactory. 



" mas8-lK*ll." It }q)i¥?ar8, however, most iiiiprobalJe that it wjw 
destined for any sacred use. There is an enigmatical device engnive<l 
within, which has l)een 8U]>poeed to show that its use was simply 
to summon the Queen's attendants to her presence. It consists of 
concentric circles, with lines radiating from the central point where 
the clapper is attached, as shown in the accompanying woodcut, and 
pointing to certain letters and numerals engraved within the circles. 
The letters have been reail, commencing from the circle nearest the 
rim of the bell, clamat svas, she calls her attenilants ; departing a 
little from the order which the circles seem to indicate, and passing 
over the numerals. This may seem too arbitrary a process to be 

It is possible that the letters are initials, and 

the numerals ciphers for names 
or words. The figures have been 
read 43, and they may refer to 
Mary's coronation by Cardinal 
Beaton, on September 9, 1543. 
Another conjecture would ex- 
plain these figures as indicating 
the age of Mary at the period 
when this device was engraved. 
There is no event in the forty- 
third year of her age, from 
December 8, 1584, to Decem- 
lit^rnn, i.owini iho int-^rior of tho siiv.^r Hati-i ber8,l585,to wlilch thc devicc 

lx,ll of Mary Qucon of Scom. « i i -i. 

seems referable, nor can we dis- 
cover any memorable occurrence in her thirty -fourth year that throws 
light on the obscure intention of these numerals. 

It is remarkable that the number, 43, is the moiety of that occur- 
ring with the inscription in hoc vince in one of the devices on 
the external surface of the bell. Both of these mysterious numbers 
may have been intelligible only through some of the secret ciphers 
used by Mary Stuart in her corresjiondence.^ The figures 43 are 
possibly allusive to Mary's coronation in 1543, and the figures 86, 
which accompany the motto around the sacred monogram, may be 

* It is well known tlmt Mary's partisans, or persons with whom she main- 
tained correspondence, were designated by numbers. The despatches seized 
upon Baillie at Dover, in April 1571, were addressed 40 and 30, coiyectured to 
indicate the Duke of Norfolk and Lord Lumley. Tumbull, Letters of Queen 
^rurtf, p. fiT. 




QUEEN MAUY's SIGNET-UING. 173 

explained by the date of her death, Febniary 8, 158G ; since, 
mcoTiling to the old style, the year 1587, in which it has l)cen 
commonly stated that the execution of Mary occurred, did not com- 
mence until March 25. It may deserve consideration, in connexion 
with the explanation thus proposed, that both the Imprese engraved on 
the bell appear to show appearances of later workmanship than the 
arms and crowned cipher ; the device, therefore, with the appropriate 
motto m hoc vince, and the numerals posssibly indicating a date, may 
have been added subsequently to her death. — 3. A covered tankard 
of agate, with silver mountings and handle, probably of Scottish 
workmanship, as they bear the plate-mark, an unicorn's head erased. 
The ornaments on the handle are a lion's head and a rose, both 
in relief. This interesting relic measures 5 inches in height. It 
has sometimes been designated Queen Mary's " Caudle-cup." (See 
woodcut, from a drawing by Mr. G. Scharf, jun.) — A few other 
objects, of minor interest, preserved at Kennet as associated with the 
memory of Mary ; these consist of silver spoons, and a richly oraa- 
mented handle of blcxxl-stone, mounted with gold and exquisitely 
enameled, possibly of Italian workmanship. It apparently may hav(; 
been intended as the handle of a fan of feathers, or some similar 
appliance which might suitably grace a royal hand. A circular fan 
of yellow ostrich feathers tipped with red appears in Mary's hand \n 
the portrait attributed to her in the episcopal palace at Gloucester. 

MR. BRUCE OF KENNET. 

Impression from the Signet Ring of Mary Queen of Scots, 
recently purchased for the British Museum. Also a representation 
of that very interesting relic. 

No earlier trace of this signet has been found than the notice in 
the Account of Royal and Baronial Seals of Scotland, communicated 
by Astle to the Society of Antiquaries in 1792, and published in the 
Vetitstn Monumenta, voL iii. pi. xxvi. The impression of the ring 
is there figured on an enlarged scale, and described as ^^ from a seal 
of Mary Queen of Scots, in the royal collection at the Queen's House ; 
it is set in gold, and has the letters m. r. in a cipher on the back of 
the seal. This seems to be a royal seal which she used after her 
return into Scotland." It were now a fhutless task to seek to dis- 
cover tlirough what means this ring passed into the collection of the 
Queen of (korge in. It subsequently came into the possession of 



174 



STUART RELICS. 



the late Duke of York ; and at the sale by Christie of his phite aii<l 
jewels, ill Marcli 1827, it was purchased by Mr. Richard Greene, 
F.8.A., for fourteen guineas. 

The ring is of gold, massive in fashion, and weighs 312 grains. 
The hoop has been chased with foliage and flowers, and enameled ; 
it ap])ear8 to have been much worn, and few traces of enamel remain, 
although the outlines of the design may be discerned. The impress 

is the royal achievement, engraved oii 
a piece of crystal or white sapphire, of 
oval form, measuring about three- 
quarters of an inch by five -eighths. 
Tlie arms are those of Scotland, here 
given on an enlarged scale. ^ The 
crest, on a helmet with mantlings and 
ensigned with a crown, is a lion sejant, 
affronts, crowned, holding in his dexter 
])aw a naked sword, and in the sinister, 
a sceptre, l)oth bendwise. Above the 
crest appears the motto, in defens, 
and lower down, the initials m. r. The shield is surrounded by the 
collar of the Thistle, with the badge, and supported by two unicorns, 
chained and ducally gorged. On the dexter side there is a banner 
charged with the arms of Scotland ; on the sinister another with 
three bars, over all a saltire. It is remarkable, that the hcrahlic 
tinctures are represented on the back of the engraved stone, either by 

enameling or by painting, and the field or back- 
ground is coloured dark blue. This mode of 
ornamentation is found in some of the fine 
Italian works of the period.**^ Within the hoop 
of the ring there is a cipher, originally enameled ; 
it is represented on an enlarged scale on the next 
IMige. It is enclosed within a band, and ensigned with a crown. Some 
fnigments of white enamel remain in the circidar band ; a portion 





* This achievement is figureil in the Vetusta Mo7wmenio, vol. iii. pi. xxvi ; 
f^ing*8 Catalogue of Scottish Scalf, p. 228; and ArcJ^sologia^ vol. xxxiii. 
p. 355. We are indebted to Mr. H. Laing for the use of the woodcut given 
above. 

' See an account of Cristaux peintSf in the Notice des Emaux exposes dant lea 
Oaierien du Louvre, par M. de Laborde, pp. 141, 143. Paris, 1853. 




QUEEN MAUY's SIGNET-RING. 175 

of red is to be seen at the top of the upstroke of the M, on the 
sinister side ; there are traces of pale blue or greyish white in the 
oval of the monogram, and also in the central upstroke. 
On some of the leaves on the exterior of the hoop, 
remains of green enamel may be discerned. It had 
been conjectured that the motto, Namo me impune 
hwessU, or Optimam partem elegit, might have been 
painted upon the white band in black enamel. If, 
however, any inscription was there to be seen, it may ^ 

have been the anagram, »SV? vertu m' attire, which occurs on the before 
mentioned bell with the cipher in question. Sir Henry Ellis, in a 
communication to the Society of Antiquaries, stated his conviction, 
when the ring was brought under their notice in 1842, that inquiry 
" woidd probably identify it either as an affiancing, or what was still 
more probable, as a bridal ring of the unhappy Queen. It was evi- 
dently made for a female finger. In my own belief, I took it for 
what it certainly now appears to have been, her nuptial ring."^ 
This coiyecture, however, may appear questionable. Whilst search- 
ing the Scottish Correspondence at the State-Paper Office, in the 
fruitless endeavour to discover some letter l)earing an impression of 
the signet ring. Sir Henry Ellis noticed in the letter from Mary to 
Queen Elizabeth, dated 15th June \565, that the signature is 
{iccompanied by a cipher resembling that within the ring. (See 
woodcut.) Sir Henry descrilx5S it as 
identical, and as formed of the initials 
M. and A., which he 8U])poses to be 
allusion to the title of Duke of Albany, 
which Mary may have proposed to con- 
fer ujwn Damley. This explanation is, however, very improbable, 
and leaves wholly unnoticed the oval, the ceutnil stroke, and a 
rharactcr introduced at each side of it, resembling an e, not found 
in the monogram within the signet-ring. Another example of the 
monogram occurs on Mary's silver hand-bell, in i>03ses8iori of the 
Bmce family, as already described (see p. 171, afUr). 

The high interest of the signet -ring and silver liell, among tlie few 
uin questionable relics of Mary Stuart, may, it is hojK^d, justify so 
detaileil an investigation i»f the remarkable cipher found uinni them. 

' Archieoltfgtdf vwl. xxxii. p. H^o. 



Ills / 




17G STUART RELICS. 

To Mr. Weston S. Walford the true solution, it is believed, of tliis 
engima is due. He has pointed out, that on the revival of the study 
of Greek in Western Europe, there arose a f&ncj for the adoption 
of Greek names, and for the use of Greek characters for ciphers. 
Menestrier, in his Veritable AH du Blason, p. 22 (Paris, 1673), 
states that Francis i. used the Greek letter Phi as a cipher, and that 
Lambda was used for Louis xn. and Louis xiii. Among the ciphers 
in the original collar of the Order of the Holy Spirit, founded by 
Henry rii. in 1 57 8, was Lambda, for Queen Louisa. It formed part of 
a cipher with h, so that it might be read both from below and above. 
In the collar of the Order of the Holy Magdalen, which waa proposed 
to be instituted in France in 1G14, was to have been a cipher com- 
posed of M, A, A (Mu, Lambda, Alpha), for the initials of the Mag- 
dalen, Louis xui., and his Queen, Anne of Austria. These collars, 
illustrating the use of Greek ciphers, are figured in Favine's Tlieatre 
of Honour,^ Frederic, King of Bohemia, used two Phis, intersecting 
each other, as stated in an inventory of the jewels of Elizabeth, his 

Queen. ^ She used a cipher consisting of two Es, or 
Epsilons, intersecting eac^h other, as subscribed by 
her to letters printed in the Arclujeoloffia, vol. xxxvii. 
p. 225. The cipher of Frederic also appears on a 
small seal, with which two letters, written by his sons, 
Prince Frederic Heniy and Prince Rupert, when children, are sealed.^ 
(See woodcut, double the original size.) 

If we take into consideration the use of Greek characters for 
ciphers in the sixteenth century, there can be no difficulty in accept- 
ing the monogram on the ring and the bell of Mary Queen of Scots, as 
composed of the Greek letters Phi and Mu. Indeed, from the fact of 
the lines forming these two characters, both on the ring and the l.)el], 
being differently marked, as if for distinction (the d) on the latter 
being shaded, and the other strokes left plain), there can be no 
reasonable doubt of these being the characters ; and if so, they can 
scarcely be intended for anything else than the initials of Francis 
and Mary. The monogram is in both instances accomi)anied by the 

^ Soc further details on this subject in tho Archaol. Jourmtl, vol. xv. p. 2i>3. 
'^ Notes and Queiies, vol. i. New Scries, p. 195. 

' These letters have been printed in tlie Sussex A rclusological Collections^ 
vol. iv. p. 223. 






-^^^^y 



QUEEN Mary's signbt-ring. 177 

iirms of Scotland ouly, as used by Mary previously to her first mar- 
riage, and subsequently to her alliance with Damley ; and it is 
probable that both ring and bell were engraved in France during 
the interval between her betrothal to the Dauphin, August 1548, 
and their marriage, April 24; 1558. This supposition appears to 
be in a great degree confirmed by the piece, probably a counter, 
given by Cardonnel, presenting on one side the Scottish arms, and on 
the other, the ungraceful monogram frequently found on Maiy*s 
coins, consisting of f. and m. combined, under a crown, with the 
motto, DiUGiTE • ivsTiciAM • 1553. The use of this cipher, several 
years before her marriage with the Dauphin, has been the subject of 
much conjecture among numismatists ; but all difficulty vanishes, 
if this piece be regarded as a jeton struck during her residence in 
France after her betrothal. Mary^s gold coinage of the same year 
displayed a complicated cipher, which may be read maria r • or 
MARIA REGiNA. Thcsc ciphers are so inelegant, more especially 
the combination of f. and m., that they may serve in some degree to 
account for the substitution of Greek characters, in conformity with 
the fashion of the period, and especially when used on a tasteful 
ornament for personal use. It must be noticed, that the monogram 
which accompanies Mary's signatiu-e before mentioned, is not identical 
with that on the ring. It differs in the addition of the letter e, of 
which no explanation has been offered. It has been suggested, with 
much probability, that Mary, being attached to the cipher she had 
previously used, composed of the letters Phi and Mu, may, when it was 
no longer appropriate, have, by the addition of two £s (Epsilons), con- 
verted it into MARIE, written in Greek characters, the «I> (Phi) being 
read as two Rhos (P P), dos-i^dos. This suggestion supposes an un- 
willingness to depart from the original cipher further than was necessary. 
Whilst it must be admitted, that to render this reading completely 
satisfactory, the down stroke of the Rhos should have been lengthened, 
it must be remembered, that ciphers of this description were intended 
to be read not only backwards and forwards, but also upside down. 
Whether this explanation be accepted or not, it is evident that the 
addition of the £8 renders this a different cipher ; no difficulty, 
therefore, which may present itself in this instance, necessarily affects 
the proposed interpretation of the cipher in its simpler or earlier 
form. — Impression from a gold signet -ring, inscribed with the name 

z 





178 STUART RELICS. 

of Daniley, and stated to have been found near Fotheringhay Castle, 
and also representations of the ring with the devices upon it. This 
relic is of gold ; the impress presents the initials h and m oombined, 
with a true-loTe knot repeated above and below the monogram. 
The first stroke of the h, however, has a transverse line, as if forming 
a T, a letter not easily to be explained in connexion with the 
supposed allusion to the names of Henry and Mary. (See woodcuts. 
The monogram, intended for use as a seal, appears reversed.) 

Within the hoop there is a small 
escutcheon, charged with a lion 
rampant, and ensigned with an 
arched crown : the tressure of 
Scotland alone is wanting to give 
a royal character to this little 
achievement, which is accom- 
panied by the inscription henri • l • darnley, and beneath is the 
date 1565. There can be little doubt that Damley became the 
accepted suitor of Mary Stuart early in that year ; rumours of the 
Queen's engagement had been prevalent as early as 1562. Their 
nuptials were celebrated privately in April, 1565 ; and on July 23, 
the public celebration being fixed, and the Pope's dispensation 
obtained, Mary created Damley Duke of Albany : on the 28th she 
issued her warrant commanding the heralds to proclaim him King 
of Scotland, in virtue of the bond of matrimony to be solemnized 
ou the following day in the Chapel of Holyrood. It has been 
suggested that the supposed t in the monogram may have presented 
an allusion to the royal house of Tudor. Damley's maternal grand- 
mother, it will be remembered, was. daughter of Henry vil of 
England, and Queen of James iv. of Scotland, grandfather of Maiy. 
Thus both the afiianced parties, on the occasion for which this 
remarkable nuptial gift or token of plighted troth may, as has been 
supposed, have been prepared, might alike claim descent, in the 
second generation, from the Tudor race. Another part> which has 
not been satisfactorily explained, is the lion inside the ring, accom- 
panied by the royal crown and the date when Mary actually conferred 
on Damley the title of king. Under these circumstances, a single 
bearing being thu.s specially selected, not the ancestral coat of his 
family, it might naturally be expectecl that the lion of Scotland 



THE DARNLET RING. 179 

would be found, accompanied by the tressurc, which, however, is 
here wanting. It must further be noticed, that the field of the 
escutcheon is chased out, as if for the insertion of enamel, the lion 




[mng left in relief. Had the intention been to display the lion gules 
of Scotland on a field or, the latter doubtless had been the portion 
in relief ; but the lion being in relief, it has been coiyectured that it 
might be the ancient bearing of the earldom of Fife {(/ules a lion or), 
which appears to have been borne by the Dukes of Albany, and 
may have been selected here in special allusion to that title being 
conferred on Damley on the day previous to his marriage. This 
valuable ring, formerly in possession of Colonel Grant, has been 
added to the choice collection formed by Mr. Edmund Waterton, 
F.8.A-, of Walton Hall, Yorkshire. MR. albert way, f.s.a. 

A remarkable specimen of GtOldsmiths' Work, traditionally 
regarded as a cihorium, part of the sacred vessels used in Mary 
Stuart's private chapel, and presented by her to one of her attend- 
ants on the morning of her execution at Fotheringhay. The lower 
portion is a cylindrical case of green and red agate, measuring 2| 
inches in diameter ; height also 2| inches, including the original feet 
of gold enameled and of very beautiful workmanship. The mountings 
are also of exquisite design, enameled, and probably of Italian work. 
The cylindrical portion originally contained a small orologe or table- 
clock, and the dial still appears on the upper surface. Upon this 
pedestal has been affixed a small covered vase of gilt metal, on three 
feet of elegant design, elaborately wrought, but very inferior in its 
workmanship to that of the lower and original portion. The cover 
terminates in a knop set with garnets. There is no emblem or 
ornament of a sacred character ; and this beautiful object had probably 
served as a small standing salt, having been appropriated to such 
purpose possibly when the mechanism of the costly Italian orologio 
had become irreparably deranged, or through some other cause which 
cannot now be ascertaine<l. 

sir JOHN MAXWKLL, BART., OF POLLOC. 



180 STUART RELICS. 

Six Counters or Jetons of considerable rarity, five of them of 
silver, strack probably in France, all being, as it is supposed, counters 
for arithmetical calculation, according to the customary practice of 
the period. — 1. Arms of France dimidiated by those of Scotland and 
England quarterly ; the shield ensigned with a crown. Leg. maria • 
D . G • FRANCOR • scoTOR • REG • ETC • Rev, Two CTOwns between 
earth and heaven studded with stars. Leg. aliamqve moratvr (and 
waits for another), 1660. Diam. 1^^ inch, brass. This very rare 
piece, which has been sometimes included among the medals of Mary 
Stuart, appears to present obscure intimation of Mary's claim to 
the crown of England, which was never forgotten nor forgiven by 
Elizabeth, and led to Maiy's untimely end. Upon the marriage of 
the Dauphin, Henry ii. insisted that the young Prince and his bride 
should assume the title and arms of King and Queen of England. 
Mary^s hangings, bedding, plate, &c., were stamped and marked with 
these titles and arms. Upon this piece the phrase etc. can hardly 
refer to any other kingdom than England. The third crown might 
mean a celestial crown, but the import is equivocal, and probably 
alluded to England, and such is the interpretation of Mezeray and of 
Adrien d'Amboise in their explanations of this device. — 2. Arms of 
Scotland, the shield ensigned with a crown. Leg. maria • Dm • g • 
scoTOR • REGmA • Rev. A hand from heaven pruning a withered 
branch of a vine. Leg. virescit • vvufERE • virtvs (Virtue is 
strengthened by affliction). Diam. 1|^ inch, silver. De Bie, in his 
description of this jeton, adds the date mdlvh, but perhaps erro- 
neously. !No date appears in the engraving of the reverse among 
the medals of Mary Stuart, in Mezeray, Ilistoire de Finance, tome ii. 
p. 807. This piece was probably strack in France, but does not 
appear to commemorate any particular event. The motto and 
imprem above described were embroidered by Mary's hand on a 
cushion, which she sent in September, 1589, from Wingfield to 
Lesley, bishop of Ross. It displayed the arms of Scotland, beneath 
which was a hand pruning a vine.^ The same imprem occurs on Mary's 
silver bell before described, p. 171. — 3. Arms of France dimidiated 
by those of Scotland, the shield ensigned with a crown. Leg. maria • 
D • G . SCOTOR REon^A • FRAN • Doi. Rev. Ab the preceding. Diam. 
l^ inch, silver. This is a variety of the last, and possibly strack 
after the death of Francis n., December 5, 1560, when Mary had 

* See Miss Strickland's Lives of the Queens of Scotland^ vol. vii.' p. 21. 



MARY Stuart's jetons. 181 

l)ecoine Queen Dowager. — 4. Aniis of Fmnce and Scotland, as the 
preceding. Rev. A vine, having one branch withered, receives water 
from an urn above. Leg, mea sic mihi prosvkt (Thus are mine pro- 
fitable to me). Ex. 1579. Figured among medals of Mary Stuart, 
in Mezeray, Histoire de France, tome ii. p. 806, edit. 1646. Diam. 
1^ inch, silver. This has been supposed to express the bitterness of 
Mary's feelings at the conduct of James, who had strengthened him- 
self by diverting her resources to his use. It is more probable that 
it was issued in the same spirit as the second jeton, inculcating 
patience under affliction, as virtue flourishes under suffering. The 
following explanation is given by Mezeray : — " Elle n'oublia aucun soin 
d'y arroser et cultiver, c'est k dire de favoriser le parti Catholique, 
qui estoit le sien, et pour desraciner celui des Protestans. Ces paroles 
MEA SIC MIHI prosint (»ic) est uu souhait qu'elle fait pour Tac- 
croissement de la religion Catholique, tres-saint et tres-pieux, mais 
qui fut inutile aussi bien que ses travaux." — 5. Arms of France 
and Scotland, as the preceding. Rev. A vessel pursuing her course, 
though dismasted by a storm. Leg. nvnqvam • nisi • rectam 
(Only by a direct course). Ex. 1579. Figured in Mezeray, tome ii. 
p. 806. DianL \\ in., silver. This piece was intended to express 
the opinion of Mary, that a straight course was the only one which 
led to security. On the scaffold she declared, " I was bom in the 
Catholic faith, I have lived in the Catholic faith, and T am resolvecl 
to die in it." — 6. Arms of France and Scotland, as the preceding. 
Rev. A winged female holding a wheel and rudder, t>., Fortune. 
Leg. ADRASTiA • ADERIT (Fortune will come). Ex. 1579. Diam. 
1 1^ in., silver. It may be observed that, although the obverses of the 
last four pieces are much alike, they appear to be from separate 
dies, and in that case the abbreviation doi is not a mistake, but 
intentional. It may possibly signify doagerxa, or Dowager, the 
I being read J (for g). These silver counters are executed with 
great elegance of design, although in low relief ; they were probably 
an accompaniment of the " escritoyr^^ of silver and the other appli- 
ances of Maiy*8 writing-table : they were used with a system of 
lines, similar to the abacus, for casting accounts. Some of these 
jetouB, with the arms and impreae of Mary Stuart, were doubtless 
identical with the counters bearing her royal arms, described in 
the Inventory taken at Chartley, August, 1586, in which occurs, 
among " Joj/anfr, &c., au cabinet," the item, " Bourses de veloux 



182 RTUART RELICS. 

vert, garnycs ile jetims aux armes de sa miyest^."^ The jetoiitf 
above described, Nog, 2, 3, 4, 5, arc noticed aa medals of silver by 
Bishop NichoLwm, Scottish Historical Library, p. 95. There is 
another silver piece of the same dimensions (weight, 2 dwt.) given by 
Cardonnel, which has been the subject of much coi^jecture, and was 
doubtless one of Mary Stuart^s jetons. Ohv. Arms of Scotland crowned ; 
Leg. DEIJCIE • DNi • COR • HYMiLE. Efv, The monogram composed of 
F and Uy crowned, between two stars or flowers of six points. Le^. 
DiuoiTB • ivsTidAM • 1553. This piece bears resemblance to the 
gold coins of the same date, and it was doubtless a jeton struck in 
France after her betrothal to the Dauphin. Figured in Cardonnel, 
and in Lindsay's Co/na^/t' of Scotland, pp. 47, 103, pi. viii. fig. 181. 

MR. EDWARD HAWKINS, P.S.A. 

Medal stnick from the original dies, prepared doubtless on occa- 
sion of the marriage of Mary Stuart, with the Dauphin Francis, 
son of Henry ii., King of France, celebrated at Paris, April 24, 1558. 
Obv. Profile busts of the Dauphin and of Queen Mary, respectant. 
The Dauphin Lb in armour ; the Queen wears a high-standing collar ; 
her hair is enclosed in a net. Above is an arched French crown, 
with Jleur9~de4is and crosses alternately around the circlet. L^, 

FRAN • ET • MA - D • O • RR • SCOTOR • DELPHIN • VIEN. EfV, An 

escutcheon of the arms of France and Dauphiny, quarterly, impaling 
those of Scotland, ensigned with an arched crown, with fleurs-de-lis 
and crosses, as before. Leg. fecit • vtraqvb • vnvm • 1558. In 
the field, on the dexter side of the escutcheon, the initial f, and on 
the sinister, m, both ensigned with arched crowns. Diam. l^-f in. 
The dies of this highly interesting nuptial medal had been laid aside 
and were forgotten, until accidentally discovered about 1840, at the 
Hotel des Monnaies at Paris, where impressions struck in sUver and 
copper may be obtained. This medal has been figured in Miss 
Strickland's Lives of the Queens of Scotland, vol. iil p. 90 ; but it 
is there erroneously described as the new coinage struck in Edinburgh 
on occasion of Mary's marriage. In the Sutherland Cabinet in the 
Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, is a gold piece, dated 1558, of snudler 
size than that above described, resembling it in the obverse, with the 
two heads respectant. The reverse and legend are quite different. It 
has been figured by Cardonnel, pi. iii., and Lindsay, pi. xiv., and the 

^ Sec Labanoff, Beaietl, tome vii. p. 246. 



MEDALS OF MARY OTUART. 183 

piece given in Chalmers' Life of Mary^ voL i. p. 507, is possibly 
the same. This has been regarded as a medal, not a coin. No 
contemporary medal from the dies now existing at Paris, above 
noticed, has occurred, so far as we are aware. 

THE EARL STANHOPE, PEES. 8. A. 

Cast of the Silver Medal struck on occasion of the nuptials of 
Mary Stuart with Damley in 1565. Diam. 1§ in. Oiv, Busts 
of Lord Damley and Queen Mary respectant. Leg, Commencing 
with a thistle, hbnricvs • * • maria • d • gra • r • * • r • scotorvm • 
Ex. 1565. Rev, The arms of Scotland, ensigned with a crown : 
Qvos • DEvs • coNiVNXiT • HOMO • NGN • SEPARET. Figured in the 
Vettuia Monumentay vol. i. pi. Iv., from the original in the Earl of 
Oxford's Cabinet. It is described as a pattern for a thirty-shilling 
piece, and is the only piece stnick after the marriage of Mary with 
Damley, in which his name takes precedence of that of the Queen. 
Weight, about 1 oz.^ — Cast of a rare silver medal, usually attributed 
to Mary Stuart. It is included among her medals by Bishop Nichol- 
son, Scottish Hiitorical Library^ p. 95 ; Anderson's IHplom, Scot., pi. 
clxv. ; and Chalmers' Life of Mary, vol. iii title, where it is figured. 
Diam. 2^ in. Obv. Bust of a lady to the waist ; hair in an unsightly 
fashion, forming a peak over the forehead ; falling collar, chain and 
cross round the neck, the right hand raised to the cross. Leg. o • 

UGD . grant • PATIENCE • IN • THAT • I • SVFFER • VRANG. Obv. 

Across the field, • qvho • can • compare • vith • me • in • greif • i • 
DIE • AND - DAR • NOCHT • 8E1K • RELEiF. Leg. Two hands coupcd 
at the wrist and extended towards each other, one holding a heart : 
HOVRT • NOT . THE - (a heart) • qvhois - toy • thov • art. This 
piece is of very rude execution, and the obverse bears no resemblance 
to Mary Stuart. The costume is later than her time ; the hearts 
introduced in the legend appear to connect it with some person of 
the Douglas family. It is to be seen in the Hunter Collection at 
Glasgow, in the Bodleian, British Museum, and in the Collection 
of Mr. C. S. Bale. mr. henry laing, Edinburgh. 

A piece of Embroidery in silk, with gold and silver thread, sup- 
ix)6ed to have l>een the work of Mary Queen of S<'ots. It represents 

* LindHay, Coinoffe of Scotland, p. 50. 



184 STUABT RELICS. 

the Crucifixion ; the blood flows profusely from the Saviour's hands, 
feet, and side ; the body appears, and also those of the two thieves, 
to be already lifeless. Behind the central cross appear the spear, 
sponge, seamless coat, scourge, hammer, pincers, and vessel of 
vinegar. On one side there is a rocky scene, with a small arched 
passage, possibly a place of interment. The principal subject is 
surrounded by an embroidered frame or border, Ij^ inch wide, com- 
posed of eight medallions, containing the emblems of the Passion, the 
lantern, sword, hammer, pincers, pillar and scourges, crown of thorns 
and nails, cross, tomb, spear, reed and sponge, cock, the hand which 
struck our Lord, lance, dish, ewer and napkin. In the intervening 
spaces are introduced ornaments representing flowers or goldsmiths' 
work, wrought in high relief in gold thread or bullion. These 
emblems and ornaments are arranged between two narrow bands, 
bearing inscriptions appropriate to the emblems which have been 
enumerated. The outer inscription reads as follows, beginning at 
the upper dexter angle : — in • horto • tristis • patri • svpplex - 

SANGVINEM • 8VDAN8 • A • IVDA • PRODITVS • A TVRBA CAPTVS • A DIS- 
1PVLI8 (sic) REIJCTVS • AD PONT • DVCTTVS • FAI^O ACCVSATVS • OCVLIS 
VELATV8 • ALAPIS COESVS • A PETRO NEGATVS • AD PILATVM DVCTVS • 
AB HERODE 8PRETVS • VE8TIBVS EXVTV8 • FLAGELLATVS • SPINIS 
C0R0NATV8 • ARVNDINE PERCV8SVS • CONSPVTVS • And it is tfaus 

continued on the inner margin — damnatvs • crvcem ferens • 

CRVCI AFFIXVS • 8ITINES (sic) ACBTO P0TATV8 • ILLVSVS • PRO • H08- 
TIBVS ORANS • MORTVVS • LANCE A FOSSVS • DBPOSITVS • SEPVLTV8 • 
RESVRGEN8 • A3CENDEN8 • VINDEX MALORVM • GLORIA BONORVM. 

This curious embroidery measures 12;^ inches in height, by 10^ in 
width ; it is now preserved in a wooden frame of old workmanship, 
|)ainted black with gilded ornaments. On the panel at the back is 
the following inscription : — " The Handy Worke of Maiy Queen of 
Scots, Giuen by her Mother to my Mothers viz* the Son of the 
Earle of Arundel y« Hon*^''* Cha : Howard." The word " mothers," 
however, is questionable ; the final s may be only a stop, and the 
true reading is very probably "mother.'* An outline, of the 
same size as the original, was lithographed by M. £. Hutter from a 
drawing by the Hon. Emma, Lady Petre, 1840. The memorandum 
written on the back is in old handwriting, although possibly not 
contemporary with the person to whom it has been referred. Charles 




QUEEN Mary's embroidery at greystoke. 185 

Howard, who8e name here occurs, may have been a son of Thomas, 
Earl of Arundel, by Alethea Talbot, or more probably, the fourth son of 
Henry Frederic, Earl of Arundel, by Lady Elizabeth Stuart, daughter 
of Esme, Duke of Lenox. He possessed Greystoke by settlement of 
his father, but he chiefly resided at Deepdene in Surrey, where he died 
in 1713. The expression, " Given by her mother to my mothers," is 
not easily to be explained. If taken as signifying my mother's mother, 
namely, Catherine, daughter of Lord Clifton, married to the Duke of 
Lenox in 1607, it seems certain that the embroidery could not have 
been presented to her by Mary Stuart*s mother, Marie de Guise, who 
died in 1560. Such, however, appears to have been the conclusion 
which the late Mr. Howard of Corby had formed in regard to this relic 
and inscription, as set forth in his Memorials of tlie Howard Family, 
p. 35. The difficulty can only be solved by the supposition, either that 
this writing may be an inaccurate transcript of an old inscription, or 
that some word has been omitted after " mothers." It appears very 
probable, as Miss Strickland has pointed out in her Lives of tJve 
Queens of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 153, that the embroidery had been 
presented by Marie de Guise to Mary, daughter of Henry, Earl of 
Arundel, and wife of Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk. The occa- 
sion when the Queen Dowager of Scotland thus presented the " Handy 
Worke of Mary Queen of Scots," may have been when, being driven 
by a storm to land at Portsmouth, she came to the Earl of Arundel's 
house at Stansted to dinner, October 29, 1551, on her way towards 
Hampton Court, whither she had been invited by Edward vi., as 
appears by that King's journal. According to tradition, the em- 
broidery had been wrought by the young Queen of Scots when only 
eight years old ; and it deserves remark that she had attained that 
age in the previous year, whilst the Queen-mother was with her at 
Blois. The supposition seems by no means improbable, that she 
may have brought away, on her return to Scotland, this production 
of her daughter's early skill, and, finding a welcome from the Earl cf 
Arundel in her disastrous journey, she may have presented to Mary 
Fitzalan, his youthful daughter, the betrothed bride of the heir of the 
house of Howard, a token which could not fail to be highly valued. 
If this explanation be accepted, it may be further suggested, that the 
original writing on the embroidery was, " Given by her mother 
to my mother," and written by Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, 
issue of that alliance, who espoused Anne Dacres, the heiress of 

2 A 



186 STUART RELICS. 

Greystoke. Tliis very interesting relic of Maiy Stuart, now preserved 
at Greystoke Castle, as also a contemporary portndt of that Queen, 
may very probably have been brought thither at that period. Of 
the friendship, moreover, between Mary and that noble lady, a re- 
markable evidence is recorded in the life of Anne Countess of 
Arundel, recently edited by the Duke of Norfolk. It is there 
related, that Queen Mary, about 1575-80, being then prisoner in 
England, sent to the Countess, as a token of the love she bore 
her, *< a piece of work in silk and silver, made and contrived by 
herself." A minute description is given of that embroidery, with 
devices or imprese and Latin mottoes, allusive to the affliction which 
the Countess suffered through the estrangement of her husband's 
affections.^ MR. henry Howard, greystoke castle. 

Tapestry Work, covering a folding screen, preserved at Dal- 
mahoy House, as having been derived, with other heirlooms, from the 
ancestor of the Morton family, George Douglas, whose name is so 
memorably associated with the history of Mary Stuart, through his 
chivalrous endeavours for her liberation from Lochleven Castle. 
According to tradition, this tapestry was wrought by the Queen 
and the ladies who were her companions, during her imprisonment 
there in 1567, and it was left unfinished in the castle at the time 
of her escape. There is evidence, in her conmiunications during 
this period with her former chamberlain, Sir Robert Melville, 
that she made request for gold and silver thread, silk, and needles, 
suitable for such works. Miss Strickland minutely describes the 
series of subjects on this curious screen, which, as she states, is 
worked with coloured wools in fine tent-stitch on canvas, and 
measures about twelve yards in length, being now arranged in three 
breadths, the whole surrounded by a border. A representation of 
the screen may be found in her Lives of ifie Queens of Scotland^ voL 
vi. p. 32. The elaborate design represents groups of courtiers and 
ladies in rich costume; and the same personages occur repeatedly 
in the series of subjects. Sir Walter Scott was of opinion that 
they portrayed the incidents in some French or Italian romance ; 
but Miss Strickland ex])lains the whole as an allegorical illustration 
of the ill-fated loves of Mary and Damley, of Queen Elizabeth's 

' See the Lwfs of Philip Howjwl, Earl of Arundel, anil of Anne Dacres, liis 
wife, edited from Original MSS. by the Duke of Norfolk, p. 265. 



QUKEN Mary's tapestry work. 187 

opposition to their uuiou, and of his tragical death. A stately i^erson- 
age, of angry mien, and certainly bearing a general resemblance to 
Elizabeth, appears in several of the groups, the most inexplicable of 
which is that of a gentleman, in superb dress, seated in an arm-chair, 
one leg bared and placed on a block, whilst two executioners appear 
to await the orders of the hostile queen to saw off his foot — Among 
other interesting relics at Dalmahoy are the keys, five in number, of 
various sizes, found at Lochleven in 1805, by a boy digging in the 
sands near Kinross House, when the lake was low during a severe 
drought. Willie Douglas, a relative of the castellan, whilst serving 
Sir William Douglas as he sat in state at supper in the hall, con- 
trived to drop his napkin on the keys, which were placed near Sir 
William on the table, and carried them off successfully, wrapped up 
in the cloth to prevent any jingling sound causing an alarm. These 
particulars of Mary's escape are minutely related in the despatch of 
the Commander Petrucci to Cosmo i., dated from Paris, May 21, 1568. 
Labanoff, Lettres de Marie Stuart^ tome vii. p. 36. The escape having 
been achieved, and the castle gates left locked, Willie Douglas threw 
the bunch of keys into the loch. Miss Strickland (vol. vi. p. 71) 
describes other relics found when the lake was partly drained in 1821. 
Among these was a gilt key, possibly a chamberlain's badge of office, 
bearing the inscription Marie Reg, 1565. It is in the possession of 
the Earl of Leven. the earl of morton. 

A Folding Screen, covered with very curious needle- work, 
believed by tradition to have been the work of Queen Mary. It 
represents various incidents in the history of Rehoboam and Jero- 
boam, 1 Kings xi. 13, 14. In the "Inventory of Jowellis, &c., 
in Edinburgh Castle, perteuing to the king and his dearest mother," 
1578, occur, under tapestry, " Fyve pece of the Historic of King 

RoboaUL"^ MR. ROBERT SCOTT MONCRIEFF, DALKEITH. 

A Counterpane, stated to have been the work of Queen Mary 
and her ladies. The queen*s cipher crowned is worked in silk in the 
centre and at the four comers. The whole surface is richly orna- 
mented with embroidery of flowered patterns, executed in silk. 

MR. ALEXANDER HIU.. 
* See Collection of Inventories, p. 212, edited by Mr. Thomson. Etli«. 1815. 



188 STUART RELICS. 

An Ewer and two tall one-handled Tankards, with silver-gilt 
mountings of peculiar workmanship, supposed to have belonged to 
Queen Mary. The exterior is coated with mother-o' -pearl in trefoiled 
scales. It was stated that they had been in the possession of the EarLs 
of Morton, and subsequently of the late Mr. John Anstruther, sheriff 
of Fife, by whom they were given to Mr. Young, W.S., uncle of the 
present possessor. It was farther alleged that they had belonged 
to a pen on of the household of Mary Stuart. The height of the 
ewer is 1 1 inches ; the tankards measure 8| inches in height ; dia- 
meter of the mouth 3^ inches. There are some examples of the 
same work in the Hotel de Cluny at Paris. It has been regarded 
as of Oriental character, but it is possibly German. Certain objects 
of mother-o' -pearl are mentioned among the valuable possessions of 
Mary.* Precious objects of this description were highly esteemed at 
the period. Among Queen Elizabeth's new-year's gifts, in 1584-85, 
it appears that Burleigh presented a " layre" or ewer, of the same 
material as that exhibited, thus described : *< A basson and a layre 
of mother of perle garnished with golde, the bacsyd onlye of the 
basson sylver and guylt, enamyeled with skriptures and devyses of 
cosmogerefy : the layer havynge a ferce lyon in the top with a 
scepter ; all together 185 oz. dim.''^ 

MR. JOHN LEARMONTH, OF DEAN. 

An Embroidered Muff of linen, worked with coloured silks, and 
described as a relic of Queen Mary's handiwork ; also a pincushion, 
originally richly wrought with silver-thread and seed-pearls, and a 
long-cuffed glove embroidered with gold, and traditionally believed 
to be her work. ladt Campbell, kilbride. 

A Watch of octagonal form, the case being of rock crystal : it is 
oelieved to have been in the possession of Queen Mary, and is ac- 
companied by a key ornamented with the crown and sceptre, over the 
initials M • R • It has been long in the possession of the Fingask 
family, and is stated to have been a gift from Lord Seton. — ^A ring 
with a miniature portrait of Maiy, when Dauphiness. 

SIR PATRICK MURRAY THREIPLAND, BART. 

* See the CoVedion of Inventories j p. 239, edited by T. Thomson. 

* See Nichols' Progresses^ vol. ii. p. 427. 



QUERN mart's WATCHES. 189 

A Watch, in a gold case ornamented with filigree, and having 
the maker's name, Etienne Hubert of Rouen. It is supposed to 
have been brought from France by Queen Mary, and presented to 
Margaret, Marchioness of Hamilton, daughter of John Lyon, Lord 
Olammis. The watch was preserved in the Hamilton family until 
the Duchess of Hamilton, wife of William, second duke, great grand- 
son of the marchioness, gave it to her daughter Lady Margaret 
Hamilton, on her marriage with William Blair. It remained in 
possession of the Blairs until the marriage of Janet Blair with Mr. 
Tait, clerk of Session in Edinburgh : it was given by her to her 
niece Catherine Sinclair of Murkle, from whom it was obtained and 
given to the present possessor by his relative, Mrs. Maddrop of Dal- 
maniock. A watch made by Etienne Hubert existed in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Thomson of Banchory, a descendant of John Knox, to 
whom, as it is believed, it was presented by Queen Mary : it has 
been noticed in Dr. M*Crie's Life of Knox and by Miss Strickland, 
Queens of Scotland^ vol. iii p. 355, where may be found a minute de- 
scription of another watch, by the same Hubert of Rouen, bequeathed 
by Mary to a lady named Massie, and now the property of the Rev. 
Mr. Torrence of Glencross. the key. john Hamilton gray. 

A Gold Ring of very beautiful workmanship, traditionally 
regarded as having been worn by Mary as a moumiDg ring. The 
hoop is enameled black ; the setting consists of six opals, surround- 
ing one of much larger size, presenting the appearance of a six- 
petaled flower. — A large tortoiseshell comb, stated to have belonged 
to Mary, by whom these and some other relics, preserved by the 
Hepburn family, were, as it is paid, presented to a lady of that 
house who was among the Queen's attendants. 

SIR THOMAS HEPBURN, BART. 

The Chronicles of Sayoy, a relic of Mary Stuart's library, 
bearing the arms of Scotland and her initials on the binding. The 
title is as follows : — " Croniqye de Sayoye : Par Maistre Guillaume 
Paradin, Chanoyne de Beauieu. A Lyon, par Jean de Tovmes, et Gvil. 
Gazeav. m.d.ui." This interesting small folio is in the original brown 
calf binding, with gilt leaves, and in fine preservation. On the centre 
of each side there is stamped in gold a shield bearing the arms of Scot- 



190 STUART RELICS. 

land, the well-known lion rampant surrounded with the double tres- 
sure, and above a royal crown ; down the back and on the sides there is 
also stamped the initial M, ensigned with a crown, thus denoting that 
it belonged to Mary. It appears under the title of " The Comiclis 
of Savoy," in an official list, preserved in the General Register House, 
of *< the buikifi, omamentis, and masking cleiss," which had belonged 
to that queen, and were delivered to the Regent Murray on the 1 5th 
November, 1 569. Under the same title of " The Cronicles of Savoy" 
it is enumerated in an inventory of the jewels and other articles 
" pertening to our Soverane Lord " [Eling James vi.] " and his 
Hienes derrest Moder," in the Castle of Edinburgh, on the 26 th of 
March 1578.^ mr. james qibson craio, f.s.a. scot. 

An Iron Key, stated to have been found in the lake at Lochleven, 
and supposed to have been one of the keys of the castle, taken by 
Willie Douglas from the supper-table of the castellan, on the 
evening of May 2, 1568, and thrown into the loch when her escape 
had been achieved. Some other relics of this description are noticed 
in Mackie's Castles, Palaces, and Prisoiu of Mary Queen of Scots, 
p. 368 ; and a key fished up in Lochleven is in the Museum of the 
Antiquaries of Scotland. (Synopsis, p. 82.) See also a notice of other 
keys found there, p. 187, supra. lady adam, blair-abam. 

Carved Oak Cradle, obtained at Linlithgow, and described as 
having been long preserved in the palace there, as " Queen Mary's 
cradle." — A damask napkin, supposed to have belonged to Mary, 
being marked in one comer with the initials m • s • under a coronet 
(not a royal crown), and the number 24. It was, moreover, stated 
that it had been dipped in her blood, at her execution, by one of 
her attendants, in whose family the napkin was long preserved : the 
blood-stained portions had been cut out to secure their preservation 
as relics of the ill-fated queen, and the spaces thus left in the comers 
had been careftilly patched. — A watch, with the maker's name, iean 
AVBERT • ROUEN, described as having belonged to Mary Stuart, 
The gold case is of most elaborate and delicate workmanship. 

MR. JOSEPH N. PATON, DUNFERMLINE. 

* See Mr. Thomas Thomson's Collection of Inventories of the Roytd Wardrobe 
and Jewel House, p. 243, Edinburgh, 1815; Jiud Miscellany of il\e Maitland 
riuh, vol. i. p. 5. Edinburgh, 1833. 



PORTRAITS OF THE STUARTS. 191 

A OoLD RiNO, Bet with a diamond cut in facets, with three 
smaller diamonds over it, representing a crowned heart. Stated to 
have been found at Fotheringhay. mrs. sihpson, Edinburgh. 

A selection of Engraved Portraits, consisting of numerous 
illustrations of the Stuart Series, portraits of Mary Stuart, and other 
valuable memorials from the Scottish portion of the Historical Col- 
lection of MR, W. p. WATSON, EDINBURGH. 

Portrait of Henry, Prince of Wales, eldest son of James vi. (of 
Scotland), by Yansomer ; and a portrait of the Queen of Bohemia, 
eldest daughter of that King. mr. j. oibson craig, f.s.a. scot. 

An Oak Tray from Dunfermline Palace, described as having been 
used to hold the linen of the infant Prince Charles (Charles i.), bom 
there November 1 9, 1 600. The oak cradle in which the Prince, as 
also his sister Elizabeth, had, according to tradition, been placed, was 
likewise in Mr. Paton's possession, and was purchased by Qeorge iv. 

MR. JOSEPH N. PATON, DUNFERMLINE. 

Medallion Portrait of Charles i., stated to have been worked in 
his own hair ; it is surrounded by a garter, inscribed beati 
PAciFici. — Portrait of Prince Charles Edward, an exquisitely-finished 
drawing, with black lead, or some metallic pencil, upon vellum, 
executed at Pans by Giles Hussey, an artist of considerable abilities, 
who was much attached to the Chevalier and repeatedly drew his 
portrait ; the process which he commonly employed being with red 
chalk, elaborately hatched in fine strokes.^ 

SIR WALTER C. TREVELYAN, BART. 

A Cap, embroidered with gold lace, stated to have been worn by 
Charles i. on the morning of his execution ; and a handkerchief, 
used by the King on the same occasion. dr. logan, Lanark. 

Portrait of Prince James, or James iii., as designated by the adher- 
ents of his family j sometimes styled James viii. (of Scotland.) Three 

* See detailed notices of Hussey and bis Portraits of the Prince in Edwards' 
Continuation of Walpole*8 Anecdotes of Painting, page 150. 



11^ 8TUABT RELICS. 

quarters, life size ; in armour, with the blue riband and George, and 
a red scarf. The right hand rests on a helmet. — Small oval portrait 
of Cardinal York. — ^A valuable series of Engraved Portraits of the 
royal race of the Stuarts, with other valuable memorials, chiefly 
connected with Scottish histoiy. They comprised portraits of 
Damley ; Henry, Prince of Wales, by William Hole ; Charles i. 
and Henrietta Maria, engraved by Gul. Jac. Delphino, after Mytens ; 
Charles i. and Henrietta, in one plate, 1649 ; Henrietta Maria, by 
Faithome, and by Hollar, after Vandyke ; Frederic, King of Bohemia, 
and his Queen, by Delphino, after Mireveldt ; Prince Rupert, from 
a portrait by Q. Dobson, 1682 ; Henry, Duke of Gloucester, son of 
Charles i., engraved by C. Van Dalen, jun., after a painting by Simon 
Luttichuys ; the Princess Elizabeth, F. Barlow sculpsit, 1635 ; 
portraits of Charles IL and Catherine of Braganza; James, Duke 
of Monmouth — P. Lely pinxit, A. Blooteling exc. ; the Viscount 
Dundee, an engraved portrait of great rarity ; James n., 1685, a 
mezzotinto signed o. f., &c. Of the later Stuart series, the folio w> 
ing were exhibited : — Prince James, thus entitled, " Jacques in. 
Boy de la Grande Bretagne : Presents k sa Majesty le 21 ^ Juin, 
1712, jour de son auguste naissance, par son tr^ humble, tr^ 
obeissant, tr^ devoub serviteur Alexis Simeon Belle. Peint par A. 
S. Belle, peintre de S. M Brit.'' — James in., an oval medallion, 
supported by an angel holding a scroll inscribed, *^ Thou shalt do no 
murther. Alexis Simeon Belle : gravfe k Paris. St. Mark, xii. 7. 
This is the heir, come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be 
ours." — James in., a child with a dog. G. Kneller pinxit; J. 
Smith excud. — Maria Clementina Sobieski. Davids pinxit, Roma ; 
P. Delvet sculpsit — The Duke of Berwick, natural son of James u., 
a large oval portrait. ** Serenissimus Princeps Jacobus Dux de 
Berwick, &c. Offerebat humillimus servus Johannes Farely Presbiter 
Kilmonensis.'' With these devices : a lily in a palace garden, 
*' Angues arcebit ab hortis ; '' a lion and a leopard, '* Nee proderit 
astu ;" a harp, *< Componit et excitat iras ;" a hand with a flaming 
sword, bombardment of a town, &c., " Metum paenamque rebeUibus 
infert." The royal arms with the garter, &c, " Ortu et Honore. 
Jenary pinxit ; Drevet sculp." — Portraits of Prince James Francis 
Edward, son of James n. by Mary d'Este, bom June 10, 1688, 
and of his sister, Louisa Maria Teresia, bom at St. Grermains, June 



PORTRAITS OF THE STUARTS. 193 

18, 1692. Signed, N. de Largilliere pinxit ; J. Smith fecit. — 
" James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales, and Prince and Steward 
of Scotland. N. de Largilliere pinxit ; P. Vanschuppen sculp, 
cum privil. Regis, 1692." — Portraits of the young Chevalier. 
"Le Prince Charles Edouard Stuart, nh k Rome le 31 Decembre, 
1720— 

Edouard presque seul vole vers ses etats, 
Sa fortune et ses droits accompagnent ses pas ; 
Quel Prince mieuz quo lui pretend d, la conronue, 
Si le sang la transmet, si la vertu la donne. 

Dipinto in Roma da Domenico Dupra : Intagliato da N. J. B. de 
Poilly." — "Carolus WalliiB Princeps, &c Peint par L. Tocque, 
1748, et gravfe par T. G. Will en la m^me ann^." — Prince Charles 
Edward ; T. Scott inv. delt. et sculp. On a scroll is the inscription, 
** Multum Ule jactatur in alto, pervenit in Latium tandem.*' This 
portrait is surrounded by an elaborate frame suspended on an anchor, 
on each fluke of which is a female figure ; the fluke on the left of the 
portrait is entwined with a thistle, and bears the shield of Scotland ; 
the other, with the rose and the arms of England. — Portrait of Flora 
Macdonald as a shepherdess. — Prince Henry, Cardinal York, grand- 
son of James n. " Serenissimus Henricus, Eboracensis Dux, s. r. s. 
EpiscopuS) Cardinalis ejusdem, s. r. e. Vice Cancellarius, &c. Archi- 
presbyter BasilicsB Vatican®, et congregationis fabric® Praefectus. 
Creatus die 3 Julii, 1747. P. Ant. Pazzi sculp. Romee, ex chalco- 
graphia r. c. apud pedem marmoreum." — ^Also Portraits of the 
Prince and Princess of Orange, King William iii., his Queen, and 
other royal personages ; and a rare engraving of the execution of 
Lord Balmerino and other victims of the rising in 1745, on Tower 
Hill, August 18, 1746, with their portraits. 

MR. STIRLING OF KEIR, M.P. 

Portraits of Prince James (styled James in. by the adherents of 
the Stuart Family), and the companion portrait of Mary Clementina 
Sobieski, his Queen. The Prince wears an embroidered court dress, 
the star and blue riband, with the order of the Thistle ; an arched 
crown is introduced at his right hand. Clementina appears in a 
brown robe ; a veil of crape is thrown over her head. She has an 
ermine collar, and an arched crown appears at her side. — Portrait 

2 B 



194 STUART RELICS. 

of Prince Charies Eilward, in a coat of white velvet with silver em- 
broidery, star and riband. — Portrait of Prince Henry, afterwards 
Cardinal York, dressed in a red coat, with the riband and badge of 
the order of the Thistle. These four Stuart portraits were purchased 
at Borne a few years since. They were described as painted by 
Raphael Mengs, and had come into the possession of Cardinal York, 
who, as it is believed, bequeathed them to his secretary, the Count 
di Malatesta. They were sold by him with other Stuart relics 
shortly before his death, and purchased by their present possessor, 

MR. FLETCHER OF DUNANa 

Miscellaneous Memorials of the Jacobite Cause, of which the 
Fingask family were zealous supporters for several generations, their 
title having been forfeited in 1716, and not restored till 1824. — ^A 
" Loyalty Riband,'' used as a badge by the friends of the House of 
Stuart before the Restoration. It bears a portrait of Charles u., with 
the crown and initials C • R • ; also the royal arms and a dove with 
an olive branch, and the following inscription : — 

" To pray for King and Kingdom's peace, 
My Loyal heart ehall never cease." 

A silver filigree Essence-box, part of the toilet of Maiy Beatrice, 
Duchess of York, during her residence at Holyrood Palace. — Jeweled 
Watch Case and Seal, in filigree work, presented by the Chevalier de 
St George (James viii.) to Lady Threipland, when he visited Sir 
David Threipland at Fingask Castle, Errol, on January 7,1716. He 
dined and passed the night there, on his march from Peterhead to 
Scone Palace. Two richly- worked Piu'ses, one embroidered with gold, 
bearing the initials of the Old Chevalier, J • R • 8 • ; the other with 
those of Prince Charles, C • P • S — Drawing of Prince Charles' Camp 
Bed, with its hangings of royal Stuart tartan, preserved at Fingask 
Castle since 1746. — ^A Silver Collar for an Italian greyhound, sent 
by the Prince to Lady Threipland, 1 750. In the centre are engraved 
the royal arms, with this inscription, " C. Stewartus Princeps Juven- 
tutis.*' — Drawings of two Jacobite Drinking Glasses, preserved at 
Fingask ; one with the monogram of James ii., and words set to the 
air of " God save the King ;" the other bears the portrait of Prince 
Charles, with the rose and thistle, and the motto, " Audentior Ibo." — 



-I r!j 



' ! '■. r.i' •«• 



;h 






r 

r. 






5? 



;> 
/ 



1 



R£LICS AND PORTRAITS OF PRINCE CHARLES. 195 

A Ring, with a miniature portrait of Charles n., attributed to 
Petitot. — Two Miniatures of the Chevalier de St. Gteorge (styled 
James vui.) One of them formerly belonged to his mother, Mary 
of Modena ; the other is in a setting of which the reverse is beautiful 
in design and workmanship. — Miniatures of Prince Charles Edward 
and his brother, painted at Rome ; a gift from the Stuart family to 
Sir David Threipland in 1737. — ^Another Miniature representing 
the Prince in armour ; it is set in gold enameled and inscribed on 
the rim, "Dum spuxU spero, 1745." — Two other Miniatures, one 
set with diamonds, a Scotch pebble on the reverse ; it was a gift 
from Prince Charles to Lady Threipland in 1745. The other, like- 
wise set with a Scotch pebble, represents him in Highland dress, with 
riband and star. — A Seal, set with an intaglio on dark cornelian, 
representing Prince Charles, 1747. — Miniature of the Cardinal 
York, in court dress. sir Patrick hurray threipland, bart. 

Silver Spoon and Case, stated to have been in the possession of 
Prince Charles Edward. The spoon has a joint near the heel of the 
bowl, so that it may be folded up and placed in its case, in order to 
render it more portable when persons frequently carried their own 
spoons ; the appliances of the kind commonly in use being of pewter. 
This relic was obtained by Mr. Mayer from the descendant of the 
I>erson to whom it was presented by the young Chevalier, as a 
remembrance in acknowledgment of hospitality received during his 
stay in Manchester, on his intended march to London, 1745 (see 

woodcut). MR. JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 

Reucs of the Stuart Family, comprising a piece of the blue 
riband of the Grarter ; breadth, 4 inches ; preserved as having 
been worn by James-Francis-Edward, the Old Chevalier, son of 
James ii. Also a portion of the plaid of his son, Charles Edward^ 
the Chevalier St Qeorge, which was cut into small pieces, and dis- 
tributed among his faithful followers, on the failure of his enterprise 
in 1745. These were accompanied by an unique impression on paper 
from an engraved plate, printed in blue ink, and representing a full- 
blown five-petaled rose, on which are thirty -five small circles, inscribed 
with the names of sufferers in the cause of the exiled family. 
According to tradition, this was a ticket of admission to private meet- 



196 STUART RELICS. 

ings of the adherents to the Stuarts, after the battle of OuUodcn. 
The names of those "martyrd for king and country, 1746," com- 
prise Sir Archibald Primrose, Colonel Francis Townley, John Hamil- 
ton, governor of Carlisle Castle, who surrendered it to the Duke of 
Cumberland, Captain Hamilton, Edward Clavering, Donald Fraser, 
Captain McDonald, and others, of whom an account is given, with a 
facsimile of the original engraving, Gent, Mag,y voL xcviii. p. 18. 
The rose measures nearly 2| inches in diameter. The edges of the 
outer leaves are inscribed with the dates of births of the Old 
Chevalier and his two sons. The grounds for supposing that the 
plate was engraved by Sir Robert Strange, who was in close inter- 
course with the Prince and his adherents, are stated in the Gent. 
Mag,y voL xlv. p. 41, N. S. These relics had been preserved by 
an old Catholic family in Lancashire, with other Jacobite memorials. 

MR. RICHARD ALMACK, F.S.A., MELFORD. 

Autograph letter from James il, addressed to Sir John Trevor 
from St Ctermains in 1692, requiring his presence at the approaching 
accouchement of the Queen. The Princess Louisa was bom there, 
June 1 8, in that year. — ^Miniature portrait of Prince Charles Edward 
by a German artist named Eamm, taken during his residence in 
Germany after the expedition in 1745. — Portrait of the Cardinal 
York, in early life ; it formerly was in the Villa Muti at Frascati, 
his residence there when bishop of that see. — Cardinal York's 
mitre, worn by him aa Bishop of Frascati ; it is enclosed in a 
morocco case, bearing the royal arms of England ensigned with the 
Cardinal's hat. — Cardinal York's Ben^etto or Cardinal's cap. These 
relics were purchased at Rome by James Dennistoun, Esq., and sold 
by him to the present possessor. — A pair of large pistols, silver 
mounted ; the handles are of solid silver. They were given by 
Prince Charles Edward, after the expedition in 1745, to Mr. Edgar, 
the confidential secretary of Prince James (James nr.) On Mr. Edgar's 
death the pistols passed into the hands of one of his family, of the 
same name, a merchant in Glasgow, from whom they were purchased. 
— Map of Charles Edward's expedition in 1745, being one of four 
large maps, each in eight sheets, engraved in Rome for James iii., 
after that expedition. One of them waa in the possession of the 
Prince, and another belonged to Cardinal York. These maps 



PORTRAITS OF THE STUART FAMILY. 197 

subsequently passed into the hands of the Count di Malatesta, 
heir of the Cardinal's secretary, and were preserved, with other 
Stuart relics, at the Palazzo Muti at Rome. The Count sold one 
to the Marquis of Douglas ; another to the Scottish College at 
Rome ; another to Lord Walpole ; and the fourth to Mr. Dennistoun, 
from whom it was purchased by the present possessor. 

THE REV. JOHN HAMILTON GRAY. 

Miniature Portrait of Prince Charles Edward, with a portion of 
the original Highlander riband worn by him. It was formerly in 
possession of the family of Glas of Sauchie. — ^Also a portrait of 
Cardinal York, purchased at his villa at Frascati, near Home. 

MR. JAMES DRUMMOND, R.S.A. 

Miniature Portrait of the Old Chevalier. 

MR. CHARLES TUCEJX, F.S.A. 

Original copper-plate, a Portrait of the Old Chevalier. 

MR. JAMES JOHNSTON. 

An enameled Watch, stated to have been given by Prince 
Charles Edward to Flora Macdonald. 

MR. EDWARD HUIE, EDINBURGH. 

A Silver Cup, stated to have been used by Prince Charles 
Edward, whilst in concealment in the house of Mr. Innes near 
Perth. It is believed to have been also used by the Old Chevalier 
in 1715, when it was carried off by the king's soldiers, lost in the 
fields, and turned up again in ploughing, twelve years after. 

MR. HUGH FATON, EDINBURGH. 

A Watch Chain, described as a gift from Prince Charles 
Edward to James Gordon of Cobairdie, about 1750, when the latter 
took leave of the exiled Prince in Pans, to return to Scotland. 

BfR. C. E. DALRYMPLE. 

An Etui, or bodkin-case, of silver chased, said to have belonged 
to Prince Charles Edward. MR. james drummond, r.s.a. 



198 STUART RELICS. 



ORIGINAL LETTERS. 

Two Letters from Mary Queen of Scots to the fifth Earl 
of Huntly, in 1568. He had joined the confederacy in Mary's 
favour, at Hamilton, in May in that year, after her escape from 
Lochleven and the revocation of her act of abdication. The fatal 
conflict of Langside put an end to his efforts for Mary*s cause ; and 
on May 1 6 she took refuge in England. On July 1 6 she was re- 
moved from Carlisle to Bolton Castle, the residence of Lord Scrope, 
in whose custody she remained till January in the following year. 
The following letters were written from Bolton. They had been 
preserved at Gordon Castle, and appear to have been unknown to 
Prince Labanoff, but were given in the Miscellany <^ the Spalding 
Club, vol. iii. p. 211. 

<' Traist cousing and counsalour, we greit zow weilL Enawing 
zour mynd and wiU towartis ws, and understanding the proceidingis 
of the rest of our nobilite in Scotland, doubtis no^ bt ze ar partici- 
pant of the same, as be the Lard of Skirlingis report,^ quha come to 
ws thairfra, ye 6 of this instant, hes schawin ws at lenth yerof. 
And incontinent eftir his arreving we dispeschit ane of our servandis 
w* deligence towartis our sister the Quene,^ schawing hir gif the 
rigorous proceiding of our rebellis agains our fayfull (dc) subiectis 
war no* stayit in dew tyme, quhat inconvenientis my* follow thairon. 
Quhais anso*^ [?] we await to cum haistely, hoipand it wilbe gud, and 
sail mak zow participant yerof, w* quhat uthir newia occurris. Sen 
the quhilk dispeche we haif ressawit ane vryting of our said sister, of 
hir awin hand, afferming to performe the promeis sche maid to ws be 
the lord Hereis, the quhilk we doubt no* hie hes maid manifest to 
zow alreddy. Praying zow gif thair be ony apperance that ye saidis 
rebellis will na wayis staye thair said proceidingis, that ze spair 
no* to ze assistance to ye rest of our nobilite, to performe that quhilk 
b alreddy intreprysit agains thame. Kefening the rest to yis said 
beirare, quha will schaw zow of our mynd mair amply ; quhome ze 

^ The laird of Skirling and Lord Claud Hamilton had been sent back to Scot- 
land by Mary, on her removal from Carlisle, July 13, 1568, to console her friends 
there. 

* Sir James Borthwick. See Mary's Letters to Elizabeth, August 6 and 7, 
1568.— Labanoff, Beeueil, tome ii. p. 145. 



QUEEN Mary's original letters. 199 

sail credeit. Swa committis zow to ze protectioune of God. Oft* 
Bowtoune, ye x. of August, 1568.'* 

[Thus far the letter was written by the hand of Mary's secretary, 
probably Curie. The following postscript in French and the signature 
were added by herself.] 

" Je n*ose ecrire, car toutes mes lettres ont estay prises, mays le 

porteur vous contera tout au long : je loue dieu que yous desmantes 

nos enemis, qui se vantoyent autant de voire inconstance, que aves 

fayt preuve au contrayre. Et je n'en resoys peu de plesir, en recom- 

penoes [1] vous m'aures, pour jamays, 

Yotre bien bonne oousine 

E meilleure amye, Marie R" 

" To oure traist cousing and counsalo', 
The Erie of Huntly." 

Endorsed in another hand, 

" Resv* y* first [?] of September. D. Huntlye, 1568." 

The second letter, in the same hand, is as follows : — 
" Trabt cousing and counsalour, we greit zow veill. Hering of 
zoure defait is in greit pane to understand the trewth therof ; and 
becaus we haif hard that our vrytingis hes bene tane be the waye, 
quhilk we send zow laitly, will no^ wryt swa amply at this present 
as we vald haif done, bot referris our mynd and newis to my lord 
Hereis, quha will schaw zow all at lenth. Alwayis we haif gottin 
newis and twa vrytingis fra our sister the queue, be our servand 
James Borthik, quhome we haif send to my lord Hereis, xpresly to 
informe him of all our affaires, w^ the copeis of the saidis Tres ; in 
the quhilk, by syndry vthir heidis, hes writtin that thair is ane army 
of frensche meyn, uithir on the se or ellis alreddy arrevit in Scotland, 
as we ar certefyt, my lord deuk of Ghattellerauld is imbarkit alreddy. 
The quhilk of [?] we hoip be of verite ze knaw zour awin strenth, 
doing w^ the rest of our nobelitie as ze and thay sail think necessarie, 
Referris the rest to ye said lord Hereis, and committis zow to ye 
protectioune of Grod. Off Bowtoune, ye xxvij. of August, 1568."^ 

1 Compare Mary's letter written the same day to the Earl of Argyll. ' Labanoff, 
Secueilf tome ii. p. 166. Lord Herries had come from Loudon to Bolton Castle, 
July 25, 1568, bearing Elizabeth's fallacious promises ; upon which Mary 
requested her adherents in Scotland, assembled on her behalf, to disperse, and 
countermanded the promised aid from France and Spain. 




200 STUART RELICS. 

[The following mgnature is Mary's autograph.] 

" Your richt gud Cusines and frind, Marie R" 

" Zeschal hir al neues bi mi lord heris, for my leters is bin so 
oftten^ that" . . . [three or four lines torn away] Addreseed, — 
*' To oure traist Cousinge and Counsalour, the Erie of Huntly." And 
endorsed in another hand, " Result ze xj. of September, 15G8." 

THE DUKE OF RICHMOND, K.G. 

Portrait of Mary of Guise, second Queen of James v., and 
mother of Mary Stuart. She died in Edinburgh Castle, June 10, 
1560. — ^Also a Portrait of James vi. (of Scotland) in his youth, 
attributed to ScougaU. Tliese paintings were exhibited by the per- 
mission of Mr. W. Paton, Master of the Trinity House, Leith ; and 
through the kindness of Mr. J. M. Mitchell of Mayville. In the 
Laigh Hall, in the Council House of Edinburgh, an original portrait, 
as supposed, of Mary of Guise, was discovered on the demolition of 
that building. It came into the possession of Mr. Alexander Mackay 
of Blackcastle ; and is described in Dr. Wilson's MemxyriaU of Edin- 
bvrgh, vol. i. p. 202. 

THE CORPORATION OF THE TRINITY HOUSE, LEITH. 

An old Drawing, inscribed, la royne descosse, probably a por- 
trait of Mary of Lorraine, mother of Mary Stuart, executed by some 
artist of the French school at the period. — Drawing which portrays 
Mary Stuart kneeling. It is a facsimile copy of a drawing preserved 
in the Gaigniferes Collection, in the Cabinet of Engravings at the 
Biblioth^ue Imp^riale at Paris, described as from an original " i)eint 
aux vitres des Cordeliers k Paris." — Drawing, copy of a portrait, 
entitled " Silla de Betton, femme de chambre de Marie Stuart en 
1565." Several persons of the name of Beton were attached to 
Mary's Court ; Mary Beton is remembered as one of the four Marys 
who accompanied her in her voyage to France. The Queen's official 
Head-carver in 1562 was named Beton -, in the list of her household 
in that year, drawn out by her French comptroller, Mons. Pinguillon, 
a younger Beton is named, possibly the lady whose portrait is above 
mentioned. mr. david laing, signet library, Edinburgh. 

^ Or possibly the reading may be, " so oft tent," namely, taken, kept back. 



PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. 201 



PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots ; a sketch in coloured crayons, 
by Fran^^oLs Glouet, called Janet or Jehannety court painter in the 
reigns of Francis i., Henry ii., and Francis ii. He is stated to have 
been a pupil of Primaticcio. Mary here appears aa the Rein€ blanch^^ 
in the " blanc atour — en grand deuil et tristesse," according to verse* 
cited by Brant6me, the mourning which she wore for Francis ii., 
who died December 5, 1560. Three-quarters to right. Height, 10 
inches ; widtli, 8^ inches. This remarkable drawing was obtained 
about thirty years since at a sale at Christie's. This, and the com- . 
panion portrait attributed to Damley, had probably been part of 
^ one of the collections of contemporary portraits of great personages 
of the period, formed by the painter in ordinary to the court, either 
as types for his own use or for the gratification of some distinguished 
collector. It is identical with the small portrait of Mary at Hampton 
Court, for which it may have been Janet's original sketch. That 
painting is much faded and damaged, having also apparently been 
retouched in parts, but it presents an important feature in the 
evidence regarding the portraits of Mary Stuart, as bearing on the 
reverse of the panel the brand-marks P. R. and C. R, both crowned, 
being those of Charles i., as Prince and as King. There is, more- 
over, a note attached in the handwriting of Vanderdoort, keeper of 
the King*s pictures — " Queen Marye of Scotland, appointed by his 
Mt^esty for the Cabbinet roome, 1631. By Jennet. " — Two portraits 
of Queen Mary, "in her white morning habit," are described in 
Vanderdoort's Caialoguey published from Vertue's transcript (see 
p. 155). One was a defaced picture, given to Charles i. by the Mar- 
quis of Hamilton ; the other, " said to be done by Jennet, . . . given 
by the Lord Denby." The portrait now to be seen at Hampton 
Court was engraved in 1796 for Pinkerton's Scottish Portraits, being 
at that time in Kensington Palace. Another drawing, prolmbly 
by Janet, and of the same type as that exhibited, exists in the 
Koyal Collection ; it was formerly in the Earl of Bessborough's 
possession, and has been engraved by F. Bartolozzi, in a scries of 
portraits in which it is attributed erroneously to Hollnnn, Prince 
Labanoff has pointed out that Mary could never have \yeen painted 

2 c 



202 STUART RELICS. 

by Holbein, who died in London when she was twelve years off age 
only, and living at the French Court. A third drawing of the same 
type, preserved in one of the Public Collections at Paris (at the 
Biblioth^ue de S'« Genevieve?), is engraved in the Portraits de» 
P€7'807ina^€s Franqaisy by P. G. J. Niel. Francois Clouet, to whom 
are attributed the drawings above-mentioned, as also the picture 
on panel before described, in the Royal Collection at Hampton 
Court, probably painte<l the portrait of Mary, as Prince Labanoff 
observes, first in 15, 5 5, when it was sent by her to her mother Mary 
of Lorraine, then Regent of Scotland, and again at a subsequent 
period, when Mary wore the BeuU blanc for Francis ii. Jehan Glouet 
or Cloet, a Flemish painter of some note at Brussels in 1475, was 
father of Jehan Clouet, called Jehannet^ who died about 1541, 
having been in favour with Francis i. His son Francois, also 
called Jehannet or Janet, was painter in ordinary during the reigns 
of Francis i., Henry ii,, Francis u., Charles ix., and Henry m.^ A 
small portrait on panel, of the same type as the drawing exhibited, \b 
in the possession of Sir John Richardson, Bart., at Pitfour Castle, 
Perthshire. It was obtained recently at Brussels. In the Gallery of 
Portraits at Versailles, a copy of a portrait of this type may also be 
seen. It was executed by M. Serrur, and is thus described, Catalo^m^y 
No. 3118 ; — " La reine est repr^nt^ en costume de veuve, et enve- 
loppde de la guimpe blanche, deuil des reines de France. Le portrait 
original faisait partie de la collection du chateau d'£u.'* Inquiry has 
been made in vain to ascertain where the original of this portrait 
now exists. A recent copy of the Versailles picture is described in 
Prince LabanoflTs Catalogue, p. 147 ; as also an engraving by L. 
Massard, p. 155, No. 10. — Drawing in water-colours, on a reduced 
scale, of the portrait of Mary in the Combination Room at Jesus 
College, Cambridge. A memorandum on the back of the picture 
ascribes it to the pencil of Janet, and states that it is <* the same 
with one in the Palace of Kensington," namely, that above described, 
now to be seen at Hampton Court. An additional note by Dr. 
Clarke the traveller, by whom it was presented to the College, 
records its discovery by Mr. Kerrich, formerly librarian of the Uni- 
versity Library, Cambridge. In the upper angle to the right is an 
escutcheon of the arms of France and Scotland, quarterly. — ^A 
* Archives de VArt Frangais. Tome v. pp. 97, 287. 



PORTRAITS OF MARY BTUAUT. 203 

brilliant impression of the rare portrait of Mary, attributed by Prince 
Labanoff to Jerome Wierix.^ It has been regarded, however, as the 
work of Thomas de Leu, a French engraver of the period. The por- 
trait, three-quarters to the left, is in an oval frame, elaborately 
executed ; above is an escutcheon of the arms of France and Scot- 
land impaled ; on each side in the upper comers appears an angel 
flying, holding a palm branch in one hand, and in the other a 
chaplet, extended over the head of Mary ; under the angels, in little 
niches, are symbolical female figures, one of them accompanied by a 
child and a lamb ; the other has the arms crossed on the bosom, and 
holds a palm branch in one hand. Under these, in the lower comers 
of the plate, appear two subjects : the decapitation in the Hall at 
Fotheringhay, and the executioner holding up the head of Mary. 
On the lower part of the plate are engraved twenty hexameter lines, 
commencing, "En tibi magnanimas spirantia Principis ora ;" sub- 
scribed, G. Cr. Scotus. — Portrait of Mary, engraved by Thomas de 
Leu ; the bust is introduced in an oval, measuring 6 in. by 3| in. ; 
three-quarters to right.^ The type and costume are precisely the 
same as in that last described. It b entitled, marie stewart reyne 
DE FRAN • e d'escosse. Underneath is the following quatrain : — 

£t lea belles beautes, et les grandeurs plus grandes, 
Sont pleines de dangers, et de Malhenrs diuers : 
Ce sont Buttes & Manx : Qui n*en croira mes vers, 
Viene voir ceste Reyoe, et lise ses legendes. 
Tho : de leu. F. et ex. 

A drawing by Janet, in the same style as that of Maiy Stuart above 
described ; height, 9 J inches ; width, 7 J inches. It is l)elieved to be 
a portrait of Damley. Three-quarters to right : he wears a small flat 
bonnet, placed a little on one side (the left side of the head), and with 
a band of jewels around it The hair, beard, and moustachios, are 
short, and he has a small rufl'. This drawing shows no part of the 
figure lower than the neck. In the lower comer is a round stamp, 
the initials c • g • under a foreign coronet, with this inscription in 
an old handwriting : — " Lucas d'hoUande del." and the mark 7*5 a. 
It is scarcely necessary to observe that these drawings present no 
resemblance to the works of Lucas van Leyden, who died in 1533, 
twelve years previous to the birth of Damley. Some persons have 
hesitated to receive this spirited sketch as a portrait of Damley, 

» Portraite </^ Marie Sttiart, No. 47, p. 167. « Ibid., No. 53, p. ir>9. 



204 STUART RELICS. 

especially if considered to be the work of Janet, who certainly never 
drew Damley from the life, since Darnley never was in France, and 
there is no reason to suppose that Janet ever came to this country. 
This sketch, however, bears a very strong resemblance to the engraving 
attributed to Reginald Elstracke, in the Basilioloffia, published about 
1618 ; of this, the most authentic portrait of Damley, probably, 
which exists, a fine impression was exhibited. The collector's mark, 
above noticed, is said to be that of a Count Geloso of Milan. 

THE REV. HENRY WELLE8LEY, D.D. 
Priacipal of New Inn Hall, Oxfonl. 

An engraved fa(»imile of a Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, 
part of the collection of contemporary portraits at Castle Howard, 
attributed to Janet, and executed in the same style as those in Dr. 
Wellesley's collection (above described). Three-quarters to the left : 
height, 1 3 inches ; width, 9 inches. " Engraved by Thos. Ryder 
from a drawing by Janet in the collection of the Right Hon. the 
Earl of Carlisle." PubUshed by Colnaghi in 1821. Prince Laba- 
noff (Portraits de Marie Stuart y p. 151) supposes this to have been 
a sketch for the portrait by Janet, sent to Mary of Guise, about 
1555, in Edinburgh. At that period Mary was only thirteen years 
of age. The portrait appears to be of an older person. This inter- 
esting portrait of Mary in early life represents her in a small close- 
fitting cap ; her light brown hair turned back and enclosed within 
it ; a small frill round the throat ; close-fitting dre&s, with a long 
taper waist ; sleeves puffed. She wears ear-rings and a small neck> 
lace ; also a string of beads looped up to the front of her dress, 
with a large pear-shaped pearl in the middle on her bosom. A 
charming portrait in crayons, attributed to the same ai'tist, preserved 
in the Biblioth^ue de S** Grenevifeve, has been engraved in the 
Portraits des Personnages Franqais, by Niel, and bears resemblance 
in features to that liere noticed. It was, however, executed when 
Mary was rather more advanced in life, and the costume is varied. 
The series of drawings at Castle Howard, of wliich the drawing above- 
mentioned formed part, portray the principal i)enjonages of the Court 
of France about the period of Francis i. ; they have been sometimes 
attributed, but erroneously, to Holbein ; and it is stated that they 
were purchased at Florence by the Earl of Carlisle, about the middle 
of laist century. the earl of Carlisle. 



1.. r •< 



• I • 



, .« ; ..,1 



> > I' • • . 



.!■. 



1 , » -V ' ' i i » ■ - 

f ■ ■ .■" is:.'. 'It ' 
*;•• >'.\ U. •■:-;. t 



• { 



u "t .-. 



fj 



I'- 



.'. J- 1-' 



I 



f 



• ■•• .i :) ;. 



) . 



».. 



•>,>'• ■ •' ..1 



...» 



I ■ ■> 



r I 



\; 



M 






:i I • > •• 



PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. 205 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, in a close-fitting black dress ; 
a small niflf round her neck ; a narrow quilled edging to her head- 
dress, with a broad black lappet or coverchief falling behind ; the 
hair is full on the brow, curly, and of lighter brown than in other por- 
traits ; the eyes are hazel. The features and expression bear resem- 
blance to those of the Morton portrait, next described, but indicate 
an earlier period in Mary's life. Three-quarters towards the left ; 
painted on panel; height, 18^ inches; width, 13^ inches, the 
frame, black with gilded ornaments, may be contemporary, and is in- 
scribed beneath — " Mary Queen of Scotts.'' This interesting painting, 
if not a contemporary portrait, is doubtless from one of good autho- 
rity, and it is very probable that it may have been obtained in 
Mary's lifetime by Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, a zealous 
partisan of Mary Stuart's. His friendship towards her was charged 
against him, in his indictment, as one of the strongest features of 
treason against Elizabeth. He married Anne Dacres, the heiress of 
Greystoke, who received from the Queen of Scots a token of her 
affection, the embroidery wrought by her own hands, described in the 
Onginal Memoirs ofJuer Life^ recently edited by the Duke of Norfolk, 
p. 2Q5. See also a notice of another work by Mary, now at Greystoke, 
p. \M,ante. MR, henry Howard, greystoke castle. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, traditionally regarded as 
having been painted by her order, during her imprisonment in Loch- 
leven Castle, in 1566-67, and presented by herself to her deliverer, 
George Douglas, youngest brother of Sir William Douglas, laird of 
Lochleven, to whose charge Mary had been committed. The estates 
and honours of Morton devolved on Sir William, from whom the 
Earl of Morton is descended. The portrait of Queen Mary, with a 
remarkable piece of tapestry (described, p. 186), believed to have been 
worked by her at Lochleven, and other relics, are preserved at the 
family seat, Dalmahoy House, near Edinburgh. This remarkable 
painting is on panel, of life-size : it has been cited by Horace 
Walpole in his letter on the true portraiture of Mary, addressed to 
Sir Joseph Banks, as the only picture of which he could ascertain the 
authenticity and originality.^ There were copies of it, according to 
Walpole, at St. James' Palace, Hatfield, and Hardwicrke ; it agrees, 

* Sec Preface to Chalmers' TAfe of Mary, vol. i. p. xv. 



206 STUART RELICS. 

as he remarks, with the effigy at WestminHter, — " in l)otli, the nose 
rises a little towards the top, bends rather inwards at the bottom/' 
Walpole comes to this conclusion, — " I should think that Lord Mor- 
ton's picture and the tomb are most to be depended on." Prince 
Labanoff states that this painting has been attributed to Lucas de 
Heere, but tliis rests on conjecture only. It has been engraved by 
Robert Cooper for Chalmers' Life of Mmy ; it served as the chief 
evidence for the miniature by Paillou for the same work, and in 
that portrait it was his endeavour to combine all the most authentic 
characteristics of Mary's countenance. His painting, on ivory, is 
now in the possession of Mr. Gilbert Henderson. The Morton 
portrait has been engraved more recently for Miss Strickland's Queens 
of Scotland, vol. vi. — ^The fine portrait of the Regent Morton ; well 
known by Houbraken's engraving for Birch's Heads of Illustriotu 
Persons, p. 39, 1740 ; and the engraving in Lodge's Portraits^ vol. iii. 

THE EARL OF MOBTOK. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, at about the age of seventeen. 
It is on panel, three-quarters to left ; height, 1 J inches ; width, 
8^ inches.^ Her hair is light brown, enclosed in a net or crespine 
of gold cord, with a coronal of jewels, and a single pearl on the fore- 
head. She wears a small rufif, a close-fitting white dress, with 
diagonal stripes of gold, and buttoned up to the neck ; a rich collar 
and pendant of jewels ; a crimson mantle, furred with ermine, and 
crimson sleeves, high on the shoulders, and banded with white fiir. 
This interesting little picture bears considerable resemblance to the 
portrait at Hatfield, attributed to Sir Antonio More, and engraved 
for Miss Benger's Life of Mary Stuart, in 1822. — Portraits of 
Charles i. and of the Infanta ; purchased in Spain. 

SIR JOHN MAXWELL, BABT. OF POLLOC. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, closely resembling in all its 
details that engraved in 1 602 for Jafistoni hiscriptiones, and copied 
by Roberts for Pinkerton's Scottish Portraits, 1797. It is on panel, 
executed in a hard and unartistic style, but undoubtedly of the time 
of Mary, and probably an authentic memorial of her features in her 

^ See Miss Strickland's notice of this portrait, Queens of Scolland, ?ol. iii. 
p. 120. 



PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. 207 

maturer years. The Hepburn family of Smeaton were her faithful 
adherents, and the portrait has long been preserved there with other 
relics of Mary. sir thomas Hepburn, bart. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, traditionally regarded as hav- 
ing been presented after her nuptials with the Dauphin, in 1558, to 
the Lord High Treasurer, the Earl of CassiUis, one of the Scottish 
Commissioners sent to negotiate the marriage articles and to witness 
the nuptial ceremony. This portrait (it is believed) has been pre- 
served as an heirloom in the Kennedy family, and it is to be seen at 
the seat of their representative, the Marquess of Ailsa, Culzean 
Castle, Ayrshire. Mary is here represented in a close-fitting, long- 
waisted, dress of crimson with gold embroidery ; the large ungrace- 
ful puffs or balloons cover the shoulders ; her hair is enclosed in 
a little crimson and gold cap, set with jewels ; and to a string of 
large pearls round her neck is appended a jeweled cross. This 
portrait has recently been engraved for Miss Strickland's Queens of 
ScoUandy vol. iii. The painting, which is on canvas, is attributed 
to Zucchero : it has recently undergone a complete " restoration ; " 
however pleasing as a portrait, it presents no appearance of being 
contemporary with the time of Mary. It was executed, in all 
probability, long after that period, and is the best example of a very 
numerous class of portraits, of a type which appears to have been 
greatly in favour even as recently as the multiplication of portraits of 
Mary by Sir John Medina and other painters in Scotland in the last 
century. The contemporary original has not been discovered, imless, 
as has been suggested with considerable probability^ the prototype 
of these portraits may have been the well-known painting in the 
Duke of Devonshire's Collection, formerly at Chiswick, and engraved 
by Vertue, representing the queen standing with one hand resting on 
the arm of a chair, and holding two roses in the other. A town is 
seen, in that picture, through a window in the background. 

THE marquis of AILSA. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, usually described as "The 
Orkney Portrait." It is supposed to represent Mary as Dauphiness, 
and it was formerly in possession of Mr. William Traill, of Wood- 
wick, Orkney, by whose ancestor it was alleged to have been obtained 



208 STUART RELICS. 

from the family of Robert Stuart, natural brother of Queen Marj',^ 
created Earl of Orkney by James vi., in 1581. According to the 
account in the family, La<ly Barbara Stewart, hiB daughter, married 
a gentleman of South Ronaldsay, named Halcro ; it passed from them 
to their granddaughter, Sibilla Halcro, and from her to her daughter, 
Ann Baikie, wife of Mr. G. Traill of Quandall. It remained in that 
family until it was purchased, about 1831, by the present possessor. 
The type of this portrait appears to be that described as formerly 
in the King^s Cabinet at Versailles ; it has frequently been repro- 
duced, but it is not known where the original now exists. Tlie 
painting exhibited is on canvas ; it bears a date, nearly effaced, 
which has been deciphered as 1556, and the name Furini or 
Farini, is, as it is said, to be discerned. It is a production, however, 
apparently of much more recent date than the time of Mary. It is 
now at Dunrobin Castle, Sutherlandshire. 

THE DUKE OF SUTHERLAND, K.O. 

Miniature portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, painted in body- 
colour on vellum. Oval ; height, 2 J inches ; width, 3 inches. It is 
inscribed, Maria Regina Scotw^m^ with the signature of Bernard Lens, 
a monogram composed of b and l. Mary appears in a black dress 
with a collar of white fur, and a necklace of pearls. Bright smalt- 
blue ground. Bernard Lens, painter to the Crown by the title of 
limner, and afterwards of enameler, in the reign of George n., was an 
admirable painter in miniature, and excelled in his copies from the 
great masters, particularly Rubens and Vandyck ; he gave instruc- 
tions in drawing to the Duke of Cumberland and other members of 
the Royal family. He died at Knightsbridge in 174L^ Bernard 
Lens appears to have executed numerous copies of the miniature of 
Mary Stuart, of which the specimen exhibited is one of the choicest 
examples. He also executed portraits in the costume of the Queen 
of Scots ; and Yertue, who was his pupil, records facetiously the 
remonstrance of a sitter, who complained to the artist that he had 

^ A Memoir on this portrait was communicated to the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland, by the Rev. J. R. Omond, March 25, 1833. See also the Life of 
Mary Stuart, by Mr. Bell, in CoMtabfe's MisceUant/^ Appendix A. The portrait 
exhibited by Mr. Rutherford, described hereafter, is of the same type. 

" See Witlpole's Anecdotes, Dallaway*R edition, vol. iv. p. 181 ; vol. v. p. 251. 




\ 



i' . : 1 i' 



i\ 



I.. ■ ' V ."1 

''I ' i. 



\ (. • , I.:-. .'; .:-' . . . 

• ' " . ^ -J I ■ ■ . . « 

I • . ■ '■ 



: ?' 



I I . 



U 



■ !■-■ ■ : .' f-'t ■) 



4 •« •. ' 1- 


t 


' ■: ■• !h i;:M_-. • ' 


; ■- 


.•■::•> }••;■ 


■ , , 


.! ,' ' •;•, iH'^ 


"»"■', 


(if>:» ' I N);.:V. 


If . 



f . , ' f » I . . 



[hr\L\M:-. k 



I 

:\ I' ■ 



1 


i K 


V 


' 


f 




t J .\ . 


'■ i 


! 


'1. 


-^ 


li 


/'/<■•' 




f 


. / 


\\ • 1 





.{ t"^. . i >. •:;! 



, I, 



V '• .1, .• ]} "ill ^. 1: 



I ; 



• . I ■ I 



' I 



. f \ 



|l f( 



' • • • ' '• ,^i U., '^'u> 

•l.i'' (»lii' • -ll'-Iil'r- 



il; ■...-■ 



i: 



. ,.i . • 



■''11 ' ■■-• ; ••••', I i." ♦' . 

• .< I . .li. -t .1 ^ •■ ; ■•" tit- irri;.; 'U 

■ ■■•■ V, ■■<! ■ h;, l;';i:.'' r, \.\- ;.. ti-.{ ri;,'l. ! 



• « I 



■' • ••■■■;.' . . ..■ . ;.\ • ■'*• 

'.•'.;-■)■. I ■ ■ i '.«•■■! t. T". ,: ■ 

■■!!■•.■; . • « ; • : -■ ■. • 1 ' 




PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. . 209 

not made her like that Queen. The portrait exhibited bears con- 
siderable resemblance to the " Orkney Portrait," before described, in 
the Duke of Sutherland's possession (see p. 207). The original of 
this favourite type has not been ascertained. 

MISS PETIT, LICHFIELD. 

Copy of the Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, formerly in pos- 
session of Mr. Patrick Fraser Tytler, the historian of Scotland, by 
whom a very interesting dissertation was printed for private circula- 
tion, in which this remarkable portrait and the devices introduced 
upon it are minutely described.* It is painted on panel, nearly of 
life-size ; the costume is remarkably rich. Among the jeweled 
ornaments occurs a pillar, ensigned with a crown, the device used by 
Francis n., here accompanied by Mary*s initials. A brooch on her 
bosom displays one of her own devices, a pillar within the wheel of 
fortune. In the background is seen a city upon a hill, supposed to 
represent Edinburgh. An escutcheon of the arms of France and 
Scotland, quarterly, is appended to the stem of a tree on one side of 
the picture, being those which Mary bore as Queen-Consort of France. 
Mr. Fraser Tytler came to the conclusion tliat this was the identical 
portrait painted in 1560, and sent by Mary to Queen Elizabeth by Lord 
Seton, shortly before the death of Francis il^ This painting has 
been attributed to Zuccaro, and Mr. Tytler alludes to the supposed 
existence of the signature f. z. It is, however, certain that, at the 
period in question, Zuccaro, at that time only seventeen years of age, 
was engaged with his brother Taddeo in the Vatican, and that he 
did not come to France until after 1572. It is indeed extremely im- 
probable that Zuccaro ever executed any portrait of Mary Stuart from 
the life. The picture has also been attributed confidently to Mark 
GJarrard, who was, however, bom in 1561 at Bruges, a year after 
its supposed date ; he came to England in 1580. It appears most 
probable that this remarkable portrait was produced by one of the 
Italian artists, attracted to France by the munificence of Francis i. 
and the taste for productions of Italian art. The picture formerly 

' Ou the Portraits of Mary Queen of Scots, with remarks on an original 
picture of that Princess recently discovered, 1845, 4to. 

* Tytler, HtMlory of Scotland, vol. vi. p. 213. Quee»t^ of Scotland^ by MiKS 
Strickland, vol. iii. pp. 134, 1»51. 

2d 



210 STUART RELICS. 

belonged to a portrait painter named Stewart, and it came into the 
hands of Gwennap, a dealer in London, from whom it was purchased 
by the late Mr. Fraser Tytler. The copy exhibited was an engraving 
(m a reduced scale, elaborately illuminated, and presenting in minia- 
ture an admirable reproduction of the curious original^ 

MR. HENRY SHAW, F.S.A. 

Portrait traditionally regarded as of Mary Queen of Soots, 
according to the following memorandum in the handwriting of 
Francis, seventh Lord Napier, written probably about 1790. " This 
picture of Mary Queen of Scots, supposed to be painted when she 
was about twelve years old, has ever been considered to be an 
original picture, and has been in possession of the family of Napier 
for many generations." On canvas ; height, 2 feet 3 inches ; width, 
1 foot 1 inches. It portrays a young lady of piquant expression, and 
fair complexion ; her hair is light brown, with a coronal of red roses, 
and ostrich feathers drooping at the back of her head. The fashion 
of her deep ruff, her singular white and red striped dress, the peculiar 
jeweled band attached to the cross hanging on her breast, and which, 
passing over the right shoulder, was fastened possibly to her girdle ; 
these, and other details of this charming picture, are shown by the 
accompanying engraving, for which we are indebted to the kindness 
of Mr. Mark Napier. The close resemblance, however, of this por- 
trait to that of the Infanta of Spain, in the collection of the Earl of 
Denbigh at Nuneham Paddox, Warwickshire, forbids our acquies- 
cence in the family tradition assigning it to Mary Stuart. That 
painting is thus inscribed, — *' This is the picture of the Infanta of 
Spain, that was brought over by the Duke of Bucks. She was to 
have married King Charles the First." the lord napier. 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, painted in enamel, of oval 
form, 6^ inches by 5, She is represented in a black dress, the back- 
ground bright blue. This appears to be a copy from the engraved por- 
trait by De Leu. It is thus inscribed, maria stuaert d • o • scotijs 
REOINA • DOVAO • GALLiiB. — ^A copy in oils of the miniature portrait 
of Mary, in the Corsini Palace at Rome, attributed to Peter Oliver. 

> This facsimile of a highly interesting portrait may be obtained, with de- 
scriptive letterpress, from Mr. Shaw, 37, Suiithampton Row, London. 




>!. 



«-f 



!..'. '. 






v 



, ..' •! ■■■: >'■■! :ii :; 



. 1 " 



1 ' ^ :. 1 



-« \ 






:; - "! /' \' ^ v." ■ I.N «']• 
-. .' ^ Si- ]'i. . .! !., In: 1.:;.:.' .[ A> r 

r .. \ • 5,., [,: *^- ,'{ j.i u. i!l <'\}i •! - -i 

i A » J 



- . •. •. 'I V. U ' 






' . 



1 in: 



•'I.v- I' 



' I V\ 1 1 1 < 1 ' I ' 



■ ]..! .^ 



:;-«'i. -ir'-rs. Hi- 



»•■ •! 



• 1 



'■■■'.'■ . ii'-f • .1 1:. J • ' .'^-^ -iud \: 1,1 



1 ■_ I 



V- aM ■:*-■•;.■ 



»• ' '.■•U ■;■> < 



' . »■ 



,1 



> '1 Ji- 



.' ]''J'\ .:!•-, iXT', M. ^^ J> J 



. 1, 



1 •'■ v M ;; M. i. . j{-t I 



T'" ! jf t- • 



•.-'.; N. 



t • n.- 



\ 



• 7 ^}^ »iii. in iMi' < ,.;lr.-i,. i. (!: * '.- :•' 



K:. _:<,"' .' i- '•'■ ^* ;!■-•!." 



'! -• !■■ 1 



fji" i.(}iih N sr. I 



,r 






1 



>[ ..«•■•; 



'. I « 



;» : 



il :• (j .i-> .■ >i ■ 11;. ;,^ MA !'IA ^ i i' W • ; l' • «i .-« .>-i ; >. 



' t I. >'): •:v>t':!-; i- "• ; 



. { 



.. t; 



11' M 



■V -f'. . '--■■■••>.',■ -i; '■•!> \i w . I .. 




Vojiretivfhunjbi^ a^trefoLnfl 



d'nte "^.^ 



PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. 211 

The drew is black, with ornaments of pearls, &c. Peter Oliver, it 
may be observed, was not a contemporary painter : a miniature por- 
trait of Mary, as supposed, by his father, Isaac Oliver, formerly in 
Dr. Meade's collection, is now in the possession of Her Majesty. It 
is of a different type from that exhibited, and is engraved in Jebb's 
Collectunu, Walpole mentions also an exceedingly fine copy in 
enamel, by Zincke, purchased by H. R H. the Duke of Cumberland. — 
Several rare engraved portraits of Queen Mary, among which were 
the full-length by Hans Liefrinck, an engraver at Antwerp, contem- 
porary with her time ;^ the portrait by Cock, dated 1559, mentioned 
in Walpole*s Anecdotes^ voL v. p. 25, as from an authentic picture ; the 
interesting portrait by Peter Merigianus, and that signed " R Gay- 
wood fecit, 1655." These, and numerous other engraved portraits, 
are noticed in the classified description of the portraits of Mary, by 
Prince lAbanoff, entitled, " Notice sur la Collection des Portraits de 
Marie Stuart, appartenant au Prince Alexandre lAbanoff," 8vo. St. 
Petersburgh, 1856. mr. stirung of keir, ilp. 

Portrait aflirmed by Dr. Waagen to be of Mary Queen of Soots 
in the earlier part of her life. It represents a lady in mourning ; 
a coronet, resembling that of a Princess of England, is placed near 
her. It is preserved in the gallery at Syon House, but hitherto had 
not been identified. The features bear a very striking resemblance to 
those of various members of the Stuart family, more especially Henry, 
Duke of Gloucester, son of Charles l There appears, however, no suf- 
ficient ground for the supposition entertained by the learned Director 
of the Royal Gallery of Berlin. We are indebted to Mr. Charles E. 
Dalrymple for the suggestion, which appears on carefid consideration 
highly probable, that this portrait may be that of the Princess Mary, 
daughter of Charles i. She espoused William u. Prince of Orange, in 
May, 1 648, and was mother of William ni. King of England. It may 
be supposed that she here appears in mourning for her father, who 
was beheaded nine months after her marriage. The painfully sad 
expression of the features is consistent with this notion, which ap- 
pears corroborated by the style of art, being that of the Flemish 
school, and also by the costiime, which partakes of Flemish character. 

THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G. 
' 8c« Labanolf, Bortrails, No. 41, p. 165. 



212 STUART RELICS. 

Portrait, as supposed, of Mary Queen of Scots. It represents 
a young lady in a very rich black dress, with numerous jewela The 
date 1562 appears upon it, with the indication of her age, — ^btat- 
19, corresponding with the age of Mary Stuart at the period. She 
had become a widow on December 5, 1560 ; and it has been alleged 
that she is represented in this portrait as mourning for Francis ii. 
On comparison with one of the miniatures in Her Majesty*s collection, 
namely, that of Mary, in a pink striped dress, described in Yander- 
doort*s Catalogue of the limnings belonging to Charles i., it has been 
affirmed that the proof of identity was established. It must, how- 
ever, be admitted that the features and expression, as compared with 
other portraits, present a marked discrepancy, for which the effect of 
peculiar costume, a pleated muslin passing under the chin, tending 
doubtless to modify the general character of the countenance, will 
not sufficiently account The picture has been regarded as bearing a 
strong resemblance to the portrait of Mary of Guise at Holyrood 
Palace. It is painted on panel ; height, 1 8 inches ; width, 1 3 inches. 
It is carefully finished, and is a production of an able artist, probably 
of the French school. mrs. m. forbes. 

Intaglio portrait of Queen Mary, on white cornelian, set in a 
gold ring, formerly in the possession of Prince James (the Old 
Chevalier) and of Cardinal York, liis son. It subsequently came into 
the possession of Mr. Edgar, the descendant of Edgar, the Prince's 
confidential secretary and friend. From him the ring, and the 
pistols of Prince Charles Edward, before described (see p. 196), 
were obtained by the present possessor. 

the rev. JOHN HAMILTON GRAY. 

Portrait of Queen Mary, in a black dress with a collar of 
fur ; a small necklace and cross attached to it. Of octagonal form ; 
dimensions, lOf inches by 8^. It is supposed to have been obtained 
by the late Mr. Heber, and is now preserved at Hodnet Hall, Salop. 

MR. CHOLMONDELEY, 
through the Rev. R. H. Cholmondelet, Rector of Hodnet. 

Portrait of Queen Mary, " from the original in the King's Closet, 
Versailles." mk, james drummond, r.s.a. 



PORTRAITS OF MARY STUART. 213 

Portrait of Queen Mary, described as a copy of the original at 
Paris, representing her when Dauphiness, at the age of eighteen. It 
was brought from France by Mr. Lauder of Carrolside, a zealous 
Jacobite, and well known in Edinburgh in his day as " Beau 
Lauder." He was maternal uncle of the present possessor. On the 
back of the canvas is written — <* Mary Queen of Scots, from the 
original in the French King's Closet at Versailles. By Le Croix." 
This painting represents her with an aigrette and jewel on her fore- 
head, pearls in the hair, a collar of white fur around the neck, her 
dress dark green damasked,- a jeweled cross suspended by a riband 
round her neck. In the background, on her left, appears a plain 
cross and crown. mr. j. l. rutherford, Edinburgh. 

A coloured Engraving of the Portrait of Queen Mary, in the 
Bodleian Gallery, Oxford, in its original state when presented by 
Alderman Fletcher, a well-known collector in that city, where he had 
purchased it at a sale. That painting having been examined by 
Wilkie, it was discovered that it had been painted over, and the work 
by the second hand having at his suggestion been removed, a portrait 
wholly diiSerent in character and in costume was brought to light, 
which is now to be seen in the Gallery. An engraving had previously 
been produced by Mr. Slater, a printseller at Oxford ; it is of the 
same size as the original, and, being coloured and varnished, presents 
almost a perfect facsimile of the painting which is now effaced. 

MR. R. J. SPIERS, F.S.A., OXFORD. 

Portrait of Queen Mary, on panel ; she wears a red dress, and 
a kerchief over her head. 

SIR JAMES CAMPBELL, BART., KILBRIDE CASTLE. 

Portrait of Queen Mary ; a copy executed about 1795, from a 
painting at that time in possession of Lord Gardenstone. The 
Queen is represented in a red dress ; the picture is of the same type 
as the Marquis of Ailsa'e portrait. 

MR. 6EOROE B. ROBERTSON, EDINBURGH. 

Portrait, supposed to be of Queen Mary, and stated to have been 
formerly in possession of Sir William Stewart of Murthly Castle, 



214 STUART RELICS. 

Perthshire. There were two portraits of this type there to be seen, 
of which one was considered to be an original 

MR. CHARLES ROBERTSON, EDINBURGH. 

Portrait, supposed to be of Queen Mary ; two escutcheons of 
her arms, France and Scotland, quarterly, are introduced in the 
upper comers of the painting. In the form of the face and the 
general expression, however, it differs materially from recognised 
portraits of Mary ; the costume also is rather later than her time. 

MR. MARK NAPIER, EDINBURGH. 

Portrait of Queen Mary, in a red dress, described as a copy afler 
Zuccaro, and resembling that in possession of the Marquis of AiLsa. 
It was purchased at the sale of the Collections of the late Mr. C. 
Kirkpatrick Sharpe. MR. J. d. smith, Edinburgh. 

Portrait, as supposed, of Queen Mary, after Zuccaro. 

MR. ARTHUR DAVENPORT, CAPESTUORNE, CHESHIRE. 

Portrait of Queen Mary, of the same type as that exhibited by 
the Duke of Sutherland (see p. 207). 

MR. J. WHITEFOORD MACKENZIS. 

Small Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots, said to be a copy after 
Zuccaro ; and a portrait of Queen Elizabeth. 

THE REV. T. BARCLAY, D.D., CURRIE. 

Painting which represents the decapitated head of Queen Mary, 
placed in a charger or large dish. The hair is brown ; the features 
full, showing no emaciation after death. It was obtained from the 
Collection of Mr. Plura of Bath ; and the statement received with it 
is, ** that a page named Oliphant, attached to the Queen of Scots' 
household, took a sketch of the head, and carried it with him to 
Paris, where he entered the French service, and had this painting 
executed by Zuccaro from the sketch." There exist other paintings 
of the like painful character ; of these, one presented by a Prussian 
nobleman to Sir Walter Scott is preserved at Abbotsford. The 
head is placed in a dish, on a table covered by a scarlet cloth, and 



PORTRAITS OF MART STUART. 215 

a narrow scroll appears from beneath the dish, inscribed, *< Maria 
Scotice Regina. Amias Cawood Fotheringay, the 9th Feb. 1587." 
The artist may have been related to Margaret Cawood,^ the faithful 
attendant of the unhappy Queen. Another very painful delineation 
of the severed head, possibly a contemporary painting, may be seen 
in the United Service Museum. On the back is the following note : — 
*< The head of Mary Queen of Scots the day after her execution. 
Lieut. -CoL Birch." We are indebted to Mr. Tumbull for the 
following notice, by a recent traveller in the north of Europe, 
of a similar memorial among the paintings in the RUter-Saal at 
Fredericksborg in Zealand. ** None touched us more than an 
exquisite head of Mary Stuart after her death. There is something 
so original in the sweet and mournful beauty that still lingers on 
her features even in death, that one is inclined to believe the tradi- 
tion which alleges that it was taken from nature."^ 

THE LORD LONDESBOROUOH, K.H. 

Cast from a medallion of Mary Queen of Scots, bearing a por- 
trait of considerable interest and authentic character. No original 
of this remarkable work has hitherto been found. Obverse, bust of 
Mary in profile, to right ; she wears a close dress buttoned in front, a 
small rufif, a long veil is attached to her head-dress behind. Inscription 
as follows : • maria stovvar reoi scoti angll In the field behind 
the head, ia • primave. This has been engraved by Herseus,^ and 
also as the frontispiece to Chalmers* Life of Mary^ voL iii. It is 
there described as a portrait from a Medallion while she remained in 
France. The signature of the artist is omitted in that engraving. 
The reverse does not appear to have been known. A cast, however, 
evidently executed a considerable time since, with one of the obverse, 
is in the possession of Migor Adair. It represents a young female 
standing on a rocky foreground ; with her left hand she raises her 
drapery, and in her right she holds a palm branch ; the arm being 

^ She married Bastian Pagez, one of the French attendants on Mary ; he was 
one of the grooms of her chamber. Mary Pagez, their daughter, was with Mary 
at the time of her execution. 

• Brnnner's Denmark, vol. i. p. 234! 
. ' BildniiM der regierenden Furaten^ Vienna, 1828, folio, pi. xxii. This valu- 
able work contains medals of sovereign princes, eminent personages, &c., from 
the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. 



216 STUART RELICS. 

charged with a weight linked to the elbow, as if to keep it down ; 
from this weight large drops of water apparently are falling. In 
the background is the sea, a town on a hill, and a water-mill, &c. 
Inscription, svperanda omkis fortvna. This motto, with a female 
figure chained to a rock, is found on a medal of Hercules n. Duke 
of Ferrara (Herseus, pi. Iv. ; Mazzucchi, torn. L p. 307). Diameter, 2f 
inches. This very interesting medallion especially deserves notice 
as almost the only portraiture of Mary in profile : it was executed 
by Jacopo Primavera, an artist of whom I have only been able to 
ascertain that he produced a very fine medal of Queen Elizabeth 
(Herseus, pi. xxiL) ; also medals of himself and Helena Nisselli, of 
Catherine de Medicis, Francis Duke of Alen9on, Philip de Bethune, 
and Charles de Lorraine. He was probably one of the Italian artists 
attracted to the French court through the encouragement of Francis i. 
Herseus gives a smaller medal of Queen Mary of the same type (pi. 
xxTL y. b.) It differs also in not having a pearled border. For 
these particulars relating to the works of Primavera we are indebted 
to the kindness of the Rev. Dr. Wellesley. — Impression from the 
dies of a medal of Francis ii., at the H6tel des Monnaies at Paris, 
struck doubtless on occasion of the Treaty of Edinburgh, signed 
July 6, 1560, by which the right of Elizabeth to the crowns of 
England and Ireland being recognised, the ambassadors of Francis 
and Mary assented that the King and Queen should cease to assume 
the arms and title of sovereigns of those kingdoms. Ohv, Bust of 
Francis ii. to left, in armour, an olive-chaplet round his head. 
Leg, FRANCisc • ii . d • o • fAvnc • et • scot • REX. Rev. The 
initial f. ensigned with an arched crown, and placed between two 
cornucopias, from which issue small busts, respectant, possibly 
typifying Francis and Mary. Leg. abvndantia pvblica galllar. 
Exergucy 1560. pax • CVM • anglis. Diam., 2\ in. Figured in 
Mezeray, Hist, de France^ tom. ii. p. 807. 

MR. ALBERT WAY, F.8.A. 



ADDENDA. 

Through the kindness of Alexander Moruon, Esq., the accompany- 
ing representations are given of the hammers of hard clay, mentioned 
lit page 37 (Antiquities of the Earlier Periods found in North Britain), 
und found on Mr. Morison's estates at Montbkiry, in Banfl^bire. 
One of these curious relics has heen presented to the Museum of the 




Society of Antiquaries of Scotland ; no other example precisely simi- 
lar in fashion has fallen imder our observation. All remains of so 
early a period must be regarded with intereat by the antiquary. 
They have been described by Mr. Stuart in the Prnrt"i'mg» of Iht 
Sorirty of Anlrqiifirin nf Seiytland, vol. ii. part iii. 



Representations of Syhbouc Figdees occurring on certain sculp- 
tured stone monuments in the parts of Scotland south of the Forth, 
comprising the ancient country of the Picts. The Symbols are cut 
eitiier on rude pUIar^, or on oblong dressed slabs having crosses and 
other figures on their surface, and in a few cases on erect cruciform 
stones with sculpture. These remarkable monuments, about 160 in 
number, have been admirably illustrated by the late Mr. Patrick 
Chalmers of Auldbar, in a volume containing the Sculptured Stones 
of Angus ; and by Mr. Stuart, in the Smlptvrfil Stonn of Scotland, 
produced by the Spalding Club. The principal types of the symlwls 
are here figured frinn Mr, Stuart's plates (sec woodcnts, next jiage). 



SYMBOLS ON THE SCUUTUntD .STONES Oh SCOTLAND. 





Flft. I.—Creaoent with doable Sc«plre. 
Cnchia. pi. 10. 



Fig S.— Doable Crescent. Ulbster. pi. M. 




Pig 3. Spectacle ornament. Lo^le, pi. 3 




Fig. 4.— SjMSCtacle omarnent witb ScepLrca. 
loBcb. pi. C 





Fig. 5.— OmaxDflDted Spectacle omaxnent. witbouL Scepuwi. 

Ulbster, pi 40. 







Hg 7.— Spectacle ornament witb Boeptrea ilower part 
imperfect). Brodi.?, pi £8. 



Pig 8.<-S«mi apoctacle oroament 
Amdilly, pi 15 




Fig. 8.— Oblong ornament with dcepuv^ 
Amdilly, pi. 15 



^ 



220 ADDENDA. 

They have been thus described : — 1. Crescent ¥dth double sceptre : 
in this example combined with one other symbol only, a monstrous 
animal, hereafter described. 2. Double crescent, without sceptre. 
3. '' Spectacle ornament,"' as familiarly termed, consisting of two 
circles connected by cross lines. 4. The same, traversed by a re- 
markable Z-shaped symbol, with the ends floriated. 5. The same, 
without sceptres, the circles containing a triple whorl, prevalent in 
early Irish ornamentation (see cut, p. 224), found also in other parts 
of the kingdom. 6. Semi " spectacle ornament," of rare occurrence. 
7. '* Spectacle ornament," with cruciform and riband patterns, and 
intersected by the remarkable Z symbol, of which the lower extremity 
is lost. 8. Oblong symbol of unknown import, traversed by a 
floriated Z. 9. Serpent, traversed by the floriated Z ; serpents 
occur also without any such accessory. 10. Mirror and comb, of 
frequent occurrence ; sometimes the mirror seems convex, in other 
examples concave like a shallow patera ; sometimes it has two 
handles, and la traversed by horizontal lines, as in flgs. 11, 12; 
the latter shows a small incision at the lower side of the principal 
circle, which occurs elsewhere. 13. A long-snouted animal, sup- 
posed to be an elephant ; Mr. Westwood, however, is disposed to 
regard it as the walrus.^ 14. The like animal, with interlaced 
riband work. 1 5. Arch like a horse-shoe, possibly representing a 
neck ornament or fibula ? 16. Fibula? 17. Concentric circles ; in 
this example forming part of a " spectacle ornament," with floriated 
sceptres, the remainder defaced. Besides these there occur fish, 
sometimes erect like the hippocamptcs, animals, interlaced serpents, 
hammer, anvil and tongs, &c.''^ 

MR. JOHN STUART, SEC. SOC, ANT, SCOT. 

A remarkable Portrait, supposed to represent a young nobleman 
of the family of the Mordaunts, Earls of Peterborough. It is on 
panel ; height, 36 inches ; width, 28 inches. The costume is strik- 

* It occiire on twenty-two monuments. See Mr. Westwood's remarks, 
Archfcol. Journal^ vol. xiv. p. 192. 

* See notices of these peculiar symbols in the Preface to Mr. Stuart's Sculp- 
tured Stones of Scotland; also in the Arcluxol. Journal^ vol. xiii. p. 383 ; xiv. 
p. 192. The floriated Z and spectacle symbol are found on the silver ornaments 
found at Norrie's Law, described in this Catalogue, p. 29. 



k 



MKDAL OF ARCHBISHOP SCHEVEZ. 221 

ing ; the painting in fine preservation and strongly coloured. It has 
been attributed by Walpole to Lucas de Heere. The following 
inscription appears near the top : anno dni • 1563 • m ' svm 22. 
He wears a small black cap fastened with aglets, a white stiff- 
bodied doublet, black cloak, a small ruff, and ruffles edged with black 
lace. His gloves appear in his left hand.^ This fine painting was 
described by Walpole as preserved at Drayton, the ancient seat of the 
Mordaunts, then in possession of Lady Elizabeth Grermain. 

MR. FLETCHER OF DUNAN8. 

Casts of a remarkable medal of William Scheyez, consecrated 
Archbishop of St. Andrews in 1478. It does not appear to have 
been hitherto noticed. Obverse, a bust of the Archbishop ; profile 
to left, in very high relief. On his head is the berretta or close cap 
worn by ecclesiastics. The inscription is as follows : wilhelmvs • 
SCHEVEZ • s'ci < ANDRES • archie'ps. Reverse, an archiepiscopal 
cross-staff, surmounted by an escutcheon charged with these bearings, 
quarterly, 1 and 4, three cat-a-mountains in pale passant (Schevez of 
Mureton), 2 and 3, a cross voided in the centre, therein a mullet of 
six points ; a cross-crosslet fitchy on the upper limb of the cross. 

LEGATVS • NATVS • & • TOTIVS • REGNI • SCOTIE • PRIM AS • 1491. The 

date is in Arabic numerals. Diameter, 2|- inches. This fine and very 
rare medal appears to be of Flemish workmanship. William Schevez 
was much in favour with King James iii. ; he was one of the Com- 
missioners to effect a truce with Edward iv.. King of England, in 
1482; he was sent to renew the alliance with France, and was 
employed in several negotiations in England. In 1491 a memorable 
controversy occurred, through the ambition of the Bishop of Glas- 
gow, who prevailed with Pope Innocent vin. to erect his see into 
an archbishopric, thereby exciting the displeasure of the primate 
whose power was thus diminished. A settlement was finally effected 
by which the sees of Galloway, Argyll, and the Isles, were placed 
under the jurisdiction of Glasgow, whilst St. Andrews continued to 
retain the primacy.^ The medal was doubtless struck with some 
allusion to this controversy, and probably in assertion of the arch- 
bishop's authority. The Legati nati, according to Ducange, were 

* See Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting, vol. i. p. 262, edit. Dallaway. 
^ See Lyon's History of St.. Andrews, vol. i. p. 238. 



222 



ADDENDA. 



archbishops or bishops who eQJoyed within their provinces and 
dioceses the authority of legates of the Apoetolic See.' 

THE BBT. HBNRT WKLLESLBT, D.D. 
Prmcipal of New Inn Han, Oxford. 



A Bmall round seal of the Maluatores, the hammermen or smiths 
of Dundee. Under a canopy of rude design appeals a standing figure 
of St. Eloi, in pontificals, holding a crosier in his left hand, a ham- 
mer in his right On an escutcheon beneath is a hammer enaigned 
with a crown. On each aide of the 
figure is introduced a flower-pot, 
probably in allusion to the Virgin 
Mary. Legend, in Black letter, 
S ■ 9'e - artis - malliator' ■ s'ci 
■ elegi . de ■ du'de. (Sigillum 
commune axtia malliatorum sancti 
Elegi de Ihtnde.) The craft of 
hammermen included generaUy all 
who worked in metals with the 
hammer — goldsmiths, armourers 
and sword-cutlers, blacksmiths, &e. 
They were the most important of Scotch crafts. St. Eloi, Bishop 
of NoyoQ, was, according to Dr. Husenbeth's useful EmiUma of 
Saints, the patron of smiths and of locksmiths. The matrix ia of 
brass. Diameter, 1-^ inch. Date, fifteenth century. 

THE FACULTY OP ADVOCATES, EDINBUBOH. 




Crvrc Insignia of Edinburgh (described at p. 133). I am 
indebted to the kindness of Mr. David Loing for the following 
additional particulars relating to the Mace and Sword borne before 
the Lord Provost of Edinburgh. They are extracted from the City 
Treasurer's Accounts, 1616, 1617, foL 471. We there learn the 
name of the goldsmith by whom the mace was made, Qeoi;ge Robert- 
Bone. The weight was 199 ounces, and the cost was £874, 10s. 



' Two Beala of Archbishop Schavci are described in Mr, H. Laing'a 
of ScoaUh Seaii, Nob. 873,874: OD the latter the sanie amw appear as on the 
nicdiil. CastB hikI electrolypcs of this medal may be abtiUDed from Mr. B. 
Ready, Ijowestofl. 



THE MACE AND SWORD OF THE CITY OF EDINBURGH. 223 

" Item, payit for the new Maias paind (sic) o' gilt, maid be George 
Ro^ne, weyand ane hundrethe fyftie nyne vnce, at v.lib. x.8. the 
Tnce, is viy.^'bndiy.lib. x.b. 

<< Item, for ane caice to put it in, x.lib. xiij.s. iiij.d.'* 

By the following extract from the Council Register, April 4, 1 627, 
it appears that the Sword was presented to the City by Charles i. in 
that year : — 

" Quarto Aprilis I°.TJ.« vigesimo septimo. 

" The quhilk day David Aikinheid of Kilwyiss, Proveist, &c. . . . 
being conveynit in Counsall, compeirit M' Johnne Hay, and pro- 
ducit his Mfycsties letter direct to the Proveist, Baillies, and Counsall 
of this burgh, of the dait the 3 day of Marche, 1627, quhilk they 
ordayne to be insert and registrat in thair Counsall buikes, ad 
futuram ret fnenwriam. Quhairof the tennour follows ; sic supra- 
scribUur. 

<< Charles R 

" Trustie and weilbelovit, We greet you weill. We have persaived 
by the effectes your affectioun to oiure service, wherof We will not be 
unmyndfull when furder occasioun sail offer, wherby we may expres 
oure respect unto yow. We have sent yow a token of Oure favour, 
a Sword and Growne to be wome by your Proveist, at such times 
and in such manner as was appointed by oure late deare Father. As 
yow have begun to be cairfiill in oure service, We doe not doubt but 
yow wiU frome tyme to time continow to doe the like ; and speciallie 
in giving your best furtherance, in so far as you can convenientlie 
doe, to S*" James Baillie of Lochend, knight, who is to advance divers 
gret soumes of money for oure important and urgent service abroad : 
And lykwayes that yow encourage oure remanent Borrowes to doe 
the like, and to pay such pairt of the taxatiouuis as ar to be payit 
by theme, with all convenient diligence that possibill can be used ; 
which recommending unto your serious caire, and which We will tak 
as acceptable service doone by yow unto ws. We bid yow fairweill. 
Frome oure Court at Newmarket, the 3 of Merche, 1627." 

** And also the said Mr. Johnne producit the Suord sent be his 
M^estie and delyverit the same to my Lord Proveist to be keiped 
be him to the Tonnes use, and ordanis to advyse aganis Fryday nixt 
quha sail beir, and quhen the same sail begin to be borne before the 
Proveist."— (Vol. xiv. fol. 41.) 



22-1 ADDENDA. 

The same day, " Mr. Willitunc Stewart, Maiaser, delyverit the 

auld MaisB, quhilk be had of the guid Towne, ... to the Deyne i>f 

Gdd, to be kepit be him."— (Vol. xiv. M 416.) 

Id the accounts for 1632 occurs the following entry ; — 

" Item, ane band maid be Alex' Maxwell, maaer to the guid 

towne, for delywerie of y" Mais, weyand foiirtie wnces and an half of 

the suit (b/ant:)." 



The " Lyon in Moubnino," vols. i. and iii., a collection of Jaco- 
bite relics and mcmorialB, formed by Bishop Forbes in 1745~iG, 
and subsequent years. The relica are arranged within the binding 
of those volumes, which contain certain memoirs of the Rebellion 
brought together by him. He officiated in Leith, where he died in 
1775. Among other matters is to be found in this collection the 
copy of the Communion Service used by the Rev. Robert Lyon, 
presbyter of the Scotch Episcopal Church at Perth, in administering 
the Holy Eucharist to his fellow -prisoners in Carlisle Oastle, imme- 
diately before his and their esecution. They suffered, according to 
Mr. Mounsey'e Account of the Occupation of Carlisle by Prince 
Charles Edward, at Penrith, on October 28, 1746. 

ME. ROBKET CHAMBERS, V.-P. 80C. ANT, SCOT. 




INDEX. 



Abbot, Mr. F., exhibits an ivoiy medallion 
of Chaucer, 121. 

Aberdeen, Marischal College, antiquities 
from the Museum exhibited, 3, 14, 66. 

Adam, Lady, exhibits a key found at Loch- 
leven, 190. 

Adeane, Mr., exhibits antiauities from Italy, 5. 

Advocatos, the Faculty ot, exhibit matriceH 
of Scottish seals, 88, 222; series of the gold 
coinage of Scotland, 95; personal orna- 
ments, rings, and brooches, 128; standard 
of Earl Marischal carried at Flodden, 157. 

Ailsa, the Marquis of, exhibits a portrait of 
Queen Mary, 207. 

Airlie, the Earl of, exhibits a document bear- 
ing the signature of Crichton, 78. 

Almack, Mr., exhibits letters, &c., regarding 
Scottish affairs, 83 ; relics of the Stuart 
cause, 195. 

Amber, beads of, found in Aberdeenshire, 
10 ; in Ireland, 53. 

Andrews, St , silver maces of the colleges 
there, 130 ; prize arrows and medals there, 
131. 

Anstruther, Sir W., portrait of, 143. 

Antiquaries of Scotland, relics from their 
Museum exhibited : — Ornaments of bronze 
and gold, 23, 25; tortoise-shaped brooch, 
26 ; me Kilraichaet Glassrie Bell, 34 ; gold 
fibula found near Inverness, 'M ; urns 
found at Montblairy, 36 ; Irish moulds for 
bronze weapons, 50 ; bronze bridle-bit, 64 ; 
mould for buckles, 64 ; bronze battle-axe 
from Bannockburn, 64 ; seal found in 
Shetland, 90 ; chapter seal of Brechin, 90 ; 
seal with Hebrew inscription, 91 ; ivory 
tenure-horn, 1 17 ; chess-piece of sea-horse 
tusk, 118 ; silver chain found at the Cale- 
donian Canal, 127. 

Antiquities, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, &c., 
1-6. 

Arbuthnot Museum, — §ee Peterhead. 

Arbuthnot, ancient service-books of the 
church of, 78. 

Arbuthnot, Sir R. K., exiribits an Egyptian 
scarabreus, 2. 



2 F 



Arbuthnot, Hon. Captain, exhibits service- 
books of the church of St. Teman, 78. 

Archfeological Institute, relics exhibited by : 
— Flint arrow-heads found in Scotland, 8 ; 
model of gold armlet found in Perthshire, 
35 ; bronze celt from the Thames, 43 ; 
spiked mace of bronze, 44 ; bronze coat- 
ings or bosses of shields, 44 ; bone skates, 
44 ; Irish weapon of bronze, 55. 

Ai^yle, the Duke of, exhibits the staff of St. 
Moloc, 31. 

Armlets, spiral, from Pompeii, 3; bronze, 
found in Scotland, 24 ; found near Drum- 
mond Castlie, 27 ; gold, found at Largo, 28 ; 
l^ld, found in Anglesea, 41 j silver, found 
m Ireland, 49 ; gold, found in larj^e num- 
bers in Ireland, 55 ; Irish, in Mr. Mayer's 
Museum, 57 ; silver, in the Advocates* 
Library, 128. 

Arrow-heaidsr of flint and stone, examples of, 
6, 8; found in Wigtonshire, and other 
parts of Scotland, 17, 18, 20; used as 
charms, 8, 127 ; of bronze, Irish, 55. 

Assuanley Cup, 135. 

Autograpiis, of the Admirable Crichton, 78 ; 
of Napier of Merchistoun, 85 ; of Mary 
Stuart, 174. 

Axe-heads, of stone, found in Scotland, 6, 7, 
10, 12, 23 ; in the Aberdeen, Montrose, 
and Elgin Museums, 14, 18 ; found in the 
stone circle at Crichie, 19; found near 
Aberdeen, 20. 

Baculum More, staff of St. Moloc, 31. 
Bagpipes, early Highland, 70. 
Bailward, Miss, exuibits an Irish seal, 95. 
Balls, of stone, found in Scotland, 14. 
Banks, Rev. S., exhibits a Roman bust of 

bronze, 63. 
Banners of the Canongate, Edinburgh, 72 ; 

carried at Flodden, 157 ; of the Selkirk 

Weavers, 157. 
Barclay, Rev. Dr., exhibits Egjrptian relics, 

3; Portraits of Queen Mary and Queen 

ElizaUah, 214. 
Beads, glass, from Caithness, 6 ; of aml^r 



226 



INDEX. 



ami jet, 10; of jet, in the Montiose Mu- 
Beum, 15 ; of ntone, fur the diBtofij 20. 

Bedford, Mrs., exhibits Irish silver broocheSi 
&c., 57. 

Belhavcn, Ladj, exhibits an armlet from 
Pompeii, 3. 

Bells, Ronnell bell ofBirnie, 33; St.Ninian*8, 
33 ; Guthrie bell, 33 ; Kilmichael Glassrie 
bell, 34 ; St. Temau's bell, 80. 

Bowdon, Mr., exhibits an ivory tablet, 121 ; 
embroidered vestments, 157. 

Brackstone, Mr., exhibits antiauilies df stone 
and bronze, 41 ; Irish antiquities of bronze, 
&c., 51 ; stone relics from Honduras Bay, 
52. 

Bmnk, punishment for scolds, examples in 
England and Scotland, 70. 

Breadalbane, the Marquis of, exhibits a stone 
Rxe-head, 6 ; stone celts, an Irinh harp, 
&c., 50 ; broadswords, daj?gers. Highland 
brooches, &c., Gd ; hangings of tapestry 
W(»rk, 158; Stirling Heads, 161; Knoxs 
chair, 162. 

Brewster, Sir David. Principal of St. An- 
drews University, exhibits the collegiate 
mace and silver prize arrows, 129. 

Bridle-bit, bronze, 49, 51. 

Brigandine jacket, 7 1 ; head-piece, 75. 

Brooches, tortoiso-sliaped, 26, 36, 39 ; pen- 
annular, found at Norne*s Law, 30 ; the 
Huntcrston, 30 ; gold, found near Inver- 
ness, 36 ; Irish, 53, 57 ; found in Caith- 
ness, 67 ; Highland, 69, 70 ; inscribed, in 
the Advocates' Library, 128. 

Brown, Mr. T., exhibits a stone mould for 
celts, 21. 

Bruce, Mr., exhibits an enameled ciborium 
preserved at Kennet, 122 ; Queen Mary's 
silver bell, 170 ; her agate tankard, 173 ; 
spoons and other relics, 173. 

Bruce, Mrs., exhibits a blood stone necklace 
and a charm, 138. 

Bruce, Rev. Dr. J. C, exhibits gold orna- 
ments found in Anglesea, 41 ; bronze arm- 
purse from the Bonian Wall, 62 ; drawings 
of Trajan's Column, the Roman Wall, and 
the Bayeux tapestry, 147. 

Bryson, Mr., exliibits examples of watch- 
making, 140. 

Buckman, Professor, exhibits a bronze Ro- 
man statera, 63 ; facsimiles of mosaics at 
Cirencester, 63. 

Burnett, Sir J. Home, exhibits the Crathes 
horn, 1 18. 

Burrell, Mr., exhibits urns found in Northum- 
berland, 45. 

Caltrap, Roman, 62 ; niedireval, found in 
Roxburghshire, 65; of the times of Prince 
Charles, found in the Forth, 74. 



Cambiidge Antiquarian Societj, exhibits an 
urn found in Domet, 42 ; bronze weapoos, 
dcntated ring, &c., 43. 

Camp-kettles, brass, 65, 66. 

Campbell, Lady, exhibita Queen Mary*s muff 
and other relics, 188. 

Campbell, Sir James, exhibits a portmit of 
Queen Mary, 213. 

Campbell, Mr., exhibits a doable cannon, 74 ; 
knife used at the mnrder of Arcbbisbop 
Sharp, 75; Stirling Heads, 162. 

Campbell, Mr. J. Archibald, exhibits Msjor 
Weir's nistol and McGregor's sword, 73. 

Carlisle, tne Earl of, exhibits an engraving 
of a portrait of Queen Mary at Castle 
Howard, 204. 

Carrington, Mr. F., exhibits a brank, 76. 

Celts, of stone, found in Scotland, 7, 8, 10, 
12 ; Irish, 48, 59 — see Axe-heads. 

Celts, of bronze, 13, 14, 15, 18, 23 ; found in 
the Thames and in Yorkshire, 41, 43; 
Irish, 18, 51 ; stone-moulds for, 21, 48, 50. 

Charles i., cap worn by him, 191. 

Chalice, Italian, 136. 

Chalmers, Mr., exhibits Scottish dresses 
preserved at Anldbar, 160. 

Chambers, Mr. R., exhibits a portrait of 
David Hume, 146 ; a print associated with 
the history of Bums and Walter Scott, 
146 \ the Lyon in Mourning, Jacobite Me- 
morials, 224. 

Charlton, Dr., exhibits sculptures in ivonr, 
120. 

Chisel, bronze, found in Scotland, 27. 

Cholmondeley, Mr., exhibits a portrait of 
Queen Mary, 212. 

Circles, of upright stones, urns and relics 
found within, 18, 36. 

Claverhouse, his pistols, 77 ; documents re- 
lating to him, 83 ; his Castle of the Mains, 
145, 155. 

Clouet — Bee Janet. 

Clocks and watches, examples of, 72, 140 — 
see Watches. 

Coining iron, fonnd at Dunfermline, 96. 

Coins and medals, 88 ; series of the gold coin- 
age of Scotland, 95 ; coronation medals of 
Charles i., touch-pieces, &c., 96. 

Collars of SS., 138. 

Comb, of ivory, in Mr. Mayer's Mnseum, 
117 ; of tortoiseshell, attributed to Queco 
Mary, 189. 

Costume, dresses, &c., 159. 

Craig — see Gibson-Craig. 

Crathes horn, 118. 

Crichton, the Admirable, his autograph, 78. 

Cumming, Rev. J. G., exhibits casts from a 
stone patera found in the Isle of Man, 47 ; 
stone axe found there, 48 ; sculptured 
cross, with Runes, 151. 



INDEX. 



227 



Cupar Musenm, antiquities from the, 13,75. 

Cups or patei'as of stone, found in Scotland, 9, 
18, 20, 28 ; in the Isle of Man, 47. 

Dalrymple, Sir Hew, exhibits silver chas- 
ings, 138. 

Dalr}'mple, Mr. C, his discoveries of urns, 
&c., in circles of stones, 18, 20 ; exhibits 
the Assuanlej cup, 135 ; Prince Charles' 
watch chain, 197. 

Damley Jewel, 163. 

Davenport, Mr., exhibits a portrait of Mary 
Stuart, 214. 

Davidson, Mr., exhibits a stone axe, mortar, 
and urn, found in Northumberland, 45. 

Deck, Mr., exhibits the banners of the 
Canongate, Edinburgh, 72. 

Documents, 77 ; relating to Claverhouse, 83 ; 
letters regarding Scottish affairs, 83; 
Venetian Relazioni, 86; deed regarding 
Lammana, Cornwall, 87 ; original letters 
ofMaiy Stuart, 198. 

Draughtsmen, of i?ory, 120; of ebony and 
box- wood, with headsofsovereignSj&c ,121. 

Drummond, Mr. J., exhibits a jet ornament, 
22 ; weapons and miscellaneous relics, 73 ; 
drawings of old buildings in Edinburgh, 
150 ; portraits of Pnuce Charles and 
Cardinal York, 197 ; Prince Charles' silver 
etui, 197 ; portrait of Ma>7 Stuart, 212. 

Dryden, Sir H., exhibits drawings of remains 
in Orkney and Shetland, 150. 

Dundas, Mrs. Durham, exhibits antiquities 
found at Largo, 28. 

Dunlop, Mr. J., exhibits painted paneling 
from Culross, 163. 

Eagle, bronze, found at the camp at Ardoch, 

64. 
Edinburgh, standard measures, weapons, 

&c., belonging to the city, 72 ; the civic 

sword, 133; the civic mace^ 134, 222; 

ancient maps of, 150. 
Edinburgh, Hon. Board of Manufactures, 

majolica and fictile ware exhibited by, 

151 ; Italian caskets ornamented with 

moulded work, 55. 
Edward vi., portrait of, by Guillim Stretes, 

145. 
Eglinton, the Earl of, exhibits a charter of 

William the Lion, 77. 
Elgin, the Earl of, exhibits a sword and head 

piece attributed to the Bruce, 69. 
Elgin Museum, antiquities from the, 18. 
Embroideries, tapestries, &c., 157. 
Enamel, examples of; the Budge cup, 58 ; 

Boman, found in Fifeshire, 63 ; ciborium 

preserved at Kennet with relics of Mary 

Stuart, 122 ; plaque of German art, 124 ; 

Limoges worxs of various periods, 125; 

paintings by Penicaud, 1*. Raymond, &c., 



125; by Jean de Court, 125; tazza by 
Susanne Court, 126 : Busso-Ureek works, 
126 ; Battersea enamels, 126. 
Ewer, brass, in the Kelso Museum, 65 ; in 
form of a lion, at Polloc, 67. 

Fifeshire Antiquarian Society, antiquities 

exhibited by the, 13, 63. 
Fletcher, Mr. A., exhibits portraits of the 

Stuarts, 193 ; portrait of a person of the 

Monlaunt family, 220. 
Flint, weapons of, 10, 20 ; see Arrow-heads, 

Axe-heaols, and Celts. 
Forbes, Mrs , exhibits a portrait, supposed to 

be of Mary Stuart, 212. 
Franks, Mr. A. W., exhibits a plaque of 

enamel, 124. 
Frazer, Mr., exhibits carved oak figures, 

chairs, &c., 163. 
Furniture, ancient and carved, &c., 161. 

Gibson-Craig, Mr. J., exhibits foreign anti- 
quities, a statuette of Cupid, &c., 3 ; 
stool of repentance, shirt, &c., 76 ; thumbi- 
kins, quaich, Jews' harp, and a cross bow, 
76; Italian medal of Juliano di Medici, 
98; portrait of Richard in., 141 ; portraits 
of Sir Walter and Lady Baleigh, 142 ; of 
Sir W. Anatruther, 143 ; of Madame de 
Pompadour, 143 ; terra cotta, after Michael 
Angelo, 151 ; sculptured medallion from 
Stirling, 162 ; chronicle of Savoy, formerly 
in Marv Stuart's possession, 189; por- 
traits of Henry Prince of Wales and the 
Queen of Bohemia, 191. 

Glasgow, silver mace of the University, 132. 

Gold, Etruscan ornaments of, 4 ; tore found 
near Inverness, 9 ; ornaments found in 
Peeblesshire, 25 ; fibula, found at Inver- 
ness, 35 ; tore armlet, found in the Moor 
of Rannoch, 36; ornaments found in 
Anglesea, 41 ; armlets found in Ireland, 
55 ; tore rings found in Scotland, 126. 

Goldsmiths' work, 127139. 

Gordon, Hon. A., exhibits stone paterae, 
leads, axe-heads, &c., 20. 

Gordon, Mr., exhibits the bell of Bimie, 33. 

Grahame, Miss Stirling, exhibits Claver- 
house *s pistol, 77 ; documents relating to 
him. 83, 

Gray, Rev. J. Hamilton, exhibits a note-book 
of Gray the poet, 88 ; seal of Prince 
Charles as Charles in., 94 ; Mary Stuart's 
watch, 189 ; relics of the Stuarls obtained 
at Rome, 196 ; intaglio portrait of Mary 
Stuart, 212. 

Greaves, Mr. F., exhibits the Tutbury Horn, 
134. 

Greene, Mr. R., exhibits two Egyptian 
rings, 2. 

Guthrie Bell, 33. 



228 



INDEX. 



Haiuiltnn, the Dnke of, exhibits Bothwell- 
haugh*8 gun, 69 ; enamels by Penicaud 
and rierre Raymond, 125 ; ewer of Avan- 
turine jasper, 136. 

Handcuffs, from tlie Heart of Mid-Lothian, 
75. 

Handyside, Mrs., exhibits a damascened 
knife, 138. 

Hardy, Mr. T. D., his Itinerary of the reign 
of Heurv m., 87. 

Harp, ancient Irish, 50. 

Harp pins, Irish, 49, 53. 

Hawking pouch, glove, and lure, 158. 

Hawkins, Mr., exhibits a series of Stuart 
medals, 98-116; jetons of Mary Stuart, 
180. 

Henry iii., MS. Itinerary of his reign, 87. 

Hepburn, Sir T., exhibits the Earl of Somer- 
sets watch, 140; Mary Stuart's watch 
and comb, 189 ; portrait of Mary Stuart, 
206. 

Hcriot's Hospital, Governors of, Lochaber 
axe exhibited by 72. 

Hewitt, Mr., exhibits representations of 
Mons Meg, 150. 

Highland Relics, 69-74. 

Hill, Mr. A., exhibits Mary Stuart's em- 
broidered counterpane, 18Z. 

Hill, Mr. D. 0., exhibits a two-handed 
swortl, 71 ; picture of Claverhouse's 
Castle, 145. 

Hog, Mr. J. Maitland, exhibits a portrait of 
Edward vi. by Guillim Stretes, 145. 

Horn, of ivory, sculptured at Goa, 117 ; in 
Museum of the Antiquaries of Scotland, 
117; the Crathes Horn, 118; Tutbury 
Horn, 134. 

Horse shoes, 71. 

Howard, Mr. H., exhibits Venetian Relazioni 
preserved at Greystoke Castle, 86; em- 
broidery worked by Mary Stuart, 184 ; por- 
trait of Mary Stuart, 2U5. 

Howard, Mrs., exhibits a silver pomander, 
138. 

Huie, Mr., exhibits a watch given by Prince 
Charles to Flora Macdonald, 197. 

Hunter, Mr., exhibits the Hunterston brooch, 
31. 

Hyndford, Earl of, documents reganling his 
embassy to Persia, 88 ; relicn, jeweflery, 
&c., once in his possession, 139. 

Infanta of Spain, portraits of ber ; at Police, 
206 ; one in possession of Lord Napier, 
attributed to Mary Stuart, 210. 

Innes, Mr. Cosmo, exhibits a cocoa-nut cnp, 
inscribed to the Duke of Cumberland, 139. 

Inverness Museum, antiquities from the, 9, 
127, 128. 

Irish antiquities, 48-57. 



Ivory, Egyptian scarahseus of, 2 ; sculptures 
in, from Mr. Mayer's Museum, 116 ; sculp- 
tured horns, 117; Crathes bom, 118; 
crosier and pyx, from the Newcastle 
Museum, 119; folding tablets and speci- 
mens exhibited by Mr. Webb, 120. 

James v., portrait of, 143. 

Janet, or Jehannet (Clonet), portraits of 
Mary Stuart by, xi., 201, 202. 

Jet beads found at Cniden, 10; in Moray- 
shire, 17 ; preserved in the Elgin Museum, 
18 ; ornaments found near Carstairs, 22 ; 
pilgrim's sign of St. James, 127. 

Johnston, Mr. T. B., exhibits ancient maps of 
Edinburgh, 150. 

Johnston, Mr. J., exhibits an engraved por« 
trait of the Old Chevalier, 197 ; pen-case 
of Battersea enamel, 126. 

Johnstone, Mr. W. B., exhibits Highland 
relics, Scottish weapons, &c., 70 ; brig- 
andine jacket, armour, &c., 71 ; enameled 
folding tablet, 126 ; dresses and relics of 
Scottish costume, 159. 

Jones, Rev. H., exhibits a palstave found in 
Anglesea, 47. 

Kelso Museum, antiquities from the ; urns, 
weapons of stone and bronze, &c., 16 ; 
bronze vessel found in Berwickshire, 17 ; 
Roman relics, 64; bronze bowl found in 
Northumberland, 64 ; camp kettle, caltrap, 
inscribed ewer, &c., 65. 

Kemble, Mr., exhibits drawings of antiqui> 
ties, 147. 

Kennet, precious relics of Mary Stuart pre- 
served there, 122, 169. 

Key, bronze, found at Carluke, 71 ; found at 
Lochleven, 187, 190. 

King, Rev. S. W., exhibits a stone axe- 
head, 7. 

Knox, Bible with his autograph, 83 ; his 
chair, 162. 

Kymer, Miss, exhibits drawings of painted 
glass in Fairford Church, 149. 

Lacaita, Mr., exhibits a MS. of diplomatic 
despatches, 86. 

Laing, Mr. D., exhibits a MS. of Thomas 
Aquinas, 82 ; ivory tablet, 120 ; portraits 
of Anne of Cleves, Roger Hooincr, &c., 
145; Stirling heads, 162; medals of 
Mary Stuart, 183 ; portraits of Mary of 
Lorraine, Mary Stuart, Silla de Betton, 
&c., 200 ; his notices of the civic insignia 
of Edinburgh, 222. 

Laing, Mr. H., exhibits casts of celt moulds, 
20 ; facsimiles of Scottish seals, 91, 92 ; 
inscription on St. Vigean's Cross, 153 ; 
casts of sculptures in Scotland, at Aber- 



INDEX. 



229 



brotliock, St. Androts, Heiiot*8 Hospital, 
&c., 164. 

Lar^o, ^1d armlets and silver ornaments 
discovered there, 28, 29. 

Learmonth, Mr., exhibite an ewer and tank- 
ard, coated with mother o' pearl, supposed 
to have belon^d to Mary. Stuart, isis. 

Lennox Jewel, in possession of the Queen, 
163. 

Lentaigne, Mr., exhibits a model of the 
shrine of St. Manchan, 57. 

Lochaber axe, 71, 72, 75. 

Lochleven Castle, supposed keys of, 187. 

Logan, Dr., exhibits documents regarding 
Earl of Hyndford, 88 ; jewellery, etc., be- 
longing to the Earl, 139; cap worn by 
Charles i., 191. 

Londesborough, Lord, exhibits a painting of 
Queen Mary's decapitated head, 214. 

MaccuUoch, Mr. H., exhibits a silver pine- 
apple cup, 135. 

Mace, of St. Andrews, 129; of \he Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, 132 ; of the city of 
Edinburgh, 134, 222. 

Mace-head, spiked, found in Wilts, 44. 

M'Leod, Mr., exhibits flint arrow-heads, and 
an urn, 17. 

Mackenzie, Mr. J. Whitefoord, exhibits 
bronze weapons, 23 ; Highland quaich, 
nistols, &c., 73 ; ivory crucifix, 121 ; 
Italian chalice, 136; silver spoon and 
case, 136 ; drawings of a tomb at Beaulieu 
Abbey and of Gourlay's House, Edin- 
burgh, 149 ; portrait of Mary Stuart, 214. 

Magniac, Mr. H., exhibits ivory draughta- 
roen, 120. 

Majolica, specimens of, 150, 151. 

Malta, antiquities found there, 1. 

Man, Isle of, patera and axe-head of stone 
found there, 47, 48 ; sculptured cross 
with Runes, 151. 

Marischal College, — tee Aberdeen. 

Mary of Guise, portrait of her at Leith, 200. 

Mary, Queen of Scots, relics of: — Her first 
nuptial medal, 98, 182 ; enameled ciborium 
at ICennet, 122 ; silver band bell, agate 
tankard, &c., preserved at Kennet, 169 ; 
her signet ring, 173 ; her device and signa- 
ture, 175 ; bloodstone vase or ciborium, at 
Police, 179; her jetons and impresa, 180; 
her second nuptial medal, 183 ; another 
medal attributed to her, 183; embroidery 
by her of the crucifixion, at Greystoke 
Castle, 184 ; her tapestry-work, in pos- 
session of the Earl of Morton, 186 ; in pos- 
session of Mr. Moncrieif, 187 ; Chronicles 
of Savoy, a volume once in her possession, 
189 ; her cradle, obtained at Linlithgow, 
100 ; her napkin and other relics of her, 



190 ; her letters to the Earl of Hantly, 
198. 
Mary, Queen of Scots, portraits of: — Early 
portraits by Clouet, called Janet, xi., 
201, 202 ; at Madrid, xii. ; in the Sauva- 
^eot Collection at Paris, xii. ; by Porbus, 
in possession of Prince Labanoff, xiii. ; 
miniature in the Royal Collection, xiv. ; 
miniature of her, with portraits of Damley 
and Prince James, xiv. ; her portrait, with 
those of Damley and Rizzio, sent to the 
Cardinal d« Guise, xv. ; notices by Wal- 
pole of her portraits, xv. ; portrait in pos- 
session of the Earl of Morton, xvi., 205 ; 
at Hampton Court, xvi., 201 ; at Hatfield, 
xvii. ; at Hardwick, xvii., xxi. ; at Wel- 
beck Abbey, xvii. ; portrait executed 
during her imprisonment at Sheffield, 
xviii. ; miniatures obtained by her from 
France, xix. ; full-length portrait at Wind- 
sor Castle, xxi. ; at Blairs, formerly at 
Douai, xxiii. ; formerly in Lord Godol- 
phin*s Collection, xxiii. ; in possession of 
the Earl of Cathcart, xxiii.; sepulchral 
effigy in Westminster Abbey, xxv. ; por- 
traits painted by Medina, Alexander, and 
De Wett, xxv. note; portraits at Heidel- 
berg Castle, xxxiv. ; miniature on a ring 
in possession of Sir P. M. Threiplanii, 
188 ; portraits in the Gaigni^res Col- 
lection, Paris, 200 ; crayon portrait in Dr. 
Wellesley's Collection, 201 ; at Paris, en- 
graved in Niel's Portraits, 202 ; at Jesus 
College, Cambridge, 202 ; engraved por- 
traits by Jerome Wierix and T. de Leu, 
203 ; crayon portrait at Castle Howard, 
204 ; portrait at Greystoke Castle, 205 ; 
miniature composed by Paillou, 206 ; por- 
trait in Sir John Maxwell's possession at 
PoUoc, 206 ; in Sir T. Hepburn's posses- 
sion at Smeaton, 206 ; in possession of the 
Marquis of Ailsa, at Culzean Castle, 207 ; 
the Orkney portrait, in possession of the 
Duke of Sutherland, 207 ; miniature by 
Bernard Lens, in possession of Miss Petit, 
208 ; portrait formerly in possession of 
Mr. P. Eraser Tytler, 209 ; in possession 
of Lord Napier, probably a portrait of the 
Infanta, '210 ; enamel in Mr. Stirling's 
Collection at Keir, 210 ; portrait in the 
Coreini Palace at Rome, 210 ; early en- 
graved portraits by Liefrinck, Cock, 
Merigianus, Gaywood, &c., 211 ; portrait 
at Syon House, described by Dr. Waagen 
as Queen Mary, 211 ; portrait in Mrs. 
Forbes* possession, 213 ; intaglio portrait, 
formerly in posseshion of Prince James and 
Cardinal York, 212 ; in possession of Mr. 
Cholmondcley, 212 ; in |)068Cssion of Mr. 
J. Drummond, 212 ; of Mr. J. Rutherford, 



230 



INDEX. 



213 ; copy of the portnutin the Bodleian, 
Oxford, 212 ; portrait in possession of Sir 
J. Camphell, at Kilhride, 213 ; portrait in 
possession of Mr. G. B. Robertson, 213 ; 
Mr.CharlesIiobertson, formerly at Marthly 
Castle, 213 ; portrait in possession of Mr. 
Mark Napier, 214; in possession of Mr. 
J. D. Smith, formerly in Mr. Kirkpatrick 
Sharpens Collection, 214; in possession of 
Mr. A. Davenport, 214; in possession of 
Mr. J. Whitetoord Mackenzie, 214 ; in 
possession of the Rev. Dr. Barclay, 214 ; 
representation of the decapitated bead of 
Mary, in Lord Londesborongh's Collec- 
tion, 214; similar painting at Abbotsford, 
214; at Fredericksborg, Zealand, 215; 
medallion by Primavera, 215. 

Maxwell, Sir John, exhibits a bronze lion- 
shaped ewer, 67 ; charter of William the 
Lion, 78 ; ancient spoon and peg-tankard, 
137; Queen Mary's "ciborium," of blood- 
stone and enamtfled work, 179 ; portrait 
of Queen Mary, 206 ; portraits of Charles 
I. and the lufantA of Spain, 206. 

Mayer, Mr. J., exhibits an ivory scarabaeus 
from Egypt, 2; ivory sculptures, 116, 
117 ; series of clocks and watches, 140; 
portrait of Queen Anne, 145 ; fruit trench- 
ers, 155; Prince Charles' folding spoon, 
195. 

Medallion portraits in wood, 121 . 

Medals, of the Stuart Family, 97 ; series 
exhibited by Mr. Hawkins, 98-116; of 
Queen Mary, 215; of Francis ii. and 
Mary, 216 ; of Archbishop Schevez, 221. 

Medifeval antiquities, 64, et seq. 

Melville, Mr. G., exhibits autographs of 
literary characters, 88. 

Miller, Mr. J., exhibits an urn found in 
Morayshire, 17. 

Models, Casts, &c., 151. 

Mons Meg, 150. 

Montgomery, Sir G., exhibits bronze rings, 
23. 

Montrose, the Earl of, prize arrow won by 
him at St. Andrews, 131. 

Montrose Museum, antiquities from the, ex- 
hibited, 14, 70. 

Morison, Mr., urns found on his estate in 
Scotland, 36 ; hammer heads found there 
of peculiar fashion, 217. 

Morns dancer's dress, 160. 

Mortar, of stone, found in Northumberland, 
45. 

Murton, the Earl of, exhibits tapestry work 
by Mary Stuart, 186 ; portrait of Mary 
Stuart, 205. 

Mosaics, at Cirencester, facsimiles of, 63. 

Moulds for weapons, &c., of bronze, 21 ; 
found in Devonshire, 40 ; in Ireland, 48, 



50 ; for buckles, found at Dadkeitli, 64 ; 
casts of such moulds, 153. 
Murray, Hon. Lord, exhibits Etruscan and 
Roman antiquities, 4 ; ivory carvings, 121; 
portrait of Madame de Pompadour, 143 ; 
of the Elarl of Biansfield, 145 ; of the poet 
Ramsay, 145. 

Napier of Merchistoun, MS. of his Treatise of 
Arithmetic, 84 ; his arithmetical triangle, 
86. 

Napier, Lord, exhibits a portrait supposed 
to be of Mary Stuart, 210. 

Napier, Mr. Mark, exhibits an ivory casket, 
121 ; portrait of Mary Stuart, 214. 

Necklace, of jet, in the Montrose Museum, 
15; of bloodstone, with pendant charm, 
in possession of the Bruce familj at 
Kennet, 138. 

Nesbitt, Mr. A., exhibits a model of an 
armlet found near Drummond Castle, 27. 

Neville, Hon. R. C. (Lord Braybrooke), 
exhibits Roman relics found in Elssex, 62 ; 
crystal fork and spoon, 136. 

Newcastle Antiquarian Society, exhibit 
Roman relics found in Northumberland, 
61. 

Newcastle Philosophical S(x;iety, exhibit an 
ivory crosier and sculptured pyx, 119 ; 
enameled tazza by Susanne Court, 126; 
Majolica plate, 151. 

Norrie's Law, Fifeshire, remarkable orna- 
ments found there, 29. 

North, the Lady, exhibits a hawking poach, 
glove, and lure, 158. 

Northumberland, the Duke of, exhibits a 
bronze hand, part of a Roman standard, 4 ; 
antiquities of stone, bronze, &c.,. chiefly 
found in Northumberland, 38 ; Irish anti- 
quities, 49 ; the Rud^^ cup, 58 : inscribed 
ring, 59 ; Roman relics found in Northum- 
berland, 60; rondache, found at Battle- 
field, Shrewsbury, 68 ; riu^s found at 
Warkworth, Prudhoe, Corbridge, &o., 
128 ; bronze buckle found at Lincoln, 129 ; 
original maps of the Roman Wall Survey, 
146 ; Flemish tapestry after Rubens, 159 ; 
portrait described by Dr. Waagen as Mary 
Stuart, 211. 

Oliphant, or ivory horn, of Goa work, 117. 
Orkneys, antic^uities from the, 6. 
Orkney poitrait, of Mary Stuart, 207. 

Paintings, &c., 141. 

Palmer, Sir Henry, portrait of, 143. 

PaUtHves, bronze, in the Montrose Museum, 
16; in the Kelso Museum, 17 ; exhibited 
by Mr. Train, 23 ; found in Anglesea, 47 ; 
with two loops, found in Ireland, 48 ; Irish 



INDEX. 



231 



exainplesin the mnseum at Alnwick Castle, 
49 ; in Mr. Brackstone's collection, 52. 

Paton, Mr. J. N., exhibitfi Scottish relics and 
weapons, hnckler, &c., 75 ; gold toro-ring 
from Flodden, 126; silver crosses, &c., 
127 ; cradle and relics of Mary Stuart, 
190 ; oak tray, a Stuart relio from Dun- 
fermline, 91. 

Paton, Mr. Hugh, exhibits the drum used by 
the Porteous mob, 75 ; Colonel Gardiner s 
blunderbus, 75 ; portrait of James v., 143 ; 
of Sir H. Palmer, 143; Prince Charles' 
silver cup, 197. 

Peg-tankara, silver, at Polloc, 137. 

Peterhead Museum, antiquities from, exhi- 
bited, Greek Pottery, 3 ; stone weapons, 
10 ; urns, 11 ; Roman relics found in Scot- 
land, 64 ; swords, a caltrap, &c., 74. 

Pilgrims' sign, of jet, 126. 

Pistols, Highland,* 70, 73 ; Major Weir's, 73; 
Claverhouse's, 77 ; Prince Charles', 196. 

Pomander, silver, 138. 

Pompadour, Madame de, poi*traits of her, '143. 

Portraits of Mary Stuart — see Mary. 

Pots, or camp-kettles, &c., of brass, found in 
Scotland, 66, 67. 

Pottery, Etruscan and Greek, 3— »ec Urns. 

Powder-flasks, Highland, 70, 72. 

Provost, the Lord, exhibits the standard 
measures of Edinburgh, with other civic 
relics, 72 ; the State sword and mace, 133. 

Quaichs, 71 ; one with a glass bottom, 73. 

Queen, Her most Gkacious Majesty the, 
exhibits the gold tore found in Needwood 
Forest, 37 ; the Damley jewel, 163. 

Baleigh, Sir Walter, and Lady, portraits of, 
142. 

Ramsay, General, antiquities and valuable 
objects from his collection, 4, 121, 143, 145. 

Ranken, Mr., exhibits antiquities, a bacinet, 
urns, weapons, &c., found near Carluke, 
12, 71, 72 ; ivory carving by Peter the 
Great, 121. 

Ready, Mr., exhibits facsimiles of seals, 92. 

Remembrancer General, the Queen's, exhi- 
bits antiquities claimed as treasure-trove, 
17,66. 

Repentance, stool of, 76. 

Rhind, Mr. A. H., exhibits antiquities from 
Egypt, Malta, &c., 1,2; stone weapons 
and relics from Caithness, 6 ; tortoise- 
shaped brooch, 36; metal pot, brooch, &c., 
67. 

Richard in., portraits of, 141. 

Richmond, the Duke of, seal of the Earl of 
Huntly in his possession, 93 ; exhibits 
letters from Mary Stuart to the Earl of 
Huntly, 198. 



Rings, of bronze, dentated or spiked, 3, 43 ; 
armlets, exhibited by Sir G. Montgomery, 
23. 

Rings, finger, Egyptian, 2 ; inscribed, found 
at Corbridge, 59 ; tore-ring found at Flod- 
den, 126; in the Advocates' Library, 128 ; 
found at Warkworth, Prudhoe, &c., 128 ; 
presented to Archbishop Ross, 136 t Mary 
Stuart's signet-ring, 173 ; the Darnley 
ring found at Fotheringhay, 177 ; ring 
witn a miniature of Mary Stuart, 189 ; set 
with opals, supposed her mourning ring, 
189; set with diamonds, found at Fother- 
inghay, 191. 

Ring-money, Irish, 53, 56. 

Risp, or tirling-pin, 73. 

Robertson, Mr. J., exhibits a crosier found in 
Kirkwall Cathedral, 156. 

Robertson, Mr. Charles, exhibits a portrait 
of Mary Stuart, 213. 

Robertson, Mr. G. B., exhibits a portrait of 
Mary Stuart, 213. 

Rollo, Mr. J. B., exhibits a Bible with sup- 
posed autograph of Knox, 83. 

Roman and Romano-British antiquities, 58. 

Ronnecht bell, St. Ternan's, 80. 

Roxburghe, the Duke of, exhibits a charter 
of King Malcolm the Maiden, 77. 

Rudge, Roman cup, found at, 58. 

Runes, on the Hunterston brooch, 31 ; on a 
sculptured cross in the Isle of Man, 151. 

Rutherfurd, Mr. J. L., exhibits a portrait of 
Mary Stuart, 213. 

SS., collars of, 138. 

Salade, in Mr. Johnstone's collection, 71. 

Salt, Mr. W., exhibits an Itinerary of the 
reign of Henry in., 87. 

Scabbard, bronze, in the Aberdeen Museum, 
14 ; in Museum of the Antiquaries of 
Scotland, 24 ; Irish, 52. 

Scarabaei, Egyptian, 2. 

Scharf, Mr. G., exhibits drawings of mosaics 
in Italy, &c., 147 ; of fresco paintings and 
illuminations, 149. 

Schevez, Archbishop of St. Andrews, medal 
of, 221. 

Shaw, Mr. H., exhibits a copy of the late 
Mr. Eraser Tytler's portrait of Queen 
Mary, 209. 

Shaw, Mr. T., exhibits camp-kettle found 
in Fifeshire, 65 ; a portrait of Robert Fer- 
guson. 146 ; portrait of John Anderson, by 
Wilkie, 146. 

Sculptured stones of Scotland, peculiar sym- 
bols on the, 218, 219. 

Sculptures, Roman, 4. 

Seals, mediaeval ; matrices in the Advocates' 
Library, 88, 222 ; gold seal of Joan Beau- 
fort, Queen of Scots, 89 ; matrix foun^ in 



232 



INDEX. 



Shetland, 90 ; chapter-seal of Brechin, 90; 
seal with Hebrew inscription, 91 ; impres- 
sion of seal of W. de Vipont, 91 ; series of 
facsimiles of Scottish seals by Mr. H. 
Laing, 92 ; facsimiles of seals by Mr. 
Ready, 92 ; seal of Thor Longns, 93 ; of 
the liarl of Huntly, 93 ; of Prince Charles 
as Charles ui., 94 ; remarkable matrices 
of the seal of Southwick Priory, Hants, 
94 ; seal of St. John*s Priory, Waterford, 
94 ; seal of the Hammermen of Dundee, 
222. 
Seals, of porcelain, foand in Ireland, 49. 
Selkirk, banner of the Weavers carried at 

Flodden, 157. 
Shetland Isles, stone antiquities found there, 

7, 10 ; matrix of a seal found there, 90. 
Shield, bronze ornaments or bosses of, found 

in the Thames, 44. 
Simpson, Professor, exhibits stone cups or 

paterae found in Scotland, 28. 
Simpson, Mrs., exhibits a ring found at 

Fotheringhay, 191. 
Skates, foimed of bones of animals, 44. 
Smith, Mr. J. D., exhibits a portrait of 

Queen Mary, 214. 
Spear, of bronze, in the Elgin Museum, 18 ; 
found at South Brent, Devon, 46 ; of iron, 
found in Northumberland, 61. 
Spiers, Mr. R. J., exhibits a copy of the por- 
trait of Mary Stuart in the Bodleian, 213. 
Spoon, the pWue-spoon, in possession of the 
Threipland utniily, 136; ot silver, at PoUoc, 
137 ; set of apostle- spoons at Keir, 137. 
Standard measures of the city of Edinbui'gh, 

72. 
Standards, Roman, portions of, bronze hand, 
5 ; relic found at Halton Chcsters on the 
Roman Wall, 60 ; at High Rochester, 60. 
Stanhope, the Earl of, exhibits Stuart and 
other medals, 97 ; Mary Stuart's first 
nuptial medal, 182. 
Statera, Roman, found at Cirencester, 63 ; 
galeated bronze bust, found in Cambridge- 
shire, probably a weight for one, 63. 
Stirling, Mr. W., exhibits an antique relic 
of bronze, 5 ; Mary Stuart's nuptial medal, 
98 ; medallion of Charles i. and a medal 
of Pope Gregory xiii., 98 ; apostle-spoons, 
silver salts, pectoral crosses, &c., 137; 
Highland brooch, 138; series of Stuart 
portraits, 191, 193; portraits of Mary 
Stuart, 210,211. 
Stirling heads, 161-163. 
Stone, antiquities of, 6, 8, 10, 17, 39, 48, &c. 

— see Axe-head, Arrow, &c. 
Stuart Relics, 163, etseq.; series of portraits 
exhibited by Mr. Stirling, 191 ; by Mr. 
W. F. Watson, 191 --»<?<; Mary Queen of 
Scots. 



Stuart, Mr. J., exhibits drawings of sym- 
bols on sculptured stones, 218. 

Swords, of bronze, 14, 16, 58 ; Irish, 49, 52, 
inscribed, at Alnwick Castle, 68 ; attriboted 
to the Bruce, 69 ; two-handed swords, 70, 
71 ; broad-swords, 68, 74; state sword of 
the city of Edinburgh, 133, 233. 

Sutherland, the Duke of, exhibits the Orkney 
portrait of Mairy Stuart, 207. 

Tait, Mr. J., exhibits an urn found in Clack- 
mannanshire, 20. 

Talbot de Malahide, Lord, exhibits a bronze 
chisel found at Pettycur, 27 ; Irish celts, 
stone weapons, bronze palstave, &c., 48 ; 
seal of St. Jolin^s Priory, Waterford, 94. 

Tapestries, 158, 159. 

Target, Highland, 68, 70, 75. 

Ternan, St., his bell, Evangeliary, &c., 80. 

Threipland, Sir P. M., exhibits the plagtie- 
spoon, 136 ; ring presented to Arcbbianop 
Ross, 136; casket from Gowrie House, &c., 
137 ; portrait of Mrs. Greame, by Fer- 
guson, 146; models of Kinnaird Castle 
and of the Mains of Fintry, 155; Mary 
Stuart's watch and a ring with her por- 
trait, 188 ; various Stuart relics, 194. 

Thumbikins, 71, 72, 76. 

Thumham, Dr., exhibits Irish antiqaiiies, 
57. 

Tirling-pin, 73. 

Todd, Rev. Dr., exhibits gold armlets found 
in Ireland, 55. 

Tore, gold, found at the Leys, Inverness, 9 ; 
armlet found in the moor of Rannoch, 37 ; 
in Needwood Forest, exhibited by Her 
most Gracious Majesty, 37 ; tore finger- 
rings found at Flo^ien, &c., 126. 

Touch-pieces, used by the Stuarts at the 
Healings, 97, 103, 104, 116. 

Traherne, Mrs., exhibits an embroidered 
book, 159. 

Treasure-trove — see Remembrancer. 

Train, Mr. W., exhibits ancient relics, 23 ; 
tripod-pot, 66. 

Trevelyan, Sir. W., exhibits a document re- 
lating to Cornwall, 87 ; an Italian medal, 
98 ; medallion by Reitz, 98 ; medallion 
portraits in wood, 121 ; draftsmen, with 
portraits of European princes, 121 ; en- 
amels painted at Limoges and Dresden, 
125 ; portraits of Charles i. and of Prince 
Charles Edward, 191. 

Trinity House, Leith, portrait of Mary of 
Guise, presei-ved there, 200. 

Tripod metal pots, found in Scotland, 66. 

Trussel, or coining iron, found at Dunferm- 
line, 96. 

Tucker, Mr. C, exhibits bronze spears and 
casts of moulds for bronze weapons, found 



INDEX. 



233 



in Devon, 46; collar of SS., 138; por- 
trait of the old Chevalier, 197. 

Tutbury, horn of the Honor of, 134. 

Tweedside Antiquarian Society — tee Kelso. 

UniB, found in Aberdeenshire, 11 ; near Car- 
luke, 12 ; at Belhelvie, Fifeshirc, 13 ; in 
Forfarshire, 14; preserved in the Kelso 
Museum, 16 ; found in Stirlingshire, 17 
near Forres, 17; in a stone circle in Aber 
deenshire, 18 ; in Clackmannanshire, 20 
at the Ha Hill of Montblairy, Banffshire, 
36 ; on Bincombe Down, Dorset, 42 ; in 
Northumberland, 45 ; in Wiltshire, 46. 

llrquhart, Mr. A., exhibits stone celts found 
in Scotland, 12. 



Watch, found at CuUoden, 127 ; series of 
watches and table clocks, 140; Mary 
Stuart's watch, in possession of the Threip- 
land family, 188 ; in possession of Rev. J. 
Hamilton Gray, 189 ; in Mr. Paton's col- 
lection, 190; given by Prince Charles to 
Flora Macdonald, 197. 

Watson, Mr. W. F., exhibits manuscript 
Calligraphy by Portman, 88 ; series of 
engraved portraits of the Stuarts and 
other historical memoi-ials, 191. 

Way, Mr. A., exhibits a diminutive urn found 
at Bulford, Wilts, 46 ; bronze Irish arrow- 
head, 65 ; drawing of the seal of Thor 
Longus, 92 ; impression of the seal of 
Alexander Karl of Huutly, 93 ; Russo 



Greek enamel found at Lincoln, 126 ; im- 
pression from Mary Stuart's signet ring, 
173 ; from the Darn ley ring found at Fo- 
theringhay, 177 ; cast of the medallion of 
Mary Stuart, by Primavera, 215; medal of 
Francis u., struck for the Treaty of Edin- 
burgh, 216. 

Webb, Mr. J., exhibits ivory carvings, 120 ; 
paintings in enamel, 124. 

Weir, Mtyor, his pistol, 73. 

Welleslev, Rev. Dr., exhibits a crayon por- 
trait of Mary Stuart, 201 ; drawing of the 
portrait of Mary at Jesus College, Cam- 
bridge, 202 ; engraved portraits by Wierix 
and De Leu, 203 ; crayon portrait of 
Damley, 203 ; casts of the medal of Arch- 
bishop Schevez, 221. 

West, Messrs., Irish gold ornaments in their 
possession, 56. 

Westminster Abbey, sepulchral effigy of 
Mary Stuart there, xxv. 

Willement, Mr., exhibits a brigandine head- 
piece, 75. 

Williamson, Mr., exhibits the gold seal of 
Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots, 89. 

Wood, Mr. J. G., exhibits antique vases, 3. 

Yorkshire Philosophical Society, antiquities 
exhibited by the, 41. 

Zuccaro, portraits of Mary Stuart attribut43d 
to him on very doubtful authority, xix., 
209. 



KPl.'fBllRGH : T. COUNTABLE, PaiNTKil TO ilSR MAJJS8TV 



OXFORD 



LIST OF WORKS 



I't'Bl.litliED MY 



THOMAS CONSTABLE AND CO. 



Sir David Brewster^ K.H. 

Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir 

Isaac Newton. Two vols., large 8vo, with Portraits, &c., price £1, 4m. 

One of the most preciouB gifts erer made both to scientific history and physical science. 
— Introduction to Lord Browftiam and Mr. Rontk't "Analytical F*Vu> of the Frincipia." 

We regard the present work as the roo<tt complete and faithful reflection of a man 
of whom Pope said, thai, " His life and manners would make as great a discovery of 
virtue and goodness and rectitude of heart, as bis works have done of {lenetration and thu 
utmost rtretch of hnman knowledge." — Athcnaum. 

A repertory of infonnation on Newton and his discoveries, which must always be con- 
solted by students of the History of Science. — Leader. 

A. Henry Rhind, F.S.A., &c. 

1. Egypt : Its Climate, Character, and Resources as a Winter 

Resort. With an Appendix of Meteorological Notes. Small Svo, cloth, 
price 38. 

May be well recommended to those who, afflicted by ^sease, but Mossed with money, 
can afford a voyage to the Nile. — Lancet, 
Visitors to Egypt should add this volume to their LibrarieiL — Athenaum. 

2, The Law of Treasure-Trove; How can it be best 

adapted to accomplish useful Results ? dvo, price 1 h. 

Rev. James AVCJoshy LL.D.^ and 
George Dickie y AM.j M.D. 

Typical Forms and Special Ends in Creation. 

Second Edition. Crowo Svo, with Woodcuts, price 7s. 6d. 

Its object and tendency may be considered as antagonistic to those of the " Vestiges 
of Creation ; " and if there be less of facility of style and confident assertion and startling 
bjrpothesis, which have rendered that work so popular, there i:i more truthfulness in the 
statement of the facts, and more sound logic in the deductions, than that plausible work 
can lay claim to ; and it is evidently founded upon a thorough acquaintance with the 
examples in illustration of the subjects which serve as the two great principles enunciated, 
and which may be expressed in the two words, Order and Adaptation. — Afhcntrum. 

John Brown, M.D., F.R.C.P.E. 

B.ORM Subseciv^. Locke and Sydenham ; with other 

Occasional Papers, Crown 8vo, cloth, price 9s. 

This volume is, in its way, a remaritable one. It is full of sagacity, sense, and high 
feeling. It is evidently the production of one of those men who are the salt of the society 
in which they are found, and of the proftsiiion to which they belong. The charm of the 
book cousists in the character it reveals, in the largeness, tolerance, and unaffected piety 
which breathe through it " Rah and his Friends" is a story written with a quiet, nn- 
afl^ed power, worthy of the pathetic and touching scene it describes. — Salwdaif Review. 

Samuel Brown, 

Lectures on the Atomic Theory, and Essays Scientific 

and Literary. 2 vols, crown Svo, price ISs. 

The charm of these two volumes lies in the warmth, the poetry, the religion with which 
themes chiefly scientific are invested. — Statesman. 



WORKS PUBLISHED BY THOMAS CONSTABLE AND CO. 



Nathanael Culverwely M.A. 

Of tiie Liqht of Nature : A Discourse. Eklited by John 

Brown, D.D., Edinburgh. With a Critical Essay on the Discourse by 

John CAXKNSy D.D., Berwick-on-Tvreed. Handsome 8vo, cloth, lettered, 

price 128. 
Has a practical aim, ii pure in ita morality. Is logical asd rational in its expodtions. 
ia indeed a boolc ttom the perusal of which no stadent, of whateTer a^, can foil to deriTe 
certain benefit. ... Dr. Brown and Mr. Cairns hare rendered a serrioe to Hteraiare by 
reproducing this remsitable work, with an appropriate preface, critical discouse. notes, 
and index. It is a boolc that does not deaenre to lie inserenteenth-century dust. — Uadar. 

Collected Works of Dtigald Stewart. 

EDITED BY SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON. Babt. 
Handsome 8vo, uniform, 10 vols., with two portraits, price £6. 

1. Dissertation: exhibiting the Progress of Metapbysical, 

Ethical, and Political Philosophy, since the Revival of Letters in Europe, 
with numerous and Important Additions now first published, with Engrav- 
ing of Bust by Joseph, price 128. 

2. Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, 

to which arc prefixed Introiluctiou and Part First of the Outlines op 
MoKAL Philosophy, with many New and Important Additions. 3 Vols., 
price £l, 16s. 

3. Philosophical Essays, with many New and Important 

Additions. 1 Vol., price 12s. 

4. Philosophy of the Active and Moral Powers, to 

which is prefixed Part Second of the Outlines of Mokal Philosopht, 
with many New and Important Additions. 2 Vols., price £1, 48. 

5. Lectures on Political Economy : now first published, to 

which is prefixed Part Third of the Outlines op Moral PnimeoPHY. 2 
Vols., price £1, 48. 

6. Biographical Memoirs of Adam Smith, LL.D., William 

lioBEKTSON, D.D., and Thomas Reid, D.I). ; to which is prefixed a Me- 
moir of Dupald Stewart, with Selections from his Correspondence, by John 
Veitch, M.A., with Portrait. 1 Vol. price 128. 

-^ . O, TTCLSeVy Proft'ssi/r of Logic^ dbc.j Unioersity of Bdinburyh. 

Rational Philosophy in History and in System. An In- 
troduction to a Lo^cal and Mctaphysicul Course. Crown 8vo, price 38. 6d. 

From the excellent nchetne of Rational Philosophy which the Professor of Logic has 
put forth as a programme of his Course, the best results may be augured. — Tim€M. 

May we Tenture to express a h-^pe that the author may he induced to regard the 
lectures before us as introductory to something of a more detailed and extended cha- 
racter, not only in hi^ class-room at Edinhurgh, but in the wider arena of KngUsh 
literature —&i<Mrc<(i.v HttHew. 

John Selden, 

The Table-Talk of. With Notes by David Irving, LL.D. 

Small 8vo, chith antique, Hed Edi^es, jirice 3s. 6d. 

We have not only to thank Dr. Irving for a good edition of a book wtiich holds a high 
place in the brlUi-ifUrfS of England, but for recalling our attention to the important 
claM of works which constitute the literature of conversation. The world cannot afford 
to throw away such bitvkn. —Quarfcrlff Itffit'tr, Deirmber 1S55. 



/:> 



/o , 



■■ 1 



'>}, 



/-, f 



r'^ 







BOUND BY 
£DINBUHCH